Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.

Patents

  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS3170171 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateFeb 23, 1965
Filing dateOct 8, 1962
Priority dateOct 8, 1962
Publication numberUS 3170171 A, US 3170171A, US-A-3170171, US3170171 A, US3170171A
InventorsMayhew Lawrence E, Mayhew Marian J
Original AssigneeMayhew Lawrence E, Mayhew Marian J
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Shower hoop for play yards
US 3170171 A
Images(2)
Previous page
Next page
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

2' Sheefs-Sheet 1` Feb. 23, 1965 E. MAYHEw ETAL l SHOWER HOOP FOR PLAY YARDS .Fi-led oct. a, 1962 www s ,NMJwm 5M 4 w 2 ...MM l f, n M Tl/ Feb. 423, 1965 .1., rE. MAYHEW ETAL 3,170,171

sfowER mm 'FOR PLAY xmms .Filed 'om is., :w62 2 sheets-sheet 2 United States Patent O 3,170,171 SHQWER H001 FOR PLAY YARDS Lawrence E. Mayhew and Marian J. Mayhew, both of 16205 Salisbury Road, Independence, Mo. Filed Get. 8, 1962, Ser. No. 229,008 7 Claims. (Cl. 4-145) This invention relates to shower devices, and Vmore particularly to portable shower equipment especially for use in play areas of lawns and the like.

It has long been evident that outdoor shower baths are particularly refreshing in hot weather due to the temperature of the water and evaporation thereof when sprayed into the air for enjoyment of children and their desire to play in the spray from lawn sprinklers and the like. However, heretofore, equipment for such shower baths has been in fixed location or, if portable, merely lawnsprinklers or otherwise improvised devices which create hazards of injury from `persons running into or otherwise coming into engagement with the equipment which is usually of metal and relatively immovable. Also, when such devices are located in xed areas,

3,170,171 Patented Feb. `23, 1965 ICC with broken lines indicating the direction of sprays from the spray hoop.

FIG. 3 is an enlarged partial sectional view through the base and hoop in erected position taken on the line 3 3, FIG. 1.

FIG. 4 isa greatly enlarged partial sectional view through the base and portion of the hoop to illustrate the retaining structure thereof.

FIG. 5 is an enlarged transverse sectional view through the hoop particularly showing the spray openings therein.

Referring more in detail to the drawings: p

The reference numeral 1V generally designates a portable shower bath apparatus that generally consists of a base member 2 and-a shower hoop 3 with a connection 4 for a source of water supply, as for example a hose 5, for delivering water to the hoop 3 to be sprayed therefrom as later described.

soggy soil develops, and those devices that are not freely i portable for moving to various areas of a yard can result in damage to lawns and the like.

The principal objects of the presentl invention are to provide improved apparatus for play yard shower baths; to provide a shower bath apparatus that is particularly adapted for use in play yards andthe like and including a base member with a spray hoop positioned thereon and normally arranged in upright relation thereto; to provide such a shower device wherein the base member has oppositely inclined ramps upon which a personV may move in passing through the spray hoop with said hoop having spray discharge openings for directing sprays generally in the direction of the path of a person moving over the ramps and through the hoop; to provide such a structure wherein the hoop is separably and movably connected to the base whereby theidevice can be easily assembled and disassembled for shipping and storage with relative Vsmall space requirements and when erected the hoop member may be swung toward the base member in response to forces applied against said hoop, as for example a child running into same; to provide such a structure adapted to be made of durable lightweight material such as plastics with all exposed portions formed on contours to reduce possibility of injury by a person coming into contact with the parts thereof; to provide such a shower device wherein the base member has an upwardly opening groove and the hoop member is tubular and has an arcuate portion with spaced ends terminating in laterally spaced downwardly extending legs connected by a horizontal portion adapted to` be received in the transverse groove of the basemember for pivotal movement relative thereto with means retaining the horizontal portion of the hoop member in frictional engagement with the surfaces of the groove in the base member whereby the hoop member will remain in selected position until forcibly moved; and to provide a portable lightweight shower bath apparatus that is economical to manufacture, easily erected and moved to various locations and that will provide healthy entertainment for persons without danger of injury.

The foregoing objects and advantages of this invention will become apparent from the following description taken in connection with the accompanying drawings wherein are set forth by way of illustration and example certain embodiments of'this invention.

FIG. 1 is a perspective view of a shower bath apparatus lembodying the features of the present invention.

