US 3178841 A
Abstract available in
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
p i 20, 1965 15.5. HOWELL 3,178,841
POSTER HOLDING DEVICE Filed May 16, 1961 1 I2 10 1 K J 1 L I I l 38 I| b l I 5ai 54 MAP I i lb IHIII. qf r26 H i r g i I 1 g, 50/
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48y DAVID HOWELL a 6W9 United States Patent 3,178,841 POSTER HOLDING DEVICE David S. Howell, Royal Oak, Mich., assignor to Arlington Aluminum Company, Detroit, Mich, a corporation of Michigan Filed May 16, 1961, Ser. No. 110,486 8 Claims. (Cl. 4010) This invention relates to poster holders and poster combinations.
One object of this invention is to provide a poster holder and poster combination wherein can be quickly and easily inserted in the holder through the aperture in the front of the border frame thereof in such a manner that the poster holder possesses a continuous border frame which completely surrounds the poster so as to wholly conceal its entire periphery and which does not require movable sections or other special constructions which detract from its appearance or otherwise make it appear other than an unbroken rectangular bordered frame.
Another object is to provide a poster holder and poster combination of the foregoing character wherein the poster at opposite corners along one side thereof is notched out and wherein the poster holder has trough-like recesses or channels for receiving the poster, the poster holder border opening and the poster having predetermined relative dimensions enabling the poster to be easily inserted from the front while bowed, by pushing it through the central opening of the border frame without the necessity of removing the poster holder from the wall or other structure upon which it is mounted.
Another object is to provide a poster holder and poster combination as set forth in the object immediately preceding, wherein the bottom trough-like recess or channel of the poster holder contains a filler or stop which prevents the lower edge of the poster extending between the two corner notches from descending below a predetermined depth in the recess or channel after being inserted in the poster holder.
Another object is to provide a poster holder and poster combination of the foregoing character which may be constructed either for display of a single poster on one side thereof or of two posters on opposite sides thereof.
Another object is to provide a modified poster holder and poster combination of the foregoing character which .does not require the use of a back plate completely filling the central opening of the border frame.
Another object is to provide a single-sided poster holder and poster combination wherein the poster holder is constructed with its border frame members integral with the back plate, thereby simplifying the construction and reducing the cost of manufacture thereof.
Other objects and advantages of the invention will become apparent during the course of the following description of the accompanying drawings, wherein:
FIGURE 1 is a front elevation of a poster holder and poster combination, with the outline of the poster inserted therein shown in dotted lines;
FIGURE 2 is a vertical section taken along the lin 22 in FIGURE 1;
FIGURE 3 is a horizontal section taken along the line.
33 in FIGURE 1;
FIGURE 4 is a vertical section similar to FIGURE 2 but showing a modified construction providing a singlesided poster holder, wherein the poster holder border and back plate are integral with one another, the poster itself being omitted from this view;
FIGURE 5 is a fragmentary front elevation of the righthand side and corner portions of a further modified poster (holder wherein the back plate is replaced by corner plates or gussets, thereby eliminating the need for a back plate;
FIGURE 6 is a vertical section taken along the line 6-6 in FIGURE 5;
FIGURE 7 is a vertical section taken along the line similar to the line 22 in FIGURE 1, but showing a still further modified construction providing a double-sided poster holder; and
FIGURE 8 is a front elevation, upon a reduced scale, of the poster removed from the poster holder shown in FIGURE 1, and shown therein in dotted lines.
Hitherto, poster holders have required cutout portions, hinged rims or movable border rails or the like in order to provide for insertion of a poster which is larger than the border frame openings so as to be retained by the overlapping of its edge portions behind the border rails or frame members. These prior constructions are not only complicated and expensive to produce but are subject to being damaged by vandalism where the operation is understandable at a glance.
The present poster holder includes a border frame with immovable border rails or frame members with a poster or card of special outline and of particularly related dimensions and proportions to the border frame. The different forms in the sketches are generally similar in construction and principle of operation, depending on whether or not the frame holds a single poster on one side or two posters back to back on opposite sides and whether or not the frame has a back plate, to serve as an abutment for the poster.
Referring to the drawing in detail, FIGURES 1 to 3 inclusive show a single-sided backed poster holder, generally designated 10, including a border frame, generally designated 11, made up of four border rails 12, 14, 16 and 18 of angle cross-section similar in construction and dimensions, and mitered or obliquely cut at their opposite ends to fit one another. Each consists of a peripheral side wall 20 with an inwardly-projecting perpendicular flange 22. The peripheral walls 20 are ridged and grooved as at 24 to receive the peripheral edge portions of a back plate 26. Secured by screws 28 to the back plate 26 are inclined members 30, the outer edges of which engage the bottoms 32 of the channels or U-shaped recesses 34 formed by the cooperation of the back plate 26 with the angle border rails 12, 14, 16 and 18. Inserted in the bottom channel 34 is a filler bar 36 which occupies and fills up approximately half the depth of the channel. The horizontal border rails 12 and 16 have inner edges 38, whereas the vertical side rails 14 and 18 have inner edges 40, the ends of the rails being mitered to fit together and produce an open central rectangular aperture or opening 42. The back plate 26 and inclined members 30 cooperatively form a poster abutment structure for a poster inserted behind the border frame 11 in the manner described below.
