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Publication numberUS3171647 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMar 2, 1965
Filing dateSep 5, 1962
Priority dateSep 23, 1961
Publication numberUS 3171647 A, US 3171647A, US-A-3171647, US3171647 A, US3171647A
InventorsDesmond Bishop Thomas
Original AssigneeDeritend Eng Co
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Suction feed mechanism for cardboard and like blanks
US 3171647 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

March 2, 1965 T. D. BISHOP 3,171,647

SUCTION FEED MECHANISM FOR CARDBOARD AND LIKE BLANKS Filed Sept. 5. 1962 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 Q N C1 March 2, 1965 T. o. BISHOP 3,171,547

SUCTION FEED MECHANISM FOR CARDBOARD AND LIKE BLANKS Filed Sept. 5, 1962 I 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 United States Patent 3,171,647 SUCTION FEED MECHANISM FOR CARDBOARD AND LIKE BLANKS Thomas Desmond Bishop, Solihull, England, assignor to The Deritend Engineering Company Limited, Birmingham, England, a British compan Filed Sept. 5, 1962, Ser. No. 221,496 Claims priority, application Great Britain, Sept. 23, 196i, 34,142/ 61 3 Claims. (Cl. 27111) The present invention has relation to improved suction feed mechanism for cardboard and like blanks, more particularly the type of feed involving an endless belt upon which the blanks are stacked against a stop plate to be successively drawn from the lowermost blank between feed rolls to slotting, creasing, folding or other machinery, said endless belt being associated with a vacuum chamber and being of a perforate, slotted or like character so that the lowermost blank is sucked against the upper run of the belt and fed forward through the feed rolls.

The present invention has for its object certain improvements in this type of mechanism whereby a more positive and efiicient feed of the blanks successively from the bottom of the stack is afforded and also whereby skewing, skidding or irregular entry of the blank is prevented, the board being held particularly flat against a stationary belt even when normally warped or distorted in manufacture, and secondly to make it possible to feed the blanks in the correct timing to suit the subsequent machine, for example, a rotary slotter or rotary printer.

According to the present invention, there is provided suction feed mechanism for a cardboard or like blank of the type hereinbefore referred to, wherein an endless perforate or slotted belt is intermittently driven from a suitable power source in such a manner that the lowermost blank is pulled by suction onto the top run of the belt and fed until it reaches the feed rolls, then the belt is retarded to rest whilst the feed rollers take over the feed, during which stationary period the next lowermost blank is effectively sucked on the top run of the stationary belt preparatory to the next forward intermittent feed motion of the belt automatically from a power source which may be derived from the machine treating the blanks. The belt is unidirectional but intermittent in operation.

In order that the invention may be clearly understood and readily carried into practice reference may be had to the accompanying explanatory drawings in which:

The FIGURES 1 and 2 illustrate diagrammatically embodiments of the present invention.

In that embodiment of the present invention illustrated in FIGURE 1, there is provided an endless belt a, a running over two parallel rollers b, c or like devices and this belt is of a perforated or slotted character for the passage of air or it may be in the form of a plurality of side by side narrow belts. The top run a of the belt is disposed horizontally or substantially horizontally and adjacent what may be termed the formed roller 0 is a stop plate a. Formed on the underside of the belt is a boxlike structure e, e and a container 1 enclosing an extraction fan is provided for exhausting air from e, e to pro vide a degree of vacuum, the endless belt a, a closing or substantially closing the upper part of this structure 2, 2 so that air is drawn through its perforations or slots. The cardboard g which may be corrugated or plain, is stacked on the top run a of the belt against the stop plate at having the gap d and it will be appreciated that the bottom board g is sucked or held on to the top run of the belt by virtue of the negative pressure in the box-like container e, e The characteristic of this invention resides in the fact that the belt is driven intermittently and 3,171,647 Patented Mar. 2, 1965 this may be effected in a number of different ways. For example the forward roller may be geared and linked to one of the rotating members h of the machine with which the present suction feed is associated so that the said forward roller 0 is rotated a predetermined number of revolutions sutficient to remove the bottom blank g until it is taken over by the feed rolls 1', and in this position the driving mechanism of the forward roller is such that it is arrested from rotation by mechanism hereinafter described and consequently the belt a, a becomes stationary to very effectively engage the next bottom blank of the stack during the removal of the lower blank g by the rollers 1'.

