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Publication numberUS3182353 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMay 11, 1965
Filing dateJan 29, 1963
Priority dateJan 29, 1963
Publication numberUS 3182353 A, US 3182353A, US-A-3182353, US3182353 A, US3182353A
InventorsHoward T Hall
Original AssigneeResearch Corp
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Guide means for high pressure press
US 3182353 A
Abstract  available in
Images(5)
Previous page
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

May 11, 1965 'r. HALL GUIDE MEANS 'FOR HIGH PRESSURE PRESS 5 Sheets-Sheet 1 Filed Jan. 29. 1963 yaw M ATTORNEYS May 11, 1965 H. 1'. HALL 3,

GUIDE MEANS FOR HIGH PRESSURE PRESS Filed Jan. 29, 1963 5 Sheets-Sheet 2 INVENT OR HOWARD T HALL fuz/z ATTORNEY May 11, 1965 H. 1'. HALL 3,182,353

GUIDE MEANS FOR HIGH PRESSURE PRESS Filed Jan. 29, 1963 5 Sheets-Sheet 5 INVENTOR H. T. HALL GUIDE MEANS FOR HIGH PRESSURE PRESS May 11, 1965 5 Sheets-Sheet 4 Filed Jan. 29, 1963 y 65 H. T. HALL 3,132,353

GUIDE MEANS FOR HIGH PRESSURE PRESS Filed Jan. 29', 1963 5 Sheets-Sheet 5 IN VEN TOR. 22o HOWARD T. HALL ATTORNEYS United States Patent 3,182,353 GUIDE MEANS FGR HlGl-I PRESSURE PRESS Howard T. Hall, Provo, Utah, assignor to Research (forporation, New York, N.Y., a corporation of New York Filed Jan. 29, 1963, er. No. 254,747 Qlaims. (til. 18 16) This invention relates to guide and alignment means for multiple press member, high pressure presses and, in particular, to guide and alignment means for high pressure presses which include a plurality of press members which are moved rectilinearly toward a common point to form a closed polyhedral press cell.

It is a particular object of the present invention to provide guide means which simplify the operation of multiple press member presses by greatly reducing the time required to close the press members and which insure proper alignment of the press members at all times, thereby substantially increasing the operating life of the press members and, at the same time, providing for more reproducible results from high pressure apparatus.

It is another object to provide guide and alignment means for high pressure presses having a plurality of press members which move along rectilinear paths toward a common point to form closed regular polyhedra such as the tetrahedron, cube, octahedron, and dodecahedron and which may also be employed with unsymmetrical polyhedra, the press elements of which move along rectilinear paths toward a common center to form triangular prism shaped cells, rectilinear parallelepiped cells and the like.

In general, the invention is embodied in a high pressure press including a plurality of press members, means for moving each of the press members rectilinearly toward a common point to form a closed polyhedral press cell; guide means interconnecting the press members whereby each press member is simultaneously guided toward the common point comprising a guide block secured to move with each press member toward the common point, a rectilinear opening in each of the guide blocks axially aligned with a cooperating rectilinear opening in each adjacent guide block, and a rectilinear guide rod having opposite end portions slidably positioned in each cooperating pair of openings in adjacent guide blocks.

The invention will be more particularly described with reference to the accompanying drawings wherein:

FIG. 1 is a diagrammatic perspective view of a tetrahedral press including the guide blocks and guide rods of the invention;

FIG. 2 is an enlarged detailed perspective view of three press members and associated guide plates and guide rods for the tetrahedral press;

FIG. 3 is an enlarged partial sectional view of one anvil member guide plate and guide rods for the tetrahedral press;

FIG. 4 is a top plan view of the structure shown in FIG. 3;

FIG. 5 is a diagramatic perspective view of a cubical press including the guide plates and guide rods;

FIG. 6 is a sectional view of the structures shown in FIG. 5 through the axis of four of the ram elements of the press;

FIG. 7 is an enlarged fragmentary partial sectional view of one of the press elements and guide plates illustrated in FIGS. 5 and 6;

FIG. 8 is a top plan view of the structures shown in FIG. 7;

FIG. 9 is a diagrammatic perspective view of an octahedral press including the improved guide rods and guide plates of the invention;

FIG. 10 is a section substantially on line 1i)10 of FIG. 9; and

FIG. 11 is a perspective view of an octahedron.