The poster 50 (shown in FIGURE 8 and in dotted lines in FIGURE 1) is in the form of an approximately rectangular card with a top edge 52 equal in length ap proximately to the distance between the bottoms of the channels in the side members 14 and 18 so as to completely fill the channels 34 therein, whereas the side edges 54 have lower corner notches 56 with horizontal and vertical sides 58 and 60 leaving a shorter bottom edge 62 which is substantially the same length as the inner border edge 38 of the bottom rail 16. The sides 58 and 60 of the notches 56 are approximately equal to the depth of the channels 34, but the combined height of the card 50 consisting of the lengths 54 and 60 added together is less by the depth of the channel 34 of the top rail 20 than the width between the bottoms of the channels of the top and bottom rails 12 and 16, not including the filler 36. If the border rails are all of the same channel depth, the bottom notches 56 are square notches, otherwise not.
equal length and pushed into the channel 34 thereof,
leaving the shorter lower edge portion 64 outside the opening 42. The operator then bows or springs the card 50 so as to withdraw its other edge 54 back to the other border wall edge 40, permitting it to slip into the channel 34 thereof. The operator then pushes upward on the lower edge 62 of the poster 50 to force its upper edge 52 behind the upper rail edge 38 into the upper channel 34 until the lower edge 62 comes opposite the lower inner rail edge 38 and can be pushed past it into the opening 42. The operator then lets the poster 50 drop of its own weight so that its lower edge 62 comes to rest-against the filler bar 36 of FIGURE 1 fills up the lower channel 32 filler 36, with the upper edge 52 concealed behind the upper rail edge 38.
The modified single-sided poster holder, generally designated 70, shown in FIGURE'4 is similar in principle to that shown in FIGURES 1 to 3* inclusive, but has upper and lower border rails 72 and 76- of channel cross-section integral with side rails 74 also of channel cross-section. The rails 72, 74 and 76 comprise'flanges 78, 80 and 82 respectively integral with a back plate or poster abutment structure 84 and connected thereto by bent portions 86, 88 and 90; These flanges 78,180 and 82 cooperate with their respective bent edge portions 86, 88 and 90 to provide an upper channel 92, a; lower channel 94 and side channels 96 respectively. The upper channel 92 and side channels 96 are preferably of substantially the same depth, whereas the lower channel 94 is preferably of approximately half the depth of the upper and side channels 92- and-964' The ends of the flanges 7'8; 80 and 82 are mitered or obliquely cut to fitone ane other in the same manner as shown in FIGURE 1, and a poster (not shown) of similar construction and dimen sions' is used. The one-piece poster holder 70 of FIG- URE 4 dispenses withthe need for the filler bar 36 (FIGURE 2) when the channel 94 is made sufliciently shallow, as stated above. The insertion of theposter 50 of FIGURE 1 in the modified poster holder 70 of FIG- URE 4 is the same as that described above in connection with FIGURES '1 to 3 inclusive, and hence requires no repetition. V
The further modified single-sided poster holder, generally designated 100, shown in fragmentary form in FIGURES and 6 is for the same purpose as the poster holder of FIGURES l, 2 and 3 and uses aposter 50 of the same relative dimensions and corner notches, but
dispenses with the back plate 26.. The poster holder 100 consists of upper andlowerborder rails 102 and 106 respectively interconnected by side rails 104. The border rails 102, 104 and 106 are of similar construction and.
are of angle cross-section as shown in FIGURE 6 with a front flange 108 and edge flanges 110. The border rails 102, 104 and 106 are thus capable of production by extrusion. The edge flanges 110 are preferably thicker than the front flanges 108 in order to receive fasteners 112 by which diagonal corner plates or gusset to the edge flanges 110. The triangular plates114 thus collectively constitute a poster abutment structure spaced away from the front flanges 108 to provide triangular corner pockets 116 therebetween for receiving the edge portions of the poster 50 (not shown); inthe samemanner as shown in FIGURE 1. The triangular corner plates 114 have'oblique inner edges 118 (FIGURE 5) past which the upper corners of the upper edge .52 of the poster 50 must be inserted. The lower border rail 106,
, like the lower border rail 16 of FIGURES 1 to 3 inclusiveis provided with a filler. bar ,120 of approximately half the depth of the pocket 116, in each of the lower corners of poster holder 100 so as to partlyfill up the lower corner pockets 116 in the same manner that the in the lower border rail 16.
