|Publication number||US317420 A|
|Publication date||May 5, 1885|
|Filing date||Jul 1, 1884|
|Publication number||US 317420 A, US 317420A, US-A-317420, US317420 A, US317420A|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (2), Classifications (1)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
2 Sheets-Sheet 1."
Patented May 5, 1885.
J. L. SEYMOUR. CUTTING AND PACKING KINDLING WOOD.
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V J. L. SEYMOUR.
CUTTING 'AND PACKING KINDLING WOOD.
N0..317,420.' Patented May 5, 1885.
. By his Attorney's; @91
'WITNESSESB Mwws mphen wnlhin lm n, c
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.
JOSEPH L. SEYMOUR, OF NEW YORK, N..Y.
CUTTING AND PACKING KINDLING-WOOD.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 317,420, dated May 5, 1885.
Application filed July 1, 1ss4. (No model.)
To all whom it may concern.-
Be it known that I, JosEPH L. SEYMOUR, a citizen of the United States, residing in the city, county, and State of New York, have invented certain Improvements in Cutting and Packing Kindling-Wood, of which the following is a specification.
My invention relates in part to the mode of cutting or sawing the kindling and in part to a mode of binding the cut blocks, for the purpose, primarily, of securing all the sticks or elements of a kindling-block together, and, secondarily, of securing the blocks together to form a group or package.
In constructing a kindling-block, a disk, usually about three inches long, is sawed from the end of a log, and these disks areusually, but not necessarily, slabbed to form squares, say eight inches on one side. These blocks are then kerfed with saws in parallel lines, the two sets of which cross each other and reduce the block to sticks or billets. Sometimes the kerfs do not extend quite through the block,
and the billets are held together by a stub, so that they may be easily broken apart, and sometimes they are kerfed from both ends. Now, it is desirable to keep the block unbroken until the kindling is sold to the consumer; but if the stub is made so weak that the billets can be easily broken off with the fingers, then the blocks are apt to break in handling and transportation; and this difficulty is further enhanced by the natural checking of the stub in drying. If the billets be entirely separated by the saw and a string be tied around the block, the central billets will work out and the block go to pieces. It is also desirable to pack severalblocks, say six, in a bundle, and this cannot well be done economically with the present modes of cutting.
My object is to obviate these difficulties by providing a block that may be shipped and handled, either singly or in packages, without danger of its breaking or falling to pieces, and at the same time provide a block that can be easily broken up by the fingers for use. My preferred mode of cutting or kerfing also prevents the middle billets from working out, and gives to them a form that is of great advantage in kindling a fire.
In the drawings which serve to illustrate my invention, Figure 1 represents a block in which the billets are entirely separated by my improved cut, and held together by my improved binding. Fig. 2 shows one of the billets detached from the block. Fig. 3 represents a .block with my improved cut, wherein the billets are not quite separated. Fig. 4 represents a block with the billets separated by a slightly modified form of my cut. Figs. 5, 6, and 7 represent blocks with different cuts or kerfings, to which my improved binding is applied. Fig. 8 illustrates the mode of securing three or more blocks together endwise by my binding. Fig. 9 illustrates the mode of binding the blocks together, both endwise and edgewise, by my binding. Fig. 10 illustrates the application of my cut and binding to a round block, and Fig. 11 illustrates a modification which will be hereinafter described.
Referring to Fig. l, the cut or kerfing is effected by sawing into the block A obliquely, from opposite ends in parallel lines, the two sets of kerfs crossing each other, as shown. The kerfs meet from opposite sides and sepa rate the billets a, one of which is shown detached'in Fig. 2. WVhen this block is bound together at its periphery, it is obvious that the angular billets at the center cannot fall or work out; and as these billets will not pack closely when thrown together promiscuously, it is obvious that this crooked form enhances their value as a kindling. It is not necessary that the kerfs be equally spaced; indeed, I prefer to space them irregularly, as shown, so as to make some of the billets larger than the others.
In order to bind the block A together, so that it may be handled and sold as a unit, and pack closely for transportation, I provide the block with kerfs b 1), near its four sides or margins, and press into these kerfs binding strips or laths 0 c, of thin wood, one of which is represented in Fig. 2 detached. The kerfs are deep enough by preference to permit these four strips to cross where the kerfs cross. These strips hold the elements of the block together with sufficient firmness to permit of the rough handling they will receive, but they may be easily pulled to pieces by the user. The kerfs b are cut obliquely, simply as a convenience, the kerfing'saws being on the same mandrel as the other saws, and this obliquity of the binding-kerfs has no disadvantages where the blocks are not to be bound together endwise, as will be hereinafter explained.
Fig. 3 shows the same cut and binding as Fig. 1, except that the kerfs do not quite meet and the billets are not separated.
