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Publication numberUS3172200 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMar 9, 1965
Filing dateAug 7, 1963
Priority dateAug 7, 1963
Publication numberUS 3172200 A, US 3172200A, US-A-3172200, US3172200 A, US3172200A
InventorsReam Robert R
Original AssigneeSchick Electric Inc
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Double detent holding means for electric shaver head unit
US 3172200 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

March 9, 1965 R. R. REAM 3,

DOUBLE DETENT HOLDING MEANS FOR ELECTRIC SHAVER HEAD UNIT Filed Aug. '7, 1963 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 INVENTOR. Poster/ P5407 ATTORNEY March 9, 1965 R M 3,172,200

DOUBLE DETENT HOLDING MEANS FOR ELECTRIC SHAVER HEAD UNIT Filed Aug. 7, 1963 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 I I ll] INVENTOR.

Pass/97825407 Pym M ATTORNEY United States Patent 3,172,200 DOUBLE DETENT HOLDING MEANS FOR ELECTRIC SHAVER HEAD UNIT Robert R. Ream, Ephrata, Pa., assignor to Schick Electric Inc., a corporation of Delaware Filed Aug. 7, 1963, Ser. No. 300,487 3 Claims. (Cl. 30-431) This invention relates to the attachment of an electric shaver shearing head unit to and its release from the case of the shaver, housing the drive motor, and has for its object to provide a construction which minimizes the likelihood of the head unit being dropped and damaged in the course of its removal from the case, as for cleaning.

According to the invention, the head unit is spring-held in its normal operating position on the case and is adapted for release by a manually movable wedge, the latter being so arranged that it only partially disengages the head unit from its holding means, so that there is no danger of the user inadvertently popping the unit completely off the case and dropping it. After the head unit has been thus partially disengaged, it is fully released and withdrawn by hand.

As applied to an electric shaver including a case having an open-topped, head-receiving recess at one end, the said recess bounded by a floor portion, side walls and at least one end wall, the preferred form of the invention comprises the combination of a leaf spring upstanding in the recess adjacent each side wall, the upper end of each spring incorporating upper and lower detent notches, a shearing head unit including a base having a locking element on each side thereof adapted for snap-engagement successively with the upper and lower detent notches when the head unit is pressed into the recess, a wedge seated on the recess floor portion adjacent said end wall with its thin end disposed beneath the head unit base, the wedge being movable longitudinally of the recess to raise the head unit and adapted to raise the same only to an extent such as to cause the locking elements to be transferred from the lower to the upper detent notches, the wedge having a shank portion passing through said end wall and an operating button on the outer end of the wedge shank for effecting said longitudinal movement of the wedge.

The invention will be readily understood from the description of the accompanying drawings, in which:

FIG. 1 is a perspective view of the upper or head end of an electric shaver incorporating the invention in a preferred form;

FIG. 2 is a broken out and partially sectioned plan view of the shaver of FIG. 1, with parts omitted the more clearly to show the head unit locking means;

FIG. 3 is an exploded perspective view of the major components of the locking and release means for the head unit;

FIG. 4 is a partially sectioned side elevational view of the shaver of FIG. 1, showing the head unit in its fully locked position;

FIG. 5 is a sectional view on the line 55 of FIG. 4;

FIG. 6 is a View similar to FIG. 4 but showing the head unit in its partially released position; and

FIG. 7 is a sectional view on the line 77 of FIG. 6.

Without regard to the details of the preferred form described below, the case or handle portion of the shaver incorporates a head-receiving recess, with a leaf spring upstanding on each of the two sides of the recess and the upper end of each spring incorporates upper and lower detent notches. The shearing head (or head unit in the case of a multiple head structure such as illustrated herein) is provided with locking elements adapted for snapengagement successively with the upper and lower detent "ice notches when the head is pressed into the recess; and a manually movable wedge is provided, mounted on the case adjacent the head for sliding movement beneath it, to raise the head but only to such an extent as to transfer the locking elements from the lower to the upper detent notches. The latter serve to retain the head and the latter can then be readily grasped and withdrawn by hand.

Referring now to the drawings, the upper end of the shaver case, generally designated 10, terminates in a shell comprised of the side walls 11, 12 and end walls 13, 14, the floor portion 15 of the shell completing the head receiving recess 16.

The details of the triple shearing head construction illustrated form no part of the present invention and for that reason need not be described, it being sufficient to note that, in any known or preferred manner, three individual heads 20, 21, 22 (FIGS. 5 and 7) are assembled as a unit for bodily attachment to and removal from the case. It may also be noted at this juncture that, in order to simplify the drawings, the drive means for the inner cutters of the heads and various related details have been omitted, they also forming no part of this invention and being well known. For present purposes, it is required only that the head unit be provided with suitable locking elements, as mentioned above; and in the preferred form illustrated, such elements take the form of bars 25, 26 formed as an integral part of the plastic base or cradle 27 of the head unit assembly.

The leaf springs 30, 31 are shown as comprising the upstanding arms of a single detent member 32 which may be seated on and suitably secured in relation to the case wall portion 33 (FIGS. 5 and 7), the spring arms projecting upwardly through appropriate openings in the floor portion 15 into the head-receiving recess and, at their upper ends, being formed with the upper and lower detent notches 34, 35. Accordingly, when the head unit is inserted in the recess 16 and pressed downwardly, its locking bars will first engage the upper detent notches and then the lower, in which position the upper surfaces of the shearing heads are substantially flush with the tops of the recess end walls 13, 14 (FIGS. 1, 4, 5).

