US 317039 A
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Patented May 5 Ill/VEA/TO Hsir y Azfurneys N. PEIERS. PholwLilhomahun wnhmgwn. n. t;
. NITED STATES PATENT rrrcu.
HIRAM STRAIT, OF TROY, NEW YORK.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 317,039, dated May 5, 1885.
' Application filed February 3, 1885. (No model.)
To all whom it may concern."
Be it known that I, HIRAM STRAIT, a citizen of the United States, residing at Troy, in the county of Rensselaer and State of New 'York, have invented a new and useful Improvement in Ouspidors, of which the following is a specification, reference being had to the accompanying drawings.
This invention relates to cuspidors; and it has for its object to provide a' device of this character which may be adjusted from aheight convenient for aperson when sitting to aheight sufficient for a person in a standing position, thereby shortening the distance between the customer and the spittoon, insuring more cleanliness, and by reason of its being elevated above the fioor providing a device more convenient for use and less liable to be stumbled over, and finally producing an ornamental piece of furniture, which, from its appearance and construction, will exclude frpm view the disagreeable features of the common and ordinary article. With these ends in view the said invention consists in the improved construction and combination of parts, as hereinafter set forth, and particularly pointed out in the claims.
In the accompanying drawings, Figure 1 is a perspective view of a cuspidor embodying my improvements, the device being shown adjusted to a height sufficient for the use of a person when in a standing position. Fig. 2 is a longitudinal section of the same, the parts being shown in dotted lines as adjusted down to aheight convenient for use of a person when in a sitting position. Fig. 3 shows the cuspidor with a single tube connecting the mouthpiece and reservoir. Fig. 4 is a detail view showing the application of my improvement to railroad-cars.
Like letters are used to indicate corresponding parts in the several figures of the drawings.
Referring to the drawings, A designates the reservoir, of any desired pattern or design, which rests on an outwardly-inclined rim or wing A, by means of which the article is supported above the floor. In place of this wing, the reservoir may stand directly on the floor or on legs or casters, to give it proper 5o stability and permit ready removal from place to place. The top of this reservoir is to be open and provided with an upwardly-extending interiorly-threaded socket, B, which is made larger in diameter at the upper end, and decreases downwardly, so as to provide a 5 5 cone-shaped or tapering passage.
0 designates a tube having its lower end threaded exteriorly and tapered off to screw within the socket B, and thus insure a tight connection between the parts. A handle, D, is provided on the tube or pipe 0 at an intermediate point of its length,for convenience in handling the device, and at the extreme upper end is fitted a band or ring, E, through which works a set-screw, F, for the purpose which V will be presently described.
G designates a smaller tube or pipe telesooped by the tube G, within which it works, the upper end of which smaller tube is pro vided with a ring, H, which prevents the inner tube from'dropping down within the outer.
It will be observed that by the arrangement shown the inner smaller tube or pipe, G, may be slid vertically within the outer tube,,O, and held at any point of its length by the set-screw F, engaging with the same in the manner shown. Instead of this arrangement,the larger outer tube or pipe, O,may be screw-threaded on the inside, and the smaller inner tube threaded eXteriorly to screw within the same, so that when said smaller tube G is turned or revolved around the desired adjustment may be obtained. I have not thought it necessary to show this construction, as the above description makes the modification plain, and I have merely given a description of the modified form in order that others may know that such and like modifications and variations in the details would come within the scope of the present invention.
I designates the mouth-piece, of the usnal shape-that is, made in the form of a basin with a flaring mouth and inclined sides-the bottom of the mouth-piece having a central opening, from which depends a vertical tube or socket, J, which fits within the upper end of the smaller inner tube, G. By this means the adjustment of said smaller tube, G, effects the corresponding adjustment of the mouthpiece I, to causethe latter to be elevated or 100 lowered, as may be found desirable. When the upper smaller tube, G, is at its lowest point of adjustmentthat is, when its ring H rests upon the ring E of the tube Othe mouthpiece I is then at a height above the floor convenient for any person to use who may be reclining on a couch or sitting in a chair; but the further adjustment of the smaller tube, G, within the tube 0 allows or admits of the adaptation of the device to various heights of persons while in a standing position.