Theposter 50, as its number indicates, is of the same construction and relative dimensions of the poster 50 of FIGURE 1 and has similar notched-out lower corners 56. The poster 50 is inserted in the poster holder in the same manner previously described in connection with FIGURE 1, hence requires no repetition of description except to state that only the corners or corner portions of the poster 50 are now held in the corner pockets 116, the side edges elsewhere being without backing flanges or plates.
The still further modified poster holder, generally designated 130, shown in FIGURE, 7 is a double-sided poster holder having channel-shaped upper and lower border rails 132 and 136 and similar channel side rails 134. Each border rail consists of front and rear flanges 138 and 140 interconnected by an edge web 142 so as to provide a trough-shaped channel 144 therein. The lower channel 144 is provided with a filler bar 146 of approximately halfthe depth of the lower channel 144 and serving the same purpose as the filler bar 36 of FIGURES 1, 2 and 3. Secured at its upper and side edges to the border rails 132 and 134'and resting upon the filler bar 146 in the lower side rail 136 is a back plate or poster abutment structure 148 disposed halfway between the front and rear flanges 138 an'd'140 so as to provide front and rear channels or trough-like recesses 150 and 152 respectively." The terms front and rear are purely relative terms employed for distinguishing purposes only since the double-sided poster holder 130 of FIGURE 7 'is ordinarily mounted upon a stanchion or other upright support (not shown) in such a manner as to receive posters 154 and 15 6 on opposite sides of the back plate 148. The back plate 148is optional and is intended primarily for outdoor use where they posters 154' and 156,
otherwise placed back-to-back, would lack sufl'icient rigidity to prevent their being blown away by high winds.
The posters 154 and 156 are of the same relative dimensions and construction with notched out lower corners as the poster 50'of FIGURES'I to 3 inclusive, and are inserted in the same manner described above, hence a duplication of description is not believed necessary.
What I claim is: 1. A poster and poster holder combination, compris ing a c ontinuous border frame having top, side and hottom border members connected to one another end-toend and disposed around an open'approximately rectangular center aperture, said border frame membersincluding peripheral walls disposedat the margins of said border frame and poster-retaining flanges extending inwardly from said peripheral walls toward said central aperture, poster abutment structure spaced away from said border frame members but connected thereto and cooperating therewith to define'poster-edgeereceiving grooves disposed between said border frame members and said abutment structure, said grooves facing inwardly toward said central aperture, the groove in the bottom border member having a depth substantially less than the depth of the groove disposed in the top border member. opposite thereto acrosssaid central aperture; and a poster of flexible sheet material of approximately rectangular outline disposed in said border frame and' having right-angled corner notches at the opposite ends of the bottom edge thereof fitting into the corners of the grooves of the adjacent border members, the sides of said notches having lengths approximately equal to the depths of theirrespective grooves,
groove forming a resultant groove of said lesser depth.
3. A poster and poster holder combination, according to claim 1, wherein said opposite border members have grooves of approximately the same depth and wherein one of said last-mentioned grooves has a filler disposed therein forming a resultant groove of said lesser depth.
4. A poster and poster holder combination, according to claim 1, wherein said poster abutment structure includes rearward poster retaining members secured to the end portions of each adjacent pair of border frame members on the rearward sides thereof and extending across the corner therebetween in spaced relationship to the flanges thereof.
5. A poster and poster holder combination, according to claim 4, wherein said rearward poster retaining members include plates disposed across the corners between the said end portions of said adjacent pairs of border frame members.
6. A poster and poster holder combination, according to claim 1, wherein said poster abutment structure includes rearward flanges on said border frame members extending inwardly toward said central aperture in transversely-spaced relationship with said previously-mentioned flanges.
7. A poster and poster holder combination, according to claim 6, wherein a partition member is disposed in said central aperture in closing relationship therewith and has its peripheral edges disposed in said border member grooves in spaced relationship with said transverselyspaced flanges.
8. A poster and poster holder combination, according to claim 1, wherein the combined height of the poster is less by the depth of the groove of less depth than the width between the bottoms of the grooves of the diametrically-opposite top and bottom border frame members, the bottom one of which contains the groove of less depth.
References Cited by the Examiner UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,315,892 9/19 Wilson. 1,553,585 9/25 Anthony 40l0 2,608,776 9/52 Schuler 40-10 2,888,764 6/59 Knox 40152 FOREIGN PATENTS 492,760 5/53 Canada.
597,247 8/25 France.
722,249 12/31 France.
113, 844 3 26 Switzerland.
JEROME SCHNALL, Primary Examiner.
E. V. BENHAM, J. L. LENNY, Examiners.