|Publication number||US3172166 A|
|Publication date||Mar 9, 1965|
|Filing date||Dec 29, 1961|
|Priority date||Dec 29, 1961|
|Publication number||US 3172166 A, US 3172166A, US-A-3172166, US3172166 A, US3172166A|
|Inventors||Imbrecht Arthur G|
|Original Assignee||Imbrecht Arthur G|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (17), Referenced by (20), Classifications (11)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
March 9, 1965 A. G. IMBRECHT MOVABLE PARTITION 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 Filed Dec. 29, 1961 6 L z a/ INVENTOR. ARTHUR G. IMBRECHT ATTORNEY FIG. 3
March 9, 1965 A. G. IMBRECHT I 7 MOVABLE PARTITION Filed Dec. 29, 1961 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 I I I 1 i 1 v I A I] E L\\ 7 m J j- H g I! 1 L I INVENTOR. i f ARTHUR G.IMBRECHT a 1 i: 1 BY AILQRN EY United States Patent 3,172,166 MOVABLE PARTITIQN Arthur G. Irnbrecht, 5597 Lonna Linda Drive, Long Beach 15, Calif. Filed Dec. 29, 1961, Ser. No. 163,095 6 Claims. (Cl. -4)
The present invention relates generally to the field of movable partitions, and more particularly to an improvement in the structure and operation of the movable partition as disclosed and claimed in my United States Letters Patent No. 2,947,041 which issued August 2, 1960.
The use of movable partitions that can be easily and quickly moved from place to place within a large room having a floor and ceiling has been constantly increasing in popularity for some time. The increased demand for such movable partitions is undoubtedly due to the fact that they are light in weight, completely portable, require no floor or ceiling attachments, requiring only one accessory for the erection thereof, that of a source of fiuid under pressure, and are substantially soundproof.
Other reasons for the popularity of such partitions is that they may be utilized to provide a semi-permanent wall or walls to subdivide a larger area into rooms of a desired shape and area, and inasmuch as the movable partitions are not mechanically aflixed to the floor or ceiling, they are classified as furniture whereby the owner is able to remove them from a building when a lease expires or the owner decides to move to another location. Also, when these partitions are erected to define a wall, they provide substantial sound insulating value, and functions of a noisy nature inone area of a large room subdivided into smaller areas by these partitions will only be heard in the area in which the noise arises.
Many of the above advantages have been achieved by the use of the movable partition disclosed and claimed in Patent No. 2,947,041. However, in the commercial production of said partition, it was found that it could be improved to overcome certain disadvantages thereof. One such disadvantage was that the vertically movable beamdefining the upper portion thereof had a limited throw, whereby the partition was only adapted for use in those rooms wherein the distance between the floor and ceiling fell within one inch and one and one-half inches of a predetermined height. Another disadvantage of the movable partition disclosed and claimed in said patent was that light could be transmitted from one side thereof to the other through the junctions of the movable beams when they were in an upwardly extended position.
Another operational difficulty encountered in the use of my first movable partition was that the inflatable tube used in moving the upper horizontal beam vertically, would also expand transversely, and when substantial fluid pressure was applied to the interior of the tube, this lateral expansion was sufficiently forceful to break the upper portions of the panel member, as well as deform 'the molding pieces which extended downwardly from the beam of T-shaped transverse cross section. Also, if a substantial transverse force was applied to the partition, slippage could conceivably occur between the lower portion of the partition and the flooring engaged thereby.
A major object in devising the present invention is to provide an improved movable partition having an upper horizontal beam with a vertical throw far greater than could be achieved by the inflatable structure disclosed and claimed in my previous patent, as well as, a movable partition wherein no substantial lateral force' is applied to the upper portion thereof, irrespective of how great a fluid pressure is exerted on the fluid-actuated mechanism used in raising the beam forming a part of the structure.
3,172,166 Patented Mar. 9, 1965 Another object of the present invention is to provide an improved movable partition that is particularly adapted for defining wall structures which include corner portions, as well as providing a movable partition that is easier to take down and erect than the partition disclosed and claimed in my previous patent.
