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Publication numberUS3167272 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJan 26, 1965
Filing dateSep 11, 1961
Priority dateSep 30, 1960
Publication numberUS 3167272 A, US 3167272A, US-A-3167272, US3167272 A, US3167272A
InventorsFrode Per Enar Lennart
Original AssigneeUrfabriken Ab
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Automatically variable drive gearing for a fishing reel
US 3167272 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Jan. 26, 1965 P. E. L. FRODE 3,167,272

- AUTOMATICALLY VARIABLE DRIVE GEARING FOR A FISHING REEL Filed Sept. 11, 1961 2 Sheets-Sheet l INVENTOR. PER ENAR LENNART FRODE Jan. 26, 1965 P. E. FRODE 3,167,272

AUTOMATICALLY VARIABLE DRIVE GEARING FOR A FISHING REEL Filed Sept. 11, 1961 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 IN TO PER ENAR LENN F E QM m;

3,167,272 AUTQMATHIALLY VAREABLE DRIVE GEARENG FURA FISHING REEL Per Enni- Lennart Frode, Svangsta, Swedem'assigno'r' to AB Urfahrihen, Svangsta, wetlen, a Swedish corporation Filed Sept fl, 1961, Ser, No. 137,109 Claims'priofity,application Sweden, Sept. 30, 196!) 9,364/69 11 Claims. (Cl. 242-8454) This inventionrelates to an automatically variable drive gear for fishing reels, in other words a device for automatically changing the speed ratio between the driving shaft and the line spool in a fishing reel of the kind in which a driving shaft is provided with a crank and retained against rotation in a sense opposite to the sense of-rotation-of the shaft for winding in the line on the spool and in which the driving shaft is connected by a friction coupling to a, gear mechanism for driving the line spool with higher speed than that of the driving shaft.

. Devices for changing the speed ratio between the driving shaft and the spool have been previously suggested, which comprise two driving gears of different diameters mounted on the driving shaft and. meshing each with one of two, driven pinions mounted on the'shaft of the spool. The larger driving gears are optionally connectible with the driven part of the friction coupling, the driving part of which is coupled to the driving shaft.

, It is a purpose of the invention to obtain a device, in which the changing of the gear ratio no longer needs be elfectuated manually but is automatically determined and I set according to the resistance opposed by the line against its winding on the spool depending on the stoutness and the behaviour of the fish.

In order to. obtain this purpose both driving gears are rotatably mounted on the shaft and frictionally engaged therewith with a maximum limit sliding torque or largest possible torque of transmission, which is of a less order of magnitude than the sliding torque of the friction couplingand that the driven part of the friction coupling is connected with the smaller driving gear by a catch preventing the rotation of the smaller driving gear relative to the driven part of the friction coupling in a sense opposite to the sense of rotation of the driving shaft or to the sense of rotation of the driving part of the friction coupling upon winding in the line on the spool.

Thereby another purpose of the invention is attained to permit a such location of the cooperation parts of a sound producing device of known type, thatno sounds are given when the line is wound in with the higher gear ratio and that sound signals are given with different frequencies when the line is wound. in with the lower gear ratio and when the crank is rotated and the spool is stopped respectively or when the line is drawn off against the sliding torque of the friction coupling.

As an example of the device according to the invention an embodiment thereof is illustrated in the accompanying drawings.

FIG. 1 is a section along the plane through the driving shaft and the spool shaft, essentially along line 1-1 in FIG. 2, showing the drive gear of a fishing reel according to the invention.

FIG. 2 shows a cross section mainly along line IIII in FIG. 1 and with certain parts broken away to show underlying parts. v

The driving mechanism is supposed to be mounted within a housing 1 forming one end flange of the reel. The spool shaft 3 is rotatably mounted in the housing at 4. On the spool shaft 3 two driven pinions 5, 6 of different diameters are mounted for rotation with the shaft 3. In the embodiment shown these two driven pinions United States Patent 3,lh?,272 Patented Jan. '26, 1965 are formed as a single member with two cogged peripheral portions. The smaller 5 of the driven pinions meshes with a larger, driving gear 7 and the larger of the driven pinions 6 meshes witha smaller driving gear 8. The differences of diameter between the driving gears 7 and 8 is equal to the difference in diameter between the driven pinions 5 and 6.

