|Publication number||US3163330 A|
|Publication date||Dec 29, 1964|
|Filing date||Mar 2, 1962|
|Priority date||Mar 2, 1962|
|Publication number||US 3163330 A, US 3163330A, US-A-3163330, US3163330 A, US3163330A|
|Inventors||John W Ryan|
|Original Assignee||Mattel Inc|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (8), Referenced by (8), Classifications (9)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Dec. 29, 1964 J, w, RYAN TOY WATER SHOOTING CAP RIFLE 2 Sheets-Sheet l Filed March 2, 1962 \N\ Nm, M W I QN. @V lall/ 7 W mm 4QM l 1% 1|/ du. E M M 4,/ 1 QNJ J vwl, w
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Dec. 29, 1964 J, w- RYAN TOY WATER SHOOTING CAP RIFLE 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 Filed March 2, 1962 dm WW ,/O/A/ a @VQ/v INVENTOR.
United States Patent O 3,163,330 TY WATER SHG'HNG CAP RTLE .lohn W. 1Ryan, Eel Air, Calif., assigner to Mattel, Inc. Filed Mar. 2, 1962, Ser. No. 176,951 3 Claims. (Cl. 222-79) rIhis invention relates to a toy rifle, and more partieularly to a toy rie of the cap shooting type which is capable of shooting a stream of water under pressure simultaneously with the firing of the cap.
While the toys can shooting riiie may be old in the art, as Well as water shooting pistols, my invention combines a cap shooting riille with the ability of shooting a stream of Water under pressure, simultaneously With the tiring of a cap.
Thus, an object of my invention is to provide a cap shooting toy riiie with the capability of shooting a stream of water under pressure.
Another object of my invention is to provide a Water shooting rie which is relatively easy to operate by a child.
A further object of my invention isV to provide a toy Water shooting rifle which is relatively easy to manufacture and assemble in large quantities.
These and other objects will be more readily understood by reference to the following speciication, taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, in which:
FIGURE 1 is a right side elevational view of the rifle with the stock broken away to reveal a water reservoir and inlet, and with the muzzle broken away to reveal the nozzle.
FIGURE 2 is a section taken on line 2 2 of FIGURE l, and shows the ller cap and inlet tube.
FIGURE 3 is a section taken on line 3 3 of FIGURE l, detailing the jet nozzle and conical valve.
FIGURE 4 is a transverse section taken on line 4 4 of FIGURE 3, illustrating a feature of the conical valve.
FIGURE 5 is a longitudinal of the rie with parts parts previously illustrated, eliminated, and showing the cap tiring plate, pump, pump actuator, trigger, and Valve actuating mechanism.
FIGURE 6 is a transverse section taken on line 6 6 of FIGURE 5 and shows the pump lever construction.
FIGURE 7 is an enlarged sectional view of the pump housing.
FIGURE 8 is a horizontal section taken on line 8 8 of FIGURE 7.
With reference to the details of construction of the water shooting rifle generally referred to as numeral 10, the stock 12 of the rifle is hollow and provides a reservoir to hold water.
Water is introduced into the stock 12 through an orice 14 closed by a removable liller cap 16 having a Vent hole 18. The ller cap 16 is provided with a valve disc 20 for sealing purposes. The ller cap 16 has a tongue 22 ending in a hook 24 Which ts in a slot 26 in the stock 12. Broken lines 28 show the filler cap 16 in the open position.
An inlet tube 30, preferably made of plastic, is placed inside the stock 12 and extends from the larger end of the stock 12 into the riiie housing 32 and joins inlet 34 of the pump cylinder 36. To secure the tube 30 in position, the tube 30 passes through circular openings 33 formed by walls 40 in the stock 12. The circular openings 38 have a diameter slightly smaller than the outside diameter of the tube 30 and thus constrict the tube 30 slightly thereby keeping it in position.
The pump cylinder 36 is contained in a pump housing 42 and has an inlet check valve 44. A piston 46 attached to a piston rod 48 is contained inside the pump cylinder 36. The end of the piston rod 48 opposite to the piston 46 has horizontal projections 50 which pass through slot ice 52 in the pump housing 42 and which are received in socket S4 formed inside the pump handle 56.
The pump cylinder 36 has an outlet check valve 58 and an outlet 60 leading into a valve body 62 which contains valve rod 64. The valve body 62 is closed at one end by valve cap 66 which receives valve sealing plug 68 through which valve rod 64 passes. Valve sealing plug 68 allows valve rod 64 to slide back and forth but prevents Water from leaking out. Y
The side of valve body 62 opposite to valve cap 66 receives one end of a tubular storage member 70 which extends inside and through the rifle barrel 72 and terminates in a jet nozzle 74. The nozzle 74 is supported and ixed into position by webs 76 formed inside the rifle barrel 72 surrounding the nozzle 74.