FIG. 2 is a side lelevation of the shower apparatus The base member may be of any suitable material but is preferably molded of synthetic resin in a structure i to provide strength yet lightness in weight. The base member includes laterally spaced side walls 6 with oppositely inclined upper portions connected by oppositely inclined top walls 7 and 8 that extend from ends 9 and 1@ respectively upwardly to a center portion 11 having a substantially fiat upper surface 12. It is preferred that suitable transverse ribs 13 depend from the inclined top walls 7 and 8 and also from the center portion 11 and haveA lower surfaces 14 in the same plane as the bottomedges V15 of the side walls and the bottom surfaces 16 at the outer ends vof the inclined top walls 7 and 8, all adapted to rest upon the ground or the like in supporting relation to the base and alsoV provide stiffness tothe base for added strength. Y

The hoop. member 3 is preferably separably supported on the baseimember and adapted for swinging movement relative thereto in response to force applied to the hoop member. In the structure illustrated, `the central portion 11 of the base member has a thickened portionand there is an upwardly opening groove 17 Vformed in said central portion, said groove extending transversely ofthe base member for the entire width thereof and adapted to receive a portion of the hoop member 3 therein. In'the structure illustrated, the hoop member is formed of a tubular member 1S having an axial bore 19 with the lower portion of the hoop being a substantially straight horizontal or bottom portion 20 having a cylindrical periphery and received in the groove 17. The-ends of the horizontalportion are preferably turned upwardly to form spaced preferably parallelV legs 21 and 22 with the upper ends of the legs being'connected byV an arcuate portion 23 wherein the hoop defines a generally keyhole shape, the hoop having a height fromthe base whereby when the hoop is upright a child orV other person'for which the apparatus is adapted can runrthr'ough the open-z. ing in the hoop. It'V is preferred that thehoop be formed of-a single piece ofrnaterial with the ends of the tubular member connected to a fitting 24A having the connection 4 thereon. ,It is also preferred that the hoop member be made yof a suitable `plastic and may be. extruded or otherwise vformed and then shaped to the `desired contour with said plastic havingsome flexibility and resiliency but sufficient rigidity to normally-retain its shape. -.While the hoop member 3 is shown `defining a generally keyhole frictional engagement therewith whereby the hoop member will remain in selected positions until forcibly moved.

in the structure illustrated, the groove 17 has lesser depth than the diameter of the tubular member 1S and clamp blocks 25 extend across the `groove adjacent the sides of the base member and have downwardly opening grooves 26 to engage the upper surface of the horizontal portion 2G of the hoop member. Fastening devices such as bolts 27 are engaged with the clamp members 2S and extend through apertures 28 in the central portion 11 of the base member on opposed sides of the groove 17. It is preferred that some resiliency be arranged in the assembly to maintain a frictional engagement between the clamp members 25, the hoop member and the surface of the groove 17, and springs could be arranged on the fastening devices. However, with the parts being made of synthetic resin having some flexibility, the resiliency is in the material of the base member, hoop member and clamp members whereby nuts such as wing nuts 29 are screwed on threaded ends 30 of the bolts 27 and moved into engagement with the lowerk surface 31 of the center portion 11 to draw the clamp members 25 into desired engagement with the tubular member portion to hold same in the groove 17.

It is preferred that the entire tubular member have spray discharge openings 32 spaced therealong and arranged t'o discharge generally on opposite sides of the hoop member. It is preferred that the apertures or spray openings 32 in the arcuate portion 23 be arranged to spray generally toward a point on the axis of the arcuate portion and spaced from the hoop to form opposed cone-shaped sprays as at 33 in FIG. 2. The spray discharge openings in the legs 21 and 22 preferably spray generally horizontally outwardly as at 34 toward the approaches to the ends 9 and 16 of the ramps 7 and 8 respectively. The spray openings in the horizontal portion 2t) of the hoop member preferably spray upwardly and outwardly as at 35 in FIG. 2. All of the spray openings in the hoop member are preferably arranged whereby they spray generally toward the approaching path of a person who would move on the ramps and through the hoop.

The structure of the shower bath apparatus is such that it can be shipped substantially knocked down and requires little space for storage. In erecting the apparatus, the clamp members are removed, the hoop member is arranged with the horizontal portion 20 placed in the gr-oove 17, and then the clamp members 2.5 are arranged wherein the bolts 27 extend through the openings 28 and the clamp members moved down against the horizontal portion 20 of the hoop member 3. The nut's 29 are then tightened to draw the clamp members down and apply a frictional clamping action on the portion 20 of the hoop member to cause said hoop to normally tend to remain in selected position relative to the base member 2. The shower bath can then be easily carried to a desired place of use, the hoop member swung to an upright position as illustrated in FIG. 1, and the connection 4 connected to a hose 5. The water can then be turned on and the spray will provide enjoyment as well as cool refreshing entertainment. The upper surfaces of the ramps 7 and 8 preferably have grooves 36 extending transversely of the ramps or otherwise provided with anti-skid portions to reduce possibility of a person slipping thereon. Edges are rounded or contoured to eliminate any sharp edges or portions that could tend to cut or otherwise injure a person. If a person should run into the hoop, it would swing downwardly and the movement thereof would reduce the force of the impact of the person, thereby substantially eliminating possibility of injury through contact of the person with parts of the apparatus.

