|Publication number||US3167187 A|
|Publication date||Jan 26, 1965|
|Filing date||Sep 25, 1963|
|Priority date||Sep 25, 1963|
|Publication number||US 3167187 A, US 3167187A, US-A-3167187, US3167187 A, US3167187A|
|Inventors||Sarkisian Robert S|
|Original Assignee||Arlington Aluminum Co|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (7), Referenced by (8), Classifications (5)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
J n 1965 R. s. SARKISIAN SECTIONAL DISPLAY SHELF STRUCTURE 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 Filed Sept. 25, 1963 INVENTOR.
ROBERT S.SARK|SIAN ATTORNEYS 1965 R. s. SARKISIAN 3,167,
SECTIONAL DISPLAY SHELF STRUCTURE Filed Sept. 25, 1963 2 Sheets-Sheet. 2
INVENTOR. ROBERT $.SARKISIAN- ATTORNEYS United States Patent "Ice 3,167,187 SECTIONAL DISPLAY SHELF STRUCTURE Robert S. Sarkisian, Oak Park, Mich, assignor to Arlington Aluminum Company, Detroit, Mich, a corporation of Michigan Filed Sept. 25, I963, Ser. No. 311,593 15 Claims. (Cl. 211-153) another in various ways to provide different lengths and Widths of shelf and different arrangements thereof, so as to meet the particular requirements and facilities of the merchant displaying the goods.
Another object is to provide a sectional display shelf structure of the foregoing character having interchangeableshelves which may be made up in short, intermediate or long sections or of composite sections thereof merely by using either of two shelf sections of different lengths or coupling them together end to end to make a third combined length.
Another object is to provide a sectional display shelf structure of the foregoing character wherein the interchangeable individual shelves may be made of different depths by coupling them to one another along their longitudinal edges to increase their width to either single, double or triple width.
Another object is to provide a sectional display shelf structure of the foregoing character wherein the interchangeable shelves may be supported one above the other in groups adapted either to rest upon an elevated supporting surface, such as a counter, or upon legs or secured to a wall or other vertical support or supports rising from the floor.
Another object is to provide interchangeable end plates of diflerent lengths to fit the ends of single, double or triple shelf Widths.
Other objects and advantages of the invention will become apparent during the course of the following description of the accompanying drawings, wherein:
FIGURE 1 is an exploded perspective view of a com ,posite-shelf section including two interchangeable shelf components of different lengths near their coupled position with their central portions omitted by being broken away, to enable showing on an enlarged scale;
FIGURE 2 is a fragmentary rear elevation, looking in the direction of the arrows 2-2 in FIGURE 1;
FIGURE 3 is a side elevation, on a reduced scale, of
- three sections of shelving coupled to one another to form a triple width shelf according to the invention;
7 FIGURE 4 is a perspective view of a single width shelf formed from a component of FIGURE 1;
FIGURE 5 is a perspective view on a reduced scale, of an assembled double-width composite shelf unit formed from the components shown in FIGURE 1, and arranged to rest upon a counter;
FIGURE 6 is a perspective view on a reduced scale of a shelf structure comprising three tiers of single and double width shelves.
FIGURE 7 is a perspective view of a shelf structure composed of four tiers of single width shelves arranged a composite shelf section, generally designated 8, consisting of short and long elongated shelf components It) and Cir 3,167,187 Patented Jan. 26, 1965 12 respectively adapted to be coupled end to end with one another by means of elongated splicing bars 14, and usable singly with truncated triangular single-width end plates 16 to form a single-width shelf unit 20 (FIGURE 4) adapted to rest upon a counter (not shown) or other elevated support by means of grooved rubber or plastic feet 18 attached to the lower edges of the end plates 16. The same components 10 and 12 with their coupling bars 14 may also be fitted together end to end and similar short and long components 10 and 12 added behind them by sliding engagement along their longitudinal edges to form the double-width composite shelf unit 22 shown in FIGURE 5 and closed at its opposite ends by double-width end plates 24 in the manner set forth below.