Both driving gears 7 and g are mounted coaxially on the driving shaft 9, which is hollow and has two diametrally opposed Hats 10 and 11 (FIG. 2). The hollow shaft 9 is mounted on 'a pin 12 fixed into the housing, the pin 12 and the shaft 9 extending through a wall of the housing 1 to its outside. At its inner end the shaft 9 has an outward supporting end flange 13. Counted from this end flange 13, following parts are in succession slipped over the shaft 9: viz. a catch disc 14, a friction pad 17, the larger driving gear 7, a driven friction disc 18, a friction pad 19, a driving friction disc 20, a second friction .pad 19, a second driven friction disc 18, a third friction pad 19, a second driving friction disc 26, the smaller of .the driving gears S, a friction disc 21, a bent, annular leaf spring 22, the crank 23 and a star wheel 24 of a type known per se for adjusting the friction braking of the spool. Of these parts the following are axially slidahle but unrotatably mounted on the shaft 9 by a central opening shaped according to the flattened outer cross-sectional form of the shaft, viz: the catch disc 14, both driving friction discs 20 the friction disc 21 and the crank 23. The following parts are both slidably and rotatably mounted in the shaftwith circular holes surrounding the cylindrical portions of the outer surface of the shaft 9, viz: the driving gears 7 and 8, the friction pad 17, both driven friction discs 18, the three adjacent friction pads 19 and the annular bent leaf spring 22. The outer end of the hollow shaft 9 has an outer screw threading 25 on the cylindrical portions of its outer surface said threading 25 being engaged by a correspondingly threaded bore in a hub portion of the star wheel 24. In the outer free end of the pin 12 there is a threaded axial bore for a screw as, the head of which has a somewhat larger diameter than the shaft 9 and serves as an abutment preventing an unintended screwing off of the star wheel 24.

A catch 27 pivotally mounted in the housing outside the periphery of the catch disc 14- has two leaf spring arms 28 in light frictional engagement each with aside face of the catch disc 14, and a nose portion adapted for engagement in a manner known per se with projections 16 on the outer periphery of the catch disc 14 so as to prevent the rotation of the catch disc and thereby of the driving shaft 9 in a sense opposite to the sense of rotation for winding in the line, which winding sense is indicated with an arrow in FIG. 2. The catch disc 14 has further a number of recesses 15 in the face thereof turned towards the larger driving pinion 7. Said recesses form together with a spring 29 fixed onto the larger driving pinion 7 a sound signals producing device, giving one sound signal each time the spring 29 snaps into a recess 15.

The driven friction discs 1% in the disc pack 18, 1%, 21 forming the friction coupling have projections 30 on their outer periphery. These are adapted to cooperate with a pawl member 31 pivotally mounted in an opening in a cylindrical flange 32 projecting from the smaller driving pinion 8 and surrounding the friction coupling 18, 19, 29. This pawl member 31 has two leaf spring arms 33 extending on either side of the outmost discs 18 and 29 in the disc pack and engaging said outer sides with slight friction, whereby the pawl member 31 is held out of the path of motion of the projections 31) when the smaller driving pinion S is rotated in the clockwise sense relative to the disc pack, but is swung into engagement with said projections 31) when the driving pinion 8 is illustrated in FIG. 2.

rotated in the opposite senseirelative'to the" disc pack. When used, the device above described works aslfoh lows:

'The pressure, with which'the parts'1423 slipped on' the shaft 9 are pressed against each other. is the same for each pair of adjacent members and is determined by the tension of" the bent leafspring 22,-wh-ich tension can be I adjusted by screwing thestar Wheel 24 on the shaft 9 Thesliding torque between the driving shaft'9 and each .1

of the driving i, gears 7 and '8 is of'the same order of magnitude, preferably slightly larger for thelarger driYr 7 ing gear 7.

sliding torque between the larger driving gear 7 and the shaft9, the tor'que exerted by fthe 'crank'23, onfthe shaft 9 is transmitted by the larger driving gear 7 to-the catch disc 14 :andthe disc'pa'ck .of the friction coupling 18-2i). through the small driven pinion 5 withthelhigher speed ratio 'determined thereby. Thelarger driven pinion 6 t I c I tioncouplinglh-aving driving part in pos'itive drivingco'nthen drives the smaller driving gear 8 with higher speed than that of the larger driving gear 7 andiin the same sense'or direction as the latter; Because of thegear ratio between the driving gears 7 and 8 through the driven,

The larger driving gear; 7 drives the spool 2- and ld rcoupled thereto frorri rotatingfba'ckwards'iwhen the line is drawn off against, the slidingtorque of the friction coupling or 'disc pack 18-20. Even then sound 'signalsgare transmitted because of the rotation of the I larger driving gear 7 relative to the blocked catch disc 14. ,Th inventionis notylirnited to the embodiment de scribed above andjillustrated'in the drawings. The dif= ferentfparts jean be' arranged in another relation than shown. Especially the-order, in which the elements mounted on the driving shaft are disposed canbe changed without changingtheresult'of the above describcd function'forniing a "purposei-ofithe invention, 1 Still further modifications are .possible within the scope'of the inven- 7 tion as claimed in the appending claims; '{What I claim is: y

' 1 '.v automatically variable transniis sion drive suitable V 1 for'a iishin'greel comprising a driving shaft,.and 'a driven.

