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Publication numberUS3164288 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJan 5, 1965
Filing dateJan 10, 1963
Priority dateJan 10, 1963
Publication numberUS 3164288 A, US 3164288A, US-A-3164288, US3164288 A, US3164288A
InventorsC J Boomgaard
Original AssigneeC J Boomgaard
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Closure and valve construction
US 3164288 A
Abstract  available in
Images(2)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Jan. 5, 1965 c. J. BOOMGAARD CLOSURE AND VALVE CONSTRUCTION 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 Filed Jan. 10, 1965 INVENTOR. E. J. .EIUUMGAARI].

Jan. 5, 1965 c. J. BOOMGAARD 3,154,288

CLOSURE AND VALVE CONSTRUCTION Filed Jan. 10, 1963 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 INVENTOR. E. J. EUUMQAARD BY Mam United States Patent 3,164,288 CLOSURE AND VALVE CUNSTRUCTIGN C. J. Boomgaard, 141$ Fennoyer, Grand Haven, Mich. Filed Jan. 16, 1963, Ser. No. 25%698 11 Claims. (til. 2211-44) This invention relates to closures and more particularly to a pressure type cap or closure construction for a radiator or tank containing a body of liquid capable of being volatilized, the closure construction embodying relief valve means.

It is well-known that in heat exchange systems embodying a radiator forming a component of a closed cooling system for an internal combustion engine, excessive pressures may be developed upon the heating of the volatilizable coolant such as water. Upon subsequent cooling of the liquid or water, the closed system tends to establish a vacuum or subatmospheric pressure which may impair the circulation of the coolant.

Heretofore pressure caps, particularly for cooling radiators of engine cooling systems, have been fashioned of nonferrous metals such as copper-bearing alloys or ferrous metals or alloys treated or coated to resist rust. Copper-bearing alloys are costly and most ferrous metals are susceptible to oxidization particularly in an environment where they are exposed to steam and vapors.

The present'invention embraces the provision of a closure or cap construction particularly for a heat exchanger of a cooling system wherein the major components of the construction are fashioned or fabricated of moldable resinous materials having comparatively high strength characteristics and which are stable and are unaffected by moisture.

Another object of the invention resides in the provision of a closure and valve construction for a cooling radiator wherein the major components are formed or molded of resinous plastic, the construction embodying valve means for maintaining predetermined pressures in the system and valve means for releasing the pressure in the system and for avoiding the establishment of subatmospheric or reduced pressures in the system upon reduction in the temperature of the cooling fluid.

Another object of the invention resides in a closure construction for a cooling radiator or heat exchange unit wherein the major components are fashioned of high strength resinous plastic and certain of the resinous components configurated to be flexed or distorted during assembly whereby such components are held or interlocked in assembled relation without the use of screws or other fastening means.

Another object of the invention resides in a closure or cap and valve assembly for a cooling radiator for an internal combustion engine wherein the major components are fashioned of molded resinous plastic which is not affected by contact with steam or anti-freeze compounds that may be used in the radiator.

Another object of the invention resides in the provision of a radiator cap construction embodying pressure relief and vent valve means wherein several of the components are fashioned with ridges or projections interlockable by snap action for assembling and maintaining the components in proper operable relationship.

Still another object of the invention is the provision of a closure or cap construction for a cooling radiator embodying pressure and relief valve means fashioned of few components which may be assembled by unskilled operators and which require no adjustments.

Further objects and advantages are within the scope of this invention such as relate to the arrangement, operation and function of the related elements of the structure, to various details of construction and to combinations of I amass Patented Jan. 5, 1965 parts, elements per se, and to economies of manufacture and numerous other features as will be apparent from a consideration of the specification and drawing of a form of the invention, which may be preferred, in which:

FIGURE 1 is a top plan view of one form of cap or closure construction of the invention;

FIGURE 2 is a sectional view taken substantially on the line 22 of FIGURE 1;

FIGURE 3 is a sectional view taken substantially on the line 33 of FIGURE 2;

FIGURE 4 is an isometric view illustrating one valve means of the construction;

FIGURE 5 is an isometric view illustrating a relief valve means forming a component of the construction;

FIGURE 6 is an isometric view illustrating a means for manipulating the relief valve;

FIGURE 7 is a sectional view illustrating the cap or closure construction associated with the filler neck of a container or radiator;

FIGURE 8 is a view similar to FIGURE 7 illustrating the construction embodying a relief valve biasing spring;

FIGURE 9 is an isometric view of a vent valve spring embodied in the construction shown in FIGURE 8;

FIGURE 10 is a sectional view illustrating a modified form of the construction of the invention;

FIGURE 11 is a sectional view taken substantially on the line 1111 of FIGURE 10;

FIGURE 12 is a sectional view illustrating a modified form of the closure construction of the invention;

FIGURE 13 is a detail sectional view taken substantially on the line 1313 of FIGURE 12;

FIGURE 14 is a sectional view illustrating another form of closure construction of the invention, and

FIGURE 15 is a detail sectional view taken substantially on the line 1515 of FIGURE 14.

While the closure and valve construction of the invention has particular utility in closing the filler opening of a heat exchanger or radiator adapted to contain fluid for cooling an internal combustion engine, it is to be understood that the closure and valve arrangement may be utilized with other containers or receptacles wherever it is desirable or imperative to provide for release of pressure under certain operating conditions.

The form of the invention illustrated in FIGURES 1 through 7 is adapted to be associated with the filler neck of a container 10, which maybe the header of a radiator or other receptacle having a filling aperture 12 provided by an upwardly extending generally cylindrical filler neck 14 brazed or welded as at 15 to the header 10 of a radiator and defining the aperture 12, the filler neck being connected with a conventional overflow or vent tube 19. The filler neck 14 is provided with a circular seat 16 and depending diametrically extending flanges 17, the lower edges 18 thereof being inclined in the conventional manner forming cam surfaces.