The Wedge means by which the head unit is raised, generally designated 40, consists of a tapered or working portion 41, a reduced shank 42 which protrudes through an opening 43 in end wall 13, and an exterior push button 44 cemented or otherwise secured to the shank of the wedge. I

The bottom face or fiat of the wedge rides on the floor of the head-receiving recess and its sloping surface is engaged by the corner 45 of the base of the head unit. The wedge is freely movable so that, when the head unit is inserted, the base will engage the wedge and move it outwardly, into the position shown in FIG. 4.

It will be apparent that when pressure is applied to push button 44, the inward movement of the wedge will serve to raise the head unit against the holding action of the detent springs; also that the travel of the wedge is limited by the engagement of the push button with the end face 49 of the push button recess 50 (FIG. 4). This limited movement of the wedge is just sufii-cient to raise the head unit enough to cause the locking elements to disengage from the lower detent notches and pass into engagement with the upper notches, as illustrated in FIGS. 6 and 7. In this position of the unit, the heads 20, 21 and 22 protrude from the recess far enough that they can be firmly grasped and the head unit readily detached from the upper detent notches. However, until so grasped and manually withdrawn, the head unit is sufiiciently held that it will not drop out, no matter how the shaver happens to be held when the push button is pressed.

In the light of the foregoing exemplification of the principles of the invention, the following is claimed.

1. In an electric shaver including a case having an open-topped, head-receiving recess at one end, the said recess bounded by a floor portion, side walls and at least one end wall, the combination of a leaf spring upstanding in the recess adjacent each side wall, the upper end of each spring incorporating upper and lower detent notches, a shearing head unit including a base having a locking element on each side thereof adapted for snapengagement successively with the upper and lower detent notches when the head unit is pressed into the recess, a wedge seated on the recess floor portion adjacent said end wall with its thin end disposed beneath the head unit base, the wedge being movable longitudinally of the recess to raise the head unit and adapted to raise the same only to an extent such as to cause the locking elements to be transferred from the lower to the upper detent notches, the wedge having a shank portion passing through said end wall and an operating button on the outer end of the wedge shank for effecting said longitudinal movement of the wedge.

2. In an electric shaver including a case having an open-topped, head-receiving recess at one end, the said recess bounded by a floor portion, side walls and at least one end wall, the combination of a leaf spring upstanding in the recess adjacent each side wall, the upper end of each spring incorporating upper and lower detent notches, a shearing head unit including a base having a locking element on each side thereof adapted for snapengagement successively with the upper and lower detent notches when the head unit is pressed into the recess, a

manually movable wedge mounted on the case adjacent the head end for sliding movement beneath the head unit to raise the same, the wedge being adapted to raise the head unit only to an extent such that the locking elements are transferred from the lower to the upper detent notches.

3. In an electric shaver including a case having a headreceiving recess, the combination of a leaf spring upstanding on each of two sides of the recess, the upper References Cited by the Examiner UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,758,370 8/56 Gray et a1. -43.92 2,793,430 5/57 Carissimi 3043.92 3,039,188 6/62 Somers 61; a1. 30-43.92 3,090,119 5/63 Jepson 30-43.9ZX 3,101,537 8/63 Kleinm'an 3043.92 3,105,298 10/63 Carissimi 3043.92 3,111,754 11/63 LOCkEb 30-41.6

WILLIAM FELDMAN, Primary Examiner.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2758370 *Jan 25, 1954Aug 14, 1956Schick IncShearing head securing means for electric shaver
US2793430 *Jan 26, 1955May 28, 1957Sperry Rand CorpDry shaver cutter heads
US3039188 *Jan 5, 1959Jun 19, 1962Sperry Rand CorpElectric dry shaver
US3090119 *Oct 22, 1959May 21, 1963Sunbeam CorpElectric dry shaver
US3101537 *Feb 27, 1961Aug 27, 1963Kleinman Jacob LShaver having a removable assembled shaving unit
US3105298 *Jan 11, 1960Oct 1, 1963Sperry Rand CorpElectric shaver cutter drive mechanism
US3111754 *Jan 9, 1961Nov 26, 1963Sperry Rand CorpCutter unit attachment and ejectment means for electric dry shaver
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3325893 *Mar 2, 1965Jun 20, 1967Calor App Electro DomestiquesElectric razor with detachable cutting head
US3332146 *Jul 22, 1965Jul 25, 1967Gerd KratzDry razor with removable cutting head
US3400457 *Jan 26, 1967Sep 10, 1968Sunbeam CorpShaver head release
US3811188 *Oct 10, 1972May 21, 1974Schick IncShaver with removable head
US3959878 *Apr 2, 1975Jun 1, 1976Mcgraw-Edison CompanyConvertible portable electric tool
US4087909 *Jul 20, 1972May 9, 1978Sharp Kabushiki KaishaDry shaver
US5957895 *Feb 20, 1998Sep 28, 1999Becton Dickinson And CompanyLow-profile automatic injection device with self-emptying reservoir
EP1354673A1 *Apr 14, 2003Oct 22, 2003PAYER ELEKTROPRODUKTE GESELLSCHAFT mbHElectric shaver
Classifications
U.S. Classification30/43.1, 30/43.92
International ClassificationB26B19/04
Cooperative ClassificationB26B19/042
European ClassificationB26B19/04A