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Publication numberUS3165242 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJan 12, 1965
Filing dateApr 9, 1963
Priority dateApr 10, 1962
Also published asDE1934948U
Publication numberUS 3165242 A, US 3165242A, US-A-3165242, US3165242 A, US3165242A
InventorsJames Jackson Robert
Original AssigneeCounty Lab Ltd
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Containers for viscous liquids
US 3165242 A
Abstract  available in
Images(2)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Jan. 12, 1965 R. J. JACKSON CONTAINERS FOR VISCOUS LIQUIDS 2 Sheets-Sheet l Filed April 9, 1963,

INVENTOR ATTORNEY Jan. 12, 1965 R. J. JACKSON CONTAINERS FOR vzscous uqums 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 Filed April 9, 1963 INVENTOR A TT-ORNEY United States Patent Ofi ice 3,165,242 Patented Jan; 12, 1965 3,165,242 CONTAINERS FOR VISCOUS LIQUIDS Robert James Jackson, Sunningdale, England, assignor to County Laboratories Limited, Brentford, England, a British company Filed Apr. 9, 1963, Ser. No. 271,802 Claims priority, application Great Britain, Apr. 10, 1962,

- 13,831/ 62 ,5 Claims. (Cl. 222-495) This invention relates to containers for viscous liquids and also for pasty liquids such as dentifrices.

It is well known torpack viscous liquids, for example cream shampoos, in collapsible containers of plastic material such as polyethyleneywhich are squeezed to eject a desired quantity of the liquid. A disadvantage of such a container is that air issucked in through the outlet mouth of the container when the squeezed pressure is released, this air leading to difliculty when it is subsequently desired to eject a further quantity of liquid. An object of the present invention is to overcome this disadvantage.

According to the present invention, there is provided a collapsible container for viscous liquids comprising a substantially rigid hollow neck through which the contents of the container can be discharged and a valve member which is movable within the neck, the said valve member being normally positioned on an annular valve seat inside the neck so as to close the container, but being capable of limited movement from its seat under the pressure of the contents of the container being discharged.

In the accompanying drawings in which like parts are designated by the same reference numerals:

FIGURE 1 is a fragmentary sectional elevational view of one embodiment of the invention;

FIGURES 25 are similar views illustrating the use of modified valves as compared with that of FIGURE 1; and

FIGURE 6 is a further similar view illustrating the use of a flat resilient flap-type valve.

In the embodiment of the invention illustrated in FIG- URE 1, a collapsible container 1 for viscous liquids is made of flexible polyethylene, but has a substantially rigid hollow cylindrical outlet neck 2 provided with an external screw thread on which a screw-threaded closure cap (not shown) can be fitted as desired. The neck 2 has an inwardly directed flange or lip 3 at its outlet end. A generally cylindrical valve housing 4 is fitted inside the neck 2, the flange or lip 3 engaging in an annular groove in the housing to secure the housing in position. The housing 4 has an inwardly directed flange or lip 5 at its outlet end and an annular valve seating 6 at its inlet'end. A valve member 7 has a convex bottom surface which is normally seated on the valve seating 6 to close the valve. A plurality of resilient fingers 8 arranged in a cruciform manner project from the valve member forwards towards the outlet end of the neck 2.

The valve can be fitted before the container 1 is charged with the viscous liquid it is to contain, and the container can then be charged through the end opposite the one having the valve. After charging, this end can be closed and permanently secured. When it is desired to discharge some of the viscous liquid from the container, the cap is unscrewed from the neck and the container is squeezed. The liquid will pass out of the container and through the valve housing 4 in the neck, the valve 7 being displaced from the annular valve seating 6 by the pressure of liquid. Movement of the member 7 is limited by the fingers 8 which engage inside the internal rim or flange 5 of the housing 4. When the squeeze pressure on the container is released, the valve 7 returns to its closed position under its own weight if the container is positioned with the outlet end of the neck uppermost, and/or owing to the tendency of the viscous liquid to flow or suck back when the squeeze pressure is released.