The closure or cap 2%) is of generally circular shape, fashioned with a depending peripheral flange 22, having at diametrically opposed regions integral inwardly extending lugs, projections or abutments 24 adapted to interlock with the inclined or cam edge regions 18 of the depending portions 17 formed on the filler neck 14. The cap or closure member 20 is formed of resinous plastic material preferably of polyoxymethylene, marketed commercially under the trade name Delrin. The cap 20 may be fashioned with laterally extending grip portions 26 for ease in manipulating the cap.

The cap is fashioned with a circular depending flange defining a hollow hub portion 28, particularly shown in FIGURES 2 and 7, the lower terminus being formed with an inwardly extending flange or ridge 3% for purposes to be hereinafter explained.

The closure construction is inclusive of a valve member .or means 32 fashioned with a disc-like portion 36 which 'is a tenon 4t fitted with the sealing gasket 38, the tenon terminating in an outwardly extending flange or head 4,2. to retain the gasket 33 in a positon contiguous with and engaging the disc-like portion 36 of the member 32. The sealing or valve gasket $8 is sufi'lciently yieldable to enable its assembly over the flange or bead 42 on the tenon 49. The member 32 is fashioned with a tubular extension or projection 44, the cylindrical passage 45 therein extending through the projection 44, the disc-like portion 36 and the tenon 40.

The upper end of the extension or projection 4 is fashioned with a diametrically arranged slot 45, shown in FIGURE 4, which divides the upper portion of the projection 44 into two semi-cylindrical sections 47 each having an outwardly extending ridge or flange 4d. The purpose of the slot 46 is to render the two semi-cylindrical sections 47 of the portion 44 sufficiently resilient or yieldable so that the ridges 48 may be forced or snapped over the flange 39 formed on the hub portion 28 of the cap 2d so that the ridges 4 cooperate with the flange 3t forming interengaging or interlocking abutments to limit relative movement of the member 32 with respect to the cap 28-.

The unit 32 comprising the disc 32 and its projections 40 and 44 is formed of resinous plastic material such as polyoxyniethylene (Delrin) or other resinous plastics hereinafter mentioned. Arranged adjacent the planar portion of the cap 20 and interiorly of the cap is a disc-like member or diaphragm 50 preferably formed of resinous mateial, such as polyoxymethylene. The diaphragm th is of circular shape and has a circular opening to be received on the hub portion 28.

The diaphragm 50 has a peripheral portion 52 which is integral with a conically-shaped portion 54, the inner region of the conically-shaped portion engaging the interior or bottom surface 21 of the cap 2.0. When the cap construction is assembled with the metal filler neck 1 as shown in FIGURE '7, the peripheral portion 52 engages the annular seat 16 of the filler neck and effectively prevents escape of steam or liquid, except through the overflow pipe 19, that may enter the filler neck chamber upon opening or unseating of the valve gasket 38 from the annular seat as on the filler neck, shown in FZGURE 7.

An expansive coil spring 58 surrounds the hub portion 28 and the projection 44 and has its ends respectively engaging the disc-like member or diaphragm 5t? and the upper surface of the disc-like portion 36 of valve member 32. The coil spring 58 is preferably made of stainless steel, bronze or other material which is immune to rust or rust resistant and which is not subject to deterioration upon contact with anti-freeze constituents that may be admixed with Water or other coolant contained in the radia tor or heat transfer unit.

A second or supplemental valve means 59 is associated with the disc-like member 32, the supplemental valve means serving dual purposes viz. as a vent means to re lieve pressure in the radiator before the cap 2t! is moved to release position and to vent the radiator to the atmosphere through the overflow pipe 19 should a vacuum be formed in the radiator upon cooling of the contents of the radiator. The vent valve or supplemental valve means 5% is inclusive of a disc-like member till of lesser diameter than the disc as, the member fill being fashioned with an upwardly extending circular flange or valve portion 62, which is adapted, upon upward movement of the valve means 55*, to engage or seat against the gasket or washer 38 under the influence of increased pressure devolped in the radiator as when steam or vapor is generated by heat transferred from the engine to the liquid coolant.

The valve means 59 is particularly illustrated in FIG- URE 5 and includes an upwardly extending stem, shaft or shank portion 6 5, the upper end region of which is fashioned with a tenon 66. The tenon as comprises four sections 72 provided by diametrically arranged kerfs or slots as and 7b, the sections or projections 72 being of sector shape cross-section as shown in FiGURE 5. By fashioning the tenon 66 with the kerfs 68 and 78, the four sec tions '12. are rendered yieldable or distortable.

Each sector-shaped portion 72 is fashioned with an outwardly extending ridge or flange 74. The upper extremities of the two sections 47 of the hollow projection 44 defining the tubular passage 45 which receives the stem 64 is fashioned with integral inwardly extending ridges or flanges 76. In assembling the supplemental or vent valve means 59 with the valve member 32, the stem 64 is inserted in the passage 45 in member 32 engaging the outwardly extending ridges '74 of the tenon sections 72 with the flanges 76.

By exerting pressure against the disc portion 69 in an upward direction, as viewed in FIGURE 2, the sector-shaped sections 72 are deflected or forced inwardly by the flange 76. In this manner the projecting portions or ridges 74 snap over the flange 76 and provide abutmerits forming an interlock to prevent disassembly of the valve means 59 from the disc-like valve means 32 and gasket 36'.

It should be noted from FIGURES 2 and 7 that when the vent valve portion 6% is in its lowermost or open position, further movement is prevented by engagement of the projections 74- with the flanges 76 fashioned on the sections 47 of the tubular portion 44 of member 32. The stem 64, of the valve member fill is of lesser diameter than the diameter of the passage 45 in member 32 into which the stem extends so that When the valve means 59 is in its open position, as shown in FIGURES 2 and 7, a vent is provided by the space between the stem 64 and the inner cylindrical surface of the passage 45.

