US 3180421 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
H. Z. HIRSHBERG -ETAL SHOCK ABSORBENT HORSESHOE April 27, ,1965,
3 Sheets-Sheet 1 Filed Sept. 9, 1965 NELSON J. M4K/555% 9L B/OWRD Z. H/RSHBERG fw@ A TTRNEYS April 27, 1965 H. z. HIRSHBERG ETAL 3,130,421
SHOCK ABSORBENT HORSESHOE Filed Sept. 9, 1963 5 Sheets-Sheet 2 April 27, 1965 H. z. HxRsHBERG ETAL 3,180,421
SHOCK ABSORBENT HORSESHOE Filed Sept. 9, 1963 3 Sheets-Sheet 3 INVENTOR. NELSON J. VQTfRBl/RY 9'- 6'2 HOW/M0 Z. H/RSHEERS E- 5,.J5 BYQAMM@ TTRNEYS.
Patented Apr. 27, lg
3,1l 421 SHGCII ABSGRBEI HGRSESHE Howard Z. Hirshherg, S2 Campbell St., Manchester, NEI., and Nelson LI. Waterbury, 745 th Ave., New York,
Filed Sept. 9, 1963, Ser. No. 307,599 2 Claims. (Cl. 168-12) This invention relates generally to shoes for horses and more particularly to new and useful improvements in a racing plate for a race horse.
Some race horses have Weak tendons in their fore legs and very often they bow these tendons, the reason being that there was constant pressure exerted on them. In the event that a race horse bows his tendons, he almost always loses a great deal of his racing ability and for example he could have been worth a million dollars and with such bowed tendons, this worth could be reduced to be less than one thousand dollars.
The principal object of this invention is to prevent a horse from bowing his tendons.
A further object of this invention is to make it possible for a horse which has sesamoid trouble and sulers great pain while in training to be relieved of great pressure and pain.
A still further object of this invention is to alleviate the pressure from the fore legs of a horse that has already previously bowed his tendons thereby permitting him to give his full racing perfomance thereafter.
Another object of the invention is to provide a sectional racing plate with cushioning means between the sections.
A further object of the invention is to provide a racing plate that is highly elticient for the purposes intended.
For further comprehension of the invention, and of the objects and advantages thereof, reference will be had to the following description and accompanying drawings, and to the appended claims in which the various novel features of the invention are more particularly set forth.
In the accompanying drawings forming a material part of this disclosure:
FIG. 1 is a top perspective view of a racing plate ernbodying one form of the invention.
FIG. 2 is a sectional view taken on the line 2-2 of FIG. 1.
FIG. 3 is a sectional view taken on the line 3-3 of FIG. 1.
FIG. 4 is a sectional view taken on the line 4-4 of FIG. 3.
FIG. 5 is a spread perspective View of the end of one section of a racing plate embodying a modied form of the invention.
FIG. 6 is a view similar to FIG. 1 of a racing plate embodying another modilied form of the invention, parts being shown broken away, and parts being shown in dot-dash lines.
FIG. 7 is a spread perspective view of a part of a racing plate embodying a further modiiied form of the invention.
FIG. 8 is a top perspective view of yet another modified form of cushioning device.
FIG. 9 is a spread perspective view of one section of a racing plate embodying the device of FIG. 8.
FIG. 10 is a side View of a racing plate embodying a still further modified form of the invention.
FIG. 11 is a perspective view of a spring Iused in the form of FIG. 10.
FIG. l2 is a part side and part sectional view of a racing plate embodying an additional modified form of the invention.
FIG. 13 is a perspective view of a magnet used with the form of FIG. 12.
FIG. 14 is a view similar to FIG. 1 of still another modied form of racing plate.
FIG. 15 is an enlarged sectional view taken on the line 15-15 of FIG. 14.
FIG. 16 is an enlarged sectional view taken on the line 16--16 of FIG. 14.
FIG. 17 is an enlarged cross-sectional view taken on the line 17-17 of FIG. 14.
FIG. 18 is a fragmentary perspective view of a portion of the assembly shown in FIG. 14.
FIG. 19 is a perspective view of the wire spring device used therewith.
Referring more in detail to the drawings, in FIG. 1 a racing plate for race horses is shown and designated generally by the reference numeral 10. The racing plate is preferably formed of aluminum and is formed with a sectional body semi-oval in plan having an upper section 12 and a lower section 14. The sections are in superimposed relation and are connected to each other by a cushioning device indicated generally at 16.
