|Publication number||US3180272 A|
|Publication date||Apr 27, 1965|
|Filing date||Jul 9, 1963|
|Priority date||Jul 9, 1963|
|Also published as||DE1528953A1, DE1974433U|
|Publication number||US 3180272 A, US 3180272A, US-A-3180272, US3180272 A, US3180272A|
|Inventors||Broadfoot John T|
|Original Assignee||Roger L Culbertson|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (6), Referenced by (20), Classifications (10)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
April 27 1965 J. T. 'BRoADFoo-r 3,180,272
DEFORMABLE-HOSE FLUID PUMP Filed July 9, 1963 3 Sheets-Sheet 1 JO H N T. BROADFOOT lNvENToR.
ArromvmfslV April 27, 1965 J. T. BRoADFooT 3,180,272
DEFORMABLE-HOSE FLUID PUMP Filed July 9, 1963 3 Sheets-Sheet 2 JOH N T. BROADFOOT INVENTOR.
BY may@ ATTORNEYS.
April 27, 1965 Filed July 9, 1963 J. T. BROADFOOT DEFORMABLE-HOSE FLUID PUMP 3 Sheets-Sheet 3 INVENTOR. JOHN T. BRoADFooT ATTORNEYS following description and claims.
United States Patent O 3,180,272 DEFORMABLE-HSE FLUID PUMP John T. Broadtoot, Seattle, Wash., assigner of forty-tive percent to Roger L. Culbertson, King County, Wash. Filed July 9, 1963., Ser. No. 293,652 15 Claims. (Sl. 10S-149) The present application is a continuation-in-part of my abandoned application tiled Dec. 21, 1952, Ser. No. 246,609.
This invention relates to a fluid pump, being particularly engineered to efficiently handle fluids of heavy consistency and those in which solids are entrained and thus being especially applicable to the pumping of concrete.
For its general objects the invention aims to provide a pump of this nature in which the pumpage is completely isolated from the moving parts of the pump, one which will not be damaged should the same run dry or become plugged, nor from the lodging of an oversize solid in the pump or an attempt to lift the pumped fluid to a height exceeding the capabilities of the pump, which can be readily reversed to aid in clearing a plugged condition, and which permits damaged portions of hose through which the fluid has been pumped to be replaced with ease and expedition.
Other more particular objects and advantages, together with the foregoing, will appear and be understood in the The invention consists in Vthe new method of pumping a fluid and in the novel construction and the adaptation and combination of parts hereinafter described and claimed.
In the accompanying drawings:
FIGURE l is a side elevational view illustrating a fluid'pump constructed to embody preferred teachings of the present invention, with the delivery hose shown fragmentarily. Also shown fragmentarily are the circulation lines leading to and from hydraulic motors which power each of the two ends of the pumps drive shaft.
FIG. 2 is atop plan view thereof.
FIG. 3 is a fragmentary transverse vertical sectional view on line 3 3 of FIG. 4 with the scale enlarged from that of FIGS. 1 and 2.
FIG. 4 is a fragmentary longitudinal vertical sectional view on the jogged section line 4 4 of FIG. 3.
FIG. 5 is a transverse vertical dead section on line 5 5 of FIG. 4.
FIG. 6 is a detail fragmentary sectional view drawn to anenlarged scale on line 6 6 of FIG. 3.
FIG. 7 is a detail fragmentary sectional view on line i 7 7 of FIG. 1 and employing the same scale as that of FIGS. 3 and 4; and
FIG. 8 is a detail fragmentary sectional view on line 3 8 of FIG. 3 with the scale corresponding to that of FIG. 6.
Referring to said drawings, the housing in which the pump of the present invention operates is shown as a fabricated structure and is comprised of a cylindrical shell designated by the numeral 1t) having headers 11 and 12 bolted thereto as closures for the ends. A cylindrical communicating case 13 is bolted to the external face of the header 11 in centered relation thereto. While not shown sealing gaskets are employed. The header 12 and the outer wall of such case are each centrally apertured to accommodate a live rotary shaft 14.
vRespective air-seals 15 surround the shaft within these apertures, which have a diameter somewhat larger than the shaft to permit a moderate degree of lateral deflection. External pressure-lubricated journal boxes 16 support the protruding ends of the shaft, each being carried for floating movement upon the free end ofV a respective arm 17 having its other end pivoted, as at 1S (FIG. 7), to the "ice header 12 or to the case 13 for swing motion about an offset axis paralleling the rotary axis of the shaft. Springs 2t) yieldingly resist endwise motion of the shaft. A respective hydraulic ymotor 21 is fixed to each of the two journal boxes and has its rotor keyed or otherwise fixed to the respective end of the shaft. One of two hydraulic lines 22 for each of these motors is fed from a powerdriven pump (not shown) common to both while the other line returns to an oil reservoir from which the oil pump draws its fluid.
