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Publication numberUS3180379 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateApr 27, 1965
Filing dateMay 22, 1961
Priority dateMay 22, 1961
Publication numberUS 3180379 A, US 3180379A, US-A-3180379, US3180379 A, US3180379A
InventorsStewart Arthur H
Original AssigneeStewart Arthur H
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Bit assembly and chip ejector means therefor
US 3180379 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

A ril 27, 1965 A. H. STEWART 3,180,379

BIT ASSEMBLY AND CHIP EJECTOR MEANS THEREFOR Filed May 22. 1961 IZ'U'g. Z.

49-! i I H uvmvrom ARTHUR H. STEWART my 8W HIS arromvzr United States Patent but 3,186,379 BIT ASSEMBLY AND CHE HECTOR li IEANS TEEREFGR Arthur H. Stewart, 335 Willow Ave, Hayward, Calif. Filed May 22, 1961, Ser. No. 111,737 6 Claims. (Cl. 145-117) My invention relates to hole boring tools and more particularly to a bit assembly of the type involving a shank having a cutter head assembly at one end thereof, and including a lead screw or tip.

One of the problems connected with the use of such a bit assembly is the removal of chips as they are created during use of the tool, the chips normally accumulating for the most part in the hole being drilled, to be lifted out upon removal of the tool, or dropped through the hole upon passing of the cutting head completely through the work, when the hole to be drilled is not a blind hole.

Another difiiculty experienced with such bits, is in the withdrawal of the cutter head assembly from the drilled hole, the wall surface of the hole often resisting such withdrawal.

Further, in many bits of this type, particularly in the smaller sizes, the cutter head is integral with the shank, and accordingly should the lead screw or tip break or freeze in the tool, due to rust or other cause, considerable difliculty will be experienced in removing such tip.

Among the objects of the present invention are:

(1) To provide a novel and improved bit assembly of the type referred to;

(2) To provide in a bit assembly of the type referred to, means for facilitating the removal of chips as they are formed during use of such tool;

(3) To provide a novel and improved bit assembly of the type referred to, in which means is provided for facilitating the removal of the lead screw or tip conventionally employed in such a tool;

(4) To provide a novel and improved bit assembly of the type referred to, adapted to provide a smooth wall surface in the hole being drilled;

(5) To provide a novel and improved chip ejector adapted for attachment to a bit assembly of the type referred to.

Additional objects of my invention will be brought out in the following description of a preferred embodiment of the same, taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, wherein:

FIG. 1 is an assembly view depicting the invention in its preferred form;

FIG. 2 is a view depicting chip ejecting means included in the assembly illustrated in FIG. 1;

FIG. 3 is a view, partly in section, of the cutter head assembly of the tool of FIG. 1, and depicting a feature of the invention relating to the means for facilitating the removal of a damaged or frozen lead screw or tip from such tool.

Referring to the drawings for details of my invention in its preferred form, the bit assembly illustrated in FIG. 1, comprises a shank 1 having at one end thereof, a cutter head assembly 3.

The cutter head assembly includes a cutter head having oppositely directed cutting sections 7 extending laterally from a hub 9 to a reach beyond the longitudinal boundary of the shank, with each cutting section having a cutting edge 11 and an inclined lift surface 13 extending upwardly therefrom.

The cutter head may be formed independently of the shank, for attachment to the shank in the manner illustrated in my patent for Boring Tool and Method for Making Same, Patent No. 2,883,888 of April 28, 1959, or it may be formed integral with the shank; in either ice case, the cutter head being provided with an axial passage through its hub, in alignment with an axial recess 14- in the proximate end of the shank, for the reception of a suitable lead screw or tip 15.

Such screw 15 will be retained in this passageway by a set screw 19 threadedly assembled in the tool shank 1 for engagement with the screw.

Such manner of retaining the lead screw in position permits of adjustment of the same within a range permitted by the length thereof.

