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Publication numberUS3183547 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMay 18, 1965
Filing dateMar 26, 1962
Priority dateMar 26, 1962
Publication numberUS 3183547 A, US 3183547A, US-A-3183547, US3183547 A, US3183547A
InventorsBury Jack
Original AssigneeKaywood Corp
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Hinge and closure assemblies for windows and the like
US 3183547 A
Abstract  available in
Images(2)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

May 18, 1965 J. BURY 3,183,547

HINGE AND CLOSURE ASSEMBLIES FOR wmnows AND THE LIKE Filed March 26, 1962 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 INVENTOR. 7 Jae/v 30/7 BY May 18, 1965 J. BURY 3,183,547

HINGE AND CLOSURE ASSEMBLIES FOR WINDOWS AND THE LIKE Filed March 26, 1962 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 A TTORNEK United States Patent 3,183,547 HINGE AND CLQSURE ASSEMBLIES FOR WHNDGWS AND THE LKKE Jack Bury, Benton Harbor, Mich, assignor to Kaywood Qorporation, Benton Harbor, Mich. Filed Mar. 26, 1962, Ser. No. 132,228 11 (Ilaims. (Cl. 16-129) This invention relates to a blind or like closure assembly for windows and the like and hinges therefor. The main objects of this invention are First, to provide a hinge structure or assembly for closures which is adapted for installment and adjustment to meet varying use conditions .and structural conditions quite commonly existing in the frames of windows and the like.

Second, to provide a hinge assembly having these advantages which may be installed on the inner sides of a window frame or on the face thereof, and in either relation the closure member is supported to result in a neat appearance.

Third, to provide a combined hinge assembly and support therefor having these advantages which may be readily installed by others than skilled workmen.

Objects relating to details and economies of the invention will appear from the description to follow. The invention is defined and pointed out in the claims.

A preferred embodiment of the invention is illustrated in the accompanying drawings in which:

FIG. 1 is an inside view of a window structure embodying my invention, one closure member being shown in closed position and the other in open position.

FIG. 2 is an enlarged fragmentary view on a line corresponding to line 22 of FIG. 1 illustrating structural details.

FIG. 3 is a fragmentary view corresponding to that of FIG. 2, however with certain parts shown in full lines with the closure in open position.

FIG. 4 is a fragmentary view mainly in vertical section on a line corresponding to line 4 4 of FIG. 2.

FIG. 5 is an enlarged fragmentary view mainly in section on a line corresponding to line 55 of FIG. 1 illustrating the mounting of the rail relative-to the window frame.

FIG. 6 is a fragmentary rear perspective view of the closure supporting rail.

FIG. 7 is a perspective view of the clamping or nut member of the embodiment illustrated.

FIG. 8 is a fragmentary inside view of a window frame with one closure member closed and the other in open position illustrating an embodiment of my invention in which the supporting rail is disposed on the face or inner surface of the frame.

FIG. 9 is a fragmentary view in section on a line corresponding to line 99 of FIG. 8 in which the closure member is in closed position.

FIG. 10 is a similar view with the closure member in open position.

In the accompanying drawings 1 represents a window frame, 2 the side members of the frame, and 3 the sill thereof. The window 4 is illustrated conventionally as a single sash window. The mounting therefor is not illustrated as it forms no part of my present invention, and the window casing is shown conventionally for the same reason.

In the embodiment illustrated, the window closure members 5 are conventionally illustrated as blinds and they comprise frames 6 with slats 7 illustrated in closed position. In the accompanying drawings I have illustrated single section closures, but it will be understood that frequently multiple section closures are used, particularly on wide windows. The supporting rails 8 are desirably formed of wood and of generally rectangular cross section and have longitudinally extending grooves 9 on their inner sides. These rails have vertically spaced pairs of slots 16 desirably located adjacent their upper and lower ends thereof. It will be understood that commonly the supporting rail is substantially the same length as the height of the window opening. These rails are adapted to be attached to the inner sides of the upright members 2 of the window casing as shown in FIGS. 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 or on the outer side or face thereof as illustrated in FIGS. 8, 9 and 10.

To facilitate that attachment in either position the rails are provided with vertically spaced bores ll. preferably countersunk at 12 to receive the attaching screws 13. They are also provided with transverse bores 14 adapted to receive screws 33 for attaching the rails to the inner side of the frame as shown in FIGS. 8, 9 and 10. The same hinge units are used in either relation and the relationship of the hinge member to the rails is the same in both installations.