Each shelf component 19 and 12 consists of a short or long angle plate 24 or 26 (FIGURE 1) preferably of aluminum, each composed of a bottom plate portion 28 or 30 with lower front edges 31 and 33 respectively and a back plate portion 32 or 34 with upper rear edges 35 or 37 respectively. The angle plates 24 and 26 are integral and along their front edges 31 and 33 are provided with short and long single-width internal coupling bars 36 and 38 respectively, also preferably of extruded aluminum. The connection between these components may be made by riveting or by the use of self-threading screws or similar fasteners 44. The single-width coupling bars 36 or 38 are of approximately double-T-shaped or Greek letter 1r shaped cross-section and are used at the front of the shelf structure. The double-width coupling bars 40 or 42 are of approximately triple-T-shaped cross-section and are used at the upper rear edges 35 or 37 thereof for the connection of additional shelf units It or 12 to form the double-width shelf units 22 of FIGURE 5 or the triplewidth shelf units 46 shown in FIGURE 6. In FIGURE 6 these are topped by a single-width shelf unit 20 of FIG- URE 4, and supported by vertical end posts 48 in the manner described in more detail below to form the tripletiered shelf structure 50 of FIGURE 6.
Each of the single-width internal coupling bars 36 or 38 consists of a main or base portion 54 arranged in a vertical position and having horizontal lower flanges 56 of angle cross-section projecting rearwardly therefrom, and an upper flange 58 of T-shaped cross-section projecting rearwardly therefrom above the lower or angle flange 56. The vertical ribs 60 and 62 respectively cooperate to form a T-slot or channel 64 adapted to be slidably engaged by the coupling bar 14. The elongated splicing bar 14 has a rectangular cross-section snugly but slidably fitting the channels 64 and has a tapered front end 66 for convenient insertion in its adjacent channel 64. The rearward portion 68 is drilled as at 70 to be secured within its respective channel 64 by fasteners 44, such as rivets or screws, and the forward end portions of the splicing bars 14 are drilled as at 72 to receive the corresponding fastener 44 in the adjacent shelf unit 10. The forward edge portion of the bottom portion 28 or 30 of the angle plates 24 or 26 is secured by fasteners 74 to the upper T- section flange 58, which is slightly below the top edge of the channel bar 36 or 38 in order to provide a ledge '76 for preventing the displayed articles from sliding oif.
Each of the double width external coupling bars 40 or 42 consists of a plate-shaped front or base portion 78 disposed in vertical position and having a rabbet extending along the lower edge thereof, the upper edge 35 or 37 of the back plate portion 32 or 34 being seated in said rabbet 79. The external coupling bars 40 and 42 have upper and lower angle flanges 80 and 82 respectively projecting rearwardly therefrom at their upper and lower edges. Intermediate the angle flanges 80 and 82 is an intermediate flange 84 of T-shaped cross-section providing a lower T-slot channel 86 of approximately rectangular of FIGURE 6. Y
cross-section adapted to snugly receive the splicing bar shelf unit46 being secured 14 and a wider upper T-slot or channel 88 of cross-see, 7
tion adapted to snugly and slidably receive the single-Width internal coupling bar 36 or 38in telescoping relationship with one another (FIGURE 3)." This'constructionenables the components and 12 to be coupled to' one an:
other in double or triple widths (FIGURE 3).or in even quadruple or greater widths (not shown); I v In the use of the invention, to assemble the single-width shelf structure of FIGURE 4, either the;,compositeshelf section 8 or the short or long component 10 or 12 122 is secured 'tothe end plates 90 in a'similar manner so thatthe posts 122 and 124 are'arranged at the corners of a rectangle. The end plates-16 of a single-width shelf unit 20 are secured to the upper ends of the rearward posts 122 by fasteners, as before, and the'structure is completed by securing the end plates 16 of one, two or more single shelf units 20 to the front posts 124 at verticallyspaced-locations between the upper and lower triple-width shelf units 46. a
thereof is completed by securing the end plates 16 thereto, as by, self-threading screws, and attaching the grooved feet 18 by pushing themupwardonto the lower-edges of the end plates 16. To form the double-width shelf structure 22, the shortand long sections, 10 and 12 are again united in the manner descrilined above and then .similar rearward components 10 and 12 areassembled by sliding their internal coupling bars and 38 into the channels 88 in the double-width external coupling bars and 42. Double-width end plates24 are' then securedflto the opposite ends, such as by self-threading screws, the grooved rubber feet 18,slipped onto'the lower edges .of the' end plates 24, and the clouble-widthshelf unit 2 2v of FIGURE 5 is assembled- The triple-width shelf unit 46 of FIGURES 3 and 6 is assembled in the same manner as the double-width unit of FIGURE 5 except that an additional shelf component 10 or' 12 or a combination of components 10a'nd. 12' is added at the rear in the same manner as the formation of the rearward second section of the double-width. section '22, namely by sliding its frontinternal coupling bar 36 38 or both into the corresponding channel 88 of the double-width external coup'lingbar 42'. Triple-width end plates 90 are secured to'the oppositeends of the triple-' width shelf by means of fasteners, such as self-threading screws. 'The result is as shown in the. lowermost level" To assemble a 'width shelf unit 22' and a triple width shelf unit46 intothe three-tiered counter-supported structure50 ofFIGURE 6, side posts 48 are added at the opposite en'ds aridthe,
shelves securedto them infvertically-spacedrelationship, j I
single-width shelf unit 20, a double- ;i' V
,wherein said internal coupling member and said coupling "channel are of 1 approximately rectangular cross-section.