The upper section 12 has heel portions 18, 1S, a curved toe portion 20 and curved quarters 22, 22 between the heel portions and toe portion. The upper face 24 has a llat and smooth surface. The bottom face 26 is formed with a shallow groove 2S along each quarter 22. The bottom face along the toe portion is plain and smooth. Rectangular-shaped spaced holes 32 are formed along the outer periphery of the quarters 22, 22, eight of such holes being shown. A similar number of round spaced holes 34 are formed along the center area of the quarters.
The lower section 14 is of similar shape and of similar dimensions with heel portions 40, 40, curved toe portion 42 and curved quarters 44, 44 between the heel portions and toe portion. The top face 46 along the quarters is formed with curved grooves 48 centrally thereof. A curved calk 50 depends from the curved toe portion 42 and is frictionally embedded therein. Round-shaped holes 52 are formed along the outer periphery of the quarters 44, 44 in line with the holes 32 in the upper section 12. The heel ends are enlarged downwardly as indicated at 54 and fixed in sockets in said enlargements are depending calks 56.
The sections 12 and 14 are secured together by the cushioning device 16. This cushioning device 16 consists of a plurality of short rectangular-shaped compound curved leaf leaf springs 60. One end of each spring 60 seats in the groove 43 in the upper surface of the lower section 14 and its other end seats in the groove 28 in the lower surface of the upper section 12. A rivet 62 passing through a hole in the end of the spring fastens said end to the lower section 14, and another rivet 64 passing through a hole in the other end fastens said other end to the upper section 12.
In use, the racing plate 10 is secured to the horses hoof by means of horseshoe nails driven through the aligned square holes 32 by means of a punch device extending through the aligned holes 52 in the lower section of the plate. The springs 6l) absorb the shocks and strains of the feet of the horse when running.
In FIG. 5, a modified form of cushioning spring 60 is shown having a body substantially U-shaped in conguration, with a horizontally disposed base 70', and with upwardly slanting arms 72' terminating in horizontally disposed fingers 74 having holes '76 therein. The base 7th is secured to the lower section 14 by a rivet 78 and the lingers are secured to the upper section 12' by rivets Stb.
FIG. 6 illustrates another modified form ot cushioning spring d2 with a body shaped to conform to the shape of the upper section 1.2 and lower section 14". The body of the spring `is formed of at spring metal stock with a curved bight section 84, and corrugated legs 86, 86, the
corrugations constituted'by hillsy 88 and dales 9G and forming individual spring elements. The dales 90 are formed with elongated slots 92 and the hills with elongated slots 94, in alignment with each other. The cushioning spring S2 is placed between the lower' section 14" and the upper section 12V with the bight section S4 placed d between the toe portions and 42 of the upper and lower sections 1.2 and 14", respectively.V The spring slots y92 in the dales 9% into the lower section 14 and by rivets 98 passing through the slots 9d in the hills 38 into the upper section'122 The modified form of cushioning spring 82"' shown in FIG. 7 is similar to the cushioning spring 82 of FG. 6 exceptrthat the hills 38'. and dales 90" are not perforated to receive rivets but instead the spring is fastened in posi-V to serve as a handle for manipulating the section 12".
Y Another modified form of cushioning spring device 32Xk is shown in FIGS. 8 and 9. The spring device 82X consists of a body shaped to conform to the shape of Ythe upper and lower sections 12X and 14X of fiat spring stock to be placed between the upper and lower sections. Pairs of Vopposed upper and lower spring elements eux aresecured to the vupper andlower surfaces of the legs of the body of the spring in spaced relation therealong. Each. spring element 60X has a substantially U-shaped body disposed across the leg` with its vbight portion 112 secured to the'surfaces of the leg by Welding or the like and with its legs 114 slightly curved outwardly at the legs interlock with the outer surfaces of the walls of the groove 48X of the lower section 14X. The spring 32X is secured to the upper section 12X by rivets`r98xV and to the lower section 14X by rivets 96X.
In FIGS. 10 and ll, the modified cushioning device takes the form of a plurality ofk spaced coil springs Gila spaced along and between the quarters of the upper section 12 and the lower section 14a, with the top ends of the springs seated in and impinging the ybase of the groove 28a ofv the upper section 12a and with the bottom ends seated in and impinging against the base of the groove 48a in the lower section 14a. Y Y
FIGS. 12 and 13 illustrate the cushioning device between the upper and lower sections 12X' and 14X in the form ofV a pair of opposed spaced perforated permanent magnets 12), 12) secured in the grooves 28X and 48X', respectively, by rivets 122, with the North polesand l South poles of thel magnets in vertical aligned position.