In the embodiment shown in FIGURES 1 through 8, means is provided for manually moving or releasing the supplemental or vent valve 59 to an open position. The manually operated vent valve release means as is in the form of a push button having an annularly shaped hub portion 84- extcnding into the cylindrically-shaped chamber 86 defined by the hub portion 2% on the cap 2%. As particularly shown in FIGURES 2, 6, 7 and 8, the perimeter of the hub portion 23 defining the entrance to the opening or passage 36 is fashioned with an inwardly extending circular ridge, flange or head 83.

The annular portion 84- on the button member so is fashioned with an outwardly extending bead or ridge 9d, the ridge 93 being spaced vertically from the flange portion 92 of member fill to permit relative vertical movement of the button from the position indicated in FIG- URE 1 to the position indicated in FIGURE 8. The ridge 9% is of slightly greater diameter than the inner surface of the inwardly extending ridge 88 so that the button member Ell can be assembled with the cap member 2% simply by pressure exerted upon the button member sulficient to flex the material of the ridges 88 and 9% so that the ridge l snaps over the ridge 88 to form an interlock.

The inwardly extending ridge 53 on the cap member 2% and the outwardly extending ridge 9% provide abutment means engageable to prevent disassembly of the button 86 from the cap member 25 The button valve release means is fashioned of resinous plastic such as polyoxymethylene or other suitable resinous plastic which, while being rigid is sufficiently resilient or yieldable to permit assembly by snap action by forcing the ridge as past the ridge 38.

The member or push button 80 is formed with an axially arranged cylindrical projection or tenon 94 which is aligned with the cylindrical projection or stem 6 of the vent valve member 59 in the manner shown in FIGURES 2, 7 and 8. As shown in FIGURE 2, the tenon or cylindrical projection 94 of the button member 8% is of a length such that when the vent valve 59 is in its open or lowermost position as shown in FIGURE 2, slight clearance exists between the lower end of the tenon 94 and the upper surfaces of the sector shaped portions 72 'of the projection or stem 64.

In this position the flange portion 92 of the button member 80 engages the upper surface of the cap 20. When the cap assembly is in operative position on the filler neck 14 and vapor pressure is developed in the radiator header closing the vent valve 59 to the position shown in FIGURE 8, the button member 86 is elevated relative to the cap 2 through the engagement of the stem 64 on the vent valve portion 65) with the tenon 94 on the button member.

Formed on the hub portion 44 of the disc-like member 36 is a pair of diametrically arranged upwardly extending projections or abutments 98 which serve to prevent disengagement of the valve member 60 from the portion 44 of the member 36 in the event that the disc-like member 36 is moved to its extreme uppermost position with the member 36 adjacent the flange 3b, as the projections 98 engage the annular projection 84 of the button 80 and prevent disassembly of the tenon portion 64 of the vent valve means 59 from the hollow hub 44 of the member 36.

In the arrangement shown in FIGURES 2 and 7, the valve member 59 is normally suspended by gravity in open position, this position being defined by engagement of the ridges '74- on the sector-shaped projections '72 with the inwardly extending ridges is on the hub portion 44. The vent valve means 59 is free to move vertically and, when vapor pressure develops in the radiator header 10, such pressure, acting upwardly upon the vent valve portion 60, engages the flange or valve seat 62 with the gasket or washer 38 to prevent the escape of vapor or gases through the clearance space between the stem 6 and the wall of the passage in the disc 36 and its projection 44.

If it is desired to normally maintain the vent valve 60 in closed position, as shown in FIGURE 8, whether or not there is any vapor or increased pressure developed in the header 10, a coil spring 1% shown in FIGURE 9 may be assembled on the sector-shaped portions 72 of the tenon 64 in the position as illustrated in FIGURE 8.

The spring 100 is of frusto-conical shape and the small diameter of the spring is of a dimension to be snapped over the outwardly extending ridges 74 of the sectorshaped projections 72, the opposite end of the spring seating against the upper surface of the annular projection or hub 44. The spring 1% is comparatively weak so as to exert only a slight upward pressure on the valve member 59 to effect a seating of the valve flange or seat 52 against the washer or gasket 38, as shown in FIGURE 8.

The components of the radiator cap construction are assembled in the following manner: The button member 86 is positioned with the ridge 90 engaging the inwardly extending ridge S8. Downward force exerted upon the member 80 to snap the ridge 9%) through or past the ridge 88, this action completing the assembly of the button member 86 with the cap 20. The diaphragm or flexible disc is then telescoped over the annular hub portion 28 of the cap and the coil spring 58 telescoped over the annular hub portion 28. The flexible gasket 38 is stretched over the flange 42 to a position surrounding the tenon 44 and seating against the disc 36.

The cylindrical 's'terfi or tenon 64 of the valve member 60 is then insei t'e tl fndhe cylindrical passage 45 in the disc-like member 36"and its hub portion 44 and pressure exerted on the valve portion so to force the outwardly extending ridges 74 of the sector-shaped projections 72 past the inwardly extending ridge 76 on the hub portion 44-.

The sector-shaped members 72 are sufliciently flexible by reason of their reduced cross-section to permit the outwardly extending ridges 74 to snap over the inwardly extending flange portions 76, thus establishing an interlock of the valve means 59 with the disc-like member36, the valve member having limited movement relative to the disc-like member 36 to facilitate opening and closing the vent valve portion 62.

The disc-like member 36, gasket 38 and the vent valve construction 59 is then assembled with the annular hub 28 on the cap 20 by forcing the outwardly extending ridges 43 past the inwardly extending ridge or flange 30 on the hub 28, the resinous plastic of which these components are formed being suificiently flexible by reason of the slot 46 in the hub portion 44 to permit the ridges 43 to snap over the flange portion 39. This completes the series of steps or operations in assembling the several components of the cap construction.

