US 3163426 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Dec. 29, 1964 M. J. RUDERIAN POWER TOY INCORPORATING A ROTATABLE DISC MEANS FOR PROVIDING AMUSEMENT Filed Dec. 10,
ZNVENTOR. MAX J. RUOERIAN BY Moti /1%;
ATTORNEYS United States Patent 3,163,426 POWER TGY INQRPORATING A ROTATABLE DISC MEANS FQR PROVIDING AMUSEMENT Max 5. Ruderian, 545 Hanley, Los Angeles 49, Calif. Filed Dec. 10, 1%2, Ser. No. 243,515 3 Claims. (Cl. 273-142) This invention relates generally to amusement and educational devices and more particularly to a novel power toy for enabling a variety of different educational games to be played.
A primary object of this invention is to provide an improved power toy which may be manually operated to impart a rapid spinning motion.
More particularly, it is an object to provide a novel power toy including means for supporting the toy while rotating so that the spinning structure may be observed by a group and a game may be played in which action is dictated by a particular position in which the disc comes to rest.
Another important object is to provide a power toy of the foregoing type in which the disc is adapted to carry various symbols and in which the symbols themselves are disposed on a medium which is replaceable with diiferent media carr 'ing different symbols whereby a plurality of different types of games may be played with the same basic structure.
Still another important object is to provide a novel power toy which may be used to impart spins to auxiliary toys to the end that great versatility is afforded.
Briefly, these and many other objects and advantages of this invention are attained by providing a power mechanism for driving a disc member rotatably mounted to the power mechanism. An operating rack member in turn is coupled to the power mechanism, and arranged to reciprocate by manual operation to impart a rotary spin to the disc member. The rack member itself is designed also to function as a stand for the toy.
In one embodiment of the invention, the disc member includes a plurality of symbols circumferentially disposed about its axis of rotation, there being provided a marker means in the form of a pointer stationarily positioned with respect to the rotating disc. With this arrangement, the player may cause the disc to rotate and then permit it to come to rest so that one of the symbols is juxtaposed the marker means. This symbol may be a number, a letter, a word, or a phrase dictating that a certain action is to be taken. The other side of the disc may be provided with a corresponding symbol such as a translation of a word so that an educational game results.
In a second embodiment of the invention, the rotatable disc member itself may be provided with suitable clutch means on its surface so that a spin may be imparted to other toys. For example, the spin may be imparted to a top. Alternatively, the spin may be imparted to a propeller type toy so that after the spin is imparted thereto, it will elevate itself in the manner of a helicopter.
A better understanding of the invention will be had by referring to the accompanying drawings, in which:
FIGURE 1 is a front elevational view of a first em bodiment of the invention;
FIGURE 2 is a side elevational view thereof;
FIGURE 3 is a front elevational view of a second embodiment of the invention;
FIGURE 4 is a side elevational view thereof;
FIGURE 5 is a perspective view illustrating media employed with the structures of FIGURES 1-4;
FIGURE 6 illustrates in cut-away perspective view a third embodiment of the invention useful with auxiliary toys; and,
3,163,426 Patented Dec. 29., 1964 FIGURE 7 is a fragmentary perspective view of the front face of the structure illustrated in FIGURE 6.
Referring first to FIGURE 1, the power toy includes a basic casing structure 10. Secured to this casing structure 10 is a transparent housing 11 which, as will be evident from FIGURE 2, is pill box in shape. Within the housing 11, there is provided a medium 12 carrying a plurality of symbols 13 circumferentially distributed about a center point. A ratchet member 14 projects from the casing 10 and is arranged to be manually reciprocated into and out of the casing as indicated by the double headed arrow. The end of the ratchet may be folded as at 14 to define a loop structure 14 for receiving a pencil P and thereby providing a stand.
With particular reference to FIGURE 2, it will be noted that the mechanism within the housing 10 is coupled to a disc 15 as by means of a shaft 16 so that the disc 15 is rotatable within the housing 11. The symbol medium 12, which may be in the form of a circular card having the symbols 13 printed thereon is secured to a hub 17 on the disc 15. The housing itself is secured to the casing as at 18. The symbol medium 12 is larger in diameter than the disc 15 so that symbols on its rear side may be observed through the housing 11.
As shown in both FIGURES 1 and 2, the housing includes an arrow 19 imprinted thereon and juxtaposed the periphery of the rotating medium 12 so that in operation, spinning of the disc will rotate the symbol carrying medium, and it will come to rest with the arrow 19 juxtaposed one of the symbols.
FIGURE 3 illustrates a power toy very similar to that described in conjunction with FIGURES l and 2, except that the housing is an integral part of the rotating disc. Thus, as shown in FIGURE 3, there is provided a casing 20 for .a power mechanism. A rotatable disc means including a housing 21 in turn carries a symbol medium 22 having symbols 23 thereon. A ratchet member 24 projects from the lower end of the casing 20 and when moved in an up and down direction will cause rotation of both the symbol medium 22 and the housing 21.