Where such cutter head is independently formed, for removable attachment to the shank, as in the manner indicated in my aforementioned patent, removal of the lead screw, should it become rusted to the walls of the passageway or broken in use, becomes a relatively sirnple matter, for the removal of the cutter head from the shank, will expose the tail end of the lead screw, thereby enabling the same to be knocked out without much dilficulty.

On the other hand, with the cutter head formed integral with the shank, as clearly depicted in FIG. 3 of the drawings, such access to the lead screw is not available. To facilitate the removal of the lead screw under these conditions, I provide an angularly drilled hole or passageway 23 through the side of the shank, to terminate in the shank recess 14 to expose the tail end of the lead screw, the angular passageway being of sufiicient diameter to receive a punch or the equivalent, adapted to engage the tail end of a lead screw, which can then be loosened and knocked out of its position by a few well directed hammer blows against the exposed end of the punch.

The outer surface of the cutter sections of the head are provided with relatively shallow threads 25 which in prior art bits of this type, corresponded in number of threads per inch, to those 27 of the lead screw, and cooperated with the lead screw in causing the bit assembly to ad- Vance itself into the material being drilled, while, in the process, leaving a very shallow thread on the wall 33 of the hole, which was sufficient to interfere with the smooth withdrawal of the tool from the hole.

I have found that this condition can be alleviated by deviating from such conventional practice, to the extent of slightly reducing the number of threads per inch in the cutter head, say of the order of two threads per inch. This causes the cutter head to tend to advance at a slightly faster rate than the lead screw will tolerate/with the result that the cutter head, while driving forward, will, at the same time tend to shear off thread markings on the wall of the hole being formed. Thus, the tool may be withdrawn from the hole without the resistance to withdrawal previously experienced with this type of tool.

A further problem encountered with a tool of this character is the disposal of chips as they are produced by the cutter head. Such chips normally ride up the incline surfaces 13 of the cutter head and accumulate around the shank 1 within the hole being bored. As a prime feature of the bit assembly of the present invention, I provide a chip ejector means, which during r-ota tion of the tool is adapted to remove the chips from the region of the cutter head, as they are formed, and cause the same to be ejected from the entrance to the hole being drilled.

Such ejector means may take the form of a spiral ridge 37 about the shank l and terminating at one end adjacent the cutter head, preferably in a sloping end surface 39. The spiral ridge defines a longitudinal boundary 41 well within that of the outer surface boundary of the cutter head, to provide space 43 between the spiral ridge 37 and the wall 33 of the hole being drilled.

The spiral ridge preferably extends up the shank to a point adjacent the chuck end 45 thereof, and while the formed of heavy wire terminating at one end in the S10 'ing end surface 39, While at its other end, the spiral ridge may be anchoredto a collar or ring 49 adapted to fit snugly over the shank and be removably afifixed thereto by one or more set screws 51. V Chips formed by the advancing cutter head will have distance between the shank 1 and the wall 33,0f the hole being drilled, but due to the fact that the spiral ridge 37' does not span this distance, the chips will not bind or jam, or otherwise offer resistance to movement thereof along the shank, but will be free to roll and,

twist along the guiding surface of the spiral ridge, whereby they will travel along the shank and out of the hole with a minimum of resistance.

, From the foregoing description of my invention in its preferred form, it will be apparent that the same is subject to alteration and modification without departing from the underlying principles involved, and I, accordingly, do not desire 'to be limited in my protection to the specific details illustrated and described, except as may be necessitatedby the appended claims.