such as by bolts or screws. :The'side barsf8 are con- 5 veniently formed with multiple screw holes 92 for this purpose.
To assemble a erally designated102, are assembled, using the requisite number of straight sections 104 with telescoping endsand 'the lower'end of the leg sections 106 and 1 08;
To assemble thesingle width shelf units 20 and triplewidth shelf. units 46 into the r'nulti tiered floor-supported shelf structure 120 shown inFIGURE 8, two rear number'of the single Width shelfunits 20 of FIGURE 4 into the multi-tiered floor-supported shelf structure 100 of FIGURE 7,' jointed post units, gena straight leg section 106 'at'the bottomthereof' A bentf leg section 108 has its upper portion 110 secured as by" belts or screws to the lowermost straight section 104 and its inclined lower portion 112 projecting forwardly there from to impart stability to the 'structure'100, Suitable cup-shaped feet 114 of r'ubberor'the like are slipped lover I posts 122 are assembleds'imilar to'the post 102 shown in FIGURE 7 and similarly consisting of jointed sections 7 104 telesc'oping'at theirends with one another and with a straight leg section106 at the" bottom thereof provided with a foot 114 as before. Two front posts" 124, are
similarly assembledus'ing the requisite number of straight sections 104'in FIGURE 8,. one sectionless than in the rear posts 122-together'with a bent"leg'section"108 having its upper'portiorif110 telescoped into the lowermost section 104' and its inclinedilower portion 112, pro
jecting for'wa rdly and again equippedwith a cup shaped rubber foot 114. Theopposite end-plates '90 of two 'of I the triple-width shelf units 46arefthensecured to the upperand'lower ends of'thefront posts 124, the lower 'jecting rearwardly therefrom, said bottom plate It will be evident that the provision of the ,unitized shelf units 20, 22 and 46 in various lengths and widths enables the merchant'or other person displaying goods to assemble the desired shelf structure to fit his existing or available space whether on a table or counter, against the Wall or free standing on the floor. [This,- moreover,
is accomplished by the use of a minimum number of in- 1 and an elongated external'edge-to-edge coupling member secured to said back plate portion adjacent said rear edge and extending therealong,
said external coupling member having a coupling channel therein with a configuration corresponding tothe configuration of saidinternal coupling member for inatingly receiving a duplicate thereof in interfitting coupling relationship. 2.. A coupling shelf component, according toclaim 1,
3. A coupling shelf component, according to claim: 1, wherein said internal coupling memberhas a flange pro- 7 portion being secured to said flange. t
4. A coupling shelf component, according to claim 1,
wherein said external coupling memberjhas a rabbet extending along ,on edge thereof andtwherein the upper edge partofsaidback plate portion is seated in said rabet. i
5. A coupling shelf component, according to claim 1,
wherein said internal coupling member has a; splicing channel therein andwherein said external coupling member also has a splicing channel therein, said splicing'chan- 'nels extending longitudinally "therethrough from end to end thereof, [and elongated splicing members ofcrosssections corresponding to the cross-sections of said splicmg channels insertable therein for end-to-end splicing of .one shelf component to another shelf'component.
,6. Acoupling shelf component, accordingvto claim 5,
wherein said splicing channel of said external coupling 17; A composite shelf section for a sectional shelf structure comprising a pair of elongated angle plate shelfme'mbers disposed inend-to-end alignment, r 1 each angle plate member having elongated mutually-perpendicular bottom and back plate portions'jwith a lower front edge and an upper rear A edge}; A Q I I a pair of elongated internal edge-to-e'dge coupling memberssecured to said bottom plate portions adjae23 cent their front edges in end-to-end alignment and extending therealong,
a pair of elongated external edge-to-edge coupling members secured to said back plate portions adjacent their rear edges in end-to-end alignment and extending therealong,
said internal and external coupling members having splicing channels extending longitudinally therethrough,
and elongated splicing members seated in said splicing channels in end-to-end connecting relationship with said coupling members.