The hinge members are of the leaf type and comprise the supporting member 15 which is of angle cross section, being provided with a laterally projecting arm 16 and the hinge member 1'7 which is attached by means of the screw 18 to the edge of the closure member. The hinge members are provided with interlapping knuckles 19 connected by the pintle 20. The arms 16 of the hinge member 15 are provided with transverse slots 21 adapted to receive the screws 22. The screws 22 are disposed in the slots Ill of the rail and have threaded engagement with the nut members 23, see FIGS. 2, 3 and 4. These nut members are arranged in the grooves 9 in the rails preferably in lateral supported engagement with the walls thereof as illustrated in FIGS. 2 and 3.

These nut members 23 are desirably of channel cross section as is illustrated in the drawing the screws being engaged in the inner reaches of these nut members with the outer reaches thereof in overhanging guarding relation to the tip ends of the screws as is clearly illustrated in the drawing. In the commercial embodiment the screws have tapered threaded portions and the inner reaches of the nut members have holes 24 punches therein the screws cutting their own threads as they are rotated in the holes. It will be understood that the screwreceiving holes could be threaded, but threading is not necessary and the nut members are of such stock that the screws have effective clamping engagement therewith. These nut members 23 fittingly engage the grooves and cannot laterally shift or twist therein. As it is frequently desirable to adapt the assembly to fit closure members or frames which are not exactly in plumb, the hinge leaf arms 16 are provided with transverse slits 21, see FIGS. 9 and 10, the heads of the screws being in clamping engagement within these slits and the slots 1%) provide substantial vertical adjustment.

While it is common practice to assemble and ship the closure members with the hinges mounted upon the supporting rails as a unit, it would of course be possible to ship the parts in disassembled relation, but one of the advantages is that they may be shipped as an assembled unit and readily installed merely by attaching the supporting rails to the inner sides of the window frames, as is illustrated in FIGS. 1 to 4 inclusive, or they may be installed on the outer sides of the casing as is illustrated in FIGS. 8, 9 and 10. The only difference in installation is that the attaching screws are arranged edgewise through the rails in the installation of FIGS. 1 to 5 inclusive and sidewise therethrough in the installation of FIGS. 8, 9 and 10. V v

The embodiments of my invention may be very economically produced and at the same time they are securely connected and capable of withstanding quite heavy strains or stresses, and as stated may be readily adjusted or adapted to meet particular installation requirements.

I have not illustrated or described other modifications or adaptations of my invention which I contemplate as it is believed that this disclosure will enable those skilled in the art to embody or adapt my invention as may be desired.

What is claimed as new is:

1. A support for a window closure or the like comprising an elongated supporting rail of rectangular cross section to be positioned on the side or on the face of a window casing member and having a longitudinally extending groove on the inner side thereof and having lens gitudinally extending slots therein opening to said groove, said rail having two sets of attaching element receiving bores therein, one set to receive attaching elements when the rail is disposed on the side of an upright window casing member and the other set to receive attaching elements when the rail is disposed on the face of the window casing member, a hinge comprising articulated leaf members, the mounting leaf member being of angular cross section and adapted to be disposed upon the side of the rail opposite said groove therein and having transverse screw receiving slots therein vertically spaced to correspond to the spacing of the said slots in said rail, the other leaf being adapted for attachment to a supported closure member, an elongated clamping member fittingly arranged in said groove in said supporting rail and having screw openings therein aligned with said slots in said rail, and attaching screws arranged through said slots in said angular hinge member and having threaded engagement with said clamping member whereby said hinge member may be adjusted vertically and transversely relative to the rail with the rail positioned on the side or face of the supporting member.

2. A support for a window closure or the like comprising an elongated supporting rail of rectangular cross section to be positioned on the side or on the face of a window casing member and having a longitudinally extending groove on the inner side thereof and having longitudinally extending slots therein opening to said groove, a hinge comprising articulated leaf members, the mounting leaf member being of angular cross section and adapted to be disposed upon the side of the rail opposite said groove therein and having transverse screw receiving slots therein vertically spaced to correspond to the spacing of the said slots in said rail, the other lea-f being adapted for attachment to a support closure member, an elongated clamping member fittingly arranged in said groove in said supporting rail and having screw openings therein aligned with said slots in said rail, and attaching screws arranged through said slots in said angular hinge member and having threaded engagement .with said clamping member whereby said hinge member may be adjusted vertically and transversely relative to the rail with the rail positioned on the side or face of the supporting member.

3. A support for a window closure or the like compris ing an elongated supporting rail of rectangular cross section to be positioned on the side or on the face of a window casing member and having a longitudinally extending groove on the inner side thereof and having longitudinally extending slots therein opening to said groove, a hinge comprising articul-atedleaf members, the mounting leaf member being of angular cross section and adapted to be disposed upon the side of the'rail opposite said groove therein, the other leaf being adapted for attachment to a supported closure member, an elongated clamping member fittingly arranged in said groove in said supporting rail and having screw openings therein aligned with said slots in said rail, and attaching screws arranged through said angular hinge member and having threaded engagement with said clamping member whereby said hinge member may be adjusted relative .to the rail with the rail positioned on the side or face of the supporting member.

