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Publication numberUS3184800 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMay 25, 1965
Filing dateOct 23, 1961
Priority dateOct 23, 1961
Publication numberUS 3184800 A, US 3184800A, US-A-3184800, US3184800 A, US3184800A
InventorsNelson Permil N
Original AssigneeLynn H Ewing
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Rafter support
US 3184800 A
Images(2)
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

y 5, 1965 P. N. NELSON 3,184,800

RAFTER SUPPORT Filed 001;. 23, 1961 v 2 Sheets-Sheet l INVENTOR.

BY MAZW May 25, 1965 P. N. NELSON 3,184,800

RAFTER SUPPORT Filed Oct. 23, 1961 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 iNVENTOR. JDEAM/L 44 fl Ezsa/v United States Patent 3,184,800 RAFTER SUPPORT Permil N. Nelson, Galesburg, 111., assignor to Lynn H. Ewing, doing business as Blackhawk Company, Rock Island, Ill.

Filed Oct. 23, 1961, Ser. No. 146,999 1 Claim. (Cl. 201) My invention relates to a new and useful improvement in a rafter support and more particularly to a metallic support that is utilized for connecting wooden rafters together in proper relation with respect to each other and to the longitudinally extending roof ridge poles and base plate members.

A principal object of my invention is in the provision in a rafter support of this character of an arrangement of parts which when utilized for the purpose contemplated will impart greater strength to rafters connected to and supported thereby.

The principal object of my invention is in the provision in a rafter support of this character of an arrangement of parts which when utilized for the purpose contemplated will impart greater strength to rafters connected to and supported thereby.

Another object of my invention is in the provision in a rafter support which eliminates the necessity of notching the lower ends of each rafter as it is installed. The rafter support materially adds to the structural strength and stabilization of each rafter connected to the base plate and ridge pole of a roof skeleton.

A further object of my invention is in the provision in a rafter support of this character of a configuration that provides a universal type support that may be utilized to support and connect the rafters together or to a base plate, or to a ridge pole.

Yet another object of my invention is in the provision in a rafter support of this character that is easy to use and install, adds to the structual strength of the rafter, increases the efiiciency of installation of rafters and is economical in manufacture.

Other objects will appear hereinafter.

The invention consists in the novel combination and arrangement of parts to be hereinafter described and claimed.

The invention will be best understood by reference to the accompanying drawings showing the preferred form of construction, and in which:

FIG. 1 is a fragmentary side elevational view of rafters supported and connected together through the use of my invention.

FIGS. 2 and 2A are perspective views, from opposite sides, of my rafter support as it is used to connect the rafter ends together, or to a ridge pole.

FIG. 3 is a perspective view of my improved rafter support showing it in its preferred form for connecting the rafter to a base plate.

FIG. 4 is a side elevational view of a modified form of rafter support.

FIG. 5 is a perspective view of a modified form of a rafter support for connecting rafters to a ridge pole.

FIG. 6 is a perspective view of a modified form of rafter support for connecting the rafter to a base plate.

FIG. 7 is a perspective view of a modified form of a rafter support for connecting the same to a ridge pole.

This invention relates to a rafter erection support which is utilized to connect rafters together or to a ridge pole, or to a base plate member. In roof constructions, a skeleton is formed comprising a plurality of rafters that define the pitch of the roof and upon which the roof itself is installed.

The present system of constructing these rafters is to attach the same together or to a ridge pole by means ice of toe nailing. The under side of each rafter adjacent one end is notched to provide a seat which is positioned upon longitudinally extending base plate members.

The present invention removes the necessity of notching the rafters and provides a more suitable and secured method of connecting the rafters together or to a ridge pole.

In FIG. 1, I disclosed oppositely disposed inclined rafters 10. Corresponding opposite ends of the rafters 10 and 11 are obliquely cut so as to sit in facial abutment upon opposite side surfaces of a ridge pole 12. Mounted upon the rafter 11 is a rafter support 13. This rafter support 13 as viewed in FIG. 2 comprises a U- shaped body portion providing a medial plate 14 having opposite side flanges 15 and 16 extending from corresponding oppositely disposed longitudinal edges.

A substantially flat tongue 17 laterally extends from one end of the medial plate 14. This tongue 17 is of a length greater than that of the medial plate 14 so that a portion 18 of the tongue 17 may be bent so as to lie in facial abutment upon the upper edge of the ridge pole 12, while the remaining portion 19 of the tongue 17 extends beyond the ridge pole 12 and is caused to lie in facial abutment with the top edge surface of the rafter 10.

The side flanges 15 and 16 as well as the portions 18 and 19 of the tongue 17 are provided with suitable nail receiving openings 20'. By the use of nails or the like the rafter support may be connected to oppositely disposed rafters 10 and 11 and ridge pole 12 as shown in FIG. 1.