It is to be understood that while We have illustrated and described one form of our invention, it is not to be limited to the specific form or arrangement of parts herein described and shown except insofar as such limitations are included in the claims.

What we claim and desire to secure by Letters Patent is:

l. A portable play yard shower bath device comprising,

(a) a base,

(b) a tubular hoop member having a bottom portion with ends extending ouwardly of said base and terminating at its ends in upwardly extending connected side members,

(c) means pivotally mounting the bottom portion of the hoop member on the base whereby said side members are outwardly of the base permitting selective swinging movement of said hoop member toward the base, said pivotally mounting means having engagement with said bottom portion to normally retain the hoop in selected position,

(d) said hoop member having a water supply connection thereto,

(e) and spray discharge openings spaced along the length of said hoop member and arranged to spray water generally toward a line normal to said hoop member.

2. A portable play yard shower bath device comprising,

(a) a base having a center portion and downwardly inclined ramp portions extending therefrom,

(b) a tubular hoop member having a bottom portion with ends extending from the base and terminating at said ends in upwardly extending connected side inembers,

(c) means pivotally mounting the bottom portion of the hoop member on a horizontal axis transversely of the central portion of the base whereby the side members are outwardly of the base member permitting selective swinging movement of said hoop member toward said base, said pivotally mounting means having engagement with said bottom portion to normally retain the hoop in selected position,

(d) said hoop member having a water supply connecion thereto,

(e) and spray discharge openings spaced along the length of said hoop member and arranged to spray water generally toward a line normal to said hoop member.

3. A portable play yard shower bath device as specified in claim 2 wherein the ramp portions have grooved upper faces to provide anti-skid surfaces thereon.

4. A portable play yard shower bath device comprising,

(a) a base having a center portion and downwardly inclined ramp portions extending therefrom,

(b) a tubular hoop member having a horizontal portion terminating at its ends in upwardly extending connected side members,

(c) means pivotally mounting the horizontal portion of the hoop member on the central portion of the base transversely of the direction of the ramps with the side members and the base associated to permit selective swinging movement of said hoop member toward the ramps, said pivotally mounting means having engagement with said bottom portion to normally retain the hoop in selected position,

(d) said hoop member having a water supply connection thereto,

(e) and spray discharge openings spaced along the length of said hoop member and arranged to spray water generally in the direction of the path over the ramps.

5. A portable play yard shower bath device as specified in claim 4 wherein the side members of the hoop member are spaced outwardly from sides of the base member.

6. A portable play yard shower bath device comprising,

(a) a base having a center portion and downwardly inclined ramp portions extending therefrom,

(b) a tubular hoop member having a horizontal portion extending transversely of the base with ends outwardly from the sides of the base member, said hoop member having sides extending from the ends of the horizontal portion with said sides connected by an arcuate portion spaced upwardly from the base member yto dene an opening through which a person may pass in moving over the ramps,

(c) clamp members on the base member in engagement with the horizontal portion of the hoop member and cooperating with the base member to pivotally mount said hoop member for swinging movement about a horizontal portion axis,

(d) means connected to said base and clamp members to tighten saidclamp members against said hoop portion to resist swinging movement thereof and thereby retain same in selected position',

(e) and means in a side portion of the hoop member for connection with a source of water supply,

(f) said hoop member having spray discharge openings spaced along the length thereof and arrangedto spray water generally in the direction of the path over said ramps.

'7, A portable play yard shower bath device comprising,

(a) a base having a center portion and downwardly inclined ramp portions extending therefrom,

(b) an upwardly opening groove in said central portion of the base and extending transversely thereof,

(c) a tubular hoop member having a horizontal portion positioned in the upwardly opening groove in the center portion of the base member, said horizon` tal portion of the hoop member having ends extending outwardly of said groove in the base member and terminating in side portions extending therefrom and onnected by an arcuate portion spaced upwardly from the base member to define an opening through which a person may pass in moving over the ramps,

(d) clamp members on the base member extending across the groove therein in engagement with the horizontal portion of the hoop member in said groove and cooperating with said base member to pivotally mount the hoop Vmember for swinging movement about a horizontal portion axis,

(e) means connected to said base and clamp members to tighten said clamp members against said horizontal portion of the hoop portion to frictionally retain same in selected position and permit swinging movement of the hloop member when struck or forced toward the ramp portions,

(f) and means in a side portion of the hoop member for connection with a source ofv water supply,

l(g) said hoop member having spray discharge openings spaced along the length thereof and arranged to spray water generally in the direction of the path over said ramps.

