|Publication number||US3171410 A|
|Publication date||Mar 2, 1965|
|Filing date||Aug 29, 1962|
|Priority date||Aug 29, 1962|
|Publication number||US 3171410 A, US 3171410A, US-A-3171410, US3171410 A, US3171410A|
|Inventors||Jr Herbert J Towle, Robert W Longton|
|Original Assignee||Jr Herbert J Towle, Robert W Longton|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (7), Referenced by (79), Classifications (23)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
March 2, 1965 H. J. TOWLE, JR., ETAL PNEUMATIC wouno oaassmc Filed Aug. 29, 1962 A T TORNEV United States Patent Oflice 3,1 7 1,4 Fatented Mar. 2, 1 965 3,171,410 PNEUMATH C WDUND DRESSING Herbert J. Towle, In, US. Navy (7917 Sleaford Place,
Bethesda, Md), and Robert W. Longton, US. Navy (2909 Terrace Drive, Chevy Chase, Md.)
Filed Aug. 29, 1962, Ser. No. 220,949
4 Claims. (Cl. 128155) (Granted under Title 35, U.S. (lode (1952), sec. 266) The invention described herein may be manufactured and used by or for the Government of the United States of America for governmental purposes without the payment of any royalties thereon or therefor.
This invention relates to dressings for wounds and more particularly to a pneumatic wound dressing.
Prior art wound dressings of the type using pressure to staunch the fiow of blood are typically tied in position by attached bandages. Pressure to control bleeding is attained by the tightness of the bandages. Such bandages are commonly wrapped several times around the injured part and then tied. In a mass casualty situation, such as in battle, speed in treatment is of the essence. More patients treated earlier means more lives saved.
An object of the present invent-ion is to provide a dressing for wound which can be more quickly applied than the prior art type of dressing and which will effectively control bleeding by pneumatic pressure directly over the wound site.
Other objects and many of the attendant advantages of this invention will be readily appreciated as the same becomes better understood by reference to the following detailed description when considered in connection with the accompanying drawings wherein:
FIG. 1 is a view showing the inner face of a dressing constituting one preferred embodiment of the invention with the protective covering partially removed from the pressure-sensitive adhesive tape; and
FIG. 2 is a view of the embodiment of FIG. 1, partially in cross section, showing the dressing being applied toa wound with alternative means for inflating the pneumatic chamber of the dressing.
The invention comprises an inflatable bladder having on one side thereof a gu-aze pad or the like for application to the wound and having on the other side thereof tape provided with pressure-sensitive adhesive for attaching the dressing to the injured part.
Pressure achieved by inflating the bladder is applied directly to the wound site to staunch the flow of blood.
Reference is now made to the drawings. Numeral 1 indicates an inflatable bladder or the like which can be made of any suitable material such as polyethylene or rubberized cloth. Gn the inner face of the dressing, for direct application to the wound is a generally conventional gauze pad 2. For attaching the dressing to an injured part, a tape 3 is provided passing over the outer side of the bladder opposite the side having the gauze pad. Conveniently the bladder can be held between the pad 2 and the tape 3 by sewing the pad and tape together as at 4. The tape is provided with a pressure-sensitive adhesive 5 which is covered with an easily removable proteotive covering such as crinoline 6 to prevent undesired adhesion of the tape when not in use. The bladder 1 can be inflated by any suitable procedure. Conveniently a filling tube or the like 7 is provided through which fluid such as air or other gas can be introduced into the bladder to inflate it. The entryway 7 preferably contains a valve to prevent the leakage or the fluid from the bladder. If no valve is used the entryway can be closed by clamping or tying. The bladder can be filled from any convenient source such as a charged cylinder of gas 8, a tube 9 to facilitate inflating the bladder by mouth, or a bulb syringe, etc.
As is apparent from the drawing, the dressing of this invention is quickly applied simply by removing the proteotive covering 6 from the pressure-sensitive adhesive tape applying the gauze pad 2 or the like directly to the wound and then fastening the dressing in position by sticking the tape to the body adjacent the injured part as, for example, by circumvolution of an arm or leg. Pressure directly over the wound site is acquired by inflating the bladder 1, either by puncturing a charged cylinder 8 or blowing through a tube 9 or from a bulb syringe (not shown). In this invention the pressure of the inflated dressing substitutes for .the tightness of the prior art con ventional circumferential bandages which require considerably more time to apply.
The dressing of this invention can be made in several sizes to permit the user to select a suitable dressing to fit a particular injury. The gauze pad may be impregnated with a medicament if desired.
