US 3184758 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
T. F. HIRSCH May 25, 1965 HEAD BANDS 2 Sheets-Sheet l Filed Nov. 1, 1,952
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INVENToR. Theodor F. Hirsch ATTORNEY May 25, 1965 T. F. HlRscH 3,184,758
HEAD BANDS Filed Nov. 1, 1962 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 FIG.5
Theodor F. Hirsch ATTORNEY United States Patent O 3,184,758 HEAD BANDS Theodor F. Hirsch, Carrollton, Ga., assigner to Maryon Hosiery Mill, Inc., Carrollton, Ga., a corporation Filed Nov. 1, 1962, Ser. No. 234,715 6 Claims. (Cl. 2-209) This invention relates to head bands, and more particuularly concerns head bands having portions for keeping the ears of the wearer Warm.
An object of this invention is to provide an improved head band construction, which is ornamental in appearance, yet incorporates unobtrusive portions which cover the ears of the wearer to keep the same warm.
Another object of this invention is t-o provide an improved head band of tubular knit construction, which has a substantial stretch characteristic so as to readily conform to any one of a large range of of head sizes.
A further object of this invention is to provide a head band of knit yarns-with ear covering portions incorporating yarns having highinsulating properties with little residual stretch and yarns having substantial residual stretch, whereby the ear covering postions may be readily stretched and conformed to the ears of the wearer.
Still another object of this invention is to provide a head band formed of knit yarns, the band comprising yarns of substantial residual stretch so that the head band may readily conform `to various head sizes; the band also including in selected portions thereof yarns of a character to provide heat insulation for appropriate portions of the head of the wearer.
Other objects of this invention will in part be obvious and in part hereinafter disclosed.
In the drawing,
FIG. 1 is a side elevational view of a knitted tubular member for forming an endless head band of the instant invention;
FIG. 2 is a transverse sectional View taken -on the line 2-2 of FIG. 1;
FIG. 3 is a side elevational view of the head band, looking at the rear thereof;
FIG. 4 is a view similar to that of FIG. 3, looking at the front thereof;
FIG. 5 is a side elevational view of a head band showing a modified form of the invention;
FIG. 6 is a transverse sectional View taken on the line 6 6 of FIG. 5;
FIG. 7 is a rear elevational view thereof; and
FIG. 8 is a front elevational view thereof.
The head band in one embodiment of the instant invention is in the form of a flattened tubular knit member, with the ends thereof secured by a transverse seam, where-in the member is knit of yarns having high residual stretch and yarns of high heat insulating properties; the two types of yarns being distributed in a manner to provide in the finished head band (l) high streach characteristics so that the head band conforms to a wide range of different head sizes; and (2) provides ear covering portions of good warmth retention, the ear covering portions being closely conformable to the ears of the wearer.
Thus, as shown in FIG. l, an elongated member 10 of knit yarns is formed on tubular knitting machines to provide in flattened form a suitable width. The member 10 is knit of two types of yarns, one being of nylon with high residual stretch; the other having lesser residual stretch but being distinguished by high heat insulating characteristics, such as the polyacrylonitrile yarns known as Orlon.
The member 10 is knit to provide end sections 11, 12 having end edges 13, 14 respectively; ear covering sections 15, 16 extending from end sections 11, 12 respectively; and an intermediate section 17 connecting sections 15,
16. The end sections 11, 12 and intermediate sect-ion 17 are knit entirely of the high residual stretch nylon yarns indicated at 18; such yarns being distinguished by having a maximum linear stretch of from 200 to 350% as compared to the normal unstretched length of such yarns. Such nylon yarns are of a denier of from about 240 to about 500.
The ear covering sections 15, 16 are knit with Orlon yarns indicated at 19, t-ogether with a minor proportion of stretch nylon yarns 18. The ear covering sections 15, 16 are of somewhat extended width as indicated by the somewhat convexly curved side edge portions 20, 21 thereof. Such sections 15, 16 may comprise as little as lil-15% of the stretch nylon yarns 18, although the stretch nylon yarns 18 preferably constitute 25% of the total yarns of said sections 15, 16; the remainder being of Orlon yarns.
The knit tubular member 10 may have a normal length of about 14, with ear covering-sections 15, 16 being about 3 long each; end sections 11, 12 about 11/2 long each and intermediate section 17 Ibeing about 5" long. However, the ear sections 15, 16 may have a length of from about 21/2 to about 5, the other sections ybeing proportioned accordingly.
The tubular knit member 10 is converted to endless head band form, by sewing edges 13, 14 together with stretchable thread to form a stretchable transverse seam 22, as shownin FIG. 3. In such form, the resultant head band A may be stretched over the head of the wearer to closely conform to the same over a wide range of head sizes. In all cases, "the ear covering sections 15, 16 will now provide opposed portions at the head band for covering the ears of thewearer in close conformation thereto, the stretch yarn portion of said sections allowing the same t-o be stretched to'attain desired conformance. The intermediate section 17 will now cover the forehead of the wearer to provide a front section of the head band while seamed end sections 11, 12 will cover the back of the head of the wearer to provide a rear section of the head band.