Valve rod 64 extends from the valve body 62 into the storage member 70 and has conical valve 78 attached to its end. Nozzle 74 has a tapered portion forming a valve seat 80 for conical valve 78. Spider arrangement 82 formed inside the wider portion of nozzle 74 provides a channel for support and linear movement of conical valve 78.
The inner end of valveerod 64 has a flattened portion with a hole 84 which receives the vertical leg of bell crank spring 86. The horizontal leg of bell crank spring 86 is pivotally anchored at 88 to the inner portion of the rifle trigger 90. The vertical leg of bell crank spr-ing 86 abuts a stationary pin 92 mounted on cap tiring plate 94.
FIGURE 5 illustrates a conventional cap firing means for the rie, consisting of cap liring plate 94, cap mounting pin 96, cap guide groove 98, and a pawl 100. The lower portion of Vpawl 100 is pivotally attached at 102.
The inner portion of trigger has an indentation 104 Vwhich is engaged by a projection 106 in the lower portion of the hammer 108. As the trigger is pulled back, it pushes the pawl against a cap roll 110 upwardly, thus advancing the cap roll 110 toward the anvil 112. Pulling back the trigger 90 also pushes therhammer 108 back against the urging of hammer spring 114. When trigger 90 is pulled back as far as it will go, the indentation 104 becomes disengaged from the projection 106 of the hammer 108, thus releasing the hammer 108, whereupon hammer spring 114 causes a forward rotation of the hammer around its pivot 116 so thatv the hammer 114 strikes the cap roll 110 on the anvil 112.
In the operation of the riile with reference to its water shooting ability, after Water has been put into the stock 12 through orice, handle 56 is pushed toward the muzzle of the rifle 10, thereby moving piston 46 and inlet check valve 44 away from inlet 34, which creates a partial vacuum inside pump cylinder 36. Due to this partial vacuum, water from the stock 12 is sucked through tube 30 into the inlet 34 and past inlet check valve 44 until the pump cylinder is filled with water. Y
The rie is then primed by pulling pump handle 56 toward inlet 34, which causes piston rod 48 and piston 46 to create water pressure by moving toward inlet 34, and also causes inlet check valve 44 to close inlet 34 due to the water pressure thus created and also causes outlet check valve 58 to open outlet 60. Water from pump cylinder 36 ilows through outlet 60 into the valve body 62 and into storage member 70 and up to the nozzle 74. While trigger 90 is in the neutral position shown in FIG- URE l, conical valve 78 is seated against valve seat 80 and thus contains the Water in the storage member 70.
The rifle is now ready to be fired. When the trigger 90 is pulled, the trigger 90 not only releases hammer 108 which strikes the cap roll 110, but also actuates bell crank spring 86 by moving the horizontal leg forward toward the muzzle of the rifle, and, due t-o pin 92, the upper portion of the vertical leg of bell crank spring 86 moves backward toward the stock 12, carrying with it l valve rod 64, thereby withdrawing conical valve 78 from its valve seat 8h in nozzle 74. Y
While pump handle 56 Vis being pulled toward the riile stock 12, the Water in storage chamber 7? is under pressure, and Vwhen conical 'valve' 73 becomes` unseated,`the Water in the storage Ychamber"shoots'out ofv nozzle 74 in a steady jet stream which will continue as Vlong as the trigger 9) is depressed and there is water under pressure in the'pump cylinder 36. TheY fiile it) Will have water under pressure as long as pump handle 55 is being pulled toward the rifle stock l2 and there is water in puinp cylinder 36.
In this manner, the rifle 1li provides ring'of a cap simultaneously with'shooting a stream of Water.
While lhave described my invention in detail, with reference to the accompanying drawingsillustrating the preferred embodiment of my invention, it `is`understood that numerous changes in the Ydetails of construction and arrangement of parts may be made without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention as hereinafter claimed.`
1. ina toy rifle of th cap tiring type, having a housing with a stock, .a'tubulai barrel, a pivotally mounted hammeron said housing, and a spring urged trigger means to actuate the hammer, the improvement comprising means for shooting a stream of Water out of the rie simultaneously with the ring of the cap, said means comprising, a chamber in the stock for a water reservoir, a pump cylinder disposed adjacent and parallel to said barrel, a
tube' leading from said chamber into said pump cylinder, said pump'cylinder having'an inlet through which Water may be'conducted, a storage member aligned with said barrel, said pump cylinder also having an outlet through which Water may pass into said storage member, a valveV arranged to controltpassage ofV Water from said storage member to said barrel, a piston contained inV said pump cylinder and connected toa piston rod,a` pump handle connected to the-piston rod and capable of causing reciprocatirigV linear movement of the piston, which inturn causes water inthe pump cylinder `to tlow into said storage member, va nozzle connected to the outer end of said storage member and having a seat for seating said valve to retain Water inside, said storage member, and a valve rod with one Vendrinslde the storage member and connected to said valve, andwith the other end connected by a spring to said trigger means, whereby pulling saidtrigger means to tire the cap simultaneously actuates said spring connecting said valve rod to said trigger means so Vthat said valve becomes unseated and per-mitswater in said storage member to shoot out of the riiie barrel in a jet stream, as long as said pump lever is being pulled toward the rifle stock and there is Water in said pump cylinder. Y
2. In a toy rifle ofthe cap-iring type, having a housing with a stock, a tubular barrel, a pivotally mounted hammer on said housing, and a spring-urged trigger meansV to actuate said hammer, the improvement for shooting a stream of water out of the rifle barrel simultaneously with the firing of a cap by actuation of said trigger means, said improvement comprising:
Y a chamber forming a water reservoir in said stock;
pump means in uid communication with said chamber for withdrawing Water therefrom;
Water storage means in fluid communication with said pump means and with said barrel for receiving Water under pressure from said pump means;
closure means mounted in said Water storage means for retaining water therein under pressure; and
rod means connecting said closure means'to said trigger means for releasing Water from said storage means into'said barrel when said trigger means is actuated to 're said cap.