Obviously many modifications and variations of the present invention are possible in the light of the above teachings. It is therefore to be understood that within the scope of the appended claims the invention may be practiced otherwise than as specifically described.
What is claimed is:
1. A dressing for wounds comprising an inflatable bladder, an absorbent pad on one side of said bladder for application to a wound to be dressed, and pressure sensitive adhesive tape on said bladder extending beyond the edges of said bladder and pad so as to provide an area of said tape for application to a patient for holding said dressing in place on the body of a wounded patient.
2. The dressing of claim 1 wherein said tape is attached to said bladder to pass over the side of said bladder opposite said pad with the adhesive side of said tape facing said pad.
3. The dressing of claim 1 further including means for inflating said bladder.
4. The dressing of claim 1 wherein said tape on its adhesive face is provided with a readily-removable protective covering to prevent undesired adhesion of said tape.
References Cited by the Examiner UNITED STATES PATENTS 519,894 5/94 Schutz 128-155 2,571,461 10/51 Livingston et a1 128327 2,618,269 11/52 Baum et a1. 128-327 2,629,378 2/53 Barton 128-155 X 2,858,830 11/58 Robins 128155 X 3,050,064 8/62 Moor et a1. 128-327 FOREIGN PATENTS 91,319 3/58 Norway.
RICHARD A. GAUDET, Primary Examiner. JORDAN FRANKLIN, Examiner.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US519804 *||Jun 13, 1892||May 15, 1894||THE OTIS BROTHERS a COMPANY||baldwin|
|US2571461 *||Dec 30, 1949||Oct 16, 1951||Walter R Livingston||Tourniquet|
|US2618269 *||Apr 24, 1948||Nov 18, 1952||W A Baum Co Inc||Sphygmomanometer cuff|
|US2629378 *||May 7, 1951||Feb 24, 1953||James Frenkil||Wet compress and container|
|US2858830 *||Oct 1, 1956||Nov 4, 1958||Frank C Lowe||Surgical dressing|
|US3050064 *||Oct 22, 1959||Aug 21, 1962||Robert E Moore||Mechanical compress bandage|
|NO91319A *||Title not available|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3504675 *||Dec 10, 1965||Apr 7, 1970||William A Bishop Jr||Disposable surgical tourniquet|
|US3561435 *||Nov 15, 1968||Feb 9, 1971||Dev Inc||Combined splint and coolant container|
|US3570495 *||Apr 19, 1966||Mar 16, 1971||Frank O Wright||Pneumatic tourniquet|
|US3625219 *||Jan 3, 1969||Dec 7, 1971||Beranbaum Elliott R||Apparatus to facilitate sealing of arterial punctures|
|US3811434 *||Oct 26, 1972||May 21, 1974||Jacobson S Mfg||Inflatable splint|
|US3874387 *||Jul 5, 1972||Apr 1, 1975||Pasquale P Barbieri||Valved hemostatic pressure cap|
|US3884240 *||Aug 3, 1973||May 20, 1975||C Malcolm B Gilman||Tourniquet|
|US3954109 *||Aug 2, 1974||May 4, 1976||The Kendall Company||Bandage to prevent local hematoma|
|US4193401 *||Mar 9, 1978||Mar 18, 1980||Rosolino Marinello||Orbital compression chamber for the cure of internal wounds and inflammation of the ocular apparatus and central nervous system|
|US4202331 *||Aug 3, 1977||May 13, 1980||Yale William S||Skin graft pressure pad|
|US4224945 *||Aug 30, 1978||Sep 30, 1980||Jonathan Cohen||Inflatable expansible surgical pressure dressing|
|US4233980 *||Dec 11, 1978||Nov 18, 1980||Narco Scientific Industries, Inc.||Hemostatic compressive device|
|US4480638 *||Mar 11, 1980||Nov 6, 1984||Eduard Schmid||Cushion for holding an element of grafted skin|
|US4567887 *||Mar 25, 1985||Feb 4, 1986||Couch Thomas E Jun||Therapeutic device for prevention and treatment of decubitous ulcerations|
|US4614179 *||Nov 4, 1985||Sep 30, 1986||Electro-Biology, Inc.||Medical appliance|
|US4614180 *||Aug 8, 1985||Sep 30, 1986||Electro-Biology, Inc.||Medical appliance|
