|Publication number||US3182485 A|
|Publication date||May 11, 1965|
|Filing date||Dec 31, 1962|
|Priority date||Dec 31, 1962|
|Also published as||DE1440868A1, DE1440868B2|
|Publication number||US 3182485 A, US 3182485A, US-A-3182485, US3182485 A, US3182485A|
|Original Assignee||Burndy Corp|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (8), Referenced by (10), Classifications (10)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Main; 1965 w. SUND 3,182,485
COMPRES S ION TOOL Filed Dec. 31, 1962 INVENTOR.
W/L L MM .504 0 BYQID United States Patent 3,182,485 COMPRESSION TOGL William Sund, Bronx, N.Y., assignor to Burndy Corporation, a corporation of New York Filed Dec. 31, 1962, Ser. No. 248,364 3 Claims. (Cl. 72-410) This invention rel-ates to hot line compression tools, commonly called hot sticks, which are used for applying compression-type electrical connectors to energized electrical conductors, and has particular reference to tools of this type having removable jaws.
Hot line compression tools commonly employ a pair of pivotally attached mating compression jaws which are designed to compress only one or a limited number of specific connector sizes. Accordingly, removal of the jaws from a particular tool is often required to adapt it to connectors of different sizes, as well as to facilitate cleaning, repair, and replacement. In tools of generally known design it is customary to fasten one jaw to an arm or link in fixed position by means of two or more spaced apart bolts or pins inserted through the link and the jaw member. The other jaw is in turn pivotally attached to another arm or link which transmits the requisite force for compressing the movable jaw against the fixed jaw. As a result of the total forces and high unit pressures encountered in use, however, the bolts or pin means securing the fixed jaw are often bent or otherwise deformed and the jaw becomes wedged or jammed into position, making its removal and exchange extremely difficult. The pivotally attached jaw, due to continued movement, remains consistently free and is generally easy to remove.
Although compression tools in which both jaws are pivotally mounted are known, the force applying mechanisrns of these tools are not well adapted to the long handles required for use on overhead lines, due tothe relatively large angular movement required for their operation.
Accordingly, it is an object of this invention to provide hot stick tool in which both compression jaws are pivotally mounted for easy removal.
It is a further object to provide a hot stick tool having a simplified force transmitting linkage mechanism adapted for use on overhead lines;
Still another object is the provision of a hot stick tool of the type described, which further includes adjustable pressure-locking means.
This invention and other objects, features and advantages thereof are further described in the following specification, particularly pointed out in the claims and illustrated in the accompanying drawings, in which:
FIGURE 1 is a front elevation view of a hot stick tool constructed in accordance with this invention and shown in closed or crimping position;
FIGURE 2 is a side view of the tool taken from the right of FIGURE 1;
FIGURE 3 is a front elevation view of the tool of FIG- URE 1 shown in open position.
Referring now more particularly to the drawings, the tool may be seen to comprise a pair of pivotally coupled compression jaws, indicated generally by reference numeral 1t), and a compression force applying mechanism pivotally attached to the pair of jaws by pivot bolts at points 14 and 16.
The two jaw members 18 and 20 are coupled for pivotal motion relative to connecting link 22, which is pivotally attached to each jaw at pivot axes 24 and 26. Pivot axes 14 and 24 on jaw member 18 are separated by a lever arm portion 28, through which compression forces are transmitted to the compression die surfaces 30 and 31 using pivot 24 as a fulcrum. Pivot axes 16 and 26 on jaw member 20 are similarly separated by a lever arm 32 for 3,182,435 Patented May 11, 1965 "ice transmitting forces to cooperating die surfaces 30' and 31' using pivot 26 as a fulcrum. Thus, oppositely directed forces applied separately to points 14 and 16 and acting to force them apart, in turn act to force die surfaces 30, 3t) and 31, 31 together to compress a work piece, e.g. an electrical connector, disposed between them. Bringing points 14 and 16 together as shown in FIGURE 3, causes a corresponding separation of the cooperating die surfaces to permit positioning and removal of a work piece.
Force applying mechanism 12 translates the manual motion supplied by an operator into the necessary motion and force required to move points 14 and 16 as described. The essential elements of the force applying mechanism may be seen to include a frame or support having two spaced apart pivot axes 14 and 15, an actuating arm 42 carrying at least three spaced-apart pivot points 16, 17 and 19, and two connecting links 44 and 46 each separately pivotally attached to the frame 40 and to the actuating arm 42 at points 14, 1'7 and 15, 19 respectively. Pivot point 16 on arm 42 is formed on adjustment member 43 which may be angularly moved relative to the arm over a limited range, for a purpose explained subsequently herein.
