Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.


  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS3184059 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMay 18, 1965
Filing dateFeb 9, 1961
Priority dateFeb 9, 1961
Publication numberUS 3184059 A, US 3184059A, US-A-3184059, US3184059 A, US3184059A
InventorsKaplan Clifford F
Original AssigneeFoster Grant Co Inc
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Utility package
US 3184059 A
Abstract  available in
Previous page
Next page
Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

May 18, 1965 C. F. KAPLAN 3,184,059

UTILI TY PACKAGE Filed Feb. 9. 1961 {l} f [4 F G, 4

IF I G. 2


United States Patent O 3,184,059 UTILITY PACKAGE Clifford F. Kaplan, Leominster, Mass., assigner to Foster Grant Co., Inc., Leominster, Mass., a corporation of Delaware y Filed Feb. 9, 1961, Ser. No. 88,168 Claims. (Cl. 206-8D This invention relates generally to a novel and advantageous utility packaging device. More specifically, this invention comprises -a combined packaging, decorative and safety protective device for electric bulbs.

The terms electric bulb or bulbs as employed herein signify well known illuminating bulbs, test bulbs, photographic flash bulbs, decorative bulbs, etc. These bulbs are composed essentially of a transparent or translucent glass or plastic portion, a conductive member therein and at least one partially metallic stem portion.

It is well known in the art that electric bulb packaging, decoration, and safety protection against bulb expiosion have been treated as separate fields of development in the elec-tric bulb manufacturing industry.

Packaging `devices of cardboard, paper, metal, etc. are normally designed with certain packaging problems in mind, viz., breakage in transit, eye appeal to the constituer, over-all size, etc. On the other hand, bulb decoration and means of providing safety protection against bulb explosions `are often designed without serious regard to packaging problems.

The ashbulb in particular is perhaps the best example showing the prior a'rts plural step approach to these problerns. For example, the bulbs are often packaged in printed cardboard units which are designed primarily to protect the bulb against breakage and to provide an eye appealing unit to the consumer. Flashbulbs are particularly susceptible to malfunction and explosion. rfhe a-rt has recognize-d this problem, and ignoring an approach to a solution tied in with packaging, has Iutil-ized safety features such as special bulb coating 4protective laye-rs and safety screens over flashgun attachments.

Aside from the added expense and inconvenience involved in the prior art individual solutions to these problems, these solutions are not entirely effective. Thin safety protective coatings placed on fiashbulbs are subject to wear and are frequently damaged or removed in handling. Further, it is well known that many photography enthusiasts do not follow the bulb manufacturers advice as to the use or" protective `shields for flashbulbs.

Christmas bulb decoration is a further example of the l have now found a particularly effective combined packaging, decorative and safety protective unit for bulbs. Basically, I employ a thin, substantially clear plastic hlm as a cover layer or skin layer over bulbs mounted on a base support. The plastic film acts as a package forming component and is designed so that the bulb and the portion of the plastic filrn or skin covering and adhering to the transparent or translucent element `of the bulb can be removed by the consumer and surprisingly, will act as a decoration and/or safety layer in the event of bulb explosion. The decoration provides an attractively packaged item as well as a means of coloring or decorating light emanating from the bulb.

More specifically, in addition to acting as a protective layer and packaging means the plastic iiirn can be employed to provide a colored light, viz., a yellow film over an illuminating bulb provides yellow light, a blue film rice used over flash bulbs may provide proper lighting for using outdoor film indoors. Similarly, a decorated and/or colored lrn can be employed to package Christmas tree bulbs.

The device of my invention can be produced by well known film processing techniques. For' example, a plastic lilrn can be skin packaged by vacuum over a base board carrying electric bulbs. Holes are formed in a base board and the stem portion of electric bulbs are positioned therein. A plastic film is then vacuum formed with or without the use of heat so as to conform to at least a portion of the transparent or translucent part of the bulb and bond to the base board supporting said electric bulbs.

The electric bulb or bulbs employed in my invention may be any of the conventional types noted above. When employing flash bulbs, Iit is possible |to utilize a conventional dipped explosion protective layer on the outside of the bulb. In this case the plastic lm employed provides an additional explosion protective layer and also prevents the dipped layer from being damaged or removed in handling. In some cases the dipped layer may be eliminated and the plastic lilm alone provides an explosion protective layer.

The thin transparent or translucent film employed in my invention can be composed of any of the thermo, plastic resins well known in the skin packaging art, e.g., cellulose acetate, cellulose butyrate, vinyls, laminates of cellulose 1acetate or cellulose butyrate on polyethylene, polyethylene, polypropylene, synthetic linear polyamides or nylon polymers, etc. Conventional dyes and/ or pigments may be employed to color these plastic film materials in applications where colored light is desired.

I have found that nylon polymers are particularly suited for usage in the device of my invention. These polymers have excellent clarity Aand can be readily processed to conform lto conventional electric bulb contiguration by well known skin packaging techniques. The particular advantages of nylon polymers wil-l be more fully disclosed in connection with the description of lthe drawings.