8. A composite shelf section, according to claim 7, wherein said external coupling members having coupling channels therein disposed side by side with their splicing channels in aligned relationship with one another and of configuration corresponding to the configuration of said internal coupling member for matingly receiving a duplicate thereof in interfitting coupling relationship.
9. A composite shelf section, according to claim 7, wherein said splicing channels are of approximately rec tangular cross-section,
10. A composite shelf section, according to claim 7, wherein end plates are secured to the exposed opposite ends of said angle plate sheet members and extending thereacross.
11. A coupled shelf assembly for a sectional shelf structure comprising a pair of elongated angle plate shelf members having elongated mutually perpendicular bottom and back plate portions with lower front edges and upper rear edges disposed in parallel relationship,
a pair of elongated internal edge-to-edge coupling members secured to said bottom plate portions adjacent their front edges and extending therealong,
a pair of elongated external edge-to-edge coupling members secured to said back plate portions adjacent their rear edges and extending therealong,
said external coupling members having coupling channels therein of configuration corresponding to said internal coupling members with one of said internal coupling members disposed in interfitting mating engagement with the coupling channel of one of said external coupling members.
12. A coupled shelf assembly, according to claim 11, wherein said coupling channels are of approximately rectangular cross-section.
13. A coupled shelf assembly, according to claim 12, wherein said internal coupling members are also of approximately rectangular cross-section.
14. A coupled shelf assembly, according to claim 11, wherein end plates are secured to the opposite ends of said coupled angle plate shelf members and extend thereacross from the rearmost back plate to the foremost internal coupling member.
15. A coupled shelf assembly, according to claim 14, wherein top-grooved feet are secured to the lower edges of said end plates with said lower edges seated in said top grooves.
References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,267,352 Baker May 28, 1918 2,112,070 Coventry Mar. 22, 1938 2,392,287 Mandel Jan. 1, 1946 2,723,484 Nelson Nov. 15, 1955 2,752,215 Peiss June 26, 1956 3,004,814 Schulze Oct. 17, 1961 FOREIGN PATENTS 330.420 Switzerland July 31, 1958
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US1267352 *||May 22, 1914||May 28, 1918||Robert D Baker||Joint for meeting members.|
|US2112070 *||Nov 23, 1936||Mar 22, 1938||Grey Iron Casting Company||Display stand for toy soldiers or other merchandise|
|US2392287 *||Oct 16, 1942||Jan 1, 1946||Promto File Corp||Interlocking device for storage cabinets|
|US2723484 *||Sep 27, 1951||Nov 15, 1955||Nelson Jr Lawrence||Packaging and display containers for fish lures|
|US2752215 *||Apr 9, 1953||Jun 26, 1956||Henry Peiss||Cabinet|
|US3004814 *||Jan 9, 1961||Oct 17, 1961||American Fixture Inc||Knockdown display tables|
|CH330420A *||Title not available|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3366432 *||Nov 18, 1965||Jan 30, 1968||Dynalectron Corp||Cooler device|
|US3511192 *||Aug 19, 1968||May 12, 1970||Noren Tore H||Sectional oval-shaped table with side walls and u-shaped tongues interconnecting adjacent sections|
|US3908563 *||Dec 20, 1973||Sep 30, 1975||Sapolin Paints||Color display device and selection aid|
|US4896779 *||Aug 14, 1987||Jan 30, 1990||L'oreal, S.A.||Display shelf organizer|
|US5018628 *||Apr 16, 1990||May 28, 1991||Classic Modular Systems, Inc.||Working surface|
|US5228581 *||Sep 12, 1991||Jul 20, 1993||Hill Refrigeration Division, Falcon Manufacturing Inc.||Solid state shelf means for transforming an open wire shelf into a solid support within a refrigerated display case|
|US7395938||Feb 18, 2005||Jul 8, 2008||Jo A. Merit||Method and apparatus for selective engagement of shelf divider structures within a shelf management system|
|US20060186064 *||Feb 18, 2005||Aug 24, 2006||William Merit & Associates, Inc.||Method and apparatus for selective engagement of shelf divider structures within a shelf management system|
|U.S. Classification||211/153, 108/97|