A hook portion 41 may be provided on support 41) to aid in manipulating overhead wires and as a means for hanging the tool in use and in storage. The opposed surfaces of support 40 and actuating arm 42 may be provided with a pair of fixed stops 49 to maintain a separation between the surfaces when the tool is closed, for protecting the hands and fingers of an operator.
For convenience in use and maintenance, support 451 and arm 42 are each provided with a socket 48 for receiving one of a pair of removable operating handles 50. To insulate the operator of the tool from the energized conductors and connectors engaged by the customarily metallic jaws and force applying mechanism, the handles may be formed of any suitable dielectric material such as tubular Fiberglas rods or specially varnished wooden poles, and may each be provided with a cap 52 at the exposed end. The cap is preferably formed of a material suitable for protecting the handle and the surfaces with which it comes in contact from chipping and marring. Knockout pins 54 or equivalent bolts or screws may be inserted through the wall of each socket and into the handle to lock the two together.
In operation, as the handles are spread apart by an operator, actuating arm 42 tends to rotate-counterclockwise about pivot points 17 and 19 relative to support 40. The initial position of links 44 and 46 when they are at rest with the tool in closed position as shown in FIG- URE 1, requires that they rotate clockwise about pivot points 14 and 15 respectively in response to the initial motion of arm 42. Since point 16, fixedly carried by arm 42, thus rotates about point 17, and the entire pivot point 17 carried on arm 42 and link 44, moves clockwise relative to point 14, the effective resultant motion is equivalent to rotation of points 14 and 16 in opposite directions, i.e. clockwise and counterclockwise respectively, about point 17. Starting from approximately diametrically opposed positions relative to point 17, the two points 14 and 16 thus in effect approach each other to open the jaws 18 and 20. When surface 36 of support 40 and surface 38 of arm 42 reach the abutting relation shown in FIGURE 3, further motion of arm 42 is prevented, and cooperating die surfaces 30, 3t) and 31, 31 are in fully separated or open position.
It is essential to the operation of the illustrated tool that the motion of all par-ts as the handles 50 are brought together be substantially the reverse of the motion produced by separating them. This is assured by dimensioning the pivoting parts so that no two may rotate about '3 =37 their common pivot point more than 180 relative to each other, between the fully open and fully closed positions clockwise movement of link .46 will take place, and
points 14 and 16 separate by rotating in eifect respectively counterclockwise and clockwise about point 17. The dimensions and spacing of the pivot points on parts 40, 42, 44 and 46 are chosen so that as the maximum pressure applying, fully closed position of support 40 and arm 42 is achieved'as shown in FIGURE 1, point 17 passes through the line drawn between points 14 and 16 and comes to rest with the two points spaced just slightly over 180 apart (measured clockwise from point 14 to 16). Further widening of this greater-than 180 arc to relieve crimping pressure by'opening the jaws 18, 20, would require further clockwise rotation of arm 42 relative to support 40, but this is prevented by engagement of abutting stop portions 49; The reaction forces of the tightly closed jaws acting through lever arms 28 and 32,
and tending to bring points 14 and 16 together along the shorter portion of their circular path about point 17, thus ettectively lock the tool in closed position. Release from this locked position is readily accomplished by forcibly se aratin handles 50 to rotate arm 4-2 counterclockwise.
To facilitate adaptation of the. tool to difierent pairs of compression jaws, and to permit adjustment of the amount of force required to close and lock the tool and to release it from closed position, provision is made for varying the distance between points 16 and 17 over a limited range. This adjustment determines the maximum distance betweenpoints 14 and 16, which in turn controls the maximum pressure applied in closed position. Adjustment is accomplished by forming pivot point 16 on adjustable pivot member 43, which is pivotally attached to arm 42 at point 19. Adjustment screws 45 and 47 are threadedly engagedto member 43 and bear against arm 42 at surfaces 55 and 57 respectively. The member may thus be tilted about point 19 relative to arm 42 to increase or decrease the spacing between points 16 and 17, and screws 45 and 47 may be tightened against surfaces and 57 to position the member in a given desired attitude relative to the arm. Alternatively, point 16 may be fixedly formed on arm 42 at a distance from point 17 preferably equal to the spacing between points 14 and 17 on link 44.
