|Publication number||US3168226 A|
|Publication date||Feb 2, 1965|
|Filing date||Sep 11, 1963|
|Priority date||Sep 11, 1963|
|Publication number||US 3168226 A, US 3168226A, US-A-3168226, US3168226 A, US3168226A|
|Inventors||Mitchell Robert M, Underwood Roland H|
|Original Assignee||Gen Foods Corp|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (3), Referenced by (28), Classifications (8)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Feb. 2, 1965 R. H. UNDERWOOD ETAL SEPARABLE DISPENSER TOP Filed Sept. 11, 1963 ROLAND I'LUNDERWOOD 2; ROBERT M.M1TCHE,LL
ATTORNEYS United States Patent Oflice 3,168,226 Patented Feb. 2, 1965 3,168,226 SEPARABLE DISPENSER TOP I Roland H. Underwood, Irvington, N.Y., and Robert M. Mitchell, South Norwalk, Conn., assignors, by mesne assignments, to General Foods Corporation, White Plains, N .Y., a corporation of Delaware Filed Sept. 11, 1963, Ser. No. 308,151 11 Claims. (Cl. 222-472) This invention relates to an improved separable dispenser top designed to be removably attached as by screw threads to jars or bottles containing various types of fluent materials to be dispensed therethrough.
The invention contemplates the provision of a combined base and handle structure formed in a unit and provided with internal screw threads registering with the outer, peripheral screw threads disposed about the neck of the bottle or container, by which the base is maintained in position thereon. The invention further contemplates the provision of a resilient valve or closure member registering with the upper or neck portion'of the base and removably engaged therein by means of a downwardly disposed male tongue registering in a mating, tapered slot disposed between the rear wall and the handle member of the said neck or base member of the cap or closure structure.
The aforesaid downwardly extending male tongue of the top or valve structure-lot the closure is preferably downwardly tapered to fit the aforesaid downwardly tapered female recess in the base structure andis preferably angularly shouldered at its forward lateral edges to provide wedging or camming surfaces thereon and at its lower, rearward lateral extremities is provided with outwardly extending studs which maintain the downwardly projecting tongue firmly in position in the female recess in the base, when fully seated therein.
The invention further contemplates the formation of both the base and closure cap structures of a plastic material, such as a vinyl resin, pyroxylin or other plastic.
It further contemplates the provision of a forwardly reduced fiexure section in the rear extremity of the cap adjacent the downwardly projecting tongue, to provide an area of resiliency at the rear portion of the cap adjacent the tongue. An angular disposed actuating lever, designed to be contacted by the thumb of the operator, is positioned in the cap just forwardly of the reduced flexure section thereof and is inclined rearwardly over the top of the handle member.
The closure structure of the present invention is preferably made in two parts, i.e.,-an integral base and handle section and a removable cap or closure section so that the structure may be disassembled readily for washing when it is used to dispense viscous material such as syrup or heavy salad dressing or analogous fluent materials.
Referring to the drawings:
FIG. 1 is a perspective view, taken from one side and from the rear, of the assembled closure structure in position on a container, in fully closed position;
FIG. 2 is an exploded view taken from above and from the side, partially in phantom, of the valve or cap structure vertically removed from the base and pouring spout structure;
FIG. 3 is a detailed perspective view, partially broken away, of the rear portion of the cap or closure member, taken from below, showing .the downwardly projecting male retaining tongue at the rear extremity thereof and its two forwardly disposed, downwardly reduced camming surfaces and rearwardly disposed studs;
FIG. 4 is a vertical, cross section view of the assembled cap and base structures, partially in phantom, and partially broken away, showing the male retaining tongue fully seated in the corresponding female slot in the base member; q
FIG. 5 is a fragmentary perspective view, taken from above, of the rear extremity of the base member of the closure showing the female slot and shoulder provided in the rear, upper extremity of the base member for the reception of the male retaining tongue of the cap structure;
FIG. 6 is a fragmentary, vertical cross-sectional view taken on line 6-6 of FIG. 5; and
FIG. 7 is a vertical, cross-sectional view, taken on line 7-7 of'FIG. 5.