In Fig. 3 the reservoir A, with its wing A and tube or socket B, is the same in construction and arrangement as above described 5 but in place of the double telescoped tubes I employ a single tube, 0, which has its lower end fitted within the socket B, and its upper end provided with a handle, D, and receiving the tube or socket J of the mouth-piece I. This arrangement is the same as that shown in Figs. 1 and 2, with the exception that the smaller inner tube, G, is left off and the mouth-piece fitted to the upper end of the outer tube, 0. In such a construction the tube 0 is preferably made of such alength as to cause the mouthpiece to be in a convenient position for use by those sitting in a chair.
In Fig. 4 Ihave shown the construction employed on railroad-cars. In this connection I prefer to dispense with the reservoir by passing the tube 0 through an opening of the fioor and securing it therein by means of the circular flange K, the lower end of the tube discharging its contents upon the track. A collar, L, is provided on the tube 0 at an intermediate point of its length, to limit the depression of the same below the floor, and the upper end of the tube is provided with the mouthpiece I.
The operation of my invention will be readily understood from the foregoing description, taken in connection with the annexed drawings.
It will be observed that the tube-or tubes which connect with the reservoir pass the contents of the mouth-piece to the same, in which reservoir the refuse collects and may be removed as desired.
To provide for the removal of the contents without disturbing the other parts of the device, I propose to provide a removable bottom or drawer for the reservoir to catch the refuse matter and allow the removal of the same with the drawer or bottom. This arrangement I have not shown, since it is no part of my invention and need not be employed;
but I state it here in order that others may know what means may be resorted to and effect the same end. Sinee,however, the mouthpiece, tubes, and reservoir may be separated from each other, it may not be found necessary to employ such a construction as the drawer or bottom above mentioned, for when detached the parts of the cuspidor may be cleaned and washed more efficiently and expeditiously. The device can also be cleaned by inverting the reservoir to allow the contents to run out.
I do not wish to be limited to mere details of construction, as such may be modified or varied at will without departing from the spirit or'scope of the present invention.
The principal object of the invention is to provide a connecting tube or conduit between the mouth-piece and reservoir, which tube is preferably adjustable in length for the purposes mentioned.
By my improvement I insure'more cleanliness in the use of the cuspidor, and at the same time provide an ornamental piece of furniture, either for private or public use, so that the appearance of the article will be less disagreeable and offensive and the contents entirely excluded from view.
Having described my invention, I claim- 1. The herein-described cuspidor, comprising the reservoir, the mouthpiece, and the adjustable tube connecting the same, as and for the purpose set forth.
2. The herein-described cuspidor, comprising the reservoir, the mouthpiece, and the telescoping tubes connecting the same, as and for the purpose set forth.
3. In a cuspidor, the combination, with the mouthpiece, of the telescoping tubes connect- 5 ing with the same and discharging into a suitable reservoir, for the purpose set forth.
4. In a cuspidor, the combination, with the reservoir, of the tube fitted to the upper end of the same, a smaller tube telescoped by and sliding within the lower larger tube, means, substantially as described, for adjustingthe length of the inner smaller tube, and a mouth piece fitted detachably on the upper end of the inner tube, as set forth.
5. In a cuspidor, the combination, with the reservoir having a tube or socket, B, of the tube 0, fitting within the latter, the tube G, sliding within the tube 0, a set-screw for adjusting the height of the inner tube, G, and a mouth-piece provided with a depending tube or socket, which is fitted within the upper end of the tube G, as and for the purpose set forth.
In testimony that I claim the foregoing as my own I have hereto affixed my signature in presence of two witnesses.
O. H. TYLER, GEO. M. PAYFER.