' I claim: 1. A bit assembly comprising a shank; a cutter head assembly at an end of said shank, said cutter head assembly including oppositely directed cutting sections extending laterally beyond the longitudinal boundary of said shank and each having a cutting edge and an inclined lift surface extendingupwardly therefrom; independent means surrounding said shank and terminating adjacent said cutter headassembly for guiding work chips from said cutter'head assembly up said shank assuch chips are created by said cutting edges during use, said means including aspiral ridge about said shank and terminating in a free end adjacent said cutter head assembly; and

means for removably securing said spiral ridge to said shank. a

2. A: bit assembly'comprising a shank; a cutter head assembly at an end of ;said shank, said cutter head 'a dimension determined by the length of the cutting edges 11 which will be equal to orgreatcr than the space assembly including oppositely directed cutting sections extending laterally beyond the longitudinal boundary of said shank and each having a cutting edge and an inclined lift surface extending upwardly therefrom, and an axially disposed lead tip; means surrounding said shank and terminating adjacent said cutter head assembly for guiding work chips from said cutter head assembly up said shank as such chips are created by said cutting edges during use, said means including a spiral ridge about said shank V and terminating at one end adjacent said cutter head assemblwth-reads on the outermost surfaces of said cutting sections differing slightly'in number per inch from those on said lead tip; and said shank having an angularly disposed passageway into the side thereof and exposing the tail end of said lead tip. 7

,5. A bit" assembly comprising a shank; a cutter head assembly at an endof 'said shank, said cutter head assembly including a hub and oppositely directed cutting 7 section integral with said shank and extending laterally assembly including a hub and oppositely directed cutting sections extending laterally beyond the longitudinal boundary of said shank, and each cutting section having a cutting edge and an inclined lift surface extending upwardly therefrom, a lead screw installed axially of said hub and into said shank; and means for facilitating the withdrawal of said cutter head assembly from a hole being drilled, said means including a spiral thread about the "outer surface of said cutter head assembly having a number of threads per inch slightly less than the number of threads per inch on said lead screw.

3. A bit assembly comprising a shank; a cutter head i assembly at an end of said shank, said cutter head assembly including a hub and oppositely directed cutting sections integral with said shank and extending laterally beyond the longitudinal boundary of said shank, and each cutting section having a cutting edge and an inclined lift surface extending upwardly therefrom, a lead screw slidably installed axially. of said hub and into said shank; and means providing access to the shank end of said lead screw, said means including a passageway into the side of said shank and exposing said end of the lead screw. 7

4. A bitassembly comprising a shank; a cutter head assembly at an end 9f .Said shank, said cutter head beyond the. longitudinal boundary of said shank, and each cuttin section having a cutting edge. and an'inclined lift surface extending upwardly therefrom, a lead screw slidably installed axially of said hub and into said shank;

means providing access to the shank end of said leadscrew; said mean including a passageway into the side of said shank and exposing said end of the lead screw; and means for facilitating the withdrawal of said cutter head assembly from a hole being drilled, said means including 'aspiral thread about the outermost surfaces or" said cutting sections, said-spiral thread having a number of threads per inch slightly less than the number of threads per inch on said lead screw.

6. A bit assembly comprising a shank; a, cutter head assembly at an end of said shank, said cutter head assembly including a hub: and oppositely directed cutting sections integral with said shank and extending laterally beyond the longitudinal boundary of said shank, and each ably installed axially of said hub and into said shank; means providing access to the shank end of said lead screw, said means including-a passageway into the side of said shank and exposing said end of the lead screw; means for facilitating the withdrawal of said cutter head assembly from a hole being drilled, said means including a spiral thread about the'outer surfaces of said cutting sections, said spiral thread having a number of threads per inch slightly less than the number of threads per inch on said lead screw; and means extending along said shank for guiding work chips fromlsaid cutter head assembly up said shank'as such chips are created by said cutting sections during use, said means including a spiral ridge about said shank and terminating at one end adjacent said cutter head assembly; and means for removably securing-said spiral ridge about said shank.

References Cited by the Examiner UNITED STATES PATENTS 'ANDREW R. JUHASZ, Primary Examiner. FRANK E; BAILEY, FRANK H.

l 1 Examiners.