These and other objects and advantages of the present invention will become apparent from the following description thereof, and from the accompanying drawings illustrating the same, in which:
FIGURE 1 is a perspective view of a number of the improved movable partitions in side-by-side interlocking engagement, with the upper and lower edges thereof being held in forceful frictional contact with the ceiling and floor respectively of the room in which they are installed;
FIGURE 2 is a fragmentary vertical cross-sectional view of one of the movable partitions taken on the line 2-2 of FIGURE 1;
FIGURE 3 is a combined side elevational and vertical cross-sectional view of one of the movable partitions taken on the line 3-3 of FIGURE 2;
FIGURE 4 is a fragmentary perspective view of a portion of the beam structure and the trough portion of the panel member in which it is partially disposed;
FIGURE 5 is a vertical cross-sectional view of a portion of the invention taken on the line 55 of FIG- URE 3, showing the fluid actuatable resilient member in a compressed condition;
FIGURE 6 is the same view as FIGURE 5 after the resilient tube has been expanded by fluid pressure before the beam is in frictional contact with the ceiling;
FIGURE 7 is a fragmentary horizontal, cross-sectional view of a portion of the resilient tube and the woven en.- velope extending therearound, taken on the line 7-7 of FIGURE 3;
FIGURE 8 is a fragmentary horizontal, cross-sectional view of the junction between two of the movable partitions, taken on the line 8-8 of FIGURE 1;
FIGURE 9 is a horizontal cross-sectional view showing the manner by which two of the partitions may be so formed as to removably interlock and define a corner of a wall;
FIGURE 10 is a fragmentary side elevational view of one of the movable panels having a spring-loaded end piece mounted thereon, which end piece is held in abutting contact with one of the walls of the room in which the sequence of partitions shown in FIGURE 1 is located;
FIGURE 11 is a fragmentary horizontal cross-sectional view of the invention taken on the line 11-11 of FIG- URE 10;
FIGURE 12 is a fragmentary perspective view of the upper portion of one of the movable partitions;
FIGURE 13 is a fragmentary perspective view of a second one of the movable partitions showing means for use in inflating the tube that raises the movable beam;
FIGURE 14 is a fragmentary transverse cross-sectional view of the invention taken on the line 14-14 of FIG- URE 13; and
FIGURE 15 is a fragmentary vertical cross-sectional view of a portion of the invention taken on the line 15-15 of FIGURE 14.
Referring now to FIGURES l and 3 of the drawings for the general arrangement of the invention, it will be seen to include a number of rectangular movable partitions A that may be disposed in side-by side abutting contact to define a wall, with the lower portion of each partition A resting on the floor B and the upper portion of each partition in pressure contact with a ceiling C.
Each partition A, as can best be seen in FIGURE 3, is defined by a first vertical side piece D that has a tongue E projecting therefrom. Each partition A also includes a second vertical side piece F in which a groove G is formed. The tongue E of one of the partitions A (FIGURE 1) is adapted to be slidably inserted within the groove G of an adjoining partition A when the partitions are in a wallforming position, with the tongue and groove removably interlocking to prevent inadvertent displacement of one of the partitions A relative to an adjoining partition. The side pieces D and F are joined at the bottom by a lower cross piece H. Each partition A also includes two parallel laterally separated cross members I which abut against the interior surfaces of the side pieces D and F. A cross piece K connects the lower interior portions of the cross members I, as may best be seen in FIGURE 2.
The cross members I and cross piece K cooperatively define a longitudinally extending trough, referred to generally by the letter L, in each of the movable partitions A. Two cylindrical metallic spacers 10, the structure of which is shown in FIGURE 4, have pointed ends 12 which are caused to engage opposite portions of the cross members I to hold them in a desired lateral relationship. The spacers 10 prevent inadvertent movement of the cross members I towards one another beyond a predetermined minimum spacing.
A number of metallic staple-like members 14 having downwardly extending prongs 16 on the ends thereof are driven into the upper portions of the cross members I and serve to hold the cross members in a fixed lateral relationship. Two rectangular panels M and N are bonded to the exterior surfaces of the side pieces D and F, lower cross piece H, and cross pieces I, as may best be seen in FIGURE 2. An inverted angular U-shaped cap is provided for each of the partitions A, and each cap extends downwardly over the upper portions of the panels M and N. Each cap 0 has two parallel downwardly extending legs 18 that are connected on their upper ends by a horizontal web 20. These caps O are preferably formed from a lightweight rigid material. The lower longitudinally extending interior surfaces of legs 18 have strips of felt 22 or like material aflixed thereto, and these felt strips at all times are in frictional contact with the exerior surfaces of the panels M and N. The legs 18, as can best be seen in FIGURES 1 and 2, support transversely extending molding strips P and Q respectively.
The upper surface of the web Zti supports a pad R formed of a resilient material that may be brought into pressure contact with the ceiling C and has a high COfifllcient of friction relative thereto. Three rectangular blocks S, T and U are afiixed by screws V or other fastening means to the lower interior surface of the web 20, as best shown in FIGURES 2 and 3. The blocks S, T and U are of a thickness which permits them to be freely movable in the trough L, and are laterally separated by spaces 24 which are greater than the diameter of the spacers 10.
