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Publication numberUS3161899 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateDec 22, 1964
Filing dateJul 9, 1962
Priority dateJul 20, 1961
Publication numberUS 3161899 A, US 3161899A, US-A-3161899, US3161899 A, US3161899A
InventorsFleury Poizat Pierre
Original AssigneeFleury Poizat Pierre
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Reversible rotary toothbrush
US 3161899 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Dec. 22, 1964 P. F. PolzAT REVERSIBLE ROTARY TooTHBRusE Filed July 9, 1962 United States Patent() 3,161,899 REVERSEBLE RTARY TGTHBRUSi-I Pierre Fleury Poizat, 27 Rue du Nord, Cours, France Filed July 9, 1962, Ser. No. 208,475 Claims priority, application France, duty 20, 1961, 41,753, Patent 1,296,174 2 Claims. (Cl. 15-23) It is a well-known fact that ones teeth should be cleaned by imparting to the toothbrush a movement leading from the gums towards the teeth, but such a movement is not easily executed manually.

My invention has for its object a rotary toothbrush adapted to reverse the direction of the brush in a manner such that the teeth may always be brushed in the proper direction, that is from the gums towards the teeth; to this end, the brush includes an electric motor enclosed inside a casing while its shaft extending outwardly of said casing and carries at its outer end a support for the brush bristles. Said support is enclosed and laterally protected by a small laterally open casing fitted at the end of a hollow handle surrounding the outer end of the motor shaft and adapted to rock around the axis of the latter to either side of an inoperative position into an angular operative position providing for the energization of the reversible motor in a coresponding direction.

The mere Contact between one of the edges of the lateral opening in the casing protecting the brush bristles with the gum produces automatically a change in the angular setting of the handle in a corresponding direction, in a manner such that at its opposite end, which extends inside the motor casing, said handle may control a reversing switch defining the direction of rotation of the bristle support.

The accompanying diagrammatic drawings illustrate by way of example, a preferred embodiment of my invention. In said drawings:

FGS. l and 2 show said brush respectively in side view illustrating the lateral opening of the casing protecting the brush bristles and in axial longitudinal cross section lthrough line 2-2 of FIG. l.

IG. 3 is a cross-section through line 3-3 of FIG. 1.

FlG. 4 is a longitudinal cross-:section on an enlarged scale, showing the relative position of the stationary and movable contact-pieces for the inoperative condition of the tooth brush.

FIG. 5 is a transverse cross-section through line 5 5 of FlG. 4.

FIG. 6 is a diagram of a human mouth seen from the front, showing the direction of rotation to be assumed by the motor according as to whether the brush is to brush the teeth on the lower jaw or on the upper jaw and as to whether it is to brush their inner or outer surface.

FIG. 7 is a wiring diagram including the switches controlled by the rotation of the handle carrying the movable contact-pieces.

As illustrated, there is provided inside a casing 2 serving as a grip for holding the brush, an electric motor 3 connected with the stationary terminals 4 and 4a of a reversing switch.

To the end o-f an extension of the motor shaft 5, projecting beyond the casing 2, is removably secured the bristle support 6 which may assume a round, frustoconical, barrel, disc or the like desired shape. This is provided by fitting over the outer end 5a of the shaft 5, which end has a smaller diameter, said socket-shaped bristle support 6 capping said end 5a and secured thereto by any means such as a set screw 21. Said shaft 5 extends freely through the tubular handle 7 which is rigid with the sleeve 13 and the member 9 carrying the movable contact-pieces 1d to form a uni-t which revolves freely ICC inside the opening S formed in the motor casing 2 round the shaft 5.

For the inoperative position of the member 9 of the rotary unit, the movable Contact pieces 10 and lila on said member are located as illustrated in FIG. 5 at a distance from the stationary contact pieces 4 and 4a. Antagonistic springs 18 and 18a, engaging said movable contact pieces, are secured to the member 9 by screws 25 and 25a also securing said contact pieces 10 and 16a. The system constituted by the tubular handle 7, the sleeve 13 and the movable contact-carrying member 9 is held in its inoperative medial postion by the yielding wires 2o and 2da feeding current to the contact pieces through the same screws 25 and 25a. The movable contact pieces 1li and 16a are positioned when inoperative to either side of the stationary contact-pieces 4 and 4a of the reversing switch. At its end opposed to that entering the motor casing, the handle 7 carries at its outer narrow end a small protecting casing 12 which encloses laterally the bristle support 6 except for a broad opening through which the bristles project. When it is desired to brush for instance the outer surface of the upper teeth, the edge of said protecting casing makes said handle pivot as soon as it engages the gum through the edge of its lateral opening and at such a moment the shifting of the carrier 9 for the movable contact-pieces 1G closes the circuit over the motor to make it rotate in the desired direction.

lf the brush is now shifted so as to clean the outer surface of the lower jaw teeth on the same side of the mouth or the inner surface of the upper jaw teeth on the saine side, the opposite edge of the protecting casing 12 of the support 6 engages the gums. At such a moment, the handle pivots in a direction opposite to its preceding angular movement and the carrier 9 for the movable contact-pieces 10 reverses the direction of the electric current passing through the stationary contact-pieces, whereby the motor is started rotating in the opposite direction. The bristle support revolves then in the same direction for cleaning the right-hand surfaces of the teeth on the upper jaw and the left-hand surfaces on the lower jaw 17 (FIG. 6) and in a reverse direction for the lefthand surfaces of the teeth on the upper jaw 16 and for the right hand surfaces of the teeth on the lower jaw 17.

In order to prevent any damage to the motor 3 through introduction of water inside the casing, the handle 7 is made rigid with the sleeve 13 overlapping to a large extent the opening S in the casing. Fluidtightness is also provided between the shaft 5 and the handle 7.

It is also possible to control the reversal and the stoppage of the motor through action of ones finger on the annular projection 14 formed on the sleeve 13.

The arrangement constituted by the handle 7, the casing 12, the bristle support 6, the outer section of the shaft down to the coupling means 15 is interchangeable and allows using with the same grip and motor a number of such dilferent individual brush arrangements, each of which is allotted to a predetermined member of a family and is fitted removably over the casing, the shaft sections being then interconnected at 15. These coupling means 15 are constituted by the lower end 5b of the shaft 5 engaging the upper socket-shaped end of the shaft 22 driven by the speed reducer 23 and revolving freely inside the member 9 rigidly secured to the handle 7 and sleeve 13 by the screw 24. A ball bearing 31 is fitted between the motor casing 2 and the outer wall of the member 9 so as to allow the free rotation of the latter.

The motor 3 drives through its shaft 22a the speed reducer 23 housed between two transverse partitions 27 and 29 rigid with the motor casing 2 and stayed by the block 28.

Obviously, my invention is not limited to the sole embodiment described and it includes all the modifications thereof falling within the scope of the accompanying claims and, in particular, I may resort to mechanical driving means, or else, to a mechanical reversing system. I may also tit on the motor-carrying casing described any other toilet implement such as a nail brush, a nail grinding wheel, a razor or the like. For such implements, the direction of rotation has no importance and the protecting casing is unnecessary. The starting yis therefore operated tlnough manual operation of the annular projection M associated, if required, with means for locking the arrangement in its operative position.

What I claim is:

1. A toilet implement comprising driving means, a main casing enclosing the latter, a shaft controlled by the driving means and extending outwardly of the main casing, an operative part carried by the outer end of said shaft, a rotary unit revolvably carried around the shaft and extending between a point inside said main casing and a point immediately to the rear of the operative part, a protecting casing rigid with said unit and extending around said operative part to protect the latter along a fraction of its outer `surface and provided with a lateral opening facing said operative part, the edges of said opening in said protecting casing being adapted to engage the operators skin one at a time at the same time as the 2. A toothbrush compising driving means, a main casing enclosing the latter, a shaft controlled by the driving means and extending outwardly of the'main casing, a bristle :system carried by the outer end of said shaft, a rotary unit revolvably carried around the shaft and eX- tending between a point inside said main casing and a point'to the rear of the bristle system, a protecting casing rigid with the outer end of said unit and surrounding said bristle system to protect the latter along a fraction of its outer surfaces and provided with a lateral opening facing :said bristle system, the edges of said opening being adapted to engage the operators skin one at a time at the same time as the bristle system, means carried by said unit inside the main casing and adapted to control the direction of rotation of the driving means according to the direction of shifting of the protecting casing upon engagement of one of the edges of its openings against the operators gum, and a manually operable sleeve rigid with the unit and revolvably fitted outside that end of the main casing which is adjacent the bristle system.

References Cited by the Examiner UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,275,247 3/42 Cauanagh 15-23 2,279,982 4/42 Glynn 15-23 FOREIGN PATENTS 55,719 1/ 12 Switzerland.

552,436 12/56 Italy.

CHARLES A. WILLMUTH, Primary Examiner.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2275247 *Feb 6, 1939Mar 3, 1942Cavanagh John FPower driven toothbrush
US2279982 *Mar 15, 1939Apr 14, 1942Glynn Henry LRotary toothbrush
CH55719A * Title not available
IT552436B * Title not available
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3512202 *May 31, 1968May 19, 1970Taylor Theodore LPower toothbrush and guard therefor
US3739416 *Jan 17, 1972Jun 19, 1973Kurachi MHygienically shielded rotary toothbrush
US3829922 *Jan 8, 1973Aug 20, 1974Koblanski JElectric toothbrush
US3859684 *Jun 18, 1973Jan 14, 1975Moskwinski John ABrush
US4163300 *Mar 1, 1978Aug 7, 1979Quint Hugh DElectric toothbrush
US4603448 *Jun 7, 1985Aug 5, 1986Mtv AssociatesRotary electric toothbrush
US4772765 *Feb 12, 1987Sep 20, 1988Black & Decker Inc.Combined on/off and reversing switch and electric device therewith
U.S. Classification15/23, 200/293.1
International ClassificationA61C17/16, A61C17/26
Cooperative ClassificationA61C17/26
European ClassificationA61C17/26