BRONAUGH,

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US287538 *Aug 25, 1883Oct 30, 1883F OneEdward hall
US1557900 *Sep 8, 1924Oct 20, 1925Thomas J HolmesAuger and bit
US2566145 *Oct 3, 1946Aug 28, 1951Sandula Stanley FMachine-tool attachment
US2883888 *Oct 24, 1955Apr 28, 1959Arthur H StewartBoring tool and method for making same
US3064699 *Feb 7, 1961Nov 20, 1962Gadget Of The Mouth Club IncSelf-advancing auger bit with supple-mentary lead screw means
GB189410690A * Title not available
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4090807 *Sep 20, 1976May 23, 1978Stewart Arthur AAxially supported boring tool and method for making same
US4188987 *Sep 22, 1978Feb 19, 1980James Robert GLog splitting attachment
US4594031 *Oct 5, 1984Jun 10, 1986The Boeing CompanyChip extractor bushing
US5312207 *May 7, 1992May 17, 1994Famag-Werkzeugfabrik Friedr. Aug. MuhylhoffCylindrical bit
US5678962 *Sep 5, 1995Oct 21, 1997Makino Inc.Integral boring and threading tool and method
US6337142Jun 22, 1998Jan 8, 2002Stryker Trauma GmbhElongate element for transmitting forces
US6416517Aug 4, 1998Jul 9, 2002Stryker Trauma GmbhReaming tool for reaming bone canals
US6428250Feb 2, 2001Aug 6, 2002Karl-Heinz GiebmannsDrill bit for wood drilling
US6640370Feb 1, 2001Nov 4, 2003Gary KieferHand tool for removal of metal chips from blind holes
US6939411 *Jan 25, 2005Sep 6, 2005Svm Machining, Inc.Method and tool for cleaning a watercraft speedometer
US7246976 *Oct 13, 2004Jul 24, 2007Textron Innovations Inc.Spade bit
US7648316Jan 23, 2007Jan 19, 2010Wolfcraft, GmbhForstner drill bit
US20050084350 *Oct 13, 2004Apr 21, 2005Nordlin William F.Spade bit
US20050126591 *Jan 25, 2005Jun 16, 2005Mark SerpaMethod and tool for cleaning a watercraft speedometer
US20070172325 *Jan 23, 2007Jul 26, 2007Winfried EbertForstner drill bit
USRE28900 *Aug 26, 1974Jul 13, 1976 Drill bit device
DE10007736A1 *Feb 19, 2000Aug 16, 2001Giebmanns Karl HeinzHolzbohrer
EP0512388A2 *Apr 29, 1992Nov 11, 1992Famag-Werkzeugfabrik Friedrich Aug. MühlhoffDrill with cylindrical head
EP0895754A2 *Jun 10, 1998Feb 10, 1999Howmedica GmbHA reaming tool for reaming bone canals
Classifications
U.S. Classification408/211, 408/200, 408/222, 408/216, 408/214
International ClassificationB23Q11/00, B27G15/00
Cooperative ClassificationB27G15/00, B23Q11/0042
European ClassificationB23Q11/00F, B27G15/00
Legal Events
DateCodeEventDescription
Dec 6, 1982ASAssignment
Owner name: RULE INDUSTRIES, INC., CAPE ANN INDUSTRIAL PARK, G
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST.;ASSIGNOR:RULE-PLANETOR, INC.;REEL/FRAME:004066/0371
Effective date: 19821103
Feb 8, 1982ASAssignment
Owner name: RULE-PLANETOR, INC.
Free format text: CHANGE OF NAME;ASSIGNOR:PLANETOR BIT COMPANY, INC.;REEL/FRAME:003950/0702
Effective date: 19791224
Jan 14, 1981ASAssignment
Effective date: 19790427
Owner name: STEWART, ESTHER JEANETTE
Free format text: LETTERS OF TESTAMENTARY;ASSIGNOR:SUPERIOR COURT OF CALIFORNIA, ADMINISTRATOR OF THE ESTATE OF A. HENRY STEWART;REEL/FRAME:3822/193
Free format text: LETTERS OF TESTAMENTARY;ASSIGNOR:SUPERIOR COURT OF CALIFORNIA, ADMINISTRATOR OF THE ESTATE OF A. HENRY STEWART;REEL/FRAME:003822/0193