In multiple press member high pressure apparatus, typified by the tetrahedral press disclosed in my United States Patent 2,918,699, issued December 29, 1959, the hydraulic rams have usually been valved independently for urging each of the press members toward the press closed position. The position of each ram and, consequently the position of each press member, during the operation of closing of the press has been indicated by precision gauges. To operate a tetrahedral press such as shown in Patent No. 2,918,699, it has been customary to individually position the lower triad of press members to form a nest. The sample containing pyrophyllite tetrahedron is then oriented with one of its apices facing downwardly in the nest formed by the triad of press elements. Then the upper, vertical press member is brought into position against the upward facing base of the prophyllite tetrahedron. At this point each of the press elements is individually moved by small incremental amounts until the press elements have postively engaged the pyrophyllite tetrahedron sample holder and a good press gasket has formed by extrusion of the pyrophyllite tetrahedron edges between the sloping press faces. This procedure usually requires a total of three incremental adjustments for each press ram performed in systematic order. After the pyrophyllite gasket has formed, all valves to the hydraulic rams driving the press members are opened and hydraulic presure is then simultaneously applied to each ram. During the course of increasing pressure, it has been found to be often necessary to stop the flow of hydraulic fluid to individual rams for brief intervals in order to maintain equal advance of the press members toward the common center point of the tetrahedral cell.

Failure to maintain equal press member advance leads to unsymmetrical gasket formation which results in a loss of pressure. Unsymmetrical gasket formation may also produce undesirable, unbalanced loads on various parts of the high pressure press and may result in failure of a press member.

Through the use of the anvil guide and alignment means of the present invention, human error and tedium are eliminated as the guide means assure alignment of the press at all times.

The simplest polyhedra is the tetrahedron and guide means for a tetrahedral press of the type disclosed in United States Patent No. 2,918,699 is illustrated in FIGS. 1 through 4 of the drawings. Referring to FIGS. 1 through 4, 10 generally designates a tetrahedral high pressure press and includes four press members which, while identical in construction and generally designated with the reference numeral 12, are also identified by the letter designations a, b, c and of so that the orientation of the press members with respect to one another may be more readily visualized.

Each of the press members 12 comprises an anvil member 14 having an equilateral triangular face 16 at the extended end thereof with the side walls of each of the members 14- sloping away from its equilateral triangular face 16 along each of the edges thereof as more clearly shown in FIGS. 3 and 4.

In the form of the invention shown in the drawings, each of the anvil members is supported in a binding ring 18, and each binding ring is provided with sloping faces which form continuations of the sloping faces of the anvil members 14.

Each of the four press members 12 is moved along a rectilinear path toward a common center by four hydraulic rams, the piston rods of which are illustrated at 26. As is known in the art and as shown in US. Patent in FIG. 4 of the drawings.

3 2,918,699, each of the, piston rods is associated with a hydraulic ram which rams are connected to a source of pressure fluid through suitable valved conduit means whereby each press member 12 may be moved into and out of the press closed position.

The press member guide and aligning means of the 'invention includes a guide plate or block 22a, b, c and (1, one for each of the press members. The guide blocks 22 are bored as at 24 to receive the extended end of its respective piston rod 20 and each of the guide blocks 22 may be secured to the end of its piston rod by suitable setv screws or the like, not shown in the drawings. Each of the guide blocks 22. is adapted to receive a center- 'ing ring or plate 26 which is secured to the guide plates 'by suitable threaded studs 28. Further, each .of the press members, centering rings and guide blocks 22 is oriented by means of suitable keys and keyways generally designated 30 cooperating with centering screw means 32. A suitable electrical insulating strip 3 may be provided between each of the guide blocks, the

top of its piston rod and its cooperating centering ring and press member. a

The insulating material 34 is employed where electrical means are utilized for heating a sample maintained in the press during the pressing operation. .Also, as illustrated in FIG. 3, a channel 36 may be provided in the centering ring and means, not illustrated in the drawings, may be employed for directing a cooling medium through said channel to prevent overheating of the press members or transmission of heat from the sample to other elements of the press assembly.

