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Publication numberUS3173774 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMar 16, 1965
Filing dateNov 25, 1960
Priority dateNov 25, 1960
Publication numberUS 3173774 A, US 3173774A, US-A-3173774, US3173774 A, US3173774A
InventorsGetzin Allan R
Original AssigneeAmerican Air Filter Co
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Electrostatic precipittator
US 3173774 A
Abstract  available in
Images(2)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

March 16, 1965 A. R. GETZIN ELECTROSTATIC PRECIPITATOR 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 Filed NOV. 25, 1960' INVENTOR. ALLAN R. GETZIN W6. QM

ATTORNEY March 16, 1965 A. R. GETZIN 3,173,774

ELECTROSTATIC PRECIPITATOR Filed Nov. 25, 1960 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 INVENTOR. ALLAN R4 GETZIN ATTORNEY United States Patent 3,173,774 ELECTROSTA'HQ PREGIPITATOR Allan R. Getzin, .ieffersontown, Kym, assignor to American Air Filter Company, Inez, Louisville, Ky, a corporation of Delaware Filed Nov. 25, 1960, Ser. No. 71,739 3 Claims. (Cl. 55-118) The present invention relates to electrical dust precipirating apparatus and more particularly to an improved housing arrangement for plate electrode assemblies of an electrical precipitator.

In accordance with the present invention, an improved housing-plate electrode assembly structure is provided which can be readily and efficiently manufactured, packaged, stored, shipped, and erected and which permits for easy adaptation of the overall structure to the volume of the gas stream to be treated. In addition, the present invention provides a structure which insures that a maximum volume of the gas stream treated is passed through the treating zone with a minimum face resistance being offered to such gas stream as it passes through such Zone. Further, the present invention provides structure which includes a straightforward and efficient system for effecting electrical contact of the plate electrode assemblies which comprise a part thereof, the inventive structure of the present invention also including efficiently assembled guide and support means for fluid treating means for the plate electrode assemblies.

Various other features of the present invention will become obvious to one skilled in the art upon reading the disclosure set forth hereinafter.

More particularly, the present invention provides a variable size, knock-down electrical dust precipitating apparatus comprising a plurality of independent and separable unit plate electrode assemblies, each having electrical contact means on the side thereof; a plurality of independent and separable unit frame members serving to provide a modular frame member for each unit plate electrode assembly, each of the frame members comprising an open-sided, open-ended, block-like arrangement including an integral four-sided rectangular border frame section defining an open passage through which a gas stream to be treated can be passed and a set of four spaced track members, each track member being of right angular cross section, fixed to and co-extending in opposed cantilever fashion from the corners of the border frame to provide corner channels for the open-sided, openended, block-like arrangement, the block-like frame arrangements being arranged in side-by-side relationship forming an assembly of block-like frames with sides of the border frame sections of adjacent frames abutting each other and the cantilever tracks or" such adjacent frame members co-extending in faced and abutting relationship to slidably receive along the corner channels thereof their respective plate electrode assemblies in such a manner that the electrical contact means of one plate electrode assembly mates through the open-sided frame member with the electrical contact means of an adjacent plate electrode assembly; an outer housing surrounding and de fining the outer perimeter of the assembly of side-by-side, block-like unit frames including independent and separable gas impervious base, roof and side panel members, the side panel members having extending from the inner face thereof bus bar means to engage the contact means of an adjacent plate electrode assembly.

It is to be understood that various changes can be 3,l?3,774 Patented l t Ear. 16, 18 55 made by one skilled in the art in the arrangement, form and construction of the advantageous embodiment of the apparatus disclosed herein without departing from the scope or spirit of the present invention.

Referring to the drawings:

FIGURE 1 is an exploded, perspective view of the overall housing structure of the present invention, this figure further including a perspective view of one of several plate electrode assemblies disposed in one of the unit frame members of the housing structure;

FIGURE 2 is an exploded, perspective view of a modified base structure adaptable for use with housing structure of the type disclosed in FIGURE 1;

FIGURE 3 is an enlarged, broken, perspective view of a sealing and retention bar, as disclosed in FIGURE 1, showing the upper tongue portions thereof in engagement with the slots at the extremities of facing cantilevered tracks of four adjacent unit frame members; and,

FIGURE 4 is an enlarged, partial side view of a helical spring member positioned at the extremity of a cantilever track to serve as a retaining means for a plate electrode assembly partially supported by such track.

