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Publication numberUS3167889 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateFeb 2, 1965
Filing dateFeb 7, 1962
Priority dateFeb 7, 1962
Publication numberUS 3167889 A, US 3167889A, US-A-3167889, US3167889 A, US3167889A
InventorsJacobi Arno M
Original AssigneeWalter Jacobi & Sons Inc
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Apparatus for finishing wood and the like
US 3167889 A
Abstract  available in
Images(3)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Feb. 2, 1965 A. M. JACOBI 3,

APPARATUS FOR FINISHING WOQD AND THE LIKE Filed Feb. 7, 1962 3 Sheets-Sheet 1 ARNO M. JACOB/ EIl'E-r- 3 BY ATTORNEYS Feb. 2, 1965 A. M. JACOB! APPARATUS FOR FINISHING WOOD AND THE LIKE Filed Feb- 7, 1962 3 Sheets-She et 2 INVENTOR. ARNO M. JACOB] ATTORNE Y5 Feb. 2, 1965 A. M. JACOB] 3,167,889

APPARATUS FOR FINISHING WOOD AND THE LIKE Filed Feb. 7, 1962 3 Sheets-Sheet 3 6 l Q 12 66 2;"! e9 68 "13 INVENTOR ARuo M. Jncoan ATTORNEYS United States Patent 3,167,889 APPARATUS FOR FINISIEQG WGOD AND THE LIKE Arno M. Jacobi, Belmont, Calif, assignor to Walter Jacobi & Sons, Inc., Belmont, Calif., a corporation of California Filed Feb. 7, 19,62, Ser. No. 171,604 19 Claims. (Cl. 51--141) The present invention relates to improvements in a finishing apparatus and particularly to an apparatus for providing finished surfaces on irregularly shaped surfaces of wood and the like.

Conventionally wood and similar materials are finished by sanding or like processes to provide a smooth surface, and many different machines have been developed for carrying out this process. While these machines are eminently suitable for use on most fiat and simple curved surfaces, they are generally not suitable for practical operation on work which is irregularly curved and wide.

Accordingly, it is a primary object of this invention to provide an apparatus for finishing irregularly shaped or curved surfaces that gives highly satisfactory results and has a practical and elficient mode of operation.

Another object of the invention is to provide an apparatus for finishing irregular surfaces which utilizes a belt having an abrasive surface which is resiliently pressed against 'all areas of the irregular surface.

A further object of this invention is to provide an apparatus of the character described which maintains a pressure against the recessed portions of the surface being finished equal to or greater than the pressure exerted against the raised portions of the surface.

Still another object of the invention is the provision of a finishing apparatus of the character described that is capable of sustained high speed operation.

A still further object of the invention is to provide an apparatus for finishing a curved surface with a rotating abrasive belt that also has oscillatory motion at the work to provide an especially good finish.

Further objects and advantages of my invention will be apparent as the specification progresses, and the new and useful features of my finishing apparatus will be fully defined in the claims attached hereto.

In its broad aspect, the present invention embraces a belt finishing apparatus having any of a variety of abrasives on a surface thereof. The abrasive may be sand, carbonlndum, corundum, emery abrasive, jewelers rouge, or others. However, the preferred abrasive is sand and the apparatus will usually be a type of belt sander. Accordingly, the description will be mainly directed to a belt sander constructed according to the invention.

The preferred forms of my invention are illustrated in the accompanying drawings, forming a part of this specification, in which: 7

FIGURE 1 is an elevational view of a belt sander constructed according to the invention;

FIGURE 2, a cross-sectional view taken in the plane of line 2-2 of FIGURE 1;

, FIGURE 3, a bottom view of the apparatus of FIG- URE 1 as seen from the position where sanding is effected, and with the belt removed to illustrate the parts supporting and shaping the belt;

FIGURE 4, a cross-sectional view taken in the plane of line 44 of FIGURE 2;

FIGURE 5, an enlarged view of the fragmentary portion of FIGURE 2 partly broken away to better illustrate certain of the parts;

FIGURE 6, a perspective view of a backing unit suitable for use in an alternate embodiment of the invention; and

FIGURE 7 is a partial plan view of FIGURE 1 showing one means for imparting oscillating motion to the belt.

While I have shown only the preferred form of my invention, it should be understood that various changes or modifications may be made within the scope of the claims attached hereto without departing from the spirit of the invention.