; shaft, two driving gears ;of'different diameters rotatably mounted ,on the driving'shaft, two driven pinions secured on the'driven-shaft' meshing each with'on'e of said driving gears and havin'gcorresponding different diameters, a fric nection with theidriving'fshaftand a driven part I having pinions 5 and Stine/sliding torque between the smallerv driving gear 8and the adjacent discs 29 'andf21, which I are coupled with the shaft 9, is surmounted. The smaller 21' oneway driving' 'connection with thesrna ller driving gear. ing thef sam'e sense, of rotation .of th'e driving shaft 4 '7andof'thedrivingpart of the friction coupling during the winding of line on 'a spoolIja friction .rnember secured to i the driving shaftfand in frictional engagement with the driving gear8 is rotated in the'clockwise sense (as;seen--.

in FIG.2)' relative to the larger vdriving-gear 7 and the disc pack, so that the pawl 31fis swing in; the clockwise sense relative to the pack" and is'kept in the free, position When the pull resistance intheline increases toavalue,

' surmounting the sliding torque between the gears 7,"8;

and the shaft" 9, or more particularly the'slidihg torque i between catchdisc 14 and driving gear 7'th en the drive torque from the shaft 9 is transmitted to the driving discs 20 of thedisc pack which are coupled to the; driving shaft, thedisc pack being thereby rotated in the clock- V saiddriving shaft wise sense relative to thesmaller driving gear 8. This relativerotation is arrested by the pawl-31, which is swung into the'path of motion of the projections 30 on the discs 18 not coupled to the shaft 9 and whichitherehy engages one of said projections. The smaller'driving gear 8 is thereby forced to rotate together with the driven friction discslS. 'The driven friction discs 18 are in their turn driven with the sliding torqueof-thefriction coupling i.e. the torque produced'by the frictional engagement between the discs 20" and 18 in the disc pack; which torque is much greater than the sliding torque between the shaft-9 and the driving gears 7Iand The spool isthen driven through the disc pack,the smaller driving gear 8 and the larger. driven pinion 6, which determine the lower gear ratio. The relative rotary motion" thereby produced between for one part the shaft 9 and the catch disc 14 and for the other part the larger driving gear 7 results in sound signals being transmitted by prising a driving shaftand a driven shaft in driving connection with aline spool in a fishing reel, 'engageable pack 18-20 is finally surmounted. The spool and thereby'both driving gears 7 and 8 are stopped and the relative speed between the larger driving gear 7 and the catch discs 14 increases, whereby even theperiodicity' of the sound signals is increased. to judge from the frequency of the sound signals whether larger driving v gear, themaximum s'liding' tor'que of said frictionmember bein'g lof a lower order than said-friction 'p'p l li 2. A device/as claimed'tn-c1aim-;1,"inwhich sound producing means are-secured tos'aid'drivirig shaft, and

complementary-rneans=are secured to the larger driving --gearj to;produce discernably different "sound signals at diiferentrelativespeeds betweenfsaid' drivingfgear and '1 3. 'An automatically sens winding-the line onthej spool, two driving gears 2 of different diameters rotatably jmounted on the driving shaft, jtwo drive'nfpinions on thefdriven shaftmeshing 'ea'chrwith one of said driving gears and having corresponding different diameters,ia friction coupling'forrned'of a number of friction discs alternatedly, non-rotatable and rotatable on thedriving shaft andtformingthe driving part andthe'd'riven .part respectively. of the friction coupling, the rotatable friction discsof the driven part of the coupling having means'drivingly engaging the smaller 'ofthedriving gears in the same sense only tothat in whichv Jthe drivingshaft and the driving part of the frictioncoupling are rotated for winding the line on thespool, frictionjdiscs. non-rotatably mounted on the 'driving shaft frictionally engaging'the other of the' driving gear with a maximum transmissible torque of lower order than the maximum torque transmissible by the friction coupling.