|US4619261 *||Aug 9, 1984||Oct 28, 1986||Frederico Guerriero||Hydrostatic pressure device for bleeding control through an inflatable, stitchable and retrievable balloon-net system|
|US4628918 *||Mar 18, 1985||Dec 16, 1986||Johnson Jr Glenn W||Pneumatic arm band for localized arm pressure|
|US4817595 *||Mar 24, 1986||Apr 4, 1989||Maass Walter B||Valve for pressure bandage (for the staunching of a bleeding external wound)|
|US5170781 *||Nov 15, 1991||Dec 15, 1992||Loomis Dawn L||Protective bandage having improved impact protection|
|US5180360 *||Apr 15, 1991||Jan 19, 1993||Rhame Jr Robert W||Atraumatic eye patch|
|US5263966 *||Nov 29, 1991||Nov 23, 1993||Yousef Daneshvar||Device for suppressing post-catheterization wound bleeding|
|US5376067 *||Oct 28, 1992||Dec 27, 1994||Daneshvar; Yousef||Pressure bandages and dressings|
|US5383893 *||Apr 5, 1993||Jan 24, 1995||Daneshvar; Yousef||Device for preventing post-catherization wound bleeding|
|US5389066 *||Oct 23, 1992||Feb 14, 1995||Rhame, Jr.; Robert W.||Atraumatic eye patch|
|US5396896 *||May 15, 1991||Mar 14, 1995||Chrono Dynamics, Ltd.||Medical pumping apparatus|
|US5411518 *||May 24, 1994||May 2, 1995||Design +3, Incorporated||Medical tourniquet apparatus|
|US5423852 *||Dec 14, 1992||Jun 13, 1995||Daneshvar; Yousef||Device for preventing post-catheterization wound bleeding|
|US5433724 *||Mar 18, 1994||Jul 18, 1995||Sumitomo Rubber Industries, Ltd.||Compressive hemostatic belt|
|US5443440 *||Jun 11, 1993||Aug 22, 1995||Ndm Acquisition Corp.||Medical pumping apparatus|
|US5464420 *||Mar 7, 1994||Nov 7, 1995||Sumitomo Rubber Industries, Ltd.||Compressive hemostatic belt|
|US5514155 *||Dec 14, 1993||May 7, 1996||Daneshvar; Yousef||Device for applying pressure to a person's groin|
|US5643315 *||Sep 22, 1994||Jul 1, 1997||Daneshvar; Yousef||Device for wound therapy and prevention of bleeding|
|US5647850 *||Mar 15, 1995||Jul 15, 1997||Allen; William Ray||Method and apparatus for vein location|
|US5671751 *||Mar 21, 1995||Sep 30, 1997||Lrc Holding Company, Inc.||Medical pumping apparatus|
|US5769801 *||Oct 7, 1994||Jun 23, 1998||Ndm Acquisition Corp.||Medical pumping apparatus|
|US5840049 *||Sep 7, 1995||Nov 24, 1998||Kinetic Concepts, Inc.||Medical pumping apparatus|
|US5931797 *||Dec 23, 1997||Aug 3, 1999||Kinetic Concepts, Inc.||Medical pumping apparatus|
|US6007562 *||Feb 14, 1997||Dec 28, 1999||Cap Incorporated||Puncture closure|
|US6013094 *||Aug 14, 1997||Jan 11, 2000||Otto Bock Orthopaedische Industrie Besitz- Und Verwaltungskommandit- Gesellschaft||Method and device for treating scar tissue|
|US6126683 *||Jan 4, 1999||Oct 3, 2000||Momtaheni; David M.||Device for therapeutic treatment of the temporomandibular and maxillomandibular region and method for using same|
|US6129688 *||Sep 6, 1996||Oct 10, 2000||Aci Medical||System for improving vascular blood flow|
|US6230501||May 3, 1999||May 15, 2001||Promxd Technology, Inc.||Ergonomic systems and methods providing intelligent adaptive surfaces and temperature control|
|US6358219||Jun 27, 2000||Mar 19, 2002||Aci Medical||System and method of improving vascular blood flow|
|US6384294||Jul 13, 2000||May 7, 2002||John M. Levin||Protective bandages including force-transmission-impeding members therein|
|US6503266 *||Feb 7, 1997||Jan 7, 2003||Radi Medical Systems Ab||Inflatable hemostat having reinforced portion|
|US6592535||Jun 20, 2001||Jul 15, 2003||Sundaram Ravikumar||Methods and apparatus for arresting scalp bleeding|
|US7219449||Jun 17, 2004||May 22, 2007||Promdx Technology, Inc.||Adaptively controlled footwear|
|US7276037 *||Jan 24, 2005||Oct 2, 2007||Sun Scientific, Inc.||Compression apparatus for applying localized pressure to the venous system of the leg|