It should be noted that the assembly operations do not require the use of special tools or any screws or extraneous fastening devices as the components, except for the metal spring 58, are fashioned of resinous plastic in such a manner as hereinbefore described to facilitate interlocking the components to prevent their disassembly but pe mitting the relative movements of the several components to perform their respective functions in use.

The operation and function of the various components of the radiator cap construction in use is as follows: The several components in their normal assembled positions are illustrated in FIGURE 2, the spring ltltl being omitted from the form illustrated in FIGURE 2. It will be noted that the expansive pressure of the spring 58 holds the diaphragm 50 against the interior surface of the cap 20 and holds the disc-like member 36 at its extreme lowermost position limited by the abutment means provided by the ridges 48 engaging the ridge 30 on the sections 47 of the hub 44.

The cap assembly is installed in operative position upon the filler neck '14 .of the header Iii of the cooling radiator by inserting the disc-like member 36 into the filller neck and engaging the washer or gasket 38 with the annular seat 34 formed on the filler neck. Downward pressure is then exerted upon the cap '20 to move the projections or lugs 24 of the cap 2h through slots existent in the flange portion 1'7 of a conventional filler neck 14.

The cap portion 2i) is then rotated to move the projections 24 into engagement with the cam surfaces 18 of conventional character formed on the flange 17 of the filler neck construction. The angularity of the cam surfaces 18 move or draw the cap construction downwardly toward the ifiller neck, compressing the spring 58 which exerts pressure on the disc 36 and the gasket 38 to maintain the gasket 38 in sealing or seating engagement with the annular seat 3d formed on the filler neck construction. When atmospheric pressure exists in the header 10 the valve portion '62 is normally in its open position as shown in FIG- URE 7.

In the event that pressure is generated within the radiator header it) by the transfer of heat into the water or coolant in the radiator from the engine, such pressure acts on the vent valve portion 60 to move the valve portion 62 to closed position with the valve portion 62 thereof in sealing engagement with the gasket 38 providing a closed cooling system. Pressure may thereafter increase in the radiator header Ill until the pressure reaches an amount greater than the compression pressure of the spring 58 holding the gasket 38 upon its seat, under which condition the excessive pressure elevates the disc-like member 36 and the gasket 38 and permits the escape of vapor or gases into the chamber de'fined by the tfiller neck thence through the vent tube or overflow pipe 19 to the atmosphere.

When vapor pressure develops within the radiator 'header and elevates the vent valve means 59 to its closed position, the projection or tenon 64 on the valve member tit) engages the tenon or projection 94 on the button 82 and velevates the button approximately to the position relative to the cap 20 as illustrated in FIGURE 8. As long as pressure above atmospheric pressure exists in the radiator and the vent valve 62 remains closed, the button 36 is maintained in its elevated position.

In event that it is desired to remove the radiator cap assembly iwh'ile pressure exists within the radiator and eader, the member or push button $59 is depressed, which action through the tenon 9d engaging the stem 64- moves the valve portion 60 downwardly and the valve portion 62 away from the gasket 38.

This permits vapor or gas to escape or flow from the radiator header through the clearance space between the projection 64 and the wall of passage 45 in member 32 into the interior of the hollow hub portion 28 thence downwardly through the clearance space betv een the annular hub portion 44 and the flange or ridge 3d into the tiller neck chamber and through the vent tube or overflow pipe 19 until the pressure within the radiator and header is brought to an atmospheric pressure.

The radiator cap portion 2t) may then be rotated to disengage the lugs or projections 24 from the cam surfaces 18 to remove the cap and valve assembly from the filler neck without liability of injury by hot vapor or gases which would otherwise esca e under pressure should the gasket '38 be released by disengagement of the projections 24 on the cap with the cam surfaces on the filler neck without first relieving the pressure by the vent valve.

The valve means 59 also functions to prevent the formation of a vacuum within the radiator and header upon cooling of the contents of the radiator. As long as pressure is existent in the radiator the vent valve portion s2 is held in its closed position. Upon cooling of the contents of the radiator with a consequent pressure drop in the radiator, the valve means 59 moves downwardly to open position venting the interior of the radiator and header to the atmosphere through the overflow pipe 1%.

In the arrangement illustrated in FIGURE 8, the comparatively weak coil spring 1% normally biases the valve 60 to a closed position. When it is desired to 'relieve'the pressure in the radiator preparatory to removing the cap 20 and valve assembly from the filler neck,

the button 80 is depressed to engage the tenon 94- and stem 64, compressing the spring 1% and opening the valve member 60; Where the coil spring 190 is employed, the attendant or operator holds the button in depressed position with the vent valve member 60 in open position, thus venting the radiator until the pressure is reduced to atmospheric pressure after which the cap 20 may be rotated and removed in the manner hereinbefore described.

As the pressure of the coil spring 1% is very small, the formation of a slight vacuum within the radiator upon cooling of the contents of the radiator will cause atmospheric pressure to compress the spring 1% and open the vent valve 60 and equalize the pressure within the radiator and header.

The cap construction 24 the push button 80, the disclike member 36, the vent valve construction 6-23 and the diaphragm 50 are fashioned of molded resinous plastic and preferably polyoxymethyle-ne, commercially known as Delrin. This resinous plastic has high strength characteristics, high resilience, low moisture sensitivity and is stable at elevated temperatures. It has high sol vent resistance and hence is unaffected by anti-freeze compounds which are conventionally used in radiators. As the components of the construction are held in assembled relation by snap over interlock means hereinbefore described, no independent fastening means are required and the components will remain in assembled condition throughout the life of the cap construction. The components require no maintenance or service.

While polyoxymethylene resin has been found to he very satisfactory for the resinous plastic components of the construction, other resinous plastic materials may be used for fashioning the components such as polychlorotrifluoroethylene, commercially known as Kel-P, and polytetrafluoroethylene, commercially known as 8 Teflon, and a resinous plastic commercially known as Marblock.