Referring to the drawing in greater detail, there is shown in FIGURE 1 an apparatus for finishing irregularly shaped surfaces on a work piece to be finished, comprising a belt 11 having an abrasive surface 12 containing sand or the like and drive means 13 for moving said belt circumferentially and through work station 14. The apparatus also comprises a backing unit 16 at work station 14 adjacent to belt 11 on the side opposite abrasive surface 12. This backing unit presents an irregular surface which matches the configuration of the desired finished surface.

Drive means 13 may be constructed in a variety of ways and here comprises rollers 17 for guiding belt 11, motor 18 for supplying power, and drive belt 19 for transferring power from motor 18 to belt 11. Motor 18 is also herein used to drive conveyor means 21 for conveying work having an irregularly shaped surface to be finished through work station 14. In this way, the surface of the work to be finished is moved in juxtaposed position with respect to the abrasive surface 12. In this system, power is transferred from motor 18 to conveyor 21 through drive belts 22 and pulleys 23 which are geared to each other as shown.

In the form illustrated in FIGURE 1, conveyor means 21 comprises rollers 24, belt 26 and roller 27 for adjusting belt tension. A work piece 28 is carried through work station 14 on conveyor 21 with the direction of the work being similar to the direction of the moving belt but at a slower speed. This method of moving the work is particularly satisfactory and accordingly is preferred. However, it is also possible to use other means for moving the work through the station with the important struc: ture being that which holds the work at the desired distance with relation to the abrasive surface.

The sanding belt 11 normally assumes a flat configuration with rollers 17 being substantially cylindrical. However, the belt is fiexible and assumes the desired irregular configuration at work station 14. In order to move the belt at the desired high speed and still have its surface in the proper configuration at the work station, means is provided for shaping the belt in front of the work station to form a predetermined irregularly shaped surface of substantially the same shape as the irregularlry shaped surface of the backing unit. As shown in FIGURES 1 and 2, this means may comprise a roller 29 mounted for rotation in main frame 31, which roller has an irregular surface designed to preshape belt 11.

After passing through work station 14, the belt is preferably reshaped to a flat configuration. This may be accomplished by roller 32 which is also journaled for rotation in main frame 31, and which has a substantially circular, cylindrical surface. The shaping of the belt is provided by maintaining the necessary tension in the belt, and this tension is provided by adjustable roller 33.

In the embodiment shown in FIGURES 1 through 5, the backing unit 16 comprises a frame 34, a plurality of U-shaped members 36 carried on frame 34 having outer surfaces 37 relatively movable to provide an irregularly curved surface across the width of the belt 11, and means for resiliently holding members 36 in position. As best seen in FIGURE 4, frame 34 is in the form of an I beam having bolts 38 carried in pairs on each side. Each pair of bolts is pivotally attached to U-shaped members 36 through brackets 39 and cotter pins 41. Brackets 39 are attached to members 36 by welding, brazing or any other suitable means. a

The distances of faces 37. of members 36 from'the frame 34 are restricted by nuts 42, and adjusted by rotation thereof. The faces 37 are resiliently held at these allowed distances by compression-springs 43. As best seen in FIGURES 4 and 5, compression springs 43 .are carried on bolts 38, and bear against washers 44 which in turn arev adjustably positioned by'nuts 46. Thus, nuts 46 adjust the compressive force: of springs 43. Preferably, the compression is adjusted to be greateston the springs for the members as atthe recessed portions of the curved surfaces being sanded, see FIGURE 2.

In order to cushion the belt 11 and allow easy passage of the shaped surfaces 37 of members 36 thereunder, a

flexible cushion 47 is provided on members 36, and the.

Shock absorber 52 preferably contains a plastic pad 53.

at the side first contacting the work, and a felt pad '54 at the side last in contact with the work, .see FIGURE 4. The steel strip is riveted to members 36 at a plurality of 3,1s7,sea

places. F or example, rivets 56 hold the plate at a central position'and rivets 57 hold it at each side. Note that rivets 57 are held in slots 58 on plate or strip 48 to allow expansion of the plate as it heats up during operation of the apparatus. The plastic pad 53 and felt pad 54 glued or otherwise bonded to the steel plate, and cloth facing 49 is glued or bonded to the plastic pad 53 and felt pad 54.

Preferably the plastic used for fabricating plasticpad 53. is a laminated phenol-formaldehyde resin such as that sold under the trade name Formica. other plastics or equivalent materials are suitable,- Similarly, different materials maybe used for the feltpad154= and the cloth facing 49; The important consideration is the provision of a materialthat will act as a cushion and also allow the belt to moverapidly thereby without un'dt'ie wear-undersea.