The base or support member lof my invention is preferably composed of a cardboard material such as kraft board or alternatively plastics, metals, laminates and cornposite bases may be employed. It is only necessary that the base provide the desired degree of flexibility for the particular utility package produced and that it bond well with the plastic lm material under :the manufacturing conditions employed. ln some cases it may be desirable to provide a plastic coated and/or perforated base to insure proper bonding of the base with the plastic film material employed.

For the purpose of facilitating an understand-ing of my invention, I have illustrated in the accompanying drawings preferred embodiments thereof, from an inspection yof which, when consi-dered in connection with the following description, my invention, its mode of construction, assembly and many of its advantages should be readily understood and appreciated.

Referring to the drawings in which the same characters of reference are employed to indicate corresponding or similar parts throughout the several figures of the drawings:

FIGURE l illustrates a top plan view of one embodiment of my invention.

FIGURE 2 is a cross-sectional view taken along line 2 2 of FIGURE 1.

FIGURE. 3 is a fragmentary top pian View of an alternate embodiment of my invention. y

FIGURE 4 is a cross-sectional view taken along line 4--4 of FIGURE 3.

FIGURE is a side view of a display arrangement for the device of my invention.

FlGU-RE 6 shows a t'hin decorated thermoplastic film employed in certainembodiments `of my invention.

yFIGURE 7 shows a film covered electric bulb.

In the drawings FIGURES l and 2 illustrate an electric bulb utility package of 'this invention. A substantially planar cardboard base is shown `at 14. The base is preferably composed of an uncoated cardboard material having holes 16 therein. The base may be adapte-d to carry one or more electric bulbs having filaments 11 therein. Holes -16 are preferably equal to or slightly smaller in diameter than the diameter of the stem 13 `of the electric bulb inserted therein. The snug fit of the 4stern portion 13 of the electric bulb aids in retaining the bulb in position yon the card with the main axis of the bulb substantially perpendicular to the plane of the base. It s'hould be understood that non-planar bases and/ or enlarge-d holes may be employed in my invention if desired.

A conventional flash bulb is illustrated at 17 The flash bulb 17 comprises a filament 11, a partially metallic stem 13 and a clear glass portion 12. The fiash bulb is positioned on the base so that the stem 13 passes through hole 16 and one end Ithereof extends outwardly of a surface of said base. Of course, if a thick board is employed, the

- stem may be retained entirely within the base.

A clear transparent nylon film is `formed over the transparent or translucent portion of the bulb and theV configuration of the electric bulb. The plastic film may cover substantially the entire transparent or translucent portion of the bulb as shown or it may extend down and in addition cover a portion of stem 13 if the hole 16 is enlarged or if stem 13 is not entirely recessed into base 14. The portion 18 is the thinnest part of the film since the film is stretched to its greatest extent at this point during conventional skin packaging by vacuum techniques, The main .advantages of nylon film is that it can be deep drawn by vacuum to a greater extent than most other plastics and will readily adhere to an uncoated cardboard base. When packaging items such Vas flash bulbs having a substantial height to width ratio,rnylon is particularly suitable. The nylon film 10 bonds tothe uncoated cardboard base 14 lat the surface thereof. The film acts -to retain the position of the bulb with respect to the board.

As a result of the thinnings of the film and the small diameter at configuration 18, the bulb can be readily removed from the base by hand. Preferably aV twisting motion is employed as shown at 19 to break the film and the bulb is raised from the board with the plastic film adhering to the transparent or translucent portion thereof as shown in FGURE 7. If desired, the lilm can be perforated, slit or stamped at the circumference of the stem as at 18 inorder to facilitate easy separation of the plastic film.

VFIGURE 4 illustrates an alternate Vembodiment of my invention wherein the plastic film'10 does not conform closely to the entire surface of an electric bulb. Although only one electric bulb is shown, it is'obvious that any ded' ing methods (eg, flexographic, rotogravue, etc.) on lm 60 previous to vacuum drawing of the film over the bulbs. For example, stars, Christmas trees, etc. may be employed in a regular or irregular pattern. A bulb, skin packed in decorated film, may be employed for decora-tive uses such as Christmas tree lights.


sired number may be employed. Space 9 varies in size Y depending on the particular plastic employed and the degree of heat and vacuum utilized in the skin packaging operation. Slits, perforations, indentations, etc. 20 are employed to facilitate removal of the bulb. The slits, perforations, indentations, etc. may be formed in the film allowing removal of the bulb and film from the base; Alternatively the slits, perforations, indentations, etc. can be formed in the base as well Vas the film thus enabling removal of a portion of the base and the film with the bulb. The latter expedientcan be employed where the stem 13 is long enough to be inserted in a socketwith the base portion thereon. Y Y

A decorated film is illustrated at FEGURE 6. Decorations 61 are preferablyformed by conventional print- The plastic film employed is preferably a substantially uniform yhlm having a thickness previous to skin packaging of 0.0005 to 0.010 inch with about 0.001 to 0.005 inch being-preferred. Thicknesses within these ranges provide commercially efficient, easily separable, utility packages of this invention.