Referring to FIG. 3 I show the rafter support 13 in a condition whereby it is utilized to connect the underside portions of the rafters 10 and 11 to longitudinally extending base plate members 21.

In connecting the rafters 10 and 11 to the base plate 21, the rafter support is placed upon the rafter with the flanges 15 and 16 embracing opposite sides thereof. The medial plate 14 lies in facial contact with the underedge surface of the rafter. The tongue 17 has been formed so as to lie upon the open exposed surface of the base plate member. In actual erection of the rafters the rafter supports 13 are first connected to the base plate members 21 by having the tongue 17 thereof nailed thereto. The rafter is then placed between the side flanges 15 and 16 with the edge surface of the rafter sitting upon the medial plate 14. That portion of the support 13 is then connected by means of nails to the rafter itself.

Referring to FIG. 4, I show a fragmentary side elevational view of the modified form of rafter support. Each of the rafters 10 and 11 of FIG. 4 carry adjacent their cut end a rafter support 22. This rafter support 22 comprises a medial plate 23 provided along the opposite longitudinal edges with corresponding side flanges 24 and 25. Extending angularly from one end of the medial plate 23 is an extension 26. This extension is provided at one edge with a depending tongue 27 of a width less than the width of the extension 26 and medial plate 23. Formed in the medial plate 23 adjacent the end that angularly carries the extension 26 is a rectangular opening 28 of a size corresponding to the size of the depending tongue 27. p

The rafter support 22 is connected to the cut ends of the rafters 10 and 11 as shown in FIG. 4. The medial plate 23 lies upon the exposed edges of the rafters 10 and 11 and the side flanges 24 and 25 embrace the op posite sides of each rafter. The support 22 that is carried by the rafter 10 has the extension 26 thereof lying upon the top edge 29 of the ridge pole 30. The depending tongue 27 is positioned between the cut end of the rafter 11 and its corresponding side surface of the ridge pole 30. The depending tongue 27 is positioned between the cut end of the rafter 11 and its corresponding side surface of the ridge pole 36. The rafter support 22 that iscarried by the rafter 11 has its medial plate 23 and side flanges 24 and 25 positioned adjacent the cutend of such rafter. The extension 26, however, lies upon the upper surface of the extension plate 26 of the support 23 carried by the rafter 10.

The tongue 27. of the support 22 of rafter 11 extends I through the opening 28 formed in the medial plate 23 of the support 22 carried by the rafter 10. This tongue 27 extends between the cut end of the rafter 10 and its corresponding side face of the ridge pole 30. Thus the supports 22 that are carried by the rafters 10' and 11 interlock in supporting relation with respect to each other and the ridge pole 30.

FIG. 6 shows a modified rafter support that may be used to connect the rafters 10 and 11 to the base plate members 31 of FIG. 4. This rafter support of FIG. 6 comprises a U-shaped body 32 having a medial plate 33 provided along opposite longitudinal edges with side flanges 34 and 35. The medial plate 33 is provided with a substantially flat extension 36; In employing the rafter support of FIG. 6, the extension 36 is connected to the base plate member 31 with the U-shaped body portion 32 positioned so as to receive between the side flanges 34 and 35 thereof the rafter to be supported thereby.

In FIG. 7, I show a further modification of the rafter support utilized for connecting the cut end of the rafters to a ridge pole or the like. This rafter support 37 includes a substantially rectangularly shaped medial plate 38. Extending from opposite longitudinal edges 40 and 41 thereof are correspondingly formed U-shaped rafter connecting bodies 42 and 43. Each of the rafter connecting bodies 42 and 43 are provided with opposite side flanges 44 and 43, respectively. In utilizing the support 37 in FIG. 7, the medial plate 38 isconnected to the top edge of the ridge pole by means of a nail driven through an opening 46 formed therein. Eachof the rafter connecting bodies 42 and 43 embrace opposite corresponding cut ends of the rafters to be supported thereby. The side flanges 44 and 45 of each of the bodies 42 and 43 are connected to the side faces of such rafters.

The rafter supports as hereinbefore described not only make the erection of rafters simpler and easier but is quicker and less complicated than the present method.-

The rafter supports remove the necessity of notching the rafters for connection to the base plate members. It provides a more satisfactory connection between the cut ends of the rafter than heretofore achieved through the toe nailing of same.

The rafter supports of this invention give greater strength and stabilization to rafters and roof constructions.