Within the pump housing a pair of plates 23 are journaled in axially-spaced relation upon the drive shaft 14. These plates serve as the carrier for two spindles 25 placed diametrically opposite one another. Ends of the spindles t in slots 26 which are provided by the plates and Vadmit of being set in radially adjusted positions by means of jam nuts working on screws 27. The spindles function as dead axles and each has a respective planetary wheel 23 journaled for rotation thereon. Each planetary wheel has a Wide band 30 of elastic rubber vulcanized as a tire thereto. Endless chains 31 trained about sets of sprocket wheels 32-3'3 drive the planetary Wheels, one sprocket wheel of each set being fixed to the drive shaft and the other sprocket wheel being fixed to a respective one of the two planetary wheels.
Disposed tangent to a circle which has a diameter somewhat less than the inner wall of the cylindrical shell 15 and is projected about shaft 14 as a center, and occupying positions median to the width of the tires one above and the other below the horizontal plane of said shaft, the cylindrical 4shell is formed With outwardly pointing tubular snouts 35 and 36. A flexible hose 37 is received through these snouts, having a loose slide fit therein, and within the housing seats upon an elastic pad 38. Such pad is applied as a liner to the inner Wall of the shell and is secured in place by the expedient of vulcanizing the pad to a backing plate 40 which is in turn bolted to the shell.
The hose end which lies at the bottom serves as the ingress for fluid pumpage, and Within the shell the portion of thepad 38 which underlies such ingress end is substantially thickened, as at 41, to appreciably laugment the cushioning action. This I find to be extremely important in that hose damage, where coarse or unduly sharp rock is contained in aggregate of pumped concrete, is foundrto largely occur at this point.
The hose which I prefer to employ has a considerabl portion of its length protruding from the egress snout. On difficult pumpage, it is recommended that the hose be given an endwise shift of a foot or so after the pump has been in operation for several hours, advancing the egress end into its snout while withdrawing a corresponding length of the ingerss end to be cut off and discarded. Such ingress end is secured by a hose clamp 46 to the discharge nipple 42 of a supply hopper 43 which lies alongside the fluid pump. Elastic sleeves 44 are clamped g -to the snouts, 4.and cuff-like prolongations of these sleeves invest the protruding hose and tightly grip the latter to form air-tight seals as a vacuum condition (produced by a vacuum pump hereinafter to be described) is created within the fluid pump. The hose is anchored Within the pump housing by means of flexible saddling straps 45, also hereinafter to be described. When it is desired to shift the yhose these straps are loosened and the cuffs turned back upon the snouts.
It is desirable that the hydraulic motors be reversible, and this is readily accomplished by providing a suitable control valve in the hydraulic circuit.
Proceeding now to describe said straps the same occur at spaced intervals of the length of the housed Section of hose and each has its two ends passed through wall slots 49 provided in the seating pad and its backing, and registering slots formed in the shell and iu rubber facing pads 47 which are cemented to the external surface of the shell. Each such strap en-d has a terminal eye 43 extending longitudinal to the concerned slot. Pins 50 are removably inserted through these eyes with the ends projecting and bearing upon the facing pads at opposite ends of the slots. Recessed caps 51 t over the facing pads, bearing upon the marginal edges of the latter, and are pressed inwardly to establish an air seal by means of respective hammers 52 leveraged against the caps by quick-release toggles 53.
Hand-holes 54 are provided in the header 12, giving access to the interior of the pump for purposes of inspection and feeding the strap ends into the slots. Covers 55 for these hand-holes have rubber sealing rings 56 upon their underside, and counterparts (not shown) of the leveraged hammers are provided for holding the covers in place.