A pair of telescopic connections is provided between the kupper and lower sections, each connection including a tubularsocket member 124.*- extending upwardly from the VtopV surface of the lower section 14XVand a solid post 126 depending from the lower surface of the upper section 12X and slidable in the socket member 122. With the is secured in position by rivets 96 passing through the Y Vsection 12 with its other end extending laterally thereofV 11iaa shown in FGS. 14 to 18, inclusive, this form is used especially for training purposes. in this form, the lower section 14m and the cushioning device can be readily detached and the upper section 122?a secured on the horses hoof for racing.
ln this form, the upper and lower sections 12aa and 14312 are similar in construction to the upper and lower sections 12 and 1li of FlG. 1 except that the upper'sectionV 12sa isrprovided with a downwardly. extending call: 13@ atA the front 26% thereof, and similar reference numeralsare used to indicate similar parts thereof.
A modified form `of cushioning device is shown in the form of aspring'device 32%. The spr-ing devicer has a body shaped to conform tothe Shape of the upper and lower sections 12aat and 14.;aa and is formed of round heavy wire stock. The body of the springdevice is corrugated Yto form alternating hills 88% and dales 902m throughout its length. VShortflat*plates*15? are secured to the hills 82a?" longitudinally thereof by welding or the like and similar short dat plates 132 are` similarly secured to the dales 9W longitudinally thereof along the legs 36m of the body, the hills andrdales along Vthe bight 34M being free of such plates. The plates are of dovetail shape.
The spring device 82 is positioned between the upper and lower sectionsY 12M and 14m, respectively, with the upper plates '13d disposed in the groove 23mwa in the upper section 12%, which is of dovetail shape in cross section as shown in FIG. 17, and with the lower plates 132 disposed inthe groove 48M in the top surface of the lower section 142g, which is of dovetail shape in cross section as seen in FlG. 18.
In assembling this .form of racing plate, the spring device 82M is inserted lengthwise of the upper and lower sections with the free ends ofthe legs 86 leading the way. By pulling on the spring device in the opposite direction, the racing plate can be readily disassembled and the upper section 12aused as the racing plate on the foot of the horse for racing.
North and South poles of the magnets being in aligned position, the sections with the magnets are normally yieldably held apart in spaced relation. When pressure on the Referring now to the moditied'form of racing platenew, and desire to secure by United States Letters Patent V1. A horseshoe adaptedfor use `on racing horses comprising an upperhoot engaging metal plate substantially ovalin plan, means by which said upper plate isadapted to be secured Vto a horses hoof, a complementary-ground engaginglower metalV plate spaced from said upper plate; each V0f said plates having a curved toe portion, a pair of heel ends, and a pair of opposed similar arcuate side sections by which said toe portion is connected to said heel ends;V cushioning means by which said upper and lower plates areV yieldingly connected together disposedbetween the arcuate sections of said upper and lower plates; said cushioning means comprising a plurality of spaced leaf springs, and each of said leaf springs comprising an upper iiat section and a lower oppositely extending flat section which are connected together by a compound-curve section; means rigidly securing said upper flat sections to said upper plate and said lower fiat sections to said lower plate with the upper at sections of all of said leaf springs eX- tending in the same general direction, said means being such as to prevent sidewise movement of said upper and lower plates Vwithrespect to each other.
' 2. A horseshoe adapted for use on racing horses comprising an upper hoof engaging metal plate substantially oval in plan, means by which said upper plate is adapted to be secured to a horses hoof, a complementary ground engagingV lower metal plate spaced Vfromsaid upper plate;
eachof Vsaid plates having a curved toe portion, a pair of. [heel ends, and a pair of opposed similar arcuate side sec-1 l) tions by which said toe portion is connected to said heel ends; the lower surface of said upper plate being provided with an annular groove which extends from heel end to heel end thereof, and the upper surface of said lower plate being provided with a similar opposed complementary groove; cushioning means by which said upper and lower plates are yieldingly connected together disposed between the arcuate sections of said upper and lower plates; said cushioning means comprising a plurality of spaced leaf springs, and each of said leaf springs comprising an upper flat section and a lower oppositely extending fiat section which are connected together by a compound-curve section; means rigidly securing said upper at sections to said upper plate within the groove provided in the lower surface thereof and the lower flat sections to said lower pleite within the groove provided in the upper surface thereof with the upper iiat sections of all of said leaf springs extending in the same general direction whereby any sidewise movement of' said upper and lower plates with respect to each other is prevented.
Reerences Cited by the Examiner UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,035,508 8/12 Wilt et al. 168-15 10 2,103,718 12/37 Goodwin 16S-l2 2,705,536 4/55 Phreaner 168-14 3,023,812 3/62 Swartz 168-23 SAMUEL KOREN, Primary Examiner.
15 HUGH n. CHAMBLEE, Examiner.