Referring to FIGURE 1 of the drawings, the overall housing structure, which is disclosed in exploded form is referred to broadly by reference numeral 2. Housing structure 2 includes a plurality of unit frame members 3 and 4 adapted to be disposed in side-by-side and superposed arrangement, as wiil be seen hereinafter. Housing structure 2 further includes roof members 6 and 7, spaced and opposed base members 8 and 9, respectively, and spaced and opposed side panel members 11 and 12.

It is to be noted in FIGURE 1 of the drawings, that opposed side panel members 11 and 12 are substantially identical in construction, as are opposed roof and base members 6, 8 and 7, 9, respectively, such an arrangement facilitating an interchange of parts to permit a reduction in construction, storage, shipping and erection costs. It also is to be noted that roof members 6 and 7, although similar in construction, are of a different size to satisfactorialy accommodate the different size but similarly constructed unit frame members 3 and 4. It, of course, would follow that the similarly constructed base members 8 and 9, opposed to roof members 6 and 7, respectively, also would be of different size with respect to each other. In this connection, it is to be understood that the present invention is not limited to the particularly disclosed arrangement and, if desired, the sizes of the unit frame members and opposed roof and base members can be varied further or can be the same.

Each of opposed roof and base members 6 and 8 includes a rectangular flat wall portion 14 having side wall portions 16 extending along the periphery thereof in integral relationship therewith and at right angles thereto. Three of side wall portions 16 include support strips 17 turned at right angles to the side wall portions to be substantially parallel to flat wall portions 14. The fourth wall, which serves as the upstream wall and is indicated at 16', is formed to provide a channelled track portion 18.

In like fashion, each of opposed roof and base members 7 and 9, respectively, in FIGURE 1, includes a rectangular flat wall portion 24. Extending along the periphery of flat Wall portion 24 in integral relationship therewith and at right angles thereto are side wall por tions 26. Three of these side wall portions include support strips 27 turned at right angles to the side wall portions to be substantially parallel to the fiat wall portion 9 24. The fourth wall, which serves as the upstream wall and is indicated at 26', is formed to provide a channelled track portion 28.

Sized and adapted to be mounted on base members 8 and 9 are unit frame members 3 and 4. These unit frame members, like the roof and base members aforedescribed and the side panel members to be further described hereinafter, can be made from a number of connected structural-sections or, if desired,'can be made from a substantially integral and formed single section of metal. Unit frame members 3'each includes rear or downstream rectangular border section 31 defining an open passage through which a gas stream to be treated can be passed. Connected to and extending in cantilever fashion from each of the four corners of border section 31 is one of a set of four track members 32, suitable channel and gusset plate members (shown but not described in detail herein) being provided to insure stable construction. The track members 32 are of right angle cross section and are positioned in such opposed relationship with respect to each other as to further define the gas flow passage and provide guide means for a unitplate electrode assembly such as is indicated broadly in FIGURE 1 by reference numeral4t). It is to be noted that the plate electrode as sembly '40 disclosed is similar to that in assignees copending application, Serial No. 798,029, filed March 9, 1957, inventor Don Gonzalez, now US. Patent No. 3,016,- 980. In thiscon'nection, it is to be understood that the present invention, however, is not limited to this particu lar type of plate electrode assembly and that other types of plate electrode assemblies also can be incorporated in housing structure 2.

Unit frame members 4, as aforementioned, are constructed in a manner similar to unit frame members 3 but, in the disclosed embodiment, are of different size from frame members 3. They each include a rear or downstream rectangular border section 41 which serves to define an open passagewaythrough which a gas stream to be treated can bepass'ed. Connected to and extending in cantilever fashion from each of the corners of border section 41 is one of a set of four track members 42, suit able channel and gusset plate members (shown but not described in detail herein) again being providedto insure a stable structure. Track members 42 of each set of a unit frame are ofright angle cross section and also are positioned in such opposed relationship with respect to each other as to'further define the gas flow passage and,

like unit frame '3,'t0 provide guide means for a unit plate electrode assembly such as that indicated broadly in FIG- URE 1 by reference numeral40.

