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Publication numberUS3180952 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateApr 27, 1965
Filing dateSep 17, 1962
Priority dateSep 17, 1962
Publication numberUS 3180952 A, US 3180952A, US-A-3180952, US3180952 A, US3180952A
InventorsPreisz George J
Original AssigneeCleudeuin Preisz
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Acceleration switch responsive to radially applied forces
US 3180952 A
Abstract  available in
Previous page
Next page
Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

April 27, 1965 G. J. PRElSZ 3,180,952

ACCELERATION SWITCH RESPONSIVE TO RADIALLY APPLIED FORCES Filed Sept. 17, 1962 /4 F .1 A {g Q no I40 Ii 3 1; 4a II ll Z6 ./zo

4 I j; [4% I I \f 96 98 4 I 8 V .30 m2. 60 H 64 I06 z z a 76 I I) I E-74 I 5-104 I 507 I 72' 70 l INVENTOR. I G GE J: PREISZ BY @JAmMyM ATTORNEY United States Patent "ice 3,180,952 ACCELERATION SWITCH RESPONSIVE Ti) RADIALLY APPLIED FORCES George J. Preisz, Bethpage, N.Y., assignor to CleudeuinPreisz, Bethpage, N.Y.

Filed Sept. 17, 1962, Ser; No. 224,097 4 Claims. (Cl. Mil-61.43)

' applied acceleration forces, that is, forces extending along a radius from the central axis have been desired by the art in order to trip a switch when the acceleration forces exceed a predetermined amplitude in any direction.

Such switches have usually been constructed utilizing a ball of magnetic material which i centered within a conical seat. A magnetic field is established tending to hold the ball in the seat. When the acceleration forces I reach an amplitude sufficient to deflect the ball along the conical seat and out of the seat, the "ball will bridge electric contacts to close the switch. Such switches, however, require that the ball be of a magnetic material. However, it is most desirable that the material for closing the switch contact be made of a precious metal having low contact resistance. Plating of a precious metal on an iron ball results in etching of the iron surface and the formation of carbon deposits which may cause inadvertent circuit interruption. Further, such halls are subject to deflection of the ball from the seat due to acceleration forces along the axis of the acceleration switch with resultant chattering contact.

It is, therefore, an object of this invention to provide an acceleration switch which will close an electric circuit upon the application of an acceleration force of predetermined amplitude along any radius transverse to the axis of the acceleration switch.

It is a further object of this invention to provide an acceleration switch responsive to radial forces which is compact in size and is insensitive to vibration along the axis thereof.

Other objects and advantages of this invention will be pointed out hereinafter in the following detailed description of this invention which may be more clearly under- I stood by reference to the accompanying drawings, of which FIG. 1 is a cross section view of an acceleration switch constructed in accordance with the present invention.

FIG. 2 is a cross section view of another embodiment of an acceleration switch.

In the FIG. 1, there is shown an acceleration switch 14 consisting of a generally cylindrical casing 12 within which is mounted an acceleration mass 14 which is deflectable about the center of the ball 16.

The inertial mass 14 is constructed of a precious metal such as goid to afford low contact resistance. The ball 16 is rotatably contained in a lower seat defined by the circular aperture 18 in the conical portion 20 of the lower bearing and spacer assembly 22. The ball is similarly journalled by the aperture 24 in the conical arm 26 of the switch assembly 28. The assemblies 22 and 28 are preferably formed from a lightweight insulator material such as a linen-phenolic such as the XXXP phenolic used for the fabrication of printed circuit boards. The assembly 22 is preferably formed and in sertcd within the casing 12 so that it abuts the end wall 30 thereof. The upper assembly 22 may then be inserted and held in place by an end cap 32 which thread- 3,180,952 Patented Apr. 27, 1965 ably engages the Wall 12. Suitable spacers 34 may be inserted such a annular shims. It will be recognized that the spaced 34 may, if fabrication techniques permit, be integrally formed with either assembly 22 or 28. On the conical surface 36 of the assembly 28, ring contacts 38 and 40 are applied as, for example, by conventional printed circuit techniques. For example, the ring contacts may be sensitized through conventional masking and the contacts formed by electro-depositing copper plating on the sensitized surface. The ring contacts are joined to terminals 42 and 44 by respective lead 46 and 48. The mass is so formed that the conical sides 50 thereof will engage both ring contacts when the mass deflects in the application of acceleration forces as indicated by dotted outline 52.

In order to provide a restraining force holding the mass upright, there is provided a lower arm 54 to which is appended a magnetic mass 56 such as a soft iron permeable material. A magnet 53 such as an alnico permanent magnet is mounted within a fitting 60 which is adjustably positioned with respect to the mass 56 by the threaded engagement of the fitting 60 with the aperture in the end wall of the casing. The magnet position may be locked by a lock nut 62.

Thus, the magnetic coupling between the magnet and the mass may be simply and easily adjusted merely by movement of the magnet 58. The switch will not be disturbed by acceleration forces acting along the central axis of the switch since there is no unbalanced mass on which to act. However, it will be responsive to acceleration forces along a radius transverse to the central axis. The mounting of the mass on an arm away from the pivot point will make the switch responsive to very low acceleration forces if desired. Since the mass can be made of precious metal, closure of the switch can be effected with low contact resistance.