Two screws 26 extend laterally into the ends of the blocks S and U and are screwed into the blocks to a degree that the cap 0 with the blocks S, T and U affixed thereto may be moved vertically in the trough L but can not move laterally relative to the panel members M and N. Bores 28 extend downwardly in blocks S and U from the upper surface thereof, and these bores 28 also are in communication with counter-bores 30 that extend upwardly from the lower edge of these blocks. A body shoulder 32 is defined at the junction between bores 23 and counter-bores 30.
Two elongate rods 34 having heads 36 on the upper ends thereof extend downwardly through the bores 28 and counter-bores 39. Threads 38 are formed on the lower ends'of rods 34 which engage the cross piece K, which cross piece is preferably formed from wood. Two helical springs 40 encircle the upper portion of the rods 34, with the upper ends of the springs abutting against the heads 36 and the lower ends of the springs against the body shoulder 32. Springs 40 are at all times under at least slight compression, and tend to maintain the lower surface of the web 20 in contact with the upper edge surfaces of the cross members I, as may be seen in FIGURE 2.
An endless tube W formed of a resilient material such as butyl rubber, or the like, is provided that may be inflated or deflated by a tube X which is in communication therewith and extends downwardly through an opening 42 formed in substantially the center of the cross piece K. The entire exterior surface of the tube W and at least a part of the fluid inlet tube X are covered by an envelope Y formed of a woven material such as nylon, or the like, which prevents expansion of the tubing W beyond a predetermined transverse cross section, irrespective of the fluid pressure that may exist therein.
A band Z, which may be a rubber band, or similar device, encircles the central portion of the endless tube W and envelope Y and permits them to be folded as shown in FIGURE 3 to define two sets of loops disposed one above the other when the lowermost surface of the envelope Y rests on the upper surface of the cross piece K and the uppermost surface of the envelope and is in contact with the lower surfaces of the blocks S, T and U. When the invention is disposed as shown in FIGURE 3, the tube W is deflated and substantially compressed as shown in FIGURE 5. When the tube W is folded as well as compressed due to the positioning of the blocks S, T and U, the passage through the tube W could be blocked, for the opposite interior wall surfaces of the tube are in pressure contact with one another. To prevent such blocking of the interior passage through the tube W, this tube is formed with longitudinally extending ribs 44, as may best be seen in FIGURE 5, that at all times maintain opposite interior surface portions of the tube out of contact with one another and assure that a continuous fluid passage 46 remains therein, irrespective of the compression which may be applied thereto.
When fluid under pressure such as air, Freon, or the like, is caused to discharge through the tube X into the interior of the tube W, the loops defined by this tube W (FIGURE 3) tend to assume a more vertical position, and in so doing the uppermost surface of the envelope Y is forced against the lower surfaces of the blocks S, T and U, causing the blocks and the cap 0 to be moved upwardly until the resilient pad R is in pressure contact with the ceiling C. The heads 36 on the elongate rods 34 cooperate with both the springs 40 and body shoulders 32 to prevent inadvertent displacement of the cap 0 from the partition A and serve to limit the upward throw of the blocks S, T and U relative to the panels M and N. When fluid under pressure is permitted to discharge from the tube X as will be explained in detail hereinafter, the compression on springs 40 moves to blocks S, T, and U, together with cap 0, downwardly relative to the panels M and N, and returns the assembly to the position shown in FIGURE 3.
When the movable partitions A are arranged as shown in FIGURE 1, light from, say, the left-hand side of the room in which the partitions are disposed is not visible on the right-hand side of the movable partitions A due to the interlocking of the tongues E and grooves G. However, the ends of caps 0 adjacent one another do not interlock, and it would be possible for light beams to shine through the space therebetween when the caps have been moved upwardly to engage the ceiling C. To prevent passage of light, bevels 50 are formed on the ends of strips P and Q, which bevels overlap whereby light cannot pass through the cap edges.
When it is desired to arrange the movable partitions A to form an L-shaped wall structure, one of the partitions, which is identified by the letter A in FIGURE 9 of the drawings, has a tongue E formed on one of the side pieces thereof. Tongue E interlocks with one of the grooves G of the movable partition A disposed at one end of the sequence of partitions forming a Wall. When such a construction is used, the adjoining end portions of the cap in partition A and the cap 0 in partition A are cut on an angle of 45 whereby the edge portions thereof are in abutting contact.