The referred-to vacuum pump occupies the case 13. Such pump is comprised of a section of compressible hose 57 held in place by straps 58. One end 59 of the hose is open to the interior of the case and the other end 60 is exposed to the exterior atmosphere. An elastic cuff 61 invests said exposed end. Pneumatic tires 62 are mounted as planetary wheels upon a carrier 63 journaled for rotation upon the drive shaft 14. The drive shaft acts by friction to turn the planetary wheels, and the wheels responsively walk about the inner perimeter of t-he case, progressively squeezing the hose between the wheels and the case. The direction of orbital travel is reversed from that of the concrete pump but both are the same, functionally considered, in that the progress is from the ingress toward the egress end of the concerned hose.
Hose S7 perforce evacuates air from within the case and the housing as such air enters behind a wheel 62 and is forced by a following wheel from the egress end. This evacuation of air is continuous and of major importance to the functioning of the main pump, with the vacuum controlled by a valve 64 (FIG. 3) so as to lie in a range of l to 30 inches of mercury desirably. As each of the planetary wheels passes over the ingress end of the hose 37 it becomes necessary for the squeezed hose to expand in order to receive pumpage, and it is to insure this function that a continuous vacuum is maintained. Without vacuum, the pump in order to draw semi-fluids such as low-slump concrete, which creates extremely high friction losses 4in piping, would of necessity be forced to rely entirely upon elasticity or memory of the hose. To handle the type of pumpage for which the present invention is primarily engineered, vacuum is vital as is an absence of sharp corners or abrupt bends which deter fr'ee travel.
One of the several important features of the invention is that the drive from the shaft 14 to the hose-compressing wheels is planetary. In its preferred embodiment, as herein illustrated, the carrier oats (turns freely upon the drive shaft) while the drive shaft performs as a sun member in that it functions as the power agency for passing a direct positive reduction drive to the planetary wheels. The wheels walk by friction about the circumference of the hose and thus do not create any scufling which is perforce objectionable from the standpoint of imposing axial thrust upon the hose, with a consequent fatigue problem, as well as causing unnecessary wear both upon the tires of the planetary wheels and upon the hose. The orbital speed of the spindles about the center of the drive shaft as an axis is slow by comparison with the shafts rotion. This and the float mounting of the shaft journals is important from the standpoint of reducing radial thrust on the bearings. Passing the drive into the shaft 14 from both ends eliminates, to all practical purposes, torsional stress.
A feature of the invention is the referred-to reverslbility of the pump by reversing the direction of rotation of the drive shaft 1 4. This is significant for several reasons. Should it become necessary to remove any part of the hose, which for concrete pumping can be as much as 300' in length, pressure on the hose can be relieved by reversing the pump. Gn an operation lifting concrete, for example, to a raised level, when all concrete needed is in place the concrete within the hose can be removed by reversing the pump. Also, even though the Y pump can handle concrete with oversize rock as long as such rock is scattered throughout the mix it may happen that several such rocks will enter the pump at the same time, in which event the hose may plug. These oversize rocks can be pumped back into the mixing hopper by reversing the pump, whereupon normal pumping can be resumed. With the hose freed from the straps 45, the cuffs turned back, and the ingress end of the hose disengaged from the hopper, power can be applied from the hydraulic motors to shift the hose in either endwise direction, selectively.
The ease with which access may be had to the interior of the pump, after first bleeding air by valve 64 into the vacuum chamber to create an atmospheric or near-atmospheric condition, and then quickly freeing and shifting the hose or performing other maintenance operations, will have been apparent from the foregoing description. It will be understood that the pump is in no sense limited to the pumping of concrete, being applicable to any fluid or semi-fluid or any properly sized solid suspended in a fluid or semi-fluid medium. Changes in the details of construction may be resorted to without departing from the spirit of the invention and it is accordingly my intention that no limitations be implied and that the hereto annexed claims be given the broadest interpretation to which the employed language fairly admits.
What I claim is:
1. In a fluid pump, in combination, an air-tight casing, a section of compressible hose contained therein, ingress and egress conduits for uid pumpage received through openings in the wall of the casing and connecting with opposite ends of said hose section, and means including a power-driven rotor to perform the following operations in concert: (1) squeeze said hose section in repeating cycles starting at the ingress end and working progressively toward the egress end, and (2) continuously evacuate air from within the casing, the rotor being powered by companion hydraulic motors driven in unison by hydraulic fluid which is received from a common source of pressure supply and mounted so that one motor powers one end and the other motor powers the other end of the rotor.