|US7559908 *||Apr 20, 2005||Jul 14, 2009||Sundaram Ravikumar||Compression apparatus for applying localized pressure to a wound or ulcer|
|US7753894 *||Dec 17, 2007||Jul 13, 2010||Smith & Nephew Plc||Wound cleansing apparatus with stress|
|US7927295||Jun 19, 2009||Apr 19, 2011||Datascope Investment Corp.||Device and method for compressing wounds|
|US8034009||Jun 23, 2009||Oct 11, 2011||Datascope Investment Corp.||Device and method for compressing wounds|
|US8235955||Apr 27, 2006||Aug 7, 2012||Smith & Nephew Plc||Wound treatment apparatus and method|
|US8366692||Jan 8, 2009||Feb 5, 2013||Richard Scott Weston||Sustained variable negative pressure wound treatment and method of controlling same|
|US8641690||Apr 4, 2008||Feb 4, 2014||Micheal Connor Fitzpatrick||Apparatus and methods for treatment of hemorrhaging|
|US8920351||Jun 5, 2012||Dec 30, 2014||The Seaberg Company, Inc.||Emergency stabilization of a fractured pelvis or an injured neck|
|US8926536||Dec 14, 2012||Jan 6, 2015||The Seaberg Company, Inc.||Device and method for control of hemorrhage|
|US8966668 *||Dec 11, 2013||Mar 3, 2015||Andrew Cameron Sutton||Web and bladder suspension protection system|
|US9028435||Aug 10, 2012||May 12, 2015||The Seaberg Company, LLC||Device and method for control of hemorrhage|
|US20050131321 *||Jan 24, 2005||Jun 16, 2005||Sundaram Ravikumar||Compression apparatus for applying localized pressure to an extremity|
|US20050131326 *||Jan 26, 2005||Jun 16, 2005||Datascope Investment Corp.||Device and method for compressing wounds|
|US20050187501 *||Apr 20, 2005||Aug 25, 2005||Sundaram Ravikumar||Compression apparatus for applying localized pressure to a limb|
|US20130152285 *||Dec 20, 2012||Jun 20, 2013||Drandalie, Llc.||Lightweight and Flexible Protective Equipment System|
|US20140359912 *||Dec 11, 2013||Dec 11, 2014||Andrew Cameron Sutton||Web and bladder suspension protection system|
|USD733305||Oct 25, 2013||Jun 30, 2015||Medtronic Vascular, Inc.||Tissue compression apparatus|
|USRE32939 *||May 16, 1988||Jun 6, 1989||Electro-Biology, Inc.||Medical appliance|
|USRE32940 *||May 16, 1988||Jun 6, 1989||Electro-Biology, Inc.||Medical appliance|
|DE10157381A1 *||Nov 22, 2001||Jun 12, 2003||Harri Hadamik||Device for temporary sealing of puncture created for diagnosis of arterial function, working with air pressure|
|DE29722843U1 *||Dec 24, 1997||Feb 26, 1998||Michels Petra||Pflaster o.dgl.|
|EP0514026A2 *||Apr 22, 1992||Nov 19, 1992||Sumitomo Rubber Industries Limited||Compressive haemostatic belt|
|EP0554602A1 *||Jun 29, 1992||Aug 11, 1993||Sumitomo Rubber Industries Limited||Compressive hemostatic belt|
|WO1986005385A1 *||Mar 24, 1986||Sep 25, 1986||Walter Bernd Maass||Pressure bandage (to staunch a bleeding external wound) valve|
|WO1989006521A1 *||Jan 20, 1989||Jul 27, 1989||Huntleigh Technology Plc||Intermittent compression stocking|
|WO1991018571A1 *||May 28, 1991||Dec 12, 1991||Richard Crangle||Disposable multi-use pressurized bandage system|
|WO1998026719A1||Dec 18, 1997||Jun 25, 1998||Vidacare International Inc||Wound closure strips|
|WO1998046144A1||Mar 24, 1998||Oct 22, 1998||Advanced Closure Systems Inc||Feedback controlled disposable hemostasis device|
|WO2005025447A2 *||Sep 8, 2004||Mar 24, 2005||Microlin L C||Device ανd method for wound therapy|
|WO2010089448A1 *||Jan 25, 2010||Aug 12, 2010||Finnomedo Oy||Product package|
|U.S. Classification||602/53, 606/202, 128/118.1, D24/189, 606/201|
|International Classification||A61F13/00, A61B17/132, A61F5/34, A61B17/135|
|Cooperative Classification||A61F5/34, A61B17/1325, A61F2013/00561, A61F2013/0028, A61F13/00068, A61F13/10, A61B17/135, A61F2013/00855, A61F2013/00174, A61F2013/00106|
|European Classification||A61F5/34, A61B17/135, A61B17/132G2, A61F13/00|