As aforementioned, opposed side panel members 11 and 12 also are substantially identical in construction, side panel member 11 including a fiat Wall portion 51 and sub stantially rectangular side wall portion 52 extending from the periphery of and at right angles to flat wall portion 51 in integral relationship therewith. 'Integ'rally extending at right anglesfro'm rectangular side wall portion 52 at the top and bottom thereof so as to be parallel to the flat wall p rtion 51 are'spaced horizontal strips 53, 54 respectively and integrally extending in similar fashion from the down stream side of rectangular sidewall portion 52 between spaced horizontal strips'53, 54islvertical strip 56. .-Panel member '12, like panel member 11, includes a flat wall portion 61 and a rectangular side wall portion 62, the

. tacts such'as 73, 74 of plate electrode assemblies 40 when the housing structure 2 is' erected, as will be seen more fully hereinafter. As also can be seen in FIGURE 1 of the drawings and as can be seen more fully in FIG- URE 3, cantilever tracks 32 and 42 of the unit frame members 3 arid 4, respectively, are provided with slots 76, 77 respectively. These slots serve to receive spaced tongue portions '78, 79 which are positioned at opposite extremities of sealing and retaining bars 81. The extremities of each sealing and retaining bar 81 are, in turn, provided with slots 82 intermediate the spaced tongue portions. The slots 82 are of sufficient depth and breadth to permit close engagement with the facing legs of cantilever tracks 32, 42, permitting the tongues 78, 79 to engage in slots 76, 77 of such cantilever tracks, respectively. 7

In assembling housing struc tu're 2 it is to be noted that each of the several aforedescribed members of the overall structure can be provided with a number of suitably bored apertures (disclosed but not described in detail) which are positioned in predetermined fashion so that apertures of adjacent structural members of the housing are in alignment when the structural members are properly positioned for assembly. It then only is necessary to provide suit-able fastening hardware, such as nuts and bolts (not shown) to fasten the members together. It is to be understood that the present invention is not limited to the aforedescribed nut and bolt type fastening means and that other suitable means, such as tack welding or riveting can be used, if desired, to make the assembly of the precipitating housing structure 2 more permanent.

In a typical assembly operation, base members 8 and 9 are positioned with their side wall portions 16 and 26, respectively, in side-by-side abutting relationshipand with tracks 18 and 28 in alignment. The base members then are fastened together by some suitable ineans, as aforedescribed, and a lower tier of unit frame members 3 and 4 are aligned, stacked and fastened to support strips 17 and 27 of the base members. An upper tier of unit frame members, 3 and 4, are then aligned, stacked and fastened to the lower tier of frame members with the cantilevered tracks ofthe upper tier facing the cantilevered tracks of the lower tier. Then, roof members 6 and 7 are placed in side-by-side relationship, in a fashion similar to the assembly of base members 8 and Q, and aligned, stacked and fastenedthrough their support strips 17 and 27 to the upper tier of the frame members. Once this has been accomplished, side panels 11 and 12 arefastened to side walls 16 and 26, respectively, of the roof and base members through strips 53 and 54, re-

spectively, on the side panels, the side panels further being fastened to the outer sides of border frames 31, 41 of unit frames 3 and 4, respectively, throughstrips 56 intermediatestrips 53 and 54 of the side panels 11 and 12. The bank of plate electrode assemblies 40 (only one being disclosed) can then be inserted into unit frame members 3 and 4. As the assemblies 40 are slid into frame members 3 along cantilevered tracks 32, contacts 73, 74 on the plate electrode assemblies engage with contacts 71, 72 of the bus bars. In like fashion, when the plate electrode assemblies 40 are slid into -unit frame members 4, contacts '73, 74 on the opposite side of the plate electrode assemblies already mounted in unit frame members 3 engage with adjacent contacts 73, 74of the plate electrode assemblies that are so mounted'in the; frame members 4.

Once the banks of plate electrode assembles are in proper electrical contact, the sealing and retainer bars 81 are assembled in the housing structure, the tongue portions 78, 79 at the extremities of bars 81 engaging in slots 76, 717 respectively at the extremities of cantilevered tracks 32,42. Thus, the plate electrode assemblies 40 are retained in proper position in their unit frame members and the gas to be treated is prevented from passing between adjacent frame members.