In the drawings, 10 designates broadly the cylindrical neck portion of the base unit designed to engage over the corresponding cylindrical neck portion of a suitable container 11. "As shown, cylindrical neck portion 10 is provided at its upper interior with male threads 12 designed to register in corresponding threads provided about the outer periphery of the neck of the container 11.
At its forward extremity, as shown in FIGS. 1, 2 and 4, cylindrical base portion 10 is provided with an upwardly and outwardly extended and enlarged pouring spout sectionl3 which is outwardly rounded and downwardly curved or recessed at its center outer extremity 14. An elliptical, downwardly extending handle or grasp means 15 is provided at the rear extremity of cylindrical base 10 and, as shown, is made integral with base 10. Handle 15 is preferably provided with an open, elliptical interior orifice for receiving the fingers of the hand and at its lower extremity is provided with a downwardly extending, curved foot member 16 designed to bear against the outer surface of the container upon which base member 10 is fitted.
Disposed between the upper, forward extremity of handle 15 and the wall of cylindrical base 10 is a downwardly reduced, wedge-shaped orifice 17 which is formed in the rear wall of base 10 just forwardly of handle 15. Arifice 17 is, as aforesaid, downwardly reduced and is provided with rectilinear inner walls, for a purpose hereinafter to be discussed at more length. Provided in the interior of base 10 just forwardly of the forward upper edge of orifice 17 is a rectilinear, vertical shoulder 18, for a purpose hereinafter to be more fully discussed.
About its inner, upper periphery base 10 is provided with an angular, peripheral shoulder section 19 of smaller inner diameter than lower neck section 10 thereof, defining a circular "orifice therewithin. Peripheral shoulder 19 also acts as a bearing surface within cylindrical base 10 against which the upper surface of the neck of the container fits flush when base member 10 is fully seated thereon by means of screw threads 12.
It will be noted that the lower extremity of downwardly reduced slot 17 terminates an appreciable distance above the lower peripheral neck 20 of base 10, thus providing a lower shouldered section 21 on base .10 between its lower edge 20 and the lower extremity of slot 17.
Referring now to the removable cap or valve portion 22 of the closure structure, it will be seen that it is appropriately curved and fitted to closely engage the upper. peripheral edges of the upper. and spout section 13 of base 10 and is closely mated thereover throughout its periphery. At its forward extremity, cap or valve member 22 is provided with an outwardly and downwardly curved tongue section 23 which is preferably chamfered about its edges at 24 to make a close and sealing fit with inwardly chamfered edges 25 about the neck of base 10.
At its rear, lower extremity cap 22 is provided with a downwardly extending wedge-shaped male tongue 26 designed to be slid downwardly into and mounted within female slot 17 provided in base :10 just forwardly 'of handle 15 thereof. At its :forward, upper lateral extremities, tongue 26 is provided with angular camming or wedge surfaces 27 and 28 which are preferably of substantially the same width at their upper extremities as the female slot 17 at its upper extremity and which, as shown, are preferably downwardly reduced toward the lower extremity 29 of tongue 26. At their lower extremities wedge-shaped protrusions 27 and 28 of tongue'26 are preferably shouldered at- 30 and 31. As shown in FIGS. 2, 3 and 4'} tongue 26 is of reduced thickness at its lower extremity 32 and is provided in its center, forward section with an upwardly reduced linear boss 33.
At its rear, lateral extremities tongue 26 is provided with two outwardly projecting studs 34 and 35 designed to snap into position under the rear shoulder behind the rear edge of female slot 17 when tongue 26 is fully seated in slot 17, as will hereinafter be discussed at more length.
Made integral with the upper surface of cap 22 is a thumb lever or tab 36, which is preferably molded integral with the rear portion of cap 22 and is angularly inclinedrearwardly thereover, extending to a point rearwardly of the rear edge of cap 22, over tongue 26 thereof. Thumb tab 36 is braced on cap 22 by means of integral brace 37. Thumb tab 36 is preferably of sufficient length to extend rearwardly to a point adjacent and above the upper, forward extremity of handle 15, where it may be readily contacted by the thumb of the operator. When in fully depressed condition the extremity of thumb tab 36 bears against the upper, forward shoulder of handle 15, which serves as a stop therefor to prevent stressing of the rear flexure section 38 ofcap 22 beyond its elastic limit. I
Referring to FIG. 4 of the drawings, it will be seen that the rear flexure section 38 of cap 22, between brace 37 of thumb tab 36 and tongue 26 thereof, is of reduced thickness.