In the embodiment shown in FIGURE 1 it will be noted that the connecting rod 11 is attached to the rotating member h and this rod connects with a link h which drives a toothed wheel b by virtue of a one way clutch 11 The dot and dash lines illustrate the stroke of the connecting rod k and it will be appreciated that continuous rotation of It causes intermittent rotation of the toothed wheel I1 by virtue of the alternate forward drive and I declutching of k and again it is noted that k drives a toothed wheel 0 on the forward roller c so that the belt a, a is intermittently actuated so that its upper run a stops and starts travelling forwardly in intermittent manner. In order to prevent intermittent over-run of the belt a, a a friction brake drum or clutch k may be employed. In operation the lowermost blank g is fed to the feed rolls 1 which takes over the movement of the blank when the belt slows down to a standstill, following which the next upper blank falls on to the upper run a and is sucked like the preceding blank on to the feed run by the extraction fan f.

In that embodiment shown in FIGURE 2 of the drawings an auxiliary depression or vacuum chamber j is employed subjected to a centrifugal fan enclosed in the container j so that the leading edge of the lowermost board g is brought properly beneath the gap d disposed beneath the stop plate d. In this embodiment there may also be incorporated an automatic brake it its object being to arrest rotation or over-run of the belt between its intermittent feeding movements.

In this invention in both embodiments the belt is driven until such time as the lower blank g is taken over by the feed rollers i when the belt a, a is retarded to rest and the next loose blank is taken over by the stationary top run a of the belt a, a when the operation commences again, the intermittent action of the belt displacing the blanks one by one from beneath the stack pile. A relatively long stop plate d with a relatively broad belt may be employed with suction means beneath the entire belt and the arrangement may be such that the mechanism may be divided into sections and partitioned and this is useful where the board is of such a dimension that the entire width of the feed mechanism is not required. The invention provides for the correct timing of the blank to suit the subsequent machine which may be a slotter or printer, and this is done by adjusting the setting of the reciprocating belt mechanism in relation to the machine from which it is driven or in any other desired manner. This could be effected by altering the setting of the link It on the member h.

I claim:

1. Feeding mechanism for cardboard blanks comprising, in combination, a continuously driven feeder, a primary feeder comprising a pervious belt for carrying cardboard blanks into the continuously driven feeder, means for retaining a stack of cardboard blanks on the belt with the full weight of the stack resting on the lowermost blank, comprising a stop for preventing forward movement of all the blanks above the lowermost blank, a suction chamber which is in communication with the underunderlying the stack of blanks, and intermittent drive mechanism which imparts to the belt an intermittent forward movement alternating with a finite dwell, the length of the forward movement being sufficient to bring the lowermost blank from its initial position into positive engagement with the continuously driven feeder, and the duration of the dwell being sufiicient to permit the continuously driven feeder to pull the lowermost blank entirely out from under the stack.

2. Feeding mechanism for cardboard blanks comprising, in combination, a continuously driven feeder, a primary feeder comprising a pervious belt for carrying cardboard blanks into the continuously driven feeder, the belt being adapted to support a stack of blanks, a stop for preventing forward movement of all the blanks above the lowermost blank in the stack, a suction chamber in communication with the underside of the belt, and intermittent drive mechanism which imparts to the belt an intermittent forward movement alternating with a finite dwell, the length of the forward movement being sufficient to bring the lowermost blank from its initial position into positive engagement with the continuously driven feeder, and the duration of the dwell being suificient to permit the continuously driven feeder to pull the lowermost blank entirely out from under the stack.

3. Feeding mechanism for cardboard blanks comprising, in combination, a continuously driven feeder, a primary feeder comprising a pervious belt for carrying card board blanks into the continuously driven feeder, the belt being adapted to support a stack of blanks, a stop for preventing forward movement ,of all the blanks above the lowermost blank in the stack, a suction chamber in com? munication with the underside of the belt, intermittent drive mechanism which imparts to the belt an intermittent forward movement alternating with a finite dwell, the length of the forward movement being suflicient to bring the lowermost blank from its initial position into positive engagement with the continuously driven feeder, and the duration of the dwell being sufiicient to permit the continuously driven feeder to pull the lowermost blank entirely out from under the stack, and a brake which operates to hold the belt stationary during the dwell.