FEGURES l0 and 11 illustrate a modified form of the arrangement shown in FIGURES 1 through 8. In this form the cap member Ht} is fashioned with a hollow depending hub portion 112, the interior of the hub portion 112 accommodating a push button or member 86' of the same construction as the component hereinbefore described. The button St? is provided with an out-- Wardly extending bead or ridge Ed which cooperates with an inwardly extending ridge or head 88' for maintaining the button db and the cap member in assembled relation.

The valve means 32' includes the disc-like member as" and hub portion 44' which are the same construction as the corresponding components shown in the form of the: invention illustrated in FIGURES 1 through 8, the proj-- ections 56 on the hub portion 44' being arranged to snap over the inwardly extending flange or ridge 30 formed on the hollow hub portion 112. The vent valve member its tenon portion 6% and the means of interlocking the valve member 6% with the hub portion 46 are the same as hereinbefore shown and described in the form of the invention shown in FIGURES 2 through 8. The flange 62' of the vent "alve 60' is adapted to seat against the washer or gasket 38'.

A thin disc-lilac diaphragm 56 is mounted on the hollow hub 3.12 and functions in the same manner as the diaphragm 5% shown in FIGURE 2. In the form of the invention illustrated in FIGURES l0 and ll 21 modified resilient means or spring arrangement is provided for urging the gasket 33' into engagement with the seat on the filler neck of the character shown in FIGURE 7. The spring construction 116 comprises a central disclil-ie portion 118 having an opening of a size to fit over a tenon 126 formed on the lower exterior region of the hollow hub 112 on the cap member Hi! and seating against an annular ledge 122 on the hub portion.

The spring T16 is fashioned with a plurality of radially extending flexible arms or fingers $.24 configurated as shown in FIGUR l0 and having their curved extremities 12o; engaging the upper surface of the disc-like member 36'. While four resilient arms 124- are illus trated, it is to be understood that two or more arms may be employed for the purpose. The arms or fingers 124 are angularly arranged with respect to the central portion, as illustrated in FIGURE 10, in order to exert a downward bias or pressure upon the discdike member 36 for the purpose of urging the washer or gasket 38' into engagement with the annular seat on the filler neck.

The components of the construction shown in FIG- URES 1i) and 11 are assembled in the following manner: The sealing gasket 33 is stretched over the flange 42 formed on a tenon portion of the disc'like member 36. The shank or tenon portion 64 of the valve structure 60' is then inserted in the central passage through the disclike member 36 and its hub portion 44' forcing the outwardly extending ridge portions 74' past the inwardly extending flange portions '76 on the hub 4%.

This action interlocks the valve member 69 with the disc-like member 36', the valve 663' being arranged for lengthwise movement with respect to the axis of the disc-like member to facilitate opening and closing movem-ent of the vent valve The diaphragm 59 is fitted on the hub portion E2 of the caplltl and the spring member 118 is seated against the ledge lZZ formed on the hub portion 112. The shankiofsthe button member 8% is then inserted in the hollow interior of the hub portion 117. of the cap by forcing the outwardly extending head or ridge 3% to snap over the inwardly extending ridge or head 88' on the cap lid.

The installation of the cap assembly illustrated in FIGURES 10 and ll with a filler neck construction of the character shown at 14 in FIGURE 7 is the same as the installation of the cap construction shown in FIGURES 1 through 7. An attendant or operator installing the cap inserts the disc portion 36' in the filler neck 14 (shown in FIGURE 7) until the gasket 38' seats upon the annular seat 34 of the filler neck construction.

Downward pressure is then exerted upon the cap 11% flexing the arms or portions 24 of the spring outwardly until the lugs 24' on the cap 110 are in a position to engage the conventional cam surfaces 18 formed on the filler neck portion 17. The cap 110 is then rotated to a position wherein the cam surfaces on the filler neck draw or force the cap downwardly, further compressing the spring arms 124 as the sealing gasket 38 and member 36' are moved axially relative to the cap 110 during rotation of the cap 110 to its completely installed position.

The cap assembly of FIGURES 10 and 11 functions in substantially the same manner as the cap assembly illustrated in FIGURES 1 through 7. When vapor pressure rises in the radiator, the pressure moves the vent valve 60' into engagement with the gasket 38' sealing off the vent to the region above the member 36'. In event pres sure exceeding the downward pressure of the spring fingers 124 is developed in the radiator, the member 32, the gasket 3% and the valve member 61% are moved upwardl to ermit the escaoe of ases ast the sealin asy p n b D D ket 38' in the manner hereinbefore described.

\Vhen it is desired to relieve the pressure in the radiator in order to safely remove the cap assembly, the operator or attendant depresses the button or member 8i) moving the tenon 94' of the button downwardly into engagement with the shank 64' of the vent valve 6%, thus moving the valve portion 62' away from the gasket 38' and permitting the escape of gases or vapor through the space between the shank 64 and the hub portion 44' into the chamber defined by the filler neck and through the conventional overflow pipe to the atmosphere.

After the pressure has been relieved in this manner, the cap 110 is rotated in a direction to release the lugs 24' from the cam surfaces on the filler neck, permitting the removal of the entire cap and valve assembly. The cap 110, diaphragm 50', the valve means 32 and the valve means 60' are fashioned of resinous plastic, such as polyoxymethylene or other resinous plastics of the character hereinbefore mentioned.

FIGURES 12 and 13 illustrate a further modified form of the invention. In this form the cap 130 is of a shape similar to the cap 29 shown in FIGURE 2 formed with a depending hollow hub portion 28" terminating in an inwardly extending ridge or head 34)". The movable valve member 36" of the valve means 32" is equipped with a washer or sealingg asket 38" adapted to seat against the annular seat 34 of the filler neck shown in FIGURE 7 as hereinbefore described in connection with other forms of the invention. The member 36' is provided with a hub portion 44" having at its upper end outwardly extending bead portions 46" which snap over and interlock with the ridge portion 30" to establish an interconnection between the cap 130 and the member 36".