4. A support for a window closure or the like comprising an elongated supporting rail adapted to be positioned on the side or on the face of a window casing member and having a longitudinally extending groove therein and having longitudinally extending slots therein opening to said groove, a hinge comprising articulated leaf members, the mounting leaf member being of angular cross section and adapted to be disposed upon the side of the rail opposite said groove therein and having transverse fastener receiving slots therein vertically spaced to correspond to the spacing of the said slots in said rail, the other leaf member being adapted for attachment to a supported closure member, a clamping member arranged in said groove in said supporting rail and having openings therein aligned with said slots in said rail, and threaded fastener members arranged through said slots in said angular hinge member and having threaded engagement with said clamping member whereby said hinge member may be adjusted vertically and transversely relative to the rail with the rail positioned on the side or face. of a supporting member.

5. A support for .a window closure or the like comprising an elongated supporting rail adapted to be positioned on the side or on the face of a window casing member and having a longitudinally extending groove therein and having longitudinally extending slots therein opening to said groove, a hinge comprising articulated leaf members, the mounting leaf member being adapted to be disposed upon the side of the rail opposite said groove therein and having fastener receiving openings therein vertically spaced to correspond to the spacing of the said slots in said rail, the other leaf member being adapted for attachment to a supported closure member, a clamping member arranged in said groove in said supporting rail and having openings therein aligned .with said slots in said rail, and threaded fastener members arranged through said slots in said angular hinge member and having threaded engagement with said clamping member whereby said hinge member may be adjusted vertically and transversely relative to the rail with the rail positioned on the side or face of a supporting member.

6. A support for a Window closure or the like comprising an elongated supporting rail adapted to be positioned on the side or on the face of a window casing member and having a longitudinally extending groove therein and having longitudinally extending slots thereinopening to said groove, said rail having two sets of attaching element receiving bores therein, one set to receive attaching elements when the rail is disposed on the side of an upright window casing member and the other set to receive attaching elements when the rail isdisposed on the face of the window casing member, a hinge comprising articulated leaf members, the mounting leaf member being adapted to be disposed upon the side of the rail opposite said groove therein and having fastener receiving openings therein vertically spaced to correspond to the spacing of the said slots in said rail, the other leaf member being adapted for attachment to a supported closure member, a clamping member arranged insaid groove in said supporting rail and having openings therein aligned with said slots in said rail, and threaded fastener members arranged through said slots in said angular hinge member and having threaded engagement with said clamping member whereby said hinge member may be adjusted vertically and transversely relativeto the rail with the rail positioned on the side or face of a supporting member.

7. A support for a window closure or the like comprising a supporting rail adapted to' be positioned on the side or on the face of a window casing member and having a recess on one side thereof and having longitudinally extending slots therein opening to said recess, said rail having two sets of attaching element receiving bores therein,

one set to receive attaching elements when the rail is disposed on the side of an upright window casing member and the other set to receive attaching elements when the rail is disposed on the face of the window casing member, a hinge comprising articulated leaf members, one leaf member having a laterally projecting attaching arm disposed upon the side of the rail in overlying relation to said slots therein and having slots therein vertically spaced to correspond to the spacing of said slots of the rail, the other leaf member being adapted for attachment to a supported closure member, a nut element disposed in said recess in said supporting rail and having openings therein aligned with said slots in said rail, and attaching elements arranged through said slots in said hinge member and having threaded engagement with said nut element in said recess in said rail whereby said hinge member may be adjusted vertically and transversely relative to the rail.

8. A support for a Window closure or the like comprising a supporting rail adapted to be positioned on the side or on the face of a Window casing member and having a recess on one side thereof and having longitudinally extending slots therein opening to said recess, a hinge comprising articulated leaf members, one leaf member having a laterally projecting attaching arm disposed upon .the side of the rail in overlying relation to said slots therein and having slots therein vertically spaced to correspond to the spacing of said slots of the rail, the other leaf member being adapted for attachment to a supported closure member, a nut element disposed in said recess in said supporting rail and having rail openings therein aligned with said slots in said rail, and attaching elements arranged through said slots in said hinge member and having threaded engagement with said nut element in said recess in said rail whereby said hinge member may be adjusted vertically and transversely relative to the rail.