FIGURE 2 illustrates a similar arrangement which differs from the FIGURE 1 construction in having a hollow valve body 9 with resilient fingers 10 projecting from the rim of the body.

In the embodiment'illustrated in FIGURE 3, there is used a valve member 11 in the form of a flattened sphere or, alternatively of a sphere. This valve member 11 is held in position by a plurality of resilient fingers or tentacles 12 projecting inwards from the wall of the valve housing 4 and bearing at all times on the outlet side of the surface of the valve member 11.

FIGURE 4 illustrates an embodiment of the invention in which a valve member is a disc 13 from which a plurality of resilient fingers 14 project into engagement with the inside of the flange or rim 5 at the outlet end of the valve housing 4. The flange or rim 5 in the case has an internal groove 15 in which the fingers 14 are engaged. This valve will open against the pressure exerted by the resilient fingers 14 and will return to its closed position because of the resilience of the fingers and of the flow-back action of the viscous liquid. FIG- URE 5 shows a modification of this arrangement in which fingers 16 project from the centre of disc 13.

In the construction illustrated in FIGURE 6 a valve is formed by means of a resilient flap 17 or slit in the bottom of the valve housing 4. Such a flap or slit will open under pressure of the liquid in the container when the container is squeezed, but will close when the pressure is released under the weight of the liquid in the well and/ or under the flow-back action of the liquid.

If desired, the annular valve seating 6 and/ or the inwardly directed flange 5 can in any of the embodiments described be formed by an inwardly directed flange or flanges at an end or ends of the neck 2 itself, the use of a valve housing in the neck being then avoided.

What I claim is:

1. In a collapsible container for viscous liquids comprising a substantially rigid hollow neck with an outlet through which the contents of the container can be discharged, the combination comprising a valve located in said neck and comprising a valve housing secured inside said neck and provided with an inwardly directed flange at an outlet end and with an internal concave and annular valve seat; and a valve member which is movable inside said housing and which has a convex surface adapted to seat on said valve seat and a plurality of fingers extending towards, and engageable with, said inwardly directed flange.

2. In a collapsible container for viscous liquids comprising a substantially rigid hollow neck with an outlet through which the contents of the container can be discharged, the combination comprising a valve device secured in said neck and comprising a valve housing provided with an inwardly directed flange at an outlet end and with an internal concave and anular valve seating, a movable valve body with a convex surface normally seated on the valve seating, and a plurality of fingers inside said housing, said fingers being sufliciently resilient to permit limited movement of said valve body from said valve seat thereby to allow the contents of said container ,to be discharged. 7

3. In a collapsible container for viscous liquids comprising a substantially rigid hollow neck with an outlet through which the contents of the container can be discharged, the combination comprising a valve device secured in said neck and comprising a valve housing provided with an inwardly directed flange at an outlet end prising a substantially rigid hollow'neck with antoutlet through which the contents of the container can be discharged, the combination comprising a valve located in said neck and comprising a valve housing secured inside said neck and provided with an inwardly directed flange at i an outlet end and with an internal concave and annular valve seat and a valve member which is movable inside said housing and which has a convex surface adapted to seat on said valve seat and a pluralityof resilient fingers integral with said valve member and arranged in a cruciform manner to project from said valve member towards said outlet, said fingers being engageable with said flange when said valve member is displaced from its seat.

5. In a collapsible container for viscous liquids com: 20

prising a substantially rigid hollow neck'with an outlet through which the contents of the container can be discharged, the combination comprising a valve located in said neck and comprising a valve housing secured inside said neck and provided with an inwardly directed flange at an outlet end and with an internal concave and annular valve seat; and a hollow valvemember which'is movable in said housing and has a convex surface adapted to seat on said valve seat, and a plurality of resilient fingers extending fromthe periphery of said hollow valve member towards said flange so as to be engageable with said flange when said valve member is displaced fromits seat.