Each of the guide blocks 22 is provided with three rectilinear bores 38 spaced 120 from each other and oriented with respect to the triangular edges of the face 16 of its anvil member 14 such that one is positioned directly opposite an apex of the triangular face 16 as illustrated Further, each of. the rectiliner bores 38 forms an angle of 35.26 with the center line of its piston rod 20 as illustrated in FIG. 3 of the drawings- Within each of the rectilinear bores is slidably received one end of one of the guide rods 49, thus the assembly includes six guide rods to interconnect the four guide blocks of the tetrahedral press. Referring particularly to FIG.1, it will be seen that the guide rods slidably received in the three bores in guide plate 22d extend to each of the other three guide plates 22a, b and 0. Of the remaining three guide rods, one interconnects guide block 22a with guide block 220; another interconnects guide block 22a with guide block 22b; and the last interconnects guide block 22]) with guide block 22c. I

In an assembly where the diameter of the guideblock is about 8 /2 inches, it has been found that guide rods approximately 5 inches long and 1 inch in diameter will provide very satisfactory results. Further, it has been found that for ease of operation, it ishelpful if one end of each of the guide rods is secured such as by a set screw in one of the bores of one of its guide blocks, leaving the opposite end free to reciprocate in the bore in the adjacent guide block as the press is opened and closed. a

It will be particularly noted that the axes of the guide rods form a regular tetrahedron and since all of the press members are interconnected by guide rods and plates,'each of the four rams are forced to move synchronously together. Consequently, the press members move simultaneously and symmetrically toward the center of the press and as the rains move inwardly, the regular tetrahedron defined by the guide rod axes decreases in .of multiple press member presses. For example, a cubic press utilizing six press members would require six guide blocks and 12 guide rods iitustrated in FIGS. 5, 6, 7

i and 8. The guide blocks fastened to each of the six hydraulic rams would have four guide rod holes spaced around the periphery at angles to each other with the axes of the rectilinear openings being at 45 angles with respect to the ram axes.

Referring particularly to FIGS. 5, 6, 7 and 8, such a cubic press provided with the press member guide and alignment means of the invention is generally illustrated at 109. The cubic press includes six press members which, while identical in construction and generally designated with the reference numeral 102 are also identified by one of the letter designations a through so that the orientation of the press members may be more readily visualized. It will be particularly noted in FIGS. 5 and 6 that the sides of the cubical cell 103 are formed by press members 102a, b, c and d while the top is formed by press member M20 and the base by press member 102 Each of the press members 1&2 comprises an anvil member 1% having a square face at its extended end and each of the side walls of each of the members 104 slopes away from its square face along each of the edges thereof as more clearly shown in FlG.-8.

In the form of the invention shown in FIGS. 5 through 8, each of the anvil members-104 is supported'in a binding ring 168, and each binding ring is provided with sloping faces which form'continuations of the sloping faces of the anvil members 104 Each of the six press members 102 is moved along a rectilinear path toward a common .centerby a hydraulic ram, the piston rods of which are illustrated at and correspond with the piston rods 20 illustrated in FIGS.

-1 through 4.