Fig. 4 shows the same cut and binding as Fig. 1, except that the kerfs from one end of the block are not oblique. Instead of making these straight kerfs by sawing, the billets may be split apart with the grain in the manufacture.
Fig. 5 shows the binding applied to a block with straight kerfs, which pass nearly through the block, leaving only a short stub. The binding-kerfs do not extend down so deep as the others, as the wedging of the bindingstrips would in that case be apt to split off the outer row of billets.
Fig. 6 shows the binding applied to a block with straight kerfs extending in from both ends of the block. The shallower kerfs do not register with the deeper kerfs, and serve to prevent the block from checking, as well as to facilitate the separation of the billets. The binding-strips occupy the exterior kerfs.
Fig. 7 shows a block similar to that seen in Fig. 5, but the binding-kerfs are cut obliquely in the edges of the block.
Fig. 8 shows three blocks having the cut seen in Fig. 6 secured to each other, end to end, by binding-strips which take or extend into each block. The ordinary binding-strips are employed to hold the elements of each block together.
Fig. 9 shows four blocks having the cut seen in Fig. 5 bound together, end to end and edge to edge.
These two examplesFigs. 8 and 9sufliciently illustrate how six, or even more, blocks may be secured together by long bindingstrips. As the kerfs in the blocks having like cuts will register, it is easy to see how the strip or strips may be passed through several blocks.
Fig. 10 shows a round block, unslabbed, provided with my oblique cut, as in Fig. 1, but having the binding-kerfs cut at right angles to its end. This may be effected by simply extending the slab-kerfs down part way in the block.
Fig. 11 shows a billet from a block having a out similar to that shown in Figs. 1, 2, and 3, except that only one set of cuts or kerfs is made oblique to the ends of the block, the other set, which crosses the first, being straight or at right angles to the end of the block. This produces crooked or angular billets, but they have two straight sides. Such billets may be formed by cutting the block entirely through, or but part way through, as described with reference to other cuts. I have not considered it necessary to show the entire block.
I do not usually find it necessary to employ binding-kerfs in any but the marginal rows of billets, but I may cut kerfs in any or all of the billets, or rows of billets, anduse any number of bin ding-strips or, where the billets are not wholly separated, I mayinsert bindingstrips in any or all of the kerfs, and at one or both ends of the blocks, and these strips may be round, square, or flat.
I am aware that the bindingkerfs in such blocks may be formed in various ways, and I do not limit myself to the several ways shown. For example, the central rows of kerfs in the blocks shown in Figs. 8 and 9 might be used for binding-strips to secure the several blocks together, while the marginal kerfs are utilized only to receive the strips which bind the billets of the block together.
When the blocks are sawed and kerfed, they are usually green. The binding-strips are inserted and the blocks then dried in kilns. This causes the blocks to shrink on and hold the strips firmly.
The object in squaring the block is, mainly, that it may pack closely for transportation, and the slabs can be utilized for fuel at the mill.
I wish it understood that while I usually bind together the elements from one block, yet my method of binding may as well be adapted for binding together separatelyformed billets assembled together in any shape and properly kerfed to receive the binding-strips. The block thus formed, or however formed, need not nectssarily be square; it might belong and narrow, for example, or of other shapes; and the sets of kerfs need not cross each other at right angles. For example, the block might be diamond-shaped and the kerfs might cross obliquely but parallel with its sides. The binding-strips might also be of other shapes and other materials than those described.
I wish to call attention to the fact that my kindling-block differs from most others in that it is not designed for use as a unit, but is intended to be pulled to pieces and its billets used as ordinary kindling-billets are used. I know, of course, that various forms of angular kerfings have been employed in kindling billets or blocks; but, so far as I am aware, none of these have produced a crooked or bent billet, like that illustrated in Fig. 2, capable of interlocking with adjacent billets of the same shape. 1
Having thus described my invention, I claim 1. A kindling-block wherein the billets are separated by saw-kerfs which impart a crooked or bent form to the billets, as shown, whereby the interior or central billets are made to interlock so that they cannot work out, substantially as set forth.
2. Akindling-block having two sets of parallel cuts or kerfs in each end, which sets cross each other, as set forth, and each set of cuts or kerfs are made oblique to the grain or ends of the block, whereby the billets are given a crooked shape, as shown, for the purposes set forth.
3. A kindling-block wherein the billets are formed by oblique cuts or kerfs, substantially as described, and the whole secured together In witness whereof I have hereunto signed by binding strips or laths inserted in kerfs in my name in the presence of two subscribing 10 the marginal rows of billets, substantially as witnesses.
and for the purposes set forth. JOSEPH L. SEYMOUR. 5 4. The herein-described method of binding Witnesses:
together the billets of a kindling block or bun- HENRY GONNETT,
dle, which consists in sawing or cuttingkerfs in GEO. BRINTON.
the ends of the same and inserting in the said kerfs strips or laths, substantially as set forth.
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