As indicated above, the adjustable springs used to resil-,

iently push the U-shapedmernbers toward the work are preferred. However, other systems are within the scope of the invention. For example, air pressure could be used.

instead of-spring means. An embodiment using. air pressure is illustrated in FIGURE 6 wherein a flexible hose such as a fire hose carrying air under. pressure is used.

Thus in FIGURE 6, there is shown a backing unit 16, comprising frame 34 in the shape of a channel shaped member having U-shaped members 36held thereto. by

flexible straps 59. Straps 59 are pivotably attached as through rivets 61, and the straps are designed of a length sllflicient to allow the outer. surfaces of the members 36 to assume the desired configuration. Cloth facing 49 is carried on the members 36 through a cushion constructed.

according to cushion 47 in a manner similar to that described in detail forthe. embodiment of FIGURESYI through When air pressure is exerted within fire hose 62, memhere 36 are resiliently forced into position. In this way. substantially equal pressure is exerted on all ofthe.

U-shaped members and therefore the pressure is maintained uniform across the irregularly shaped belt 11:.

The apparatus is particularly suitable for finishing.

one pass, and each operation may be accomplished at However, many For example, a suitable curvedpiece' i comparatively high speeds. 1 Thus it is seen that the apparatus of this invention is. particularly valuable when the irregular surface to be finished is a curved cylindric surface, that is, a surface which. is formed by a straight line moving in a curved path including corrugated surfaces and combinations of curved andstraight surfaces. V Thebelt 11 is oscillated in a direction parallel to the axis of the closedloop by .a means disclosed in'FIGURE 7, wherein the rollers 17' are 'rotatably mounted within frame members 65. Thev motor 18 has a pulley 66' on theshaft thereof which drives a belt 67 Thebelt engages anddrives a pulley rotatably mounted on a shaft 69. The

shaft 69 alsohas rotatably mountedithereon a cylinder 70 which cylinder'is fixedtoand rotated by the'pulley 68. The cylinder has a returnscrew thread 71 .cut into the body thereof.- A follower 72 mounted on. one of the frame members has an end thereof in the return screw thread 71 and moves in a reciprocatory or oscillating mannerwhen the cylinderis rotated, thus giving an oscillating motionto the frame and the roller 17. This causes the working face of the beltll to be moved in an oscillating manner past the work station 16 so that the belt is moved transversely of the work so that unsightly grooves will not be cut in the work." A spring '73 may be provided betweenthe frame carrying the rolier 17 and a stationary part of the machine to maintain the follower in the return screw thread. I

However, it is also seen .that'machine could be used 1 ample, work could be rotated through the work station or otherwise passed therethrough operations, if. desired.

1. An apparatus for finishing irregularly shapedsurfaces on wood and the like, comprising a belt having an abrasive surface, means for moving said belt through a work station, means for moving work through. said work station with the surface of the work-to be finished in juxtaposed position withrespect tothe abrasive surface of the belt, a backing unit at saidwork station adjacent to said moving belt on the side opposite the abrasive surface, said backing unit having an irregularsurfaceof a configuration which matches the configuration of a desired finished surface, and means for shaping the belt in front 'of the work station to form, a predetermined irto give a variety of 1 other regularly shaped surface of substantially the same shape as the irregularly shaped surface of the backing unit.

2. An apparatus for finishing irregularly shaped surfaces onwood and'the like, comprisingabelt.having an abrasive 'surface,means for moving said belt'througha work station, means for movingwork through said work station with the surface of the work tobe vfinishedin juxtaposed position with .respectto the abrasive surface of. the belt, a backing. unit at said. Work station adjacent to said moving belt on the side opposite the abrasive surface, said backing unit havingan irregular surface of a configurationwhich matches the configuration of a desired finished surface, means for'shapingthe belt in front of the work station to form a predetermined irregularly shaped surface of substantially the same shape as the irregularly shaped surface of the backing unit, and means for reshaping the belt to a substantally flat'configuration after the belt has left the work station.v

'3. The apparatus defined in claim 2, in which the belt ismoved through a closed loop and is. provided with an oscillating motion atthe work station, said oscillating {notion being in a line parallelto the axis of the closed oop.