The press member guide and aligning means of the invention includes a guide block or plate 112a, b, c, d, e and 1, one for each of the press members. The guide blocks 112 are bored as at 114 to receive the extended end of its respective piston rod 114) and each of the guide blocks 112 is secured to theend of its piston rod by suitable fastening means not shown in the drawings. The ,guide blocks 112 are each adapted to receive a centering ring 116 which corresponds to centering rings 26 of the form of the invention illustrated in FIGS. 1 through 4. The centering rings, theguide blocks and the press members are oriented .by means of suitable keys and keyways generally designated atllS and as illustrated in the prior form of the invention, an insulating strip 120 may be provided between each of the guide blocks, the top of its piston rod and its centering ring and press member.

Each of the guide blocks 11.2 is provided with four rectilinear bores 122 spaced 90 from each other and oriented with respect to the square edges. of the face 166 of the anvil members 1% such that one is'positioned directly opposite an edge as illustrated in FIG. ,8 of the drawings. Further, each of the rectilinear bores 122 forms an angle of 45 with respect to its ram axis. Within each of the rectilinear bores 122 is slidably received one end of one of the guide rods 124, thus the assembly includes 12 guide rods to interconnect the six guide blocksof the cubical press.

As discussed with reference to the tetrahedral press, one end of each of the 12 guide rods is preferably secured by a set screw or the like in one of the bores of one of its guide blocks thereby leaving. the opposite end to reciprocate in its adjacent guide block as the press is opened and closed. 7 g

In this form of the invention, it will be noted that the guide rods define a cube and since all'of the press members'are interconnected by guide rods and plates, each of the six rams, are forced to move synchronously and simultaneously together. Consequently, the press members aremoved simultaneously and symmetrically toward the centerof the press and as the rams move inwardly, the cube defined by the guide rod axes decreases in size.

The press member guide device is illustrated as applied to a press consisting of eight press members in FIGS. 9 and 10 with the press members closing to form a regular octahedron perspectively illustrated in FIG. 11. In the case of an octahedral press, there are a total of 12 guide rods symmetrically disposed at 120 angles with respect to each other around each ram axis. Thus, there are three bores in each of the guide plates of the octahedral press with each guide hole forming an angle of 54.74 with respect to its ram axis.

Referring specifically to FIG. 11, a regular octahedron is illustrated with faces a, b, c, d, e, f, g, and h. The press is thus provided with eight guide plates 212a through 21211 (plate 212c not being shown in the drawings). Each of the guide plates is secured to the end of a piston rod 214 associated with a hydraulic ram not illustrated in the drawings. Each of the guide plates 212a through It also has secured thereto a press member 216 including an anvil portion having a regular triangular face 218. The press guide plates 212a through h are each provided with three rectilinear bores symmetrically disposed at 120 angles with respect to each other with the bores aligned with the edges of the triangular faces 218 of their respective anvil members.

The rectilinear bores in each of the guide plates form an angle of 54.74 with respect to the axis of their respective piston rods 214. The assembly also includes 12 guide rods 220. Opposite ends of the guide rods are slidably received in their respective bores in the guide plates whereby each guide plate is interconnected to adjacent guide plates to provide an assembly of guide rods which define an octahedron which decreases in size as the press members are urged toward the press closed position.

As hereinbefore discussed, the principles of the invention are also applicable to unsymmetrical polyhedral presses. It will be appreciated that in the case of unsymmetrical polyhedral presses, the number of openings in each of the guide blocks also correspond to the number of edges on its respective press member and that the interconnecting guide rods are positioned to define the selected unsymmetrical polyhedral press cell.

I claim:

1. In a high pressure press including a plurality of press members, means for moving each of the press members rectilinearly toward a common point to form a closed polyhedral press cell; guide means interconnecting the press members whereby each press member is simultaneously guided toward the common point comprising a guide block secured to move with each press member toward the common point, a rectilinear opening in each of the guide blocks axially aligned with a cooperating rectilinear opening in each adjacent guide block, and a rectilinear guide rod having opposite end portions slid- 6 ably positioned in each cooperating pair of openings in adjacent guide blocks.