9. A support for a window closure or the like comprising a supporting rail adapted to be positioned on the side or on the face of a window casing member and having a longitudinally extending groove on the inner side thereof and having longitudinally extending slots therein opening to said groove, a hinge comprising articulated leaf members, one leaf member having a laterally projecting attaching arm disposed on the side of the rail opposite said groove and in overlapping relation to said slots therein and having transverse slots therein vertically spaced to correspond to the spacing of the slots in the rail, the other leaf member being adapted for attachment to a supported member, a nut element of channel cross section disposed sidewise in said groove, the inner arm of the nut element having screw-receiving bores therein aligned with said slot in said hinge member, and attaching screws disposed through said slots in said hinge member and said rail and having threaded engagement with said bores in the inner arm of said nut element.

10. A support for a window closure or the like comprising a supporting rail adapted to be positioned on the side or on the face of a window casing member and having a longitudinally extending groove on the inner side thereof and having longitudinally extending slots therein opening to said groove, a hinge comprising articulated leaf members, one leaf member having a laterally projecting attaching arm disposed on the side of the rail opposite said groove and in overlapping relation to said slots therein and having transverse slots therein vertically spaced to correspond to the spacing of the slots in the rail, the other leaf member being adapted for attachment to a supported member, a nut element fittingly disposed in said groove, and attaching screws disposed through said slots in said hinge member and said rail and having threaded engagement with said nut element.

11. A support for a window closure or the like comprising a supporting rail adapted to be positioned on the side or on the face of a window easing member and having a groove on the inner side thereof and having screw openings therein opening to said groove, a hinge comprising articulated leaf members, one leaf member having a laterally projecting attaching arm disposed on the side of the rail opposite said groove and in overlapping relation to said screw openings therein and having transverse slots therein vertically spaced to correspond to the spacing of the slots in the rail, the other leaf member being adapted for attachment to a supported member, a nut element fittingly disposed in said groove, and attaching screws disposed through said openings in said hinge member and said rail and having threaded engagement with said nut element.

References Cited by the Examiner UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,624,067 1/53 Tassell 16135 2,691,552 10/54 Bauman et al. 36 X 2,836,269 5/58 Anderson 16--132 X 2,885,722 5/59 Holliday 16-133 X 2,923,027 2/60 Bury 16-129 2,930,564 3/60 Maier 248-298 X 2,956,470 10/60 Knohl 85--47 2,988,414 6/61 Crowe et al 16129 X DONLEY J. STOCKING, Primary Examiner.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2624067 *Oct 31, 1949Jan 6, 1953Leslie E TassellHinge
US2691552 *Sep 3, 1949Oct 12, 1954Kurz Kasch IncHandle assembly
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Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3403953 *Feb 13, 1967Oct 1, 1968Homewood Cabinet Top Co.Device for renovating old cabinets
US4502249 *Aug 2, 1983Mar 5, 1985Peachtree Doors, Inc.Doorway structure
US5144721 *Jan 11, 1991Sep 8, 1992Schade Daniel JAdjustable hinge assembly
US5419085 *Mar 21, 1994May 30, 1995Imbur; James E.Interior shutter with concealed hinges
US5490353 *Oct 14, 1994Feb 13, 1996Mclaughlin; RobertElegant plantation security shutter assembly
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US5653057 *Feb 1, 1996Aug 5, 1997Gary; Anne MarieShutter assembly
US5852903 *Feb 18, 1997Dec 29, 1998Astrizky; IsaacHurricane protection assembly for windows or doors
US7694468 *Apr 13, 2010Norman International, Inc.Window framing system with decorative overlay and method for using the same
US7716884 *Jul 19, 2006May 18, 2010Tapco International CorporationShutter assembly
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US8024899Sep 27, 2011Outlook Window Products, L.L.C.Apparatus and systems of interior window framing
US8146304 *Jul 23, 2010Apr 3, 2012Glasscraft Door CompanyGrille assembly for doors and method for making
US8453397Jun 4, 2013Kendall W. PrinceMethods and systems of interior window framing
US8959852Jun 3, 2013Feb 24, 2015Outlook Window Products, L.L.C.Methods and systems of interior window framing
US20050050814 *Sep 5, 2003Mar 10, 2005Prince Kendall W.Window framing system with decorative overlay and method for using the same
US20060037260 *May 26, 2005Feb 23, 2006Prince Kendall WMethods and systems of interior window framing
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US20070125013 *Nov 14, 2005Jun 7, 2007Cuatro, LlcFinishing system for wall openings
US20110030294 *Feb 10, 2011Patrick Leonard ClarsonInterior pane units and window with interior pane
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Classifications
U.S. Classification16/238, 49/399, 49/67
International ClassificationE05D15/00
Cooperative ClassificationE05D15/00, E05D2700/10
European ClassificationE05D15/00