4. The apparatus defined in claim 2, in which the work is moved linearly through the work station substantially tangentially totheflloop at a speed slower than the belt movement'around the loop,

5. An apparatus for finishing irregularly shaped surfaces on wood and the like, comprising acontinuous belt having a surface containing an abrasive material, means for moving said belt circumferentially in a looped path which passes through a work station, and a backing unit at said Work station adjacent to said belt on the side opposite said abrasive surface, said backing unit containing a frame, a plurality of members carried on said frame having surfaces relatively movable to provide an irregularly curved surface across said belt, a single flexible metal plate carried on said members and extending across the entire width of said belt, slotted holding means for holding said plate on said plurality of members allowing faces on Wood and the like, comprising a continuous belt having a surface containing an abrasive material, means for moving said belt circumferentially in a looped path which passes through a work station, means for conveying work through said Work stationin position tobe sanded by said abrasive surface ofthe belt, and a backing unit at said work station adjacent'to said belt on the side opposite said abrasive surface, said backing unit containing a frame, a plurality of members carried on said frame having surfaces relatively movable to provide an irregularly curved surface across said belt, means for resiliently holding said members in position to present a desired irregular configuration adjacent the belt, a flexible cushion on the irregularly curved surface provided by the members, and a lubricant on said flexible cushion.

7. The apparatus defined in claim 6, in which compres sion spring means are used for resiliently holding the members in position.

8. The apparatus defined in claim 6, in which pneumatic pressure is used for resiliently holding the members in position whereby a substantially uniform pressure is provided over the entire surface of the flexible plate.

9. The apparatus defined in claim 6, in which the flexible cushion comprises a flexible metal strip, a shock absorber in the form of a plastic sheet mounted on the flexible metal strip, and a cloth facing on said shock absorber having the lubricant on said cloth facing.

10. An apparatus for finishing irregularly shaped surfaces on Wood and the like, comprising a continuous belt having a surface containing an abrasive material, means for moving said belt circumferentially in a looped path which passes through a work station, means for conveying work through said work station in position to be sanded by said abrasive surface of the belt, a backing unit at said work station adjacent to said belt on the side opposite said abrasive surface, said backing unit containing a frame, a plurality of members carried on said frame having surfaces relatively movable to provide an irregularly curved surface across said belt, means for resiliently pression spring means are used for resiliently holding the members in position.

12. The apparatus defined in claim 10, in which pneumatic pressure is used for resiliently holding the members in position whereby a substantially uniform pressure is provided over the entire surface of the flexible plate.

13. The apparatus defined in claim 10, in which the flexible cushion comprises a flexible metal strip, a shock absorber in the form of a plastic sheet mounted onthe flexible metal strip, and a cloth facing on said shock absorber having the lubricant on. said cloth facing.

14. The apparatus defined in claim 10, in which the belt for moving said belt circumferentially in alooped path holding said members in position to present a desired irregular configuration adjacent the belt, a flexible cushion including a flexible'metal plate mounted on the irregularly curved surface provided by the members, a lubricant on said flexible cushion, means for shaping the belt in front of the work station to form a predetermined irregularly shaped surface of substantially the same shape as the irregularly shaped surface of the backing unit, and

means for reshaping the belt'to a substantially flat configuration after the belt has left the work station.

11. The apparatus defined in claim 10, in which comwhich passesthrough awork station, means for conveying Work through said workstation in position to be sanded by said abrasive surface of the belt, a backing unit at said work station adjacent to said belt on the side opposite said abrasive surface, said backing unitcontaining a frame, a plurality of U-shaped members each having a flat surface and bolts adjustably held a fixed distance from said frame to present the flat surfaces along a line which generally defines an irregular curved surface across said belt, compression springs carried onthe bolts of said U-shaped members for urging the surfaces of said members resiliently away from said frame, a flexible cushion on the irregularly curved surface defined by said mem-' bers, and a graphite lubricant on said flexible cushion.

16. The apparatus defined in claim 15, in which the flexible cushion comprises a flexible metal strip, a cloth facing having the lubricant on a surface thereof, and a shock absorber between the flexible metal strip and the cloth facing which includes a plastic pad at the side first contacting the work and a felt pad at the side last in contact with the work. 7

17. The apparatus defined in claim 16, in which the metal strip is steel and the plastic is a phenolformaldehyde plastic.

18. The apparatus defined in claim 16, in which the belt is also oscillated at the work station in a direction perpendicular to the general movement of the belt.