The member 10 may be knit on an 84 needle machine, using about 4 ends of Orlon yarn 19 of about 1/45 worsted covering and 1 end of nylon yarn 18 of about 70/ 2 denier to form ear covering sections 15, 16, while sections 11, 12 and 17 are knit from nylon yarns 18 of about 240 to 500 denier.
It is understood that the Orlon yarns 19 may be replaced by other yarns having similar heat retaining characteristics, such as wool, soft cotton or the like.
In another embodiment of the invention, shown in FIGS. 5-8, a tubular member 10 is knit of stretchable nylon yarns. Member 10 comprises elongated end portions 25, 26 formed of yarns 27 having a denier of from about 480 to about S00, and preferably 560, and an intermediate portion 28 connecting portions 25, 26 and formed of yarns 29 of a denier of from about 240 to about 450, and preferably about 280. The end edges 36, 31 of end portions 25, 26 are seamed together by stretchable thread to form the endless headband with a stretchable seam 32.
The somewhat wider and bulkier end sections 25, 26 are adapted to cover the ears and rear portion of the head of the wearer, while the somewhat narrower and less bulkier intermediate portion 28 covers the forehead of the wearer. Headband 16 may be stretched to conform to a wide range of head sizes. The bulk of yarns 27 together with the tubular construction of member 10 ywith the flattened opposed wall portions thereof, provide a reasonable degree of insulation against the cold for the ears and rear portion of the head of the wearer.
As various changes might be made in the embodiments of the invention herein disclosed, without departing from enseres' the spirit thereof, it is understoody that all matter herein shown or described shall be deemed illustrative and not by way of limitation, except as set forth in the appended claims.
What is claimed is:
1. A stretchable head band for encircling the head .of a wearer having a front section, a rear section and a pair 4of oppositely disposed ear covering sections interconnect- '1 insulating properties and said ear covering sections coming said front and rear sections, said front and rear seo. v
tions comprising throughout their extent knitted nylon Vyarns having substantial residual stretch, said ear cover-i ing sections comprising ka mixture of knitted yarns, a
major portionof the yarns of said mixture being uniformly distributed throughout the extent of said ear covering sections and being soft and heat insulating with limited residual stretch, and a minor portion of the yarns of said mixture being Iof nylon with substantial residual stretch, whereby said head band'may be stretched to conform to a large range of head sizes and said ear covering sections may closely conformto the ears of the wearer. d
2. A head kband as in claim il, wherein the major por-y tion of the yarns of said mixture are of an acrylonitrile polymer.
3. .A head band as in claim 1, wherein said head band Vcomprises an elongated tubular knit structure and a vstretchable seam interconnects the opposite ends of said tubular knit structure to provide said head band in end less form. f
4. An endless stretchable head band comprising -a tubular knit member and seam means joining the lopposite e end edges of said knit member together, said knit memgber comprising a front section, a rear sect-ion and a pair vof oppositely disposed ear covering sections between -opposed end `portions of said front and rear sections, ysaidV front andrear sections comprising essentially knit linear polyamide yarns having substantial residual stretch, said Y ear covering sections comprising essentiallyl knit polyacrylic yarns to provide said ear covering sections with heat prising about 4 ends of polyacrylic yarnV to l end'of linear polyamide yarns.
5; An endless ltubular knit headband,:said headband comprising kknit yarns offsubstantially largek residual stretch and having a frontrsection, a rear section and a pair of opposed portions interconnecting said front and rear sections, theV pair of opposed portions of said headband adapted to covert-he ears of the Wearerand having a greater denier count than said front and Yrear sections.
6,*An endless tubular knit headband, saidheadband comprising `a front` forehead covering section and a rear ear and back of the headcovering section, said sect-ions `being formed of linear polyamide yarns of relativelyV high residual stretch, the yarns Yof said rear-"section having a higher denier count than the-yarns of said frontY section,
References `Cited by the Examiner UNITED STATES PATENTS A Goldstein Y.... 2-201 1,968,967 8/34 Snader e f- 2-275 X 2,021,144 1l/3I5` *Beck 2-174 2,259,537 10/41 Wengen 2-201 2,405,326 8/ 46 Plotsky 2-209 2,487,988 11/49 Zeier. 112-413 2,738,514 3/56 Gondell V2-209 2,934,923 s 5/60Y Elwell a V` `66--202 X 3,089,147 5/63 Zimmerman 2-197 FOREIGN PATENTS 1,098,467 2/61 Germany,V
12/ 17 Great Britain.
JORDAN FRANKLIN, Primary Examiner;
Y yDAVID, I. WELLIAMOWSKY, ROBERT V. vSLOAN,