It will be noted that the thickness of the rear flexure section 38 of cap 22, between brace 37 and, tongue 26 is not uniform, but is graduated in inverse proportion to the width of said rear flexure section (see FIG. 4). The purpose of this graduated thickness is so that any cross-section through said rear flexure section 38 along a plane parallel to the flexure axis has a cross-sectional surface area equal to the surface area of any other such cross-section. This construction distributes the flexing stress throughout the whole area of the rear flexure sec tion 38. As a result of this cross-sectional configuration of rear flexure section 38, the flexing strain progresses along said section 38 from brace 37 rearwardly to the tongue 26 as the cap 22 is forced from fully closed to fully open position, in which position the extremity ofthumb tab 36 bears against the upper, forward shoulder of handle 15. This cross-sectional structure eliminates rearward portion of reduced section 38 of cap 22, for
a purpose hereinafter to be discussed in-more detail.
Referring now specifically to tongue 26, it will be noted that its lower extremity is of reduced thickness comparable to the width of the lowest extremity of female 1 in female slot .17 and, due to therearward pressure slot 17 and'that, due tothe pr'ovision of downwardly reduced shoulders or camming surfaces 27 and 28, extending inwardlyinparallel relation from its upper lateral extremities tongue 26 may be readily introduced into female slot 17, from above, as shown in FIG. 2. Fur-I ther, tongue 26, being of slightly less width than female orifice 17 and of less thickness at its lower extremity than the upper section of slot 17 may be readily introduced downwardly therein until the shoulders30 and 31 .of
tongue wedges 27 and 28 begin to bear against the lower, forward wall of slot 17. An exertion of downward pres-r sure at this point against tab 36 will seat tongue 26 fully exerted by cam surfaces 27 and 28 against the forward wall of slot 17 and the inherent resiliency of tongue 26, as studs 34 and 35 atthe lower, rear, lateral extremities of tongue 26 clear the lower, rear edges of slot 17 they will spring outwardly thereunden-thus holding tongue 26 fully seated in slot 17. Y
As aforesaid, as tongue 26 is 'forced progressively downwardly in downwardly .tapered'slot 17 in the rear of base 10, angular camming surfaces-27 and 28 exert more and more influence against the inner vertical wall of slot 17 thus progressively forcingthe lower extremity 29 of tongue 26 rearwardly whereby when studs 34 and 35 clear the lower extremity of slot 17 they are forced rearwardly into engagement under the shoulder s at the lower rear edge of slot 17, as shown in FIG. 4, thus holding tongue 26 fully seated in seat 17.
To release studs 34 and 35 from under shoulder s at the lower rear edge of slot 17 it is merely necessary to apply upward pressure under thumb tab 36, forcing tongue 26 upwardly and by virtue of the camming action of surfaces 27 and 28 and. reduced pressure thereagainst, studs 34 and 35 will be forced inwardly out of engagement with the rear shoulders of slot 17, due to the inherent resiliency of tongue 26, and will thus free engagement therewith whereby cap 22 may be removed from the top 10, tongue '26 being free in slot 17.
Boss 33 also enters into the picture as it impinges against the lower, forward wall of slot 17 and thus tends to force studs 34 and 35 rearwardly as tongue 26 penetrates slot 17. The reverse is true as tongue 26 is forced upwardly in slot 17.
It will be seen that, dueto the downwardly reduced configuration of slot 17 and the downwardly reduced configuration of tongue 26 that tongue 26 may be readily inserted into slot 17 without the exertion of any pressure whatsoever until the lower extremity of tongue 26 nears the lower extremity of slot 17. At'this point, wedges 27 and 28 begin to bind in slot 17 and, as aforesaid, the exertion of comparatively slight downward pressure on thumb tab 36 of cap 22 will then force tongue 26 downwardly to the bottom of slot 17, studs 34 and 35 being forced beneath the lower edge of slot 17.