' V3. In a toy rie of the capatiringV type, having a housing with a stock, a tubular'barrel, a pivotally mounted hamier on said housing, and a trigger having means to actuate said' hammer to lire a cap, the improvement for shooting a stream of Water out of the rifle barrel simultaneously with the tiring of the cap, said improvement comprising: a chamber forming' a Water vreservoir inV said stock; a pump cylinder having a'water inlet in fluid communication with said chamber for drawing Watertherefrom, said cylinder including a water outlet; piston means slidably mounted in said cylinder for reciprocation therein Yto draw water through said inlet and discharge it through said outlet; Vhandle means reciprocally mounted on said tie;
linkage means connecting said handle means to said piston means; water storage means having an inlet in fluid communication with said .outlet of said cylinder and an outlet in iluid communication with said barrel; valve means controlling the tlovv of Water from said cylinder to said storage means; closure means controlling the ilow of water from said storage means to said barrel; and
` rod means connecting said closure means to said trig! ger for opening said closure means to admit water to said valve when said trigger' is pulled to fire said cap, whereby the pulling of said trigger simultaneously causes tiring of said cap and an ejection of Water from said barrel.
Reerenees Cited in the tile of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,187,065 Kallenbaugh June 13, 1916 2,373,171 Daly Apr. 10, 1945 A2,589,977` Stelzer Mar.,18, 1952 V2,706,967 Mills Apr. 12, 1955 2,754,997 Hopldns lu1y'17, 1956 2,938,512 Smolen May 31', 1960 2,962,016k Ryan Nov. 29, 1960 3,042,262 Powell July 3, 1962
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US1187065 *||Feb 27, 1915||Jun 13, 1916||Charles W Kallenbaugh||Toy-pistol.|
|US2373171 *||Mar 10, 1942||Apr 10, 1945||Edric W Daly||Automatic cream expender|
|US2589977 *||Nov 18, 1949||Mar 18, 1952||Stelzer Jack||Water gun|
|US2706067 *||Dec 1, 1950||Apr 12, 1955||Die Casting Machine Tools Ltd||Toy pistols|
|US2754997 *||Jun 10, 1953||Jul 17, 1956||Marx & Co Louis||Toy water gun|
|US2938512 *||Mar 10, 1958||May 31, 1960||Benjamin E Smolen||Combined pop and squirt toy gun|
|US2962016 *||Jul 29, 1959||Nov 29, 1960||Ryan John W||Rolling-block rifle|
|US3042262 *||Dec 3, 1959||Jul 3, 1962||Thomas C Powell||Combined water and cap pistol|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US4193517 *||Sep 6, 1977||Mar 18, 1980||Wham-O Mfg. Co.||Water squirt cane having movable figure as activator|
|US4757946 *||Dec 9, 1985||Jul 19, 1988||Johnson Lonnie G||Flow actuated pulsator|
|US5316183 *||Oct 27, 1992||May 31, 1994||Lanard Toys Limited||Water-shooting toy configured as a bow and arrow|
|US6203397||Nov 19, 1999||Mar 20, 2001||Johnson Research & Development & Company, Inc.||convertible air and water toy gun|
|US6364162||Jan 6, 2000||Apr 2, 2002||Johnson Research & Development Co.||Automatic pressurized fluid gun|
|US6412594||Oct 4, 2000||Jul 2, 2002||Shoot The Moon Products Ii, Llc||Water gun with sound effects module|
|US6752238||Mar 14, 2002||Jun 22, 2004||Shoot The Moon Products 11, Llc||Water resistant audible toys with sound effects|
|US8074838 *||Aug 5, 2008||Dec 13, 2011||Shawn Tate||Combined water gun and water balloon launcher and associated method|
|U.S. Classification||222/79, 124/2, 222/378, 222/380, 222/509, 222/192|