2. A rotary fluid pump comprising, in combination, a stationary ring, a compressible hose extending about and bearing against the interior surface of said ring and within its circumferential span having two circumferentially spaced ports one serving as an ingress to and the other as an egress from the interior of the hose, a plate received for free rotation about the center of the ring as an axis, a power-driven rotor mounted for rotation about the center of the ring as an axis, means acting in complement with said rotor and the plate to produce a planetary drive in which the rotor operates as a sun member and the plate serves as a carrier, said compleinenting means comprising a planet wheel carried by the carrier for orbital travel about its own center as an axis, and at its outside bearing upon the hose so as to walk about the latter while at the same time compressing the hose and responsively producing a uid pocket moving about the circumference of the ring progressively from the inlet port to the outlet port.
3. Structure according to claim 2 in which the ring is made a part of an air-tight housing and having means for drawing air from within the housing so that the hose and planetary drive are enveloped in a low-pressure atmosphere.
4. Structure according to claim 3, the pressure con-l casing, means mounted for orbital travel about the center on which said arcuate wall is developed and operating in repeating cycles for squeezing said nose starting at the opening cover to give access to the interior of the casing.
6. Structure according to claim 2 in which an elastic tire rims the planet wheel to bear upon and compress the hose.
7. Structure according to claim 2, two of said planet wheels being provided placed diametrically opposite one another. l
S. In a iluid pump, in combination, an air-tight casing providing an arcuate internal wall, bearings arranged to occupy co-axial positions at each of the two ends of the casing in positions generally concentric to the center vabout which the arc of said internal Wall is developed and each supported from the casing in a manner which permits the bearing to float, a length of compressible hose bearing upon said wall, ingress and egress conduits for uid pumpage attached to the opposite ends of said hose, means for evacuating air from within the casing, means mounted for orbital travel about the center on which said arcuate wall is developed and operating in repeating cycles for squeezing said hose starting at the ingress end and working progressively toward the egress end, and power means including a rotor journaled for rotation in said bearings for moving said squeezing means in its said orbital travel.
9. A pump according to claim-8 in which the squeezing means comprises a tire bearing upon the hose and caused to walk circumferentially thereof, the tire being carried upon the rim of a positively driven wheel and relying upon frictional'engagement with the hose Yfor its walking travel.
10. Structure according to claim Shaving a pad extending as a liner about said Wall between the wall and the hose, said pad and the squeezing means being each elastic, and wherein the thickness of said pad is substantial at least in the portion thereof which underlies the ingress-end of the hose.
1l. In a tluid pump, in combination, an air-tight casing providing an arcuate internal Wall, a length of compressible hose bearing upon said wall, ingress and egress conduits for uid pumpage attached to the opposite ends of said hose, means for evacuating air from within the casing, means mounted for orbital travel about the center on which said arcuatewall is developed and operating in repeating cycles for squeezing said hose starting at the ingress end and working progressivelytoward the egress end, power means for moving said squeezing means in its said orbital travel, and ilexible :straps saddling the hose to secure the hose in place upon the Wall, the wall of the casing providing respectiveslots through which at least one end of each'strap is received, means being provided accessible from the exterior of the casing for detachably anchoring said strap end.
12. A pump according to claim 11 havingva removable cap covering said anchoring means and formed so as to seal the slot against access of air.
13. In a uid pump, in combination, an air-tight casing providing an arcuate internal Wall, a length of compressible hose bearing upon said wall, ingress and egress conduits for fluid pumpage attached to the opposite end-s of said hose, meansV for evacuating air from within the ingress end and working progressively toward the egress end, power means for moving said squeezing means in its said orbital travel, the squeezing means comprising a tire bearing upon the hose and caused to walk circumferen- `tially thereof, the tire being carried upon the rim of a positively driven wheel and relying upon frictional engagement with the hose for its walking travel, andV means for detachably anchoring the hose in its operating position bearing upon the wall, Vthe power means being reversible to permit the hose to be shifted in either endwise direction, selectively, by freeing the hose from the wall and so energizing the power means that the tire is turned in a rotary direction corresponding to the direction in which it is desired to shift the hose.
14. In a iluid pump, in combination, an air-tight casing providing an internal wall, a length of compressible hose bearing upon said Wall, ingress and egress conduits for fluid pumpage attached to the opposite ends of said hose, means for evacuating air from within the casing, means operating in repeating cycles for squeezing said hose starting at the ingress end and travelling progressively toward the egress end, power means for moving said squeezing means in its said travel, and means for detaehably anchoring the hose in said position bearing uponthe wall, said travel of the squeezing means exerting upon the hose a force which would shift the hose in an endwise direction in the absence of said anchor.