A hot line compression tool having the physical characteristics and mode of operation herein described, offers the advantages of a simplified force applying mechanism, a readily separable, pivotal mounting for both compression jaws, and an overall reduction in cost and complexity of maintenance and repairs.
The invention has thus been described but it is desired to be understood that it is not confined to the particular forms or usages shown and described, the same being merely illustrative, and that the invention may be carried out in other ways without departing from the spirit of the invention; therefore, the right is broadly claimed to employ all equivalent instrumentalities coming within the scope of the appendent claims, and by means of which objectsof this invention are attained and new results accomplished, as it is obvious that the particular embodiments herein shown and described are only some of the many that can be employed. to obtain these objects and accomplish these results. a
1. A compression 'force applying tool, comprising: a pair of pivotally attached compressing jaws; an elongate support member pivotally attachedto one of saidcompressing jaws at a first pivot point proximate one end of said member and having .a dielectric handle portion at the other end thereof; an actuating arm pivotally attached to the other of said compressing jaws at a first pivot point proximate one end of said arm andhaving a dielectric handle portion proximate the other end thereof; said support member having a second pivot point proximate said one end thereof; saidactuating arm having second and third pivot points proximate said one end thereof, saidsecond pivot point being spaced a given distance frorn' said first pivot point; a first connecting link having a pair of. pivot points spaced substantially said given distance apart, said link being pivotally connected to said support member first pivot point and said actuating arm second pivot point; a second connecting link having a'pair of pivot points pivotally connected to said support member second pivot point and said actuating arm third pivot point respectively; the center line of 30' said jaws being positioned substantially coincident with a line equidistant from' said support member first. pivot point and said actuating arm first pivot point, and said actuating arm second pivot point being positioned on said line for movement substantially coincident therewith in response to movement of saidactuating arm.
2. The compression tool of claiml further including adjustable means for selectively varying the distance be: tween said actuating arm first and second pivot points over a given range, wherein the spacing distance between the pivot points. of said first connecting link corresponds to a selected value substantially within said range.
3. The compression tool of claim 2 wherein said adjustable means comprises: an adjustment member having said third pivot point formedthereon, and screw means engaging both said adjustment member and said actuating arm for positioning said member on said arm in a selected position.
References Cited by the Examiner UNITED STATES PATENTS 635,417 10/99 Bernard 30-191 1,425,779 8/22 Killin 30-252 2,605,661 8/52 Heuer et a1. 81-531 2,645,848 7/53 Runde 30177 2,746,327 5/56 Runde. 2,769,357 11/56 Moriarty. 2,992,576 7/61 Evans et a1. 3,057,233 10/62 Turner.
WILLIAM FELDMAN, Primary Examiner.
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|US1425779 *||Jul 29, 1921||Aug 15, 1922||Killin George W||Shears|
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|US2746327 *||May 17, 1952||May 22, 1956||Kearney James R Corp||Crimping tools with replaceable dies|
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|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3330148 *||Aug 13, 1964||Jul 11, 1967||Jasper Blackburn Corp||Gaging mechanism for compression tool|
|US3517539 *||Jan 26, 1968||Jun 30, 1970||Huck Mfg Co||Crimping tool|
|US4545234 *||Jan 16, 1984||Oct 8, 1985||Stapex Ag||Lever-actuated tongs|
|US4892566 *||Mar 22, 1989||Jan 9, 1990||Airsep Corporation||Pressure swing adsorption process and system|
|US5187869 *||Apr 25, 1991||Feb 23, 1993||Heiss Juergen K||Nipper instrument for cutting surgical nails, wires or the like|
|US5279140 *||May 18, 1992||Jan 18, 1994||Burndy Corporation||Tool handles having wear indication|
|US6334255 *||Apr 26, 2000||Jan 1, 2002||Chih-Min Chang||Shears capable of cutting simultaneously a plurality of objects of different dimensions and profiles|
|US6752054||Dec 28, 2000||Jun 22, 2004||Irwin Industrial Tool Company||Utility cutting tool having toggle link mechanism field of the invention|
|US8613145 *||Sep 13, 2010||Dec 24, 2013||Robert N. Poole||Cutting tool with double compound leverage|
|US20110083327 *||Sep 13, 2010||Apr 14, 2011||Poole Robert N||Cutting tool with double compound leverage|
|U.S. Classification||72/409.11, 30/177, 30/191, 81/350, 81/382, 30/252|
|International Classification||H01R43/04, H01R43/042|