4. An automatically variable drive transmission commeans on said driving shaft, stationary panelmeans en gaging said means on the drivingshaft to'prevent rotation thereof in a sense contrary'to thesense of winding a line on the spool, two driving gears of different diam- It is therefore possible i the line is wound in with the higher gear ratio (no signals) or with the lower gear ration (low signal frequency) or if the line isnot wound in at all (higher signal frequency).

'The last case is also'to be recognized from the fact,"that the resistance against turning the crank is greater. 7

The cooperation of the catch or pawl 27 with'thecatch \disc 14 prevents the. shaft 9 and the members 20, 21

eters rotatably mounted on the driving shaft, two driven pinions mounted on the drivenshaft meshing each with one'ofsaid' driving gears and having correspondingdifferent diameters, a friction coupling having a driving part in positive driving connection with the drivingshaft' and ad'riven part, a ratchet mechanism drivingly'connecting .said' driven part to the smaller. driving gear in a sense the same as the sense in which the driving shaft is rotated during the winding of line on the spool, friction variable transmission drive com prisingja' driven shaft in driving connection witha line spool ina'fishing reel, a drive shaft, catch means mounted' on sa-id drive shaft, a pawl engaging said catch means to, prevent rotationof said shaft in a sense contrary to the discs non-rotatably mounted on the shaft and frictionally connected each with one of the driving gears with a maximum transmissible torque of lower order than the maximum torque transmissible by the friction coupling, at least one of the friction discs having a peripheral part provided with recesses or openings and the larger driving gear having fixed thereon a resilient member adapted upon relative rotation of said driving gear and of said friction disc to snap into said recesses or openings to produce sound signals.

5. An automatically variable drive gearing between a driving shaft and a driven shaft in driving connection with the line spool in a fishing reel, two driving gears of different diameters rotatable relative to the driving shaft, two driven pinions on the driven shaft meshing each with one of said driving gears and having correspondingly different diameters, a friction coupling having a driving part and a driven part, said driving part in positive driving connection with the driving shaft, a pawl mechanism drivingly connecting said driven part to the smaller of said driving gears in a sense the same as the rotation of the driving shaft during the winding of line on the spool, a friction disc non-rotatably mounted on the shaft and frictionally engaging the larger of the driving gears with a maximum transmissible torque of lower order than the maximum torque transmissible by friction coupling.

6. A device substantially as set forth in claim 3 and further characterized in that said means drivingly engaging the smaller of the driving gears comprises a pawl and ratchet mechanism.

7. The device set forth in claim 6 and further characterized by a sound producing device positioned between one of non-rotatably mounted friction discs driving a larger of said driving gears and said larger gear to produce a sound upon slippage of said friction drive thereof.

8. The device set forth in claim 6 and further characterized by a sound producing device constructed and arranged between the larger of said driving gears and said driving shaft to produce sound upon relative rotary motion therebetween.

9. An automatic variable drive comprising a drive shaft, a driven shaft, a pair of pinions drivingly mounted on said driven shaft, a pair of gears rotatably mounted on said drive shaft, the first of said pair of gears drivingiy engaging one of said pair of pinions, in a high gear ratio, the other of said pair of gears drivingly engaging the other of said pinions in a relatively lower gear ratio, a frictional member drivingly secured to said shaft and frictionally engaging said other gear of said lower drive ratio, a second frictional member drivingly secured on said drive shaft and frictionally engaging said first gear of higher drive ratio, said second named frictional memher having a higher sliding torque engagement with said higher ratio gear than said first named frictional member has with said lower ratio gear, a friction pack having a friction part drivingly secured on said drive shaft and a friction part rotatably mounted on said driving shaft,

said last named friction part having a driving ratchet connection with said gear of lower ratio whereby rotation of said drive shaft frictionally drives said gear of higher ratio to thereby drive said driven shaft at a high speed, said driven shaft, in turn, driving said gear of lower ratio at a higher speed in the same sense as said drive shaft when the torque resistance to said driving shaft is of a predetermined low order and when said torque resistance exceeds said predetermined low order, said first gear frictional member slips and said ratchet connection of said friction pack drives said driven shaft through said gear of lower ratio.