It is to be understood that the present invention is not limited to the sealing and retainer bars 81 afores described to retain the plate electrode assemblies 40 in proper position. If desired, an arrangement like that disclosed in FIGURE 4 can be utilized. This arrangement includes a coiled or helical spring 91 which has one end fastened at 92 to the free end of a cantilevered track member 93 similar to aforedescribed track members 32, 42. Helical spring 51 serves to abut in springurged, yieldable contact against the side walls or border members of the end plates of a plate electrode assembly (details of which assembly are more clearly seen in aforementioned US. Patent No. 3,016,980) mounted on cantilevered track 93 in a manner similar to the aforedescribed manner for mounting plate electrode assemblies 40.

It also is to be understood that the present invention is not limited to the specific housing structure 2 as is set forth in FIGURE 1. For example, flat wall portions 14 and 24 in base members 8 and 9, respectively, can be omitted and, if desired, the base members can be like those disclosed in FIGURE 2 so as to permit installation of a portion of the conduit facilities for fluid treating apparatus 50 (FIGURE I) mounted on guide rails 18, 28. As can be seen in FIGURE 2, the modified base member includes similarly constructed but different size front panel members 106, rear panel members 108, 109 and opposed side panel members 111, 112. The front panel members 106, 107 include front wall portions 116, 126, respectively, the front Wall portions having end fastening strips 117, 127 integral therewith an extending at right angles thereto. Front wall portions 116 and 126 also are further contoured to include channel shaped track members 118 and 128, similar to track members 18 and 23 aforedescribed. The rear panel members 108 and 109 are contoured to include open faced rectangular frame portions 131, 132, each having an overhang along the top side thereof, 133, 134, respectively so as to increase the supporting surface for unit frame members-such as 3 and 4 above-described. Opposed side panels 111 and 112, which are substantially identical in construction, include fiat side walls 136, 137, respectively. Flat wall 136 has integral therewith and extending at right angles thereto, spaced right angle brace members 141 and 142 and upper and lower strip portions 143 and 144, respectively. In like fashion side panel 137 includes spaced right angle brace members 151 and 152 and an upper strip 153 and a lower strip (not shown). It is to be understood that the several members of the base structure disclosed in FIGURE 2 each can be provided with a number of apertures positioned in a predetermined fashion, like the apertures aforedescribed, so that the apertures of adjacent members are in alignment when such members are properly positioned for assembly. Again, it is only necessary to provide suitable fastening hardware, such as nuts and bolts, to fasten the members together.

In a typical assembly operation of the apparatus of FIGURE 2, front panel members 106 and 107 are arranged with strips 117 of each in facing contact and the apertures of such strips aligned. These front panel members are then bolted together, tracks 11$ and 128 being in proper alignment. Side panel members 111 and 112 are then fastened to the front panels with right angle member 141 being connected to front panel 116 and right angle member 151 being connected to front panel 126. Once this has been accomplished, rear panels 103 and 109 are positioned in side-by-side alignment with the intermediate sides being connected to each other and the opposite sides being connected to the rear right angle members 142 and 152 respectively of side panels 111 and 112, respectively. It is to be noted that a space is provided between the leading edge of overhangs 133 and 134 and guide rails 118 and 128 to permit conduits from the fluid treating member, such as at 50, to pass therethrough into the housing base.

Finally, it is to be understood that suitable liquid treating apparatus for washing electrode plate assemblies in a manner well known in the art can be utilized with the 6 apparatus disclosed in either FIGURES l and 2, such apparatus being mounted along the guide rails or track portions 23 aforedescribed through wheels 60 positioned at the extremities of fluid treating equipment 50.

With the structure aforedescribed, it is possible to efficiently construct, package, store and ship a housing-plate electrode assembly which can be readily adapted to the volume of the gas stream to be treated. The finally erected structure further insures that maximum volumes of the gas stream treated are passed through the treating zone with a minimum of face resistance offered to such stream and also insures efiicient electrical contact of the plate electrodes assemblies when they are mounted in the overall housing structure.