For sound insulating purposes the interior of each movable partition below the cross piece K, between the side pieces D and F and above the lower cross piece H is preferably filled with a foamed plastic such as Styrofoam manufactured by the Dow Chemical Co., Midland, Michigan.
When a sequence of movable partitions A are extended between two parallel walls 54, one of which is shown in FIGURE 1, the last of the partitions in the sequence must be provided with a horizontally movable, vertically extending end portion in order to make such positioning possible. A movable partition A" having a horizontally movable end section 56 is shown in FIGURES and 11.
The movable partition A" is similar to the partitions A, except that a side piece D" is provided which has no tongue E thereon. Those elements in partition A common to elements in partition A are identified by the same numeral or letter but to which a double prime has been added. The side piece D" terminates in a flat vertically extending edge 58. A horizontally movable, vertically extending end section 60 is mounted on the left-hand edge portion of partition A", as best shown in FIGURES 10 and 11.
End section 60 includes a rigid upright 62 of square horizontal cross section that has two rectangular sheets 64 projecting therefrom which slidably engage the exterior surfaces of panels M" and N". Two bow springs 66 are affixed to the interior vertical surface 68 of upright 62. Springs 66 bear against the exterior vertical surface 70 of end piece D", and at all times tends to move upright 62 to the left away from end piece D, as seen in FIGURE 10. Two elongate rigid strips 72 project to the right from the top and bottom of upright 62 (FIGURES 10 and 11). Each strip 72 has an elongate slot 74 formed therein which slidably engages a projecting screw 76 aflixed to the partition A". The screws 76, slots 74 and strips 72 cooperatively prevent end section 60 from being inadvertently displaced from the partition A" on which it is mounted.
A square section 78 of resilient material extends upwardly from the upper extremity of end section 60, and can be deformed both vertically and horizontally as the end section 60 is moved relative to partition A to complete a sequence of partitions A between two walls of a structure. The tube X used in inflating or deflating the tube W can be extended to a normally closed valve having a tubular portion 80 that extends to the exterior of partition A, as shown in FIGURE 1. If portion 80 is located as shown in FIGURE 1, fluid under pressure can be discharged therein only when the sequence of partitions A is being erected to define a wall structure. If the sequence of partitions A are to remain standing for a prolonged period of time, it may be desirable to periodically add fluid under pressure to replace that which has been lost due to escape from the tube W. Each partition A has a small opening 82 formed in panel M located adjacent the side piece 13 (FIGURE 13) through which fluid under pressure may be periodically added to each of the tubes W while the partitions A in which they are situated are disposed as shown in FIGURE 1.
A resilient tubular member 84 extends inwardly from the opening 82 to communicate with a normally closed resilient body 86 that can be opened to have a passage extend therethrough when a tubular bayonet (not shown) is inserted within the confines of member 84 and forced through the normally closed body. Member 84 and body 86 are held in two interlocking components 88 and 90 that are disposed in a cavity formed in the side piece D. A bore 92 is formed in component 90 which is in communication with the body 86 as well as a resilient tube 94 of small transverse cross section that extends outwardly and upwardly through a longitudinally extending 6 groove 96 formed in the tongue E, as may best be seen in FIGURE 13. The tube 94 at a position adjacent the upper end of the movable partition passes inwardly through a bore 98 formed in the tongue E and end piece D, and is attached by means (not shown) to the tube X.
When it is desired to inflate the tube W in a partition A, a tubular bayonet (not shown) is inserted within the confines of the tubular member 84 to expand the body 86 by discharging fluid under pressure such as air, Freon, or the like, into the bore 92 to flow through the tubes 94 and X into the resilient tube W to expand the same and raise the cap 0 upwardly relative to the partition A to cause the resilient pad R to pressure contact the ceiling C. When it is desired to deflate the tube W, a tubular member (not shown) is inserted within the confines of the tubular member 84 to expand body 86, and permit the air under pressure to flow from the tubes W and X, and tubing 94 to the bore 92 where it passes into the ambient atmosphere through the tubular member 84.
Operation of the invention is relatively simple. The partitions A are sequentially placed in the positions shown in FIGURE 1 or FIGURE 9 to form a wall of desired configuration. As each partition A is placed in position, it is caused to interlock with a partition already in place. Thereafter, the resilient tube W is inflated with fluid under pressure by means of the tube X, as previously described. The cap 0 of the partition A being positioned is moved upwardly as fluid under pressure is discharged into the tube W. Upward movement of the cap 0 stops when the resilient strip R pressure contacts the ceiling C. The pressure contact of strip R with ceiling C causes a like pressure to be exerted by the lower portion of partition A on the floor B. The partition A is then frictionally gripped in an upright position between the ceiling C and floor B. The last partition to be placed in the wall structure is the panel A", as explained in detail hereinafter.