4 While I have illustrated and described the preferre form of construction for carrying my invention into effect,v

this is capable of variation and modification without departing from the spirit of the invention. I, therefore, do not wishto be limitedto the precise details of construction set forth, but desire to avail myself of such variations and modifications as. come within the scope of the appended claim. 7

Having thus described my invention, what l claim as new and desire to protect by Letters Patent is:

. A pair of rafter erection and supporting brackets for connecting .a pair of roof rafters to opposite .sides of a ridge pole, va ridge pole and first and second rafters angularly disposed with respectto said ridge pole, first and second brackets each comprising,

(a) a metallic body having a medial plate portion providing along opposite longitudinal edges spaced apart parallelly extending lateral flanges,

(b) an extension member extending from one end of said medial plate portion of said body and angularly disposed with respect thereto,

(0) an insert tongue of a width less than the width of said extension member carried by and depending from the free end of said extension member,

(d) said medial plate portion of said body having formed therein adjacent said one end of said body an opening: of a size equal to the width ofsaid-insert tongue,

(e) said lateral flanges of .said body of. said first bracket embracing therebetween said first rafter and theflanges of said second bracket embracing therebetween said second rafter, with the extension member of said first bracket being in overlying abutment with the upper;1ongitudinal edge of said ridge pole with its insert tongue inserted between said ridge pole and said second rafte'ryand with the extension member of said second bracket :being in overlying abutment with the extension member of said first. bracket with its insert tongue inserted into the opening in said first bracket. and between said ridge pole andsaid first rafter, and

(f) meansfor connecting said flanges and said ex.-

tension member to their respective roof rafters and to said ridge pole.

References Cited by the Examiner UNITED STATES PATENTS ROBERTA. HILL, Examiner.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US810819 *Nov 3, 1905Jan 23, 1906Herbert A StreeterMetal clip for uniting metal beams.
US1652612 *Dec 15, 1924Dec 13, 1927Stuart Daniels ErnestBuilding joist and beam coupling
US1657243 *Dec 6, 1924Jan 24, 1928Stuart Daniels ErnestJoist and rafter suspension bracket
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3299586 *Oct 22, 1965Jan 24, 1967Weyerhaeuser CoCrossarm assembly
US3440783 *Jul 3, 1967Apr 29, 1969Hughes Milton LBlind shims for pre-fit door units
US3481635 *Apr 3, 1968Dec 2, 1969Intern Enterprises IncUniversal roof bracket
US3889441 *Apr 22, 1974Jun 17, 1975Simpson Manufacturing Co IncMudsill tiedown
US3988872 *Apr 23, 1974Nov 2, 1976Harold C. AdamsonPortable building frame connector
US4249713 *Aug 2, 1979Feb 10, 1981Glynn John HRoof attachment member for safety lines
US4270330 *Aug 21, 1979Jun 2, 1981Redland Roof Tiles LimitedRidge batten bracket
US4410294 *May 7, 1981Oct 18, 1983Simpson Strong-Tie Company, Inc.Variable pitch connector
US4498801 *Sep 23, 1982Feb 12, 1985Simpson Strong-Tie Company, Inc.Ridge rafter connector
US4523412 *Nov 4, 1982Jun 18, 1985United Steel Products CompanyHanger bracket and method of using same
US4631878 *Dec 19, 1984Dec 30, 1986Laramore Larry WPedestal and framing system for supplemental roof construction
US4714372 *Aug 18, 1986Dec 22, 1987Simpson Strong-Tie Company, Inc.Hurricane tie
US4893961 *Jun 5, 1989Jan 16, 1990Trus Joist CorporationJoist hanger
US5230198 *Oct 29, 1992Jul 27, 1993United Steel Products Co.Variable pitch connector
US5236273 *Dec 17, 1991Aug 17, 1993Simpson Strong-Tie Company, Inc.Rafter-to-corner plate connection
US5361558 *Dec 11, 1992Nov 8, 1994Stacy ThorntonRoof mountable safety line anchor
US5380115 *Oct 14, 1993Jan 10, 1995Simpson Strong-Tie Co., Inc.Hip corner plate connection
US5380116 *Oct 14, 1993Jan 10, 1995Simpson Strong-Tie Company, Inc.Hip ridge connection
US5448871 *Dec 20, 1993Sep 12, 1995Southeastern Metals Mfg. Co., Inc.Truss hold-down strap
US5625995 *Jul 15, 1994May 6, 1997Consolidated Systems, Inc.Method and flooring system with aligning bracket for mutually securing a header, a joist and a base
US5896719 *Sep 4, 1996Apr 27, 1999Thornton; StacyRoof safety anchor
US6088988 *Oct 27, 1998Jul 18, 2000Sahramaa; Kimmo J.Chord with inwardly depending ends and ridge connection system
US6219975 *May 15, 1998Apr 24, 2001Mitek Holdings, Inc.Truss with integral hold down strap
US6427416May 7, 2001Aug 6, 2002Aegis Metal Framing LlcConnector plate
US