References Cited by the Examiner UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,530,112 3/25 Densmore 222-495 1,862,794 v 6/32 Lamb 2221496 2,080,427 5/37 McLa'ughlin 222-496 2,094,700 10/37 Gunn 2221-490 FOREIGN PATENTS 547,508 4/32 Germany. 7

LOUIS r. DEMBO; Primary Examiner.

HADD S, LANE, Examiner.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US1530112 *Oct 23, 1923Mar 17, 1925Densmore Albert AFluid-dispensing device
US1862794 *Nov 19, 1931Jun 14, 1932Lamb Porter PCollapsible tube closure
US2080427 *Sep 9, 1935May 18, 1937Marion FredenburgClosure for collapsible tubes and containers
US2094700 *Sep 6, 1935Oct 5, 1937Mott Gunn DamonTube closure
DE547508C *Feb 4, 1931Apr 4, 1932Willi KoernerTube mit in ihrem Mundstueck gefuehrtem Kolben
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3344963 *May 7, 1965Oct 3, 1967Robinson E S & A LtdPlastic tubes for dispensing pasty or liquid substances
US4203536 *Sep 11, 1978May 20, 1980Lester William MDispensing closure for a squeezable container
US4941598 *Nov 8, 1988Jul 17, 1990Ortho Pharmaceutical CorporationDosing cap
US5275312 *Sep 30, 1992Jan 4, 1994Sofar SpaOne-way valve suitable for use in particular in a container supplying a liquid under pressure
US5782386 *Oct 2, 1996Jul 21, 1998Lester; William M.Dispensing closure for a squeezable container
US5803314 *Jul 28, 1997Sep 8, 1998Lester; William M.Dispensing closure for a squeezable container
US5931352 *Sep 11, 1997Aug 3, 1999Knight Plastics, Inc.Snap-fit non-drip valve and method for assembly thereof
US5989469 *Sep 11, 1997Nov 23, 1999Knight Plastics, Inc.Method for making a non-drip valve for an inverted container
US6688495 *Mar 28, 2002Feb 10, 2004Masatoshi MasudaTube-type container
US6854623Jun 7, 2002Feb 15, 2005Masatoshi MasudaTube-type container
US7059501 *Jun 5, 2003Jun 13, 2006Masatoshi MasudaValve mechanism for tube-type fluid container
US7140517 *Aug 14, 2003Nov 28, 2006Masatoshi MasudaValve mechanism for tube shaped fluid container
US7222751Aug 14, 2002May 29, 2007Cebal S.A.S.Collapsible tube with a distributor head without air return
US8727163 *Apr 16, 2010May 20, 2014Joel ChrismanSplash resistant lids, container assemblies including such lids and related methods
US20100264143 *Apr 16, 2010Oct 21, 2010Joel ChrismanSplash resistant lids, container assemblies including such lids and related methods
CN100391805CAug 19, 2003Jun 4, 2008增田胜利Valve mechanism for tube-type fluid container
EP0537822A1 *Sep 29, 1992Apr 21, 1993SOFAR S.p.A.One-way valve for a deformable container
EP0624526A2 *May 10, 1994Nov 17, 1994Ernst WolffClosure for container with liquid or pasty contents
EP1671893A1 *Dec 20, 2004Jun 21, 2006Chang-Keng TsaiTube-type fluid container
WO1990005091A1 *Nov 7, 1989May 17, 1990Ortho Pharma CorpDosing cap
WO2003016159A2 *Aug 14, 2002Feb 27, 2003CebalCollapsible tube with a distributor head without air return
Classifications
U.S. Classification222/495
International ClassificationB65D35/00, B65D35/46, B65D47/04, B65D47/20
Cooperative ClassificationB65D47/2075, B65D35/46, B65D47/2018
European ClassificationB65D35/46, B65D47/20E4A3, B65D47/20E