15. In a machine for pumping a fluid containing a noncompressible aggregate, in combination, an air-tight casing providing an internal wall, a length of compressible hose bearing upon said wall, two openings in said wall spaced circumferentially thereof and through which opposite ends of the hose project, one of said ends serving as a point of ingress at which fluid to be pumped enters said length of hose, the other end serving as a point of egress at which pumped fluid is expelled from said length of hose, means for evacuating air from within the casing, means operating in repeating cycles for squeezing said hose starting at a point thereon closely adjacent to said pointV of ingress and travelling progressively toward the point of egress for pumping fluid from the point of ingress to the point of egress, and a reversible motor operatively connected with the squeezing means for powering :said squeezing means in its pumping travel, said motor when reversed causing the squeezing means to reverse direction and thereby return to the point of ingress hose-plugging aggregate `which has been carried into the hose with the uid being pumped.
References Cited by the Examiner UNITED STATES PATENTS WARREN E. COLEMAN, Examiner.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US664507 *||Nov 1, 1899||Dec 25, 1900||Automatic Ice Machine Company||Pump.|
|US1845479 *||Jul 8, 1929||Feb 16, 1932||W B Neal||Blood transfusion apparatus|
|US2662666 *||Aug 4, 1949||Dec 15, 1953||Golding Bros Company Inc||Injector device|
|US2794400 *||May 28, 1956||Jun 4, 1957||Bodine Jr Albert G||Pump for fluid and semi-fluid materials|
|US2915983 *||Aug 10, 1956||Dec 8, 1959||berrian|
|GB669809A *||Title not available|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3516610 *||Oct 24, 1968||Jun 23, 1970||Gen Motors Corp||Windscreen wiper and washer mechanisms|
|US3518033 *||Aug 22, 1969||Jun 30, 1970||Robert M Anderson||Extracorporeal heart|
|US3687580 *||May 26, 1970||Aug 29, 1972||Griffiths Fuel Injection Dev L||Apparatus capable of use as a pump or a motor|
|US3720485 *||Jul 1, 1971||Mar 13, 1973||Holman N||Artificial heart|
|US3784323 *||Nov 9, 1972||Jan 8, 1974||Rhone Poulenc Sa||Peristaltic pump|
|US3955902 *||May 28, 1974||May 11, 1976||Erik Bach Kyvsgaard||Flexible tube pump|
|US4500266 *||Dec 8, 1983||Feb 19, 1985||Amf Incorporated||Linear peristaltic pump|
|US4522571 *||Mar 5, 1984||Jun 11, 1985||Little Robert K||Peristaltic pump|
|US4540350 *||May 14, 1984||Sep 10, 1985||Manfred Streicher||Stricture pump|
|US4674962 *||Oct 17, 1985||Jun 23, 1987||Cobe Laboratories, Inc.||Peristaltic pump|
|US5249938 *||Jun 5, 1990||Oct 5, 1993||Bellhouse Technology Limited||Peristaltic pump|
|US5350284 *||May 10, 1993||Sep 27, 1994||Allweiler Ag||Peristaltic pump|
|US5375984 *||May 10, 1993||Dec 27, 1994||Allweiler Ag||Peristalitic pump|
|US5445506 *||Dec 22, 1993||Aug 29, 1995||Baxter International Inc.||Self loading peristaltic pump tube cassette|
|US7513757||Dec 22, 2003||Apr 7, 2009||Impian Technologies Limited||Peristaltic pump head and tube holder|
|US20060153718 *||Dec 22, 2003||Jul 13, 2006||Gibson David J M||Peristaltic pump head and tube holder|
|EP0130374A2 *||May 30, 1984||Jan 9, 1985||Manfred Streicher||Flexible tube pump|
|EP0130374A3 *||May 30, 1984||Apr 17, 1985||Manfred Streicher||Flexible tube pump|
|EP1980750A3 *||Mar 19, 2008||Jan 6, 2010||Giancarlo Musiani||Device for the adjustment of the orbital position of the operating rollers of the rotor of a peristaltic pump|
|WO2009006648A1 *||Jul 4, 2008||Jan 8, 2009||Raymond William Hinks||Peristaltic pump|
|U.S. Classification||417/405, 417/326, 417/477.6, 417/351, 417/475|
|Cooperative Classification||F04B43/1253, F04B43/1276|
|European Classification||F04B43/12G6, F04B43/12G|