US 317304 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
G. M. GOND'IT, Jr.
Patented May I I A UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.
GEORGE M. CONDIT, JR, OF
CARPET- FASTEN ER.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 317,304, dated May 5, 1885.
Application filed December 8, 1884. (No model.)
To all whom it may concern.-
Be it known that I, GEORGE M. CoNnrr, J r., of Waterbury, in the county of New Haven and State of Connecticut, have invented a new Improvement in Carpet-Fasteners; and I do hereby declare the following, when taken in connection with accompanying drawings, and the letters of reference marked thereon, to be a full, clear, and exact description of the same, and which said drawings constitute part ofthis specification, and represent, in
Figure 1, a perspective view of the fastener enlarged; Fig. 2, the fastener as applied to the floor and the carpet secured, about full size; Fig. 3, the device for driving the fastener.
This invention relates to a device to be permanently applied to the floor of a room, near the walls, and so as to engage the carpet when placed thereon, or permit the easy removal of the carpet without disturbing the fastener; and it consists in a shank constructed to be driven into the floor, having a collar upon it to take a bearing upon the floor, with a diagonal or hook-like point projecting up from the head, and as more fully hereinafter described.
The fastener, as seen in Fig. 1, may be made from any suitable metal. It consists of a shank, a, which is best made pointed, so as to be readily driven into the floor, and of sufficient length to firmly hold the fastener. its upper end it is provided with a collar, 5, which forms a stop to arrest the shank when driven into the floor. From the head is an upwardlyprojecting point, (I, turned at an angle to the plane of the 'collar, and so as to form a hook shape. This hook-point should he in height about the thickness'of the carpet. The fastener is driven into the floor, as seen in Fig. 2, so that the collar 6 takes a bearing thereon, and so as to prevent the fastener from being driven too far into the floor.
The point projects toward the wall. These fasteners are driven into the floor along the wall, or wherever the carpet is to be secured, at a short distance from the edge of the carpet, care being taken that the point is turned toward the wall-that is, from the body of the carpet.
I11 applying the carpet the edge is drawn I over the hook, as indicated in broken lines, Fig. 2, and then its reaction permitted, and held down upon the fastener. Such reaction in Fig. 2, and thus securely fasten the carpet. To remove the carpet reverse the operation.
The fasteners remain in the floor in their proper position, thepoint not appearing above the surface of the carpet, and hence the fast ener is hidden from view. 1
As a convenient means for driving the fasteners I employ a tool-such as seen in Fig. 3- which has a socket formed in its lower end to set over the hook or point and take a bearing upon the collar, as seen in Fig. 3. Then a blow upon the tool will drive the shank into the floor.
These fasteners cost but a trifle more than common carpet-tacks, and once applied re main for all time. The carpet is not liable to be torn in removing, as in the use of common tacks, but is much more readily removed and replaced than can be done by the use of such tacks. \Vhen the carpet is in place,'it is held substantially as if by a common tack. The device therefore has all the advantages of a common tack without any of its disadvantages.
The body of the fastener is best made angular, as shown, in order to retain it in its proper position with the point of the hook toward the wall, and prevent its turning from that position in driving or otherwise.
ent No. 23,319, and claim nothing therein c0ntained; but' What I do claim is- As an article of manufacture, the hereindescribed carpet fastener, consisting of the pointed shank a, the collar'b, surrounding the shank and forming a head by which the fastener may be driven, and the hook-shaped point at, extending upward and obliquely from the collar, all formed in one piece of metal, substantially as described.
GEORGE M. CONDIT, J R.
FRANKLIN L. WELTON, ELISHA MURRAY.
will draw the carpet onto the hook, as seen I am aware of Patent N 0. 100,355, and Fat-