The valve member 613" is of the same construction as the valve 69 shown in FIGURE 2, having a shank portion 64" fashioned with sector-shaped portions 74", each projection having an outwardly extending ridge '76" which, in assembly with the hub portion 44 snaps over the ridge portions 76 to establish an interlocking connection between the valve member 60" and the member 36".

In this construction a spring means is provided normally biasing the seat portion 62" of the vent valve member 69" into closed position in engagement with the gasket 38". Telescoped over the ridges 76 on the shank 64' is a plate spring 134 which, as shown in FIGURE 13, is of polygonal shape.

The peripheral region of the plate spring 134 is fashioned with a plurality of downwardly extending fingers or ears 136 which engage the upper end surface of the hub portion 44" formed on the member 36". As the body portion of the plate spring 13 engages the lower surfaces of the beads or ridges 76 and the fingers 136 engage the upper surface of the hub portion 24", the resiliency of the plate 134 normally biases the valve seat portion 62 of the vent valve 60" into closed position in engaging relation with the washer or gasket 38" to thereby close the vent passage proivded by the clearance space between the shank 64" and the interior wall of the central passage in the member 36" and hub 44".

The plate spring 134 is made very thin so as to offer only slight resistance to opening of the vent valve 60" so that in event of formation of a vacuum in the radiator when the contents of the header are cooled, the vent valve 6t?" will be opened by atmospheric pressure to equalize the pressure in the radiator. A diaphragm 50" has a central opening whereby it is received on the hub portion 28" of the cap 13!). An expansive coil spring 58" surrounds the hub portion 23" and is disposed between the diaphragm 5t) and the member 36" to bias the member 32" downwardly to engage the washer or gasket 38" with tne seat on the filler neck.

Means is formed on or carried by the cap for manually effecting release of the vent valve 60". The cap member 1319 is provided with an axially disposed tenon portion or shank 138 which extends downwardly and is adapted for engagement with the upper end of the shank or tenon m" on the vent valve member 60". The cap 130, being formed of resinous plastic material, is fashioned or molded with a comparatively thin web or membrane portion 141) joining the upper surface of the cap member at its juncture with the hub portion 28" and the upper end region of the shank or tenon 138.

The web portion 140 is preferably curved or configurated in cross-section, as shown in FIGURE 12, to form an annular raised region. The membrane 140, being made comparatively thin, may be flexed downwardly by manual pressure applied to the central region of the web thereby moving the tenon portion 138 into engagement with the upper surface of the shank 64", the downward pressure on the web 140 moving the valve member 60" downwardly to move the valve seat portion 62" away from the gasket 38" and thereby vent the radiator to facilitate the escape of gases or vapor therefrom in the manner hereinoefore explained in reference to other forms of the invention.

After the pressure is thus relieved by opening the vent valve 6!)", the cap 13f) may be readily rotated to disengage the lugs 24 from the cam surfaces on the tiller neck to permit removal of the cap and valve assembly.

In this form of the invention, the plate spring 134 normally biases the vent valve 66" to closed position, but the spring is sufiiciently weak to permit downward movement or opening of the vent valve 66" by atmospheric pressure above the valve in the event of the formation of a vacuum in the radiator.

It is to be understood that the cap construction 130, the diaphragm Stl", the member 36" and the vent valve member 661" are fashioned or molded of resinous plastic such as polyoxymethylene (Delrin) or fashioned of other resinous plastics of the character hereinbefore mentioned.

Another form of the invention is illustrated in FIG- URES 14- and 15. In this form of the invention the vent valve is in the form a ball valve or check ball. The cap 2% is of the same construction as the cap 20 illustrated in FIGURE 2. The cap 20a is provided with a hollow hub portion 28a terminating in its lower end in an inwardly extending ridge or head 30a. The member 36a is similar to the member 36 and is fashioned with a hollow hub portion 44a terminating in outwardly extending ridge portions 46a which, in assembly with the hub portion 28a, are adapted to snap over the ridge potrion 30a to establish an interlocking connection between the member 36a and the cap member 20a.

A diaphragm 5th: is received on the hub portion 28a and an expansive coil spring 58a is disposed between the diaphragm 50a and the member 35a.

the filler neck construction.

ing extension 159, the lower end of which is provided with an outwardly extending ridge or flange 52. The

member 36a has a central passage 154 the upper end of which is fashioned with a restricted opening defined by an inwardly extending flange or bead 156. Disposed in the passage 154 is a vent valve means in the form of a check ball idll and a comparatively light expansive coil spring 162. is disposed in the passage 15d engaging the ball toi An abutment for the spring 1-52 is provided by a disclike member 164 formed of resinous plastic and configurated with a peripheral flange 166 terminating in an inwardly extending bead or ridge 15%. The member 16% is formed with a comparatively small central opening or passage 17% in communication with the passage 154. A washer or gasket 38a of yieldable material is stretched over the outwardly extending ridge 152,, the check ball 16% and the spring 162 inserted in the passage 15d and the resinous plastic cap 162- snapped over the llange or ridge 152 to occupy the position illustrated in FIGURE 14.

In this position the member 1&4 provides an abutment for the spring 162 and prevents dislodgement of the er or sealing gasket 38a. In this form of the invention, the cap Zlla, the diaphragm 5 3a, the member 3651, check ball 16% and the abutment member 164 are fashioned of molded resinous plastic such as polyoxyrnethylene (Delrin) or other resinous plastic materials of the character hereinbefore mentioned. Thus, in this construction the only metal components are the springs 58a and 162. which are fashioned of stainless steel or bronze or other material resistant to rust.

The installation and function of the cap construction shown in FIGURES 14 and 15 is substantially the same as the other forms of the invention hereinbeiore described. When installed in a filler neck, the gasket 33a engages the annular seat 34 on the filler neck of lesser diameter. shown in FIGURE 7, while tie diaphragm 5dr: engages the upper annular seat 16 of larger diameter fashioned on The spring 5311 is compressed upon downward pressure and rotation of the cap 29a when the latter is interconnected with the cam surfaces on the filler neck to hold the sealing gasket 3% on the filler neck seat.