In many applications, it is desirable that the switch be responsive to acceleration forces of higher amplitude. Further it is often desirable due to assembly conditions that the switch contacts be self-centering. In such applications the embodiment shown in FIG. 2 may advantageously be employed.

In FIG. 2 there is shown an acceleration switch comprising an insulator sleeve within which a magnet is adjustably positioned. Discs 74 and 76 are provided with a shaped central aperture to form a socket within which a ball 78 is rotatably mounted. An inertial mass 80 is mounted on the ball 78 and is held in the axially centered position by magnet 72, the force of the holding being adjustable by magnet movement. Also mounted on the ball is arm 82 terminating in a ball joint 84. The ball joint enters the central aperture of insulator disc 86, having an annular ring contact 88 on the periphery thereof. The contact is preferably of precious metal as for example gold and is pressed on the disc.

Annular contacts 90 and 92 are mounted on an insulator ring g4 and are respectively coupled to terminals 96 and 98 by leads 100 and 102.

Spacers 104, 106 of insulator material position the ring contacts in the desired orientation. The assembly is completed by case which is spun over at each end to sealedly encase the switch.

In operation, as the mass deflects from the axial position under a radial force of sufiicient amplitude to break the magnetic attraction between magnet and mass, the arm 82 will move the contact 38 into engagement with annular contacts )0, 92. It will be noted that the contact $8 is free to deflect slightly to ensure bridging between contacts 90, 92 despite slight misalignment or deviation of contacts from the desired shape and placement.

This invention may be variously embodied and modified within the scope of the subjoined claims.

What is claimed is 1' 1. In combination, an inertial mass, said inertial mass formed from a precious metal, a ball suspensiommeans for mounting said mass on said ball for rotation about the axis thereof, a magnetic mass axially aligned with said inertial mass and mounted upon said ball,'a magnet, said magnet being adjustably positioned within the magnetic field interacting with said magnetic mass, a first and second ring contact positioned about said inertial mass and means coupling said ring contacts to a circuit so that said inertial mass will bridge saidcontacts to close said circuit when acceleration forces are applied in any radial direction transverse to the axis of an amplitude in excess of that determined by the breakaway attraction between said magnet and said magnetic mass.

2. In combination in accordance with claim 1, Which includes a first assembly having a cylindricalwall and an inwardly tapered conical wall, said conical wall having a central aperture therein, and which includes a switch assembly having a cylindrical wall and inwardly extending conical wall having a central aperture therein, said ball being mounted for rotation Within the central apertures of said first and second switch assemblies.

3. An acceleration switch responsive to radial acceleration forces, comprising: a socket; a ball rotatably mounted in said socket; an acceleration mass mounted on said ball and rotatable about the ball center; magnetic means to hold said mass in an axially eentered'orientation in the absence of acceleration forces exceeding a predetermined magnitude, means for adjusting the attractive force of said magnet'means, and switch means carried in such re- I lation to said ball to be closed by deflection of said mass from said axially centered position, 'saidswitch means comprising; a first and second annular contact, a disc having a conductive peripheral band, an arm mounted on said ball and engaging said disc to drive said disc into'engagemen-t with said contacts when said inertial mass is deflected from the axially centered position.

4. An accelerationswitch in accordance with claim 3 in which the disc is ro'ckably mounted on said arm.

References Cited by the Examiner V UNITED STATES PATENTS 10/39 Maught 200--61.5 2,236,872 4/41 Grigsby 200-61.5 2,262,917 11/41 Brooks ZOO-61.5 2,768,256 10/56 Barecki et al 200-61.48 2,890,303" 6/59 Clurman 20061.45 3,089,007 5/63 Rovin 20061.48


Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2176770 *Jun 15, 1937Oct 17, 1939Maught John ACircuit breaker
US2236872 *Apr 17, 1939Apr 1, 1941Grigsby Owen EImpact switch
US2262917 *May 4, 1940Nov 18, 1941Thomas BrooksAutomatic collision switch
US2768256 *Jan 6, 1955Oct 23, 1956American Seating CoInertia-operated electric switch
US2890303 *Nov 9, 1956Jun 9, 1959Gordon W WholeyInertia switches
US3089007 *Nov 29, 1960May 7, 1963Herman RovinOmnidirectional inertia actuated switch
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3835273 *Feb 2, 1973Sep 10, 1974Control Tech CorpPendulum-type inertia sensor switch
US5955714 *May 20, 1998Sep 21, 1999Breed Technologies, Inc.Roll-over shunt sensor
US6018130 *Oct 23, 1998Jan 25, 2000Breed Automotive Technology, Inc.Roll-over sensor with pendulum mounted magnet
EP0949555A2 *Apr 8, 1999Oct 13, 1999Fujitsu Takamisawa Component LimitedInput device for use in a computer system
U.S. Classification200/61.48
International ClassificationH01H35/14
Cooperative ClassificationH01H35/14
European ClassificationH01H35/14