Many arrangements for display and shipment of the devices or" my invention are possible. A particularly advantageous display and shipping arrangement is shown in FGURE 5. The base is bent into a rectangular shape as at 53 and holes S4 are provided therein. The electric bulbs are `positioned on the base allowing nesting of the bulbs of one package with the bulbs of an adjacent package as at 55. A display or shipping prong 50 carries the packages and allows easy removal of the packages for sale thereof.

Many changes and alterations may be made without departing from the spirit and scope of this invention which is set forth in the Vappended claims which are to be construed as broadly as possible in view of the prior art.

I claim:

l. A combined packaging, decorative and safety protective device comprising:

a base of substantially rectangular shape;

said base having two parallel side portions, connected by end portions so as to define a hollow Space therebetween;

one of said side portions having a plurality of spaced openings therein, each adapted to receive the stem portion of `a light bulb inserted therein;

the other of said side portions also having a plurality of spaced openings therein, each adapted to receive the stem portion of a light bulb inserted therein;

said opening in said one side portion being in staggered relationship with respect to the openings in said other side portion;

a plurality of electric bulbs, each having an elongated metallic stem portion, and a bulbous portion attached to one end of said metallic stern portion at a reduced diameter portion of said bulbous portion;

said stem portions of said bulbs being disposed in the openings in the side portions of the base;

the stem portions of the bulbs being of a length no greater than the space between the side portions of the base, whereby the bulbs are supported on the base member in perpendicular relationship to the side portions with the bulbous portions upstanding from the side portions of the base and the stem portions of the bulbs being disposed in staggered relationship and contained within the hollow space delined by the side and end portions of the base;

each of said bulbs having substantially all of the bulbous portion thereof covered by a thin thermoplastic film member which conforms closely to the configuration of the bulbous portion and extends over and is bonded to said side portions ofthe base member;

whereby the bulbous portions opstanding from the side portions of the base are covered by the protective film member; and whereby each of the bulbs along with that portion of the film member which covers the bulbous Vportion of the bulbs can be readily removed from the base portion of Ithe packaging device;

the removed portion of the film member remaining in Y closely conforming relationship to said bulbous. portion. Y v

2. TheV device of claim l including means provided in said film member for allowing said bulb, and a portion 5 6 or said film member to be removed from the remainder 2,828,799 4/58 Harrison 156--84 of the device. 2,852,134 9/58 Werner.

3. The device of claim 1 wherein said film is colored. 2,861,405 11/58 Hanford. 4. The device of claim 1 wherein said hn is nylon, 2,883,047 4/ 59 Candell 206--65 5. The device of claim 4 wherein said film has a thick- 5 FOREIGN PATENTS ness of from 0.0005 to 0.010 inch.

1,113,475 12/55 France.

References Cited by the Examiner 784503 :l0/57 Great B main' UNITED STATES PATENTS THERON E. CONDN, Primary Examiner. 2,293,529 8/ 42 Bedford 220-2.1 EARLE I. DRUMMOND, GEORGE O. RALSTON, 2,302,045 11/42 Neuman 206-78 Examiners.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2293529 *Jun 29, 1940Aug 18, 1942Rca CorpImage tube
US2302045 *Aug 9, 1940Nov 17, 1942Neumann LeopoldArticle holder
US2828799 *Oct 10, 1955Apr 1, 1958Du PontProcess of enveloping shaped objects
US2852134 *Jul 8, 1955Sep 16, 1958Philips CorpFlash lamp packaging
US2861405 *Dec 6, 1956Nov 25, 1958Nat Tool CompanySealed package and method of making the same
US2883047 *Sep 13, 1957Apr 21, 1959Gen ElectricLamp package
FR1113475A * Title not available
GB784503A * Title not available
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3490582 *Dec 23, 1966Jan 20, 1970Reynolds Metals CoPackage construction for a plurality of articles
US3743084 *Nov 9, 1970Jul 3, 1973Colgate Palmolive CoCarrier-dispenser package
US4083448 *Jun 27, 1975Apr 11, 1978General Electric CompanyWall plate package with wax screw socket
US4099615 *Feb 26, 1976Jul 11, 1978Amp, IncorporatedCarrier strip mounted electrical components
US5242054 *Jul 30, 1992Sep 7, 1993Todd Alvin EMethod for shipping a display rack for packaged small fragile items and shipping assembly
US5494177 *Sep 3, 1993Feb 27, 1996Todd, Jr.; Alvin E.Display rack
US5505319 *Dec 17, 1993Apr 9, 1996Todd, Jr.; Alvin E.Display rack
US7472792 *Oct 4, 2005Jan 6, 2009International Development CorporationHigh-visibility product and package system
US9085401 *Nov 6, 2013Jul 21, 2015Izi Medical ProductsPackaging for retro-reflective markers
US20060076259 *Oct 4, 2005Apr 13, 2006Browder John HHigh-visibility product and package system
U.S. Classification206/419, 206/471, 206/497
International ClassificationB65D75/30, B65D75/28
Cooperative ClassificationB65D75/305
European ClassificationB65D75/30B