The spring 162 normally biases the vent valve 16% toward closed position so that pressure is maintained in the radiator,

In the event it is desired to relieve the pressure in the radiator preparatory to removing the valve assembly, the button or member 146 is depressed which, through the medium of the tenon 15$, moves the check ball loll downwardly away from its seat so as to facilitate the escape of gases or vapors from the radiator through the passage 154 and between the tenon 155i and the seat 556 for the ball checninto the filler neck and through the overflow pipe to the atmosphere.

Upon cooling of the radiator and its contents tending to form a vacuum or reduced pressure in the radiator, the atmospheric pressure above the check ball will move the check ball away from its seat and admit air into the radiator to equalize the pressure.

It is to be understood that in all forms of the invention hereinbefore described, all of the components except the springs are fashioned of resinous plastic molded to the particular configurations shown and described having the interlocking features to establish interconnections between the components to facilitate their proper functioning as hereinbefore described. While it has been found preterable to mold these components of resinous plastic such as polyozt' methylene, other resinous plastics having characteristics suitable for the purpose may be used. Among the salient features of the invention is the formation or shaping of the resinous plastic components with yicldable or distortable interlocking projections, ridges or beads whereby the components are held in their assembled relationship eliminating completely the use of extraneous fastening means.

it is apparent that, within the scope of the invention, modificati is and different arrangements may be made other the as herein disclosed, and the present disclosure is illustrative merely, the invention comprehending all variations thereof.

1 claim:

1. A closure means for attachment to a filler neck of receptacle including. combination, a closure cap of molded polyoxymetbylene provided with means arranged for engagemer with the filler neck, a valve member of molded polyoxymcthylene. means arranged to retain the valve member in assembled relation with the cap whereby the valve member is adapted for limited movement relative to the cap, and resilient means disposed between the valve member and cap biasing the valve member in a direction away from the cap.

2. A closure means for attachment to a filler neck of e including, in combination, a closure cap of iateriai provided with means arranged for nent with the filler neck, a valve mem- .ic material, lateral! extending means on said member and cap arranged to be interengaged by distortlon of said means whereby said member and cap are maintained in interlocked but relatively movable relation, and re lient means disposed between the valve member and cap biasing the valve member in a direction away from the cap.

3. A closure means for attachment to a filler neck of a receptacle includin in combination. a closure cap of molded poiyoxymet ylene provided with means arranged for removable interlocking engagement with the filler neck, a first valve member of molded polyoxymet'nylene, a second valve member oi molded polyoxymethylene, said first valve member having a passage therein, means associated with said second valve member extending into said passage and being movable relative to the first valve member, laterally extending means on said first valve member and said cap arranged to be interengaged by distortion of said means whereby said first valve member and cap are maintained in interlocked relation, said interlocking connection providing limited movement of the first valve member relative to the cap, spring means disposed between the cap and the first valve member, said second valve member being arranged for limited movement relative to the first valve member.

4. A closure means for attachment to the filling neck of an internal combustion engine radiator including, in combination, a cap fashioned of nonmetallic material and formed with means arranged for removable interloc' iug engagement with the filling neck, a first valve member of nonmetallic material, a valve gasket associated with the valve member arranged to engage a seat formed on the filling neck, interengageable abutment means for establishing an interconnection of the cap with the first valve member whereby the said valve member is arranged for limited movement relative to the cap for relieving pressures in the radiator, resilient means arranged between the cap and valve member normally biasing the gasket oi the first valve member into engagement with the seat on the filler neck, a second valve member formed of nonmetallic material having a valve surface arranged for engag-ement with the gasket associated with the first valve member, said second valve member having a shank por tion provided. with laterally extending means arranged to be distorted relative to the first valve member to establish interlocking engagement with the first valve member and arranged for limited movement relative to the first valve member for admitting air into the radiator upon establishment of subatmospheric pressure in the radiator.

5. Closure means for attachment to the filling neck of an internal combustion engine radiator, including, in combination, a cap fashioned of nonmetallic material and formed with means arranged for removab e interlocking engagement with the filling neck, a flexible diaphragm of nonmetallic material arranged adjacent and engaging the cap, a first valve member of nonmetallic material, a valve gasket associated with the valve member arranged to engage a seat formed on the filling neck, means connecting the cap with the first valve member whereby said valve member is arranged for limited movement relative to the cap for relieving pressures in the radiator, resilient means engaging the diaphragm and valve me iber normally baising the valve member and gasket into engag ment with the seat on the filler neck, a second valve member formed of nonmetallic material having a valve surface arranged for engagement with the gasket associated with the first valve member, said second valve member having a shank portion provided with laterally extending means arranged to be distorted relative to the first valve member to establish interlockin snap engagement with the first valve member and arranged for limited movement relative to the first valve member for admitting air into the radiator upon establishment of subatmospheric pressure in the radiator.

6. A closure means for attachment to a filler neck of a receptacle including, in combination, a closure cap pro vided with means arranged for removable engagement with the filler neck, a disc-like member, a valve gasket mounted on the disc-like member, abutment means establishing a snap-on interlocking connection between the disc-like member and the cap, said connection providing for limited relative movement between the disc-like member and cap, and resilient means between the cap and disclike member biasing the member away from the cap.

7. A closure means for attachment to a filler neck of a receptacle including, in combination, a closure cap formed of nonmetallic material and provided with means arranged for removable interlocking engagement with the filler neck, a disc-like member formed of nonmetallic material, a valve gasket mounted on the disc-like member, abutment means establishing a snap-on interlocking connection between the disc-like member and the cap, said connection providing for limited relative movement between the disc-like member and cap, resilient means between the cap and disc-like member biasing the member away from the cap, and a supplemental valve element of nonmetallic material arranged to engage the valve gasket mounted on the disc-like member.