2. In a high pressure polyhedral press including a press member for each face of the polyhedra, means for moving each of the press members rectilinearly toward a common point to form a closed polyhedral press cell, each of the press members having a face, the edges of which correspond to the edges of the respective face of the polyhedral press cell, guide means interconnecting the press members whereby each press member is simultaneously guided toward the common point comprising a guide block secured to move with each press member toward the common point, a rectilinear opening in each of the guide blocks opposite an edge of the face formed on each of the press members and axially aligned with a cooperating rectilinear opening in adjacent guide blocks, and a rectilinear guide rod having opposite end portions slidably positioned in each cooperating pair of openings in adjacent guide block.

3. The invention defined in claim 1 wherein the polyhedral press cell comprises a regular polyhedron.

4. The invention defined in claim 3 wherein the regular polyhedron comprises a tetrahedron.

5. In a high pressure tetrahedral press including four press members, means for moving each of the press members rectilinearly toward a common point to form a closed tetrahedral press cell; guide means interconnecting the press members whereby each press member is simultaneously and uniformly guided toward the common point comprising a guide block secured to move with each of the press members toward the common point, three rectilinear openings in each of the guide blocks axially aligned with cooperating rectilinear openings in each adjacent guide block, and a rectilinear guide rod having opposite end portions slidably positioned in each cooperating pair of openings in adjacent guide blocks.

References Cited by the Examiner UNITED STATES PATENTS 852,892 5/07 McCall 25-121 1,660,411 2/28 Bodor 1816 2,315,634 4/43 McCall 25-428 2,827,683 3/58 Benart et a1. 25130 2,918,699 12/59 Hall.

2,968,837 l/61 Zertlin et a1.

2,994,921 8/ 61 Hultgren.

3,052,916 9/62 Campbell.

FOREIGN PATENTS 218,231 4/61 Austria.

1,073,849 1/60 Germany.

WILLIAM J. STEPHENSON, Primary Examiner.

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Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3440687 *Feb 16, 1967Apr 29, 1969Howard T HallMultianvil press
US3947541 *May 30, 1974Mar 30, 1976National Research Development CorporationSubjecting materials to high pressure
US5744170 *Nov 18, 1996Apr 28, 1998Hall; H. TracyGuided high pressure presses
US7467936Mar 27, 2007Dec 23, 2008Hall David RRadial compression element for a HTHP cartridge
US7467937Nov 29, 2007Dec 23, 2008Hall David RPreloaded threads for a high-temperature high-pressure press
US7481639Feb 12, 2007Jan 27, 2009Hall David RBack-up for a HPHT apparatus
US7497675Feb 13, 2007Mar 3, 2009Hall David RPiston for a HPHT apparatus
US7513764Sep 30, 2008Apr 7, 2009Hall David RHigh pressure press
US7517203Sep 30, 2008Apr 14, 2009Hall David RHigh pressure press
US7540732Sep 30, 2008Jun 2, 2009Hall David RHigh pressure press
US7569249Feb 13, 2007Aug 4, 2009Hall David RAnvil for a HPHT apparatus
US8066500Oct 29, 2009Nov 29, 2011Hall David RHigh pressure, high temperature back-up with a circumferential relief
US8739697Oct 29, 2010Jun 3, 2014Us Synthetic CorporationHigh pressure press with tensioning assembly and related methods
US8850971Oct 29, 2010Oct 7, 2014Us Synthetic CorporationReinforced press base, strengthening ring, and method of reinforcing a press base
US8857328Oct 29, 2010Oct 14, 2014Us Synthetic CorporationHigh pressure press and method of making the same
US8910568Oct 29, 2010Dec 16, 2014Us Synthetic CorporationReinforced press base, piston cavity sleeve, and method of reinforcing a press base
Classifications
U.S. Classification425/77, 425/DIG.500, 264/325, 100/232
International ClassificationB30B11/00, B01J3/06
Cooperative ClassificationY10S425/005, B30B11/004, B01J3/067, B30B11/007
European ClassificationB30B11/00F, B30B11/00D, B01J3/06D2