To prevent deformation of tubing W whereby it is forced out of the woven covering Y, after the tubing has been inflated for a prolonged period of time, the cover is preferably extended over a portion of the tube X, as may best be seen in FIGURE 3. The lower extremity of the woven cover Y is rigidly affixed to the tube X by a band or fitting Y.
Although the present invention is fully capable of achieving the objects and providing the advantages hereinbefore mentioned, it is to be understood that it is merely illustrative of the presently preferred embodiments thereof and I do not mean to be limited to the details of construction herein shown and described, other than as defined in the appended claims.
1. In a movable partition of the type including a rectangular panel having first and second vertical edges and horizontal top and bottom edges adapted to be disposed between a floor and ceiling, a horizontal trough of rectangular transverse cross section in said panel, an elongate member slidably disposed for vertical movement in said trough,
and an inverted U-shaped cap including a horizontal web aflixed to the upper edge of said member, the combination of:
(a) an endless resilient tube longitudinally disposed in said trough;
(b) a woven cover enveloping said tube that limits the exterior diameter to which said tube can expand when inflated a distance less than the width of said trough;
(c) a fluid inlet tube connected to the interior of said resilient tube; and
(d) a band extending transversely around a portion of said resilient tube and said cover at a position intermediate the junction of said inlet tube with said resilient tube and the portion of said resilient tube opposite said inlet tube, said '2? band drawing the center portions of said resilient tube toward each other, whereby said band divides said resilient tube into first and second portions, with said first and second portions when said resilient tube is disposed in said trough and not inflated, being folded to define first and second sets of oppositely disposed loops, said loops of each set being superimposed one on top of the other, and with the lower surface of said cover that envelops said first portion resting on the lower surface defining said trough, whjle the upper surface of said cover that envelops said second portion is disposed adjacent the lower surface of said member, said loops when said resilient tube is inflated capable of moving upwardly a distance greater than that of the width of said trough.
2. A movable partition as defined in claim 1 which further includes spacer means inside said resilient tube for preventing complete obstruction of a fluid passage therethrough when said resilient tube is folded and not inflated.
3. A movable partition as defined in claim 2 wherein said cap also includes two elongate vertical legs that extend downwardly from the edges of said web over the upper portion of the panel, and wherein two parallel molding strips are atfixed to the exterior surfaces of said legs, which strips have beveled ends that are capable of interlocking with beveled ends on molding strips provided on adjacently disposed partitions to prevent passage of light through the junction between said strips; and further includes (a) two elongate felt strips that extend longitudinally alongthe lower interior edge surfaces of said legs, with said resilient strips slidably engaging the exterior surfaces of said panel as said member and cap are moved vertically relative thereto. I 4. A movable partition as defined in claim 2 which further includes means for preventing lateral movement of said member in said trough transversely relative to said panel.
5. A movable partition as defined in claim 1 in which the said resilient cover also extends over a length of said air inlet tube disposed adjacent said resilient tube; and further includes (a) means for aifixing the outer extremity of said woven cover to said air inlet tube for preventing deformation of said endless tube out of said woven cover when said endless tube is inflated.
6. A movable partition as defined in claim'S includingv spring means for atall times exerting a downward force on said member, which downward force is sufficient to References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,070,960 Phillips Feb. 16, 1937 2,142,305 Davis Jan. 3, 1939 2,256,836 Potchen Sept. 23, 1941 2,301,963 Marple Nov. 17, 1942 2,328,970 Farquhar Sept. 7, 1943 2,380,152 David July 10, 1945 2,609,177 Hughes Sept. 2, 1952 2,610,824 Grier Sept. 16, 1952 2,694,239 Bunker Nov. 16, 1954 2,699,580 Smith Ian. 18, 1955 2,933,784 Hooverson Apr. 26, 1960 2,943,718 Pollock July 5, 1960 2,947,041 Imbrecht Aug. 2, 1960 2,949,651 Hill Aug. 23, 1960 3,048,121 Sheesley Aug. 7, 1962 3,049,328 Bishop Aug. 14, 1952 FOREIGN PATENTS Great Britain 1960
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|U.S. Classification||52/2.11, 254/93.0HP, 52/243.1, 181/287, 49/477.1, 92/92, 49/505, 160/40|