8. A closure means for attachment to a filler neck of a receptacle including in combination, a closure cap of nonmetallic material and provided with means arranged for removable interlocking engagement with the filler neck, a disc-like member formed of nonmetallic material, a valve gasket mounted on the disc-like member, means establishing a snap-on interlocking connection between the disclike member and the cap, said connection providing for limited relative movement between the disc-like member and cap, resilient means between the cap and disc-like member biasing the member away from the cap, a suppleental valve element of nonmetallic material arranged to engage the valve gasket mounted on the disc-like member, said element having a snap-0n interlocking connection with the disc-like member providing for limited movement of the valve element relative to the member, and means associated with the cap and accessible exteriorly thereof for moving the supplemental valve element out of engagement with the valve gasket.

I for removable interlocking engagement with the filler neck, a disc-like mom or of polyoxymethylene, a diaphragm disposed adjacent the cap, a valve gasket mounted on the disc-like member, means establishing a snap-on interlocking connection between the disc-like member and the cap, said connection providing for limited relative movement between the disc-like member and cap, resilient means between the diaphragm and disc-like member biasing the member away from the cap, a supplemental valve element of molded polyoxymethylene arranged to engag the valve gasket mounted on the disc-like member, said element having a snap-on int rlocking connection with the disc-like member and arranged for limited movement relative to the member, and means associated with the cap and accessible exteriorly thereof for manually moving the supplemental valve element out of engagement with the valve gasket.

10. A closure for a receptacle having a filling aperture defined by an upwardly extending filler neck fashioned with a valve seat and an opening in the filler neck communicating with the atmosphere, said closure comprising a cap having lugs engageable with cam surfaces on the filler neck for removably securing the cap to the filler neck, said cap being formed with a hollow hub portion, a valve member having a hub portion arranged to extend into the interior of the hub portion on the cap, said hub portions being formed with laterally extending means arranged to be interengaged by distortion of one of said hub portions whereby said hub portions are maintained in interlocked but relatively movable relation, a gasket on the valve member engageable with the valve seat formed on the filler neck, spring means disposed between the cap and the valve member biasing the valve member toward valve closing position, a pressure relief member associated with the valve member, and manually actuable means associated with the cap member for eflecting relative movement of the pressure relief member to vent the receptacle, said cap, valve member and pressure relief member being of molded resinous plastic.

11. A closure for a receptacle having a filling aperture defined by an upwardly extending filler neck fashioned with a valve seat and an opening in the filler neck communicating with the atmosphere, said closure comprising a cap having lugs engageable with cam surfaces on the filler neck for removably securing the cap to the filler neck, said cap being formed with a hollow hub portion, a valve member having a hub portion arranged to extend into the interior of the hub portion on the cap, said hub portions being formed with laterally extending means arranged to be interengaged by distortion of one of said hub portions whereby said hub portions are maintained in interlocked but relatively movable relation, a gasket on the valve member engageable with the valve seat formed on the filler neck, spring means disposed between the cap and the valve member biasing the valve member toward valve closing position, a pressure relief member associated with the valve member, and a plunger associated with the cap member for eifecting relative movement of the pressure relief member to vent the receptacle, said cap, valve member, plunger and pressure relief member being formed of molded polyoxymethylene.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,591,562 Levell Apr. 1, 1952 2,990,971 Enell July 4, 1961 3,086,677 Konchan Apr. 23, 1963

Patent Citations
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US2990971 *Apr 6, 1959Jul 4, 1961Milton J EnellSafety closure cap for filling spouts of pressurized liquid cooling systems
US3086677 *Feb 13, 1961Apr 23, 1963Anton W KonchanPush button radiator pressure cap
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3381846 *Feb 7, 1966May 7, 1968Wells Joe SRadiator pressure cap
US4049152 *Jan 9, 1976Sep 20, 1977Makap LimitedClosure caps for vessels
US4056120 *May 27, 1976Nov 1, 1977Macneilage George CValved automotive radiator cap
US4079855 *Jun 1, 1976Mar 21, 1978Avrea Walter CMonolithic radiator cap for sealed pressurized cooling system
US4136795 *Sep 5, 1975Jan 30, 1979Stant Manufacturing Company, Inc.Plastic radiator cap
US4185751 *Jul 31, 1978Jan 29, 1980Stant Manufacturing Company, Inc.Radiator cap
US4196822 *Jun 27, 1974Apr 8, 1980Avrea Walter CMonolithic radiator cap for sealed pressurized cooling system
US4498599 *Aug 15, 1983Feb 12, 1985Avrea Walter CClosure and valving apparatus
US4736863 *May 30, 1986Apr 12, 1988Stant Inc.Ball-valve fuel cap
US5052571 *Jun 2, 1989Oct 1, 1991Nippondenso Co., Ltd.Automotive radiator cap
US5667093 *Oct 20, 1994Sep 16, 1997Paul Journee S.A.Lock cap for a motor vehicle fuel filling pipe
US6435367 *Dec 3, 1998Aug 20, 2002Heinrich ReutterClosing cap for motor vehicle radiator
US6464097 *Apr 17, 2001Oct 15, 2002Delphi Technologies, Inc.Reservoir cap and cap assembly method
US7380681 *Jan 23, 2003Jun 3, 2008Heinrich ReutterSealing lid for motor vehicle radiator
US20110000813 *Jun 14, 2010Jan 6, 2011Dombkowski Richard EReusable tote for hazardous chemicals
DE2418135A1 *Apr 13, 1974Oct 23, 1975Reutter Kg HeinrichKuehlerverschluss mit ueberdruckventil
Classifications
U.S. Classification220/203.24, 220/DIG.320
International ClassificationF01P11/02
Cooperative ClassificationY10S220/32, F01P11/0238, F01P2011/0252, F01P11/0247
European ClassificationF01P11/02A2C, F01P11/02A2D