References Cited by the Examiner UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,077,399 11/13 Droitcour 271l3 X 1,077,400 11/13 Droitcour 271-74 1,534,596 4/25 Lev 271- 3,034,784 5/62 Lopez 271-29 ROBERT B. REEVES, Acting Primary Examiner.

SAMUEL F. COLEMAN, RAPHAEL M. LUPO, WIL- LIAM B. LA BORDE, Examiners.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US1077399 *Jan 8, 1912Nov 4, 1913Michael Andrew DroitcourPaper-feeder.
US1077400 *Feb 19, 1912Nov 4, 1913Miehle Printing Press & MfgPaper-delivery mechanism.
US1534596 *Jun 5, 1922Apr 21, 1925Internat Packing Machine CompaFeeding device for wrapping machines
US3034784 *Jun 10, 1960May 15, 1962Universal Corrugated Box MachFeeding equipment
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3583341 *Nov 5, 1969Jun 8, 1971Blue Bell IncCloth-sorting and garment-forming apparatus
US3907278 *Feb 11, 1974Sep 23, 1975Bobst Fils Sa JSuction assisted endless belt separator
US3961784 *Mar 3, 1975Jun 8, 1976Burroughs CorporationDocument transport apparatus having a vacuum assisted friction feeder
US4270969 *Feb 20, 1980Jun 2, 1981Molins Machine Company, Inc.Fingerless single facer
US4509735 *Jul 26, 1982Apr 9, 1985Bell & Howell CompanyVariable width envelope feeder
US4589647 *Nov 29, 1984May 20, 1986Xerox CorporationTop vacuum corrugation feeder with a valveless feedhead
US4627605 *Nov 6, 1985Dec 9, 1986Xerox CorporationFront air knife top vacuum corrugation feeder
US4635921 *Nov 6, 1985Jan 13, 1987Xerox CorporationFront air knife top vacuum corrugation feeder
US4647033 *Aug 26, 1985Mar 3, 1987M.A.N.-Roland Druckmaschinen AktiengesellschaftArrangement for conveyance of stream-fed sheets
US4678176 *Nov 6, 1985Jul 7, 1987Xerox CorporationFront air knife top vacuum corrugation feeder
US4681311 *Jun 23, 1986Jul 21, 1987Wm. C. Staley Machinery CorporationIntermittently protruding feeder for paperboard blanks
US4699369 *Jun 27, 1986Oct 13, 1987Xerox CorporationFront air knife improvement for a top vacuum corrugation feeder
US4828244 *Jul 14, 1987May 9, 1989Wm. C. Staley Machinery CorporationIntermittently protruding feeder for paperboard blanks
US4887805 *Mar 10, 1988Dec 19, 1989Xerox CorporationTop vacuum corrugation feeder
US4896872 *Mar 10, 1989Jan 30, 1990Wm. C. Staley Machinery CorporationIntermittently protruding feeder for paperboard blanks
US5423255 *Dec 22, 1993Jun 13, 1995Heidelberger Druckmaschinen AgFeeding table assembly with suction belts in sheet feeders and method of assembly
DE2404323A1 *Jan 30, 1974Sep 5, 1974Bobst Fils Sa JZufuehrungsvorrichtung fuer platten oder folien
DE4126554A1 *Aug 10, 1991Feb 11, 1993Electrocom Automation GmbhAutomatic programmable supply system for goods - uses vacuum entrainment mechanism and conveyor for gentle handling
DE4126554C2 *Aug 10, 1991Nov 29, 2001Electrocom Automation LpVorrichtung zur Aufnahme und programmsteuerbaren automatischen Abgabe von Waren
Classifications
U.S. Classification271/11, 271/94, 271/35
International ClassificationB65H3/12
Cooperative ClassificationB65H3/126
European ClassificationB65H3/12C2