19. The apparatus defined in claim 16, in which the work is moved linearly through the work station substantially tangentially to the loop at a speed slower than the belt movement around the loop.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 761,023 Yarnell May 24, 1904 804,902 Tyden Nov. 21, 1905 807,809 Clemans Dec. 19, 1905 900,249 Wysong Oct. 6, 1908 1,096,882 Wysong May 19, 1914-- 1,493,779 Humphreys May 13, 1924 1,927,330 Williams Sept. 19, 1933 2,279,782 Fowler Apr. 14, 1942 2,594,646 Hendrickson Apr. 29, 1952 2,618,913 Plancon et al Nov. 25, 1952 2,624,160 Harper Ian. 6, 1953 2,633,679 Cross et a1. Apr. 7, 1953 2,693,669 Riedesel Nov. 9, 1954 3,022,611 Schaller ,Feb. 27, 1962

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Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3374583 *Sep 20, 1965Mar 26, 1968Walter Jacobi & Sons IncApparatus for finishing surfaces
US3429079 *Jun 8, 1965Feb 25, 1969Winebarger Vaughn HSanding platen
US3438154 *May 25, 1966Apr 15, 1969Ettore VichiInterchangeable elastic pad for abrading,grinding and sanding machine
US3911627 *Apr 15, 1974Oct 14, 1975Heesemann KarlBelt grinding machine adapted to grind a flat or curved surface
US4031668 *Feb 19, 1974Jun 28, 1977Hitchcock Chair CompanySanding machine for anatomically contoured wooden chair seats and the like
US4084356 *Jun 1, 1976Apr 18, 1978Macmillan Bloedel LimitedMethod of finishing a random contoured surface
US4206574 *Sep 26, 1978Jun 10, 1980The Singer CompanyLapping block for curved surfaces
US4443977 *Dec 22, 1981Apr 24, 1984Ratier-FigeacMachine for producing parts having skew surfaces of predetermined configuration
US4601134 *Jan 14, 1985Jul 22, 1986Karl Heesemann Maschinenfabrik Gmbh & Co. KgBelt grinder having pressure pads with individually variable contact pressures
US4606151 *Nov 21, 1984Aug 19, 1986Carl-Zeiss-StiftungMethod and apparatus for lapping and polishing optical surfaces
US4719721 *Dec 18, 1986Jan 19, 1988Timesavers, Inc.Conveyor bed assembly and vacuum platen
US4802309 *Aug 6, 1987Feb 7, 1989Carl-Zeiss-StiftungMethod and apparatus for lapping and polishing optical surfaces
US4845897 *Jan 5, 1988Jul 11, 1989B & J Rocket Rasp A/SGrinding machine for grinding or rasping of rubber items
US4850152 *Jan 25, 1988Jul 25, 1989Carl-Zeiss-StiftungApparatus for lapping and polishing optical surfaces
US5016400 *Mar 28, 1990May 21, 1991Georg WeberPressure bar for a belt grinding machine
US5179805 *Dec 30, 1988Jan 19, 1993Murunaka & Co., Ltd.Sanding method and apparatus
US8801505 *Jun 29, 2010Aug 12, 2014Awi Licensing CompanyAbrading device and method of abrading a floor structure utilizing the same
US9266212 *Feb 4, 2014Feb 23, 2016Silhouette Sander, LLCSanding devices and methods
US9272384Aug 8, 2014Mar 1, 2016Columbia Insurance CompanyPattern sander device, system and method
US9321141May 30, 2014Apr 26, 2016Columbia Insurance CompanyPattern sander device, system and method
US20110318993 *Jun 29, 2010Dec 29, 2011Smith W StevenAbrading device and method of abrading a floor structure utilizing the same
US20140220870 *Feb 4, 2014Aug 7, 2014Silhouette Sander, LLCSanding devices and methods
DE3430499A1 *Aug 18, 1984Feb 27, 1986Zeiss Carl FaVerfahren und vorrichtung fuer das laeppen bzw. polieren optischer flaechen
DE4318007A1 *May 29, 1993Dec 1, 1994Schaudt Maschinenbau GmbhBelt-guiding shoe for belt-grinding machines
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EP0274367A1 *Jan 5, 1987Jul 13, 1988B & J ROCKET RASP A/SGrinding machine for grinding or rasping of rubber items
Classifications
U.S. Classification451/303
International ClassificationB24B21/08, B24B21/04
Cooperative ClassificationB24B21/08
European ClassificationB24B21/08