As aforesaid, the crux of this invention lies in the mating tongue and slot structure 26-17 for removably, yet fixedly connecting cap 22 and base 10 of the closure structure. As aforesaid, slot 17, located in base 10 just ahead of the upper extremity of handle 15 is downwardly tapered, on both lateral and longitudinal walls, to provide a progressively, downwardly reduced wedge-shaped female recess substantially vertically disposed on the rear section of base 10 aligned in the same vertical plane with handle 15. At the lower, rear extremity of slot 17 a small shoulder s is provided to seat studs 34 and 35 of tongue 26' when the lower extremity of tongue 26 has been forced beneath the lower, reduced end of slot 17.
Referring specifically'to tongue 26, it is also of progre'ssively downwardly reduced, wedge-shaped configuration, conforming in overall dimensions to the configuration ofslot 17 while being slightly reduced in said dimensions for ready penetration within slot 17. Downwardly tapered camming or wedge surfaces 27 and 28 are provided at the upper, lateral edges of tongue 26, disposed at right angles thereto and extending inwardly therefrom and downwardly tapered in a smooth curve, their upper extremities building up" the upper width of tongue 26 to a width approximating that of the upper extremity of slot 17.
"Upwardly reduced center boss 33 is also provided recv and 35 under shoulder s when tongue 26 has fully penetrated slot 17. Thus, it will be seen that the overall dimensions of tongue 26 are substantially analogous to those of slot 17, while sufficiently reducedfor ready penetration of tongue 26 fully into slot 17.
Reduced section 38' of cap 22, lying between the upper extremity of tongue 26 and'the lower, rear extremity of thumb lever 36 acts as a resilient hinge, resting as it does on the upper surface of lateral shoulder 18 disposed across the upper face ofslotl7. Thus, downward'pressure on thumb lever 36 'will flex section 38 in an upward direction, as it bears against shoulder 18 andthus will'raise nose 23 of cap 22 out ofiengagement with the'peripheral lip of pouring spout 13, as shownin'FIG, 4, providing a pouring orifice about the entire outer periphery of pouring spout 13. Conversely, release of pressure against thumb lever 36 will cause'cap 22 andits outer curved-nose 23 to snap downwardly over pouring'spout 13, due to theinherent resiliency of section 38 thereof, to-seal'cap'22 and its curved nose portion 23 against the'peripheral edges of pouring spout'section 13-of base 10. As aforesaid,.the
edges of cap 22 andnose 23 thereof, outwardly of thumb lever 36, are inwardly chamfered as at 24 to'register with complementarily chamfered edges 25 of pouring'spout 13 to provide a tightseal completely around the mating peripheries of pouring spout 13 and nose portion 23 of cap 22.
By virtue'of the screw threads 12 provided about the interior of base'lo'the entire pouring spout and cap structure, including handle 25 may be readily applied to or removed from the' neck of a complementarily screwthreaded containen. Further, due to the tongue'and'slot connection between cap'22 and base the entire cap structure 22" may be readily removedfrom base'10; without removing base 10-from the neck of the container, by merely applying upward pressure under thumb lever 36,
forcing tongue 26-upwardly in slot 17 to unseat studs 34 and 35 thereof'from beneath'shoulder s-at the rearlower edge of slot 17.. As soon'as studs 34 and 35 are'unseated from shoulder s theentire cap' andtongue'structure may be lifted off of base 10 for cleaning, as required; The
provision of this-tongue'and-slot connecting structure also make the' structure readilyusable as an open pouring pitcher, eliminating'cap structure 22, when'desired.
The invention-is susceptible of numerous modifications withoutdeparting from the spirit thereof.
The material utilized may be a vinyl resin,.or other plastic or even'a resilient metal. An important aspect of the invention lies in the novel mating. tongue and slot structure. removably connecting the cap and the base, providing resilient hinge means therebetween at the rear extremity of the assembly.
The size of the structure may be varied widely, depending upon the size. andcapacity of the container to which it is applied.
Attention' is directed to the appended claims for a limitation of the scope of this-invention.