References Cited in the tile of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 790,005 SmelSeI May 16, 1905 V870,766 Eaton NOV. l2, 1907 876,631 Goff Jan. 14, 1908 1,184,644 Heaps et al. May 23, 1916 1,343,892 Bagnulo June 22, 1920 `1,767,560 Snyder June 24, 1930 1,866,009 Claypoole July 5, 1932 2,684,658 Richardson et al July 27, 1954

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US790005 *Jan 13, 1905May 16, 1905Ira D SmelserLive-stock-spraying device.
US870766 *Feb 8, 1907Nov 12, 1907James B EatonApparatus for treating cattle.
US876631 *Jul 15, 1907Jan 14, 1908Frank C GoffApparatus for treating live stock.
US1184644 *Mar 14, 1916May 23, 1916Warren T HeapsHog-oiler.
US1343892 *Feb 15, 1919Jun 22, 1920Salvatore BagnuloShower-bath attachment
US1767560 *Sep 12, 1928Jun 24, 1930Joe SnyderCattle-treating apparatus
US1866009 *Apr 6, 1931Jul 5, 1932Albert ClaypooleShower bath attachment
US2684658 *May 12, 1952Jul 27, 1954Richardson Clarence JLivestock sprayer
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3326551 *Dec 21, 1964Jun 20, 1967Clarke William AWater driven hoop toy
US4498627 *Aug 30, 1982Feb 12, 1985Master Juvenile ProductsSpray hoop
US4749130 *Apr 16, 1986Jun 7, 1988Utzinger Gustav EIn a shower system
US4822053 *Aug 7, 1986Apr 18, 1989Flaherty Eleanor LGame barrier device
US4903639 *Aug 23, 1988Feb 27, 1990Kessel Dan WTeat disinfecting method
US5143107 *Nov 30, 1990Sep 1, 1992Kelley Jean MRaining umbrella
US5152727 *Dec 16, 1991Oct 6, 1992Moore James LWater hurdle apparatus
US5230678 *Sep 4, 1992Jul 27, 1993Kaiser Ii Ronald RJump rope having sprinkling means, and methods of constructing and utilizing same
US5256120 *Jul 10, 1992Oct 26, 1993Howell Byron HJump rope sprinkler
US5346446 *Jan 24, 1992Sep 13, 1994Kaiser Ii Ronald RJump rope having sprinkling apparatus
US5522552 *Oct 6, 1994Jun 4, 1996Lcd International, L.L.C.Water play toy
US5741189 *Dec 23, 1996Apr 21, 1998Briggs; Rick A.Retrofit water play structure and method
US5782407 *Nov 21, 1996Jul 21, 1998Vandegrift; Tyre A.Multiple-person water drinking fountain system
US5865680 *Apr 1, 1997Feb 2, 1999Briggs; Rick A.Kinetic interactive play structure
US6050872 *Apr 14, 1998Apr 18, 2000Cahill; Douglas R.Toy carwash unit
US6089987 *Nov 19, 1997Jul 18, 2000Briggs; Rick A.Retrofit water play structure and method
US6231451Feb 2, 1999May 15, 2001Rick A. BriggsMethod of interactive play
US6237167Nov 23, 1999May 29, 2001Walter E. HundenHeight-adjustable shower arc
US6467703 *Sep 10, 1998Oct 22, 2002Uniweld Products, Inc.Multiple flame torch tip
US6558223 *Mar 18, 2002May 6, 2003Johnson Research & Development Company, Inc.Toy water device
US6592055 *Jan 22, 2002Jul 15, 2003Joseph MarinoSprinkler device having an inflatable hoop-shaped manifold for children to utilize as a recreational fun toy
US6786830Jul 18, 2002Sep 7, 2004Koala CorporationModular water play structure
US6981613Dec 6, 2002Jan 3, 2006Cullen KamisugiPortable pressurized liquid storage system
US7140325 *Oct 30, 2001Nov 28, 2006Eli Lillyuand CompanyPour-on application method and devices
US7203979 *Mar 26, 2004Apr 17, 2007O'brien T DarrenDecontamination gate apparatus
US7877826 *Jul 21, 2006Feb 1, 2011Franklin James DHands free operable foot washing station
US8753216 *Feb 24, 2012Jun 17, 2014Paul HsiehMist producing device for playground with sun shade apparatus
US20130225304 *Feb 24, 2012Aug 29, 2013Paul HsiehMist producing device for playground with sun shade apparatus
DE102011008303A1 *Jan 11, 2011Jul 12, 2012Naber Holding Gmbh & Co. KgSpülbecken mit Wasserarmatur
Classifications
U.S. Classification4/615, 119/665, 239/567, 472/128
International ClassificationA47K3/28
Cooperative ClassificationA63B2009/008, A47K3/285
European ClassificationA47K3/28C2