With reference to FIGURE 4, it will be noted that the housing includes a central hub 25 for carrying the symbol bearing medium 22. Several such symbol bearing media or cards may be provided such as indicated at 22a and 22b. The entire housing and hub structure 25 is secured to a shaft 26 driven by the mechanism within the casing 20.
FIGURE 5 illustrates one embodiment of the media for the symbols wherein there are shown circular shaped cards 22a, 22b, and 22c secured together at one peripheral point as at 27 to provide a book type of structure. By this arrangement, each disc shaped symbol bearing medium may be turned as are the pages in a book and folded such that only one side of one card will be exposed when secured onto the hub 25. The entire structure may then be rotated by operation of the reciprocable ratchet lever 24. In the case of the embodiment of FIGURES 3, 4, and 5, there is provided a marking means in the form of an arrow 28 secured to the casing 20 so as to be stationary with respect to the rotating structure. As in the case of FIGURES 1 and 2, the arrow will designate one of the various symbols when the housing has come to rest.
The games which may be played with the structure as described in FIGURES 1-5 are numerous. For example, a game of baseball may be played by employing as symbols suitable directions or descriptions of events taking place such as a hit, or an out, or a strike. Since any one of these is as equally likely to appear opposite the arrow as any other, assuming even distribution of the symbols about the disc, the game is governed solely by chance.
within the casing are illustrated in FIGURE 6 and this 7 structure is the same as the mechanism within the casing 10'and 20 of the embodiments of FIGURES 1, 2, 3, and 4. Thus,'description of the mechanism within the casing of FIGURE 6 is applicable to the other embodiments.
As shown, the rack operating member 31 includes ratchet teeth 32 arranged to engage a drive gear 33. Inward movement of the lever 31 will rotate the disc 33 and urge it against the pinion 34 thereby rotating the shaft to which the disc 30 is secured. Outward or retracting movement of the lever 31will simply result in a disengagement of the drive gear 33 from the pinion 34. This result'is attained by mounting the gear 33 in short slots S in the casing to provide a loose bearing therefor.
' In the embodiment of FIGURES 6 and 7, there is provided an auxiliary toy in the form of a top 35 having small indents such as shown at 36, 37, and 38 distributed about its top surface. These indents serve to cooperate with a clutch means illustrated on the front face of the disc-30 in FIGURE 7. These clutch means takethe form of projections 39, 40, 41. By mating the clutch means, a spin may be imparted to the top 35.
Alternatively, the clutch means may be employed to rotate a propeller shaped member to cause it to spin away from the disc 30.
In this latt'er event, the disc would normally befacing upwardly before being clutched to such a propeller member.
From the foregoing description, it will be evident that the present invention has provided an extremely attrac tive power toy. The structure itself is simple and economical to manufacture and requires a solely manual operation to provide the desired rotation. Moreover, by
' 4: bent configuration including a loop 14" for receiving a pencil as described in FIGURES 1 and 2 results in a stable stand for the device without undue increase in manufacturing expense.
While only certain embodiments of the invention have been set forth and described in detail, various changes and modifications that fall clearly within the scope of the invention will occur to those skilled in the art. The power toy is therefore not to be thought of as limited to the exact structures set forth merely for illustrative purposes.
What is claimed is:
l. A power toy comprising, in combination: a casing; a disc means; power drive means within said casingconnected to said disc means;.an operating rack member extending from said casing and manually reeiprocably movable into and out of said casing to operate said power drive means and thereby rotate said disc means said operating providing various symbolic media which may be interrack member terminating in a laterally bent portion defining in part a'circular loop to receive an elongated object and thereby provide a stand for said toy; and means on said disc. means for providing amusement upon spinning of said disc means. V
2. A toy according to claim 1, in which said means on said disc means for providing'amusement comprises symbols on said disc meansjdistributed about the center of rotation of said disc means; and stationary marker means juxtaposed the periphery. of said disc means so that the symbol coming to rest opposite said marker means after said disc means is spun is designated.
3. A toy according to claim 2, in which said symbols are carried on a medium removable from said disc means so that different symbols may be substituted to provide different forms of amusement.
References Cited by the Examiner UNITED STATES PATENTS 76,3 12 11/04 Forsheirn 273 142 1,139,119 15 Heidenreich 46-64 1,370,682 3/21 Buys 273-142 2,083,703' 6/37 Grumbacher 40l02 2,086,697 7/37' Caesar 40- 102 X 2,194,010 3/40 Cooke 40-102 FOREIGN PATENTS 444,352 3/36 Great Britain.
DELBERT B. LOWE, Primary Examiner.