What is claimed is: v
1. In a separable pouringspout and valve structure, a base,.a pouring spout at the forward extremity of said base, a handle made integralwith said'base extending downwardly from its rear extremity, a downwardly reduced recess in' said base adjacent said handle disposed in the same'vertical plane: as said handle, a cap means fitting ov'er saidbase and conformed at its forward extremity to thepouring spoutsection thereof,.a downwardly reduced, Wedge-shaped tongue aflixedbeneaththe lower, rear extremity of said cap fittingwithin said downwardly reduced recess in said base, a reduced fiexure section in the rear extremity of said cap extending forwardly of said tongue and of progressively decreasing. forward thickness,- studs disposed at the rear, lateral extremities of said tongue'wh'ereby it may be removably seated in said recess.
2. In a separable pouring spout and'valve structure, a base, a pouring spout at the forward extremity of said base, a handle made integral with said base extending downwardly from its rear extremity, a downwardly reduced recess in said base udjacent'said handle and disposed in the same vertical planeassaidl handle, a cap means fitting over said baseand conformed at its forward extremity to'the pouringfspoutsection thereof, a wedgeshaped tongue affixed beneath the lower, rear extremity of said cap fitting within said' downwardlyreduced 1 recess in said base, vertically disposed,'.downwar'dly reduced parallel wedgesextending'inwardly fromthe upper, lateral edgesof said tongue, 'studsdisposed at the-rear, lateral extremities ofsaid tongue whereby it may be removably seated in saidrecess.
3 Ina separable pouring'spoutand'valve structure, a base, a pouring spoutv at-the forward extremity of said base, a handle made integral with' said base extending downwardly from 'its rear extremity, a; downwardly reduced recess in" said base" adjacent said handle and disposed in the same vertical plane as said. handle, a cap means-fitting over said'base and' conformed atits=forward extremity to the pouring spout. section thereof, a: thumb lever integralwith said cap and extending' rearwardlyover the rear section thereof, a downwardlyred'uced,iwedgeshaped tongue beneath" the." lower,. rear" extremity of" said cap fittingwithin-said downwardlyreduced recess in said base, a reduced fiexure' section -inthe rear extremity of said cap-between said thumb lever: andvsaid. tongue of progressively decreasingforwardthickness, studs'disposed at the rear, lateral extremities ofisaid tongue'whereby it' may be removably seated insaid-recess'.
4. In a separable pouring spout andi valve structure, a base; a pouringv spout at the forward extremityofsaid base, a' handle made integral with said. base: extending downwardly fromits.rear 'extrernity,.a. downwardly reduced recess in said base adjacent said 'handler and downwardly disposed-inthe same-vertical plane as said'handle, a cap'means fittingover said. base and? conformed? at its forward extremity to the pouring'spout': section thereof, a thumblever integral with said? cap and extending: rearwardly from the rear section thereof, adownwardly extended; wedge-shaped tongue aifi xed beneath the lower, rear extremity of said cap'fitting'with'saiddownwardly reduced recess'in said base, studs disposed'at thesrear, lateral extremities-of said tongueanda reduced flexure section at the rear ofsaid cap between said lever'and said tongue of progressively decreasing forward thickness.
5. In a separable pouring spout:andivalve-structure.for containers, a cylindricalbase, screw threads within said base, an outwardly enlarged'fiange about the upper extremity of said base elongated at its forward extremity into a pouring. spout, a handle affixed to'said base' at the rear'extremity thereof and extending downwardly therefrom, a downwardly reduced recess insaid base: vertically disposed therein adjacentthe forward; upper. extremity of saldhandle, cap meansshaped to conform to the flange and pouring. spout of said: base, awedge-shaped', down- I wardly reduced tongue. afiixed to' the rearsection of said cap' means and extending. downwardly therefrom mating in said recessinsaidbase; studs. disposedat' the rear, latera1 extremities of 'said "tongue: toremovably seat it-within said recess.