The invention claimed is:

l. A variable size, knock-down electrical dust precipitating apparatus comprising a plurality of independent and separable unit plate electrode assemblies each having electrical contact means on the side thereof; a plurality of independent and separable unit frame members serving to provide a modular frame member for each unit plate electrode assembly, each of said frame members comprising an open-sided, open-ended, block-like arrangement including an integral four-sided rectangular border frame section defining an open passage through which a gas stream to be treated can be passed and a set of four spaced track members, each track member being of right angular cross section, fixed to and co-extending in opposed cantilever fashion from the corners of said border frame to provide corner channels for said open-sided, open-ended, blocklike arrangement, said block-like frame arrangements being arranged in side-by-side relationship forming an assembly of block-like unit frames with sides of the border frame sections of adjacent frames abutting each other and said cantiliver tracks of such adjacent frame members c0- extending in faced and abutting relationship to slidably receive along said corner channels thereof their respective plate electrode assemblies in such a manner that the electrical contact means of one plate electrode assembly mates through the open-sided frame member with the electrical contact means of an adjacent plate electrode assembly; an outer housing surrounding and defining the outer perimeter of said assembly of side-by-side, block-like unit frames including independent and separable gas impervious base, roof and side panel members having extending from the inner face thereof bus bar means to engage the contact means of an adjacent plate electrode assembly.

2. The apparatus of claim 1, said base and roof members of said outer housing being identical and including integral track members extending along one side thereof; and fluid treating equipment extending between and slidably mounted on said track members.

3. The apparatus of claim 1, said track members having slots at the extremities thereof; and, sealing and retention bars extending between said spaced track members to cover the space between adjacent plate electrode assemblies and to retain said assemblies in position, said bars having tongue portions at the extremities thereof sized to engage in the slots at the extremities of said cantilevered tracks to be held in position.

References Cited by the Examiner UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,010,801 12/11 Rapp 3 12--107 1,340,562 5/20 Sandmann 3121 11 X 1,670,028 5/28 Eustis et a1. 312107 1,992,974 3/35 Thompson 5 52 2,056,853 10/36 Hedges 312-407 2,488,712 11/49 Dahlman 55-443 2,528,842 11/50 Penny 55l43 2,591,404 4/52 Carlson 551 18 2,615,529 10/52 Lincoln 55-118 2,639,781 5/53 Savitz 55-129 (Other references on following page)

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US1010801 *Dec 22, 1910Dec 5, 1911William H RappTray.
US1340562 *Jul 2, 1919May 18, 1920Sandmann Frank AMetal filing-case
US1670028 *Aug 9, 1926May 15, 1928Beiger Fred SWall case
US1992974 *Mar 18, 1931Mar 5, 1935Thompson Engineering CompanyElectrostatic precipitator
US2056853 *Jun 2, 1934Oct 6, 1936Hedges James AFiling cabinet
US2488712 *May 1, 1945Nov 22, 1949American Air Filter CoElectrical dust-precipitating unit
US2528842 *May 13, 1947Nov 7, 1950Westinghouse Electric CorpDust-precipitating means with separable plate-assembly units
US2591404 *Nov 22, 1950Apr 1, 1952Westinghouse Electric CorpElectrostatic precipitator
US2615529 *Oct 1, 1948Oct 28, 1952Westinghouse Electric CorpElectrostatic precipitator
US2639781 *Dec 10, 1948May 26, 1953Air Maze CorpElectrostatic filter
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3520111 *Nov 5, 1968Jul 14, 1970American Air Filter CoGas filter apparatus
US4240811 *Jun 12, 1979Dec 23, 1980Elfi Elektrofilter AbFixing and connecting device for wires and plates in electrostatic filters
US4313741 *Jul 21, 1980Feb 2, 1982Senichi MasudaElectric dust collector
US5628818 *Dec 26, 1995May 13, 1997Carrier CorporationElectronic air cleaner cell containment structure
US6440199 *Aug 16, 2001Aug 27, 2002Alstom (Switzerland) Ltd.Electric filter
US7244289 *Jul 14, 2006Jul 17, 2007Zhi Xiang SuAir purifier with detachable ionizer unit
Classifications
U.S. Classification96/86
International ClassificationB03C3/86, B03C3/34
Cooperative ClassificationB03C3/86
European ClassificationB03C3/86