10. An automatic variable drive suitable for a fishing reel comprising a shaft having at least two gears rotatably mounted thereon, the first of said gears being part of a gear train of a first transmission ratio, the second of said gears being part of a gear train of a second relatively lower transmission ratio, frictional driving means of a predetermined sliding torque between said first gear and said shaft, a member mounted on said shaft in one way driving connection with said second gear, a friction drive means of sliding torque greater than said predetermined sliding torque frictionally connecting said shaft to said member whereby said gear of lower ratio rotates with said shaft when said predetermined sliding torque is exceeded, mechanism secured to said shaft and engaging means driven by said first gear to produce sound in relative rotary movement between said gear and said shaft.

11. An automatic variable drive suitable for a fishing reel comprising a shaft having at least two gears rotatably mounted thereon, the first of said gears being part of a gear train of a first transmission ratio, the second of said gears being part of a gear train of a second relatively lower transmission ratio, frictional driving means of a predetermined sliding torque between said first gear and said shaft, a member mounted on said shaft in one way driving connection with said second gear, a friction drive cans of sliding torque greater than said predetermined sliding torque frictionally connecting said shaft to said member whereby said gear of lower ratio rotates with said shaft when said predetermined sliding torque is exceeded and a single resilient means mounted about said shaft axially urging said gear, said friction drive means and said friction coupling toward each other.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,542,403 Miles June 16, 1925 1,991,407 Miller et al. Feb. 19, 1935 2,167,846 Martin Aug. 1, 1939 2,240,075 Kovalovsky et al Apr. 29, 1941 2,417,732 Bland et al. Mar. 18, 1947 FOREIGN PATENTS 706,208 Great Britain Mar. 24, 1954

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US1542403 *May 8, 1924Jun 16, 1925Miles George FFishing reel
US1991407 *Apr 23, 1934Feb 19, 1935MillerFishing reel
US2167846 *Jan 15, 1937Aug 1, 1939Bendix Aviat CorpVariable speed gearing
US2240075 *Jun 11, 1937Apr 29, 1941Arthur KovalovskyFishing reel
US2417732 *Feb 14, 1939Mar 18, 1947Barrett Bland ReginaldFishing reel mechanism
GB706208A * Title not available
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3292440 *Jan 21, 1964Dec 20, 1966Oak Electro Netics CorpTwo-speed drive
US3499609 *Jul 14, 1967Mar 10, 1970Policansky HymanVariable speed fishing reel with friction drive
US3635418 *Jul 3, 1969Jan 18, 1972Shinyei Co IncUnidirectionally driven left- or right-hand spinning reel
US3675502 *Mar 8, 1971Jul 11, 1972Shakespeare CoSelectively manual or automatic shift control for a two speed drive in a fishing reel
US3750488 *Jan 17, 1972Aug 7, 1973Westinghouse Air Brake CoHandbrake apparatus
US3796395 *Dec 13, 1972Mar 12, 1974Rankin MBait casting fishing reel
US3814349 *Jun 30, 1972Jun 4, 1974Johnson DiversifiedDual drag for fishing reels
US3974978 *Aug 21, 1975Aug 17, 1976Penn Fishing Tackle Mfg. Co.Anti-reverse mechanism for fishing reels
US4120465 *Aug 4, 1977Oct 17, 1978Shimano Industrial Company LimitedFishing reel
US4142694 *Feb 14, 1974Mar 6, 1979Rankin Jr Marvin LBait casting fishing reel
US4251940 *Dec 12, 1978Feb 24, 1981Penn Fishing Tackle Mfg. Co.Trolling apparatus
US4683766 *Jul 17, 1985Aug 4, 1987Honda Giken Kogyo Kabushiki KaishaTransmission for self-propelled working vehicles
US4867392 *Apr 8, 1988Sep 19, 1989Shimano Industrial Company LimitedSpeed changing device for a fishing reel
US4951899 *Jun 20, 1989Aug 28, 1990Abu Garcia Produktion AbDual-type gear unit for a multiplier reel
US6102316 *Jan 20, 1998Aug 15, 2000David C. NilsenTwo-speed fishing reel with drag mechanism
US6254020 *Mar 29, 2000Jul 3, 2001David C. NilsenDrive mechanism for a fishing reel
US6505787 *May 7, 2001Jan 14, 2003David C. NilsenDrive mechanism for a fishing reel
US6805313Jan 10, 2003Oct 19, 2004David C. NilsenDrive mechanism for a fishing reel
Classifications
U.S. Classification242/255, 242/300, 74/337, 242/268, 74/368
International ClassificationA01K89/01, A01K89/015, F16H61/02
Cooperative ClassificationF16H61/0293, F16H2710/26, A01K89/0105, A01K89/015
European ClassificationF16H61/02M, A01K89/015, A01K89/01D