6. In a separable. pouring: spout and 'valve structurefor containers, a cylindrical base, screw threads within said base, an outwardly enlarged fiange'a'bout' the upper extremity of said base elongated at its'forward extremity mtoa pouring, spout, ahandleafiixed to said' base: at the rear extremity thereof and extending. downwardly therefrom, a downwardly reduced recess-in said basevertically disposed therein adjacent-the forward, upper. extremity of said handle, cap means shaped toconformlto' the flange and pouring-:spoutof said base; a downwardly reduced tongue atfixed un'der the rear section of said cap means and extending downwardly therefrom'mating' in saidrecess in said base, downwardly reduced wedges disposed in parallel' along: the forward, lateraliedg'es of'said tongue, studs removably-seat it within saidrecess 7. In a separable pouring spout and valve structure for containers, a cylindrical base, screw threads within said base, an outwardly enlarged flange about the upper extremity of said base elongated at its forward extremity into a pouring spout, a handle aflixed to said base at the rear extremity thereof and extending downwardly therefrom, a downwardly reduced recess in said base vertically disposed therein adjacent the forward, upper extremity of said handle, cap means shaped to conform to the flange and pouring spout of said -base, a thumb lever angularly disposed at the rear extremity of said cap extending rearwardly therefrom over the upperextremity ofsaid handle, a tongue affixed to the rear section ofv said cap means and extending downwardly therefrom mating in said recess in said base, a forwardly reduced flexure section in said cap between said tongue and said lever, downwardly reduced wedges disposed in parallel along the forward, lateral edges of said tongue, studs disposed at the rear, lateral extremities of said tongue to removably seat it within said recess.
8. In a separable pouring spout and valve structure for containers, a cylindrical base, screw threads within said base, an outwardly enlarged flange about the upper extremity of said base elongated at its forward extremity into a pouring spout, a handle affixed to said base atv the rear extremity thereof and extending downwardly therefrom, a downwardly reduced recess in said base vertically disposed therein adjacent the forward, upper extremity of said handle, cap means shaped to conform to the flange and pouring spout of said base, a thumb lever angularly disposed at the rear extremity of said cap extending rearwardly therefrom over the upper extremity of said handle, a tongue affixed to the rear section of said cap means and extending downwardly therefrom mating in said recess in said base, downwardly reduced wedges disposed in parallel along the forward, lateral edges of said tongue, studs disposed at the rear, lateral extremities of said tongue and a section of reduced thickness in said cap between the base of said thumb lever and said tongue.
9. In a separable pouring spout and valve structure for containers, a cylindrical base, screw threads within said base, an outwardly enlarged flange about the upper extremity of said base elongated at its forward extremity into a pouring spout, a handle affixed to said base at the rear extremity thereof and extending downwardly therefrom, a downwardly reduced recess in said base vertically disposed therein adjacent theforwardupper; extremity of said handle, cap meansshaped to conformto the flange and pouring spout of said base, a tonguealfi'xed to the rear section of said cap-means and extendingdownwardly therefrom mating in said recess in said base, a centrally disposed, upwardly reduced boss-in the forward, lower surface of said tongue, studs disposed at the rear, lateral extremities of said tongue to removably seat it within said recess. .t a v 10. In a separable pouring spout and valve structure, a base, a pouring spout at the forward extremity of said base, a handle made integral with said base extending downwardly from its rear extremity, a downwardly reduced recess in said base forward of said handle disposed in the same vertical plane as said handle, cap means fitting over said base and conformed thereto, a wedge-shaped tongue affixed beneath the lower rear extremity of said cap means fitting within said recess in said base, a thumb lever affixed to the upper surface of said cap means forwardly of said tongue, a flexure section of reduced thickness between said lever and said tongue at the rear of said cap means of increasing rearward thickness in inverse ratio to the decreasing width of said cap means at its rear extremity.
11. In a separable pouring spout and valve structure, a base, a pouring spout at the forward extremity of said base, a handle made integral with said base extending downwardly from its rear extremity, a downwardly reduced recess in said base forward of said handle disposed in the same vertical plane as said handle, cap means fitting over said base and conformed thereto, a wedge-shaped tongue affixed beneath the lower rear extremity of said cap means fitting within said recess in said base, a thumb lever affixed to the upper surface of said cap means forwardly of said tongue, a reduced flexure section between said lever and said tongue of progressively increasing rearward thickness.
References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,312,584 Peterson Mar. 2, 1943 2,805,561 Emmert et a1 Sept. 10, 1957 3,101,870 'Betner Aug. 27, 1963
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|U.S. Classification||222/472, 222/556, 222/568, D07/314|
|Cooperative Classification||B65D2251/1075, B65D47/0866|