|Publication number||US316251 A|
|Publication date||Apr 21, 1885|
|Publication number||US 316251 A, US 316251A, US-A-316251, US316251 A, US316251A|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (2), Classifications (1)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
UNITED STATES PATENT @rrrbn.
JOSEF EBERLE, OF VIENNA, AUSTRIA-HUN GARY.
PREPARATION OF LITHQGRAPHIC PRINTING-SURFACES.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 316,251, dated April 21, 1885.
Application filed August 28, 1884. (No specimens.) Patented in Germany June 20, 1884, No. 30,472; in France July 11, 1884, No. 163,253; in England July 11, IP84, No.10,073; in Austria-Hungary July3l, 1884, No. 10,538 and No. 34,287; in Belgium August 12, 1584, No. 60,007, and in Italy September 30, 1884, XVIII, 17,242; XXXIV, 178.
To all whom it may concern.-
Be it known that I, JosEF EBERLE, a subject of the Emperor of Austria, and a resident of Vienna, in the Empire of Austria, have invented certain new and useful Improvements Relating to the Preparation of Lithographic Printing-Surfaces, of which the following is a specification.
This invent-ion relates to an improved method of preparing lithographic printing-sun faces.
There are in lithography the following distinct methods of preparation: first, by engraving; second, by transferring, in which the drawing or writing appears elevated on the stone; third, by drawing or writing directly upon the stone; fourth, by drawing with a crayon on a grained stone; fifth, by transferring from a granulated paper upon stone; and, sixth,by etching in the stone. In all the preceding methods,with the exception of the engraving, the drawing or other design is etched directly upon the stone by means ofnitric acid or phosphoric acid, or the like, mixed with gumand water, in order to obtain impressions from the same. The engraving, on the other hand,is rubbed with linseed-oil in order to cause the adhesion of the fattyprinting-ink.
According to this invention the drawing, writing, or other design produced upon the stone by any of the methods hitherto employed, and having been covered with printing-ink,is gently rubbedwith very fine colo'phony by means of cotton. As soon as the colophony has combined with the printing-ink the drawing, writing, or other design under preparation is caused to melt lightly by applying an open flame to it. The stone is then left to cool, whereby the coating is caused to harden, and this coating then forms an impermeable protecting-surface,protectingthestonefrorn all injury during the etching. The stone is subsequently brushed over with strong caustic gum (generally composed of one part ofnitric acid, ten parts of solution of gum of the usual strength, and twenty parts of water, the solution being stronger or weaker,as required) until the design has acquired the desired height. This very simple process produces a much better effect as regards beauty and durability of the design than heretofore. The stone is then ready for printing, which can be effected in any of the well-known ways; but in addition the present'invention allows to produce reproductions on dry paper by roller-printing even if the latter is not smooth, and as many as one hundred thousand reproductions may be taken of the design without the design losing in beauty or distinctness, but, on the contrary, increasing in this respect.
I claim- The further treatment of a drawing,writing, or other design produced in any of the ways hitherto employed upon a lithographic printing-surface,consisting in covering the surface witlrprinting-ink, in then rubbing it gently with very fine colophony, in then lightly melting this covering by applying an open flame to it, and in then leaving the stone to cool. whereby an impermeable coating is produced which will prevent the injurious effects of the subsequent and indispensable etching, and in finally brushing the stone with strong caustic guinof the usual composition until the design or writing has acquired the desired height, substantially as described.
The foregoing specification of my improvements relating to the preparation of lithographic printing-surfaces signed by me this 24th day of July, 188-1.
a J OSEF' EBERLE.
ADOLF KROMP, E. G. J. VoELLER.
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2503679 *||May 7, 1943||Apr 11, 1950||Bonding planographic ink|
|US4846065 *||Oct 1, 1987||Jul 11, 1989||Man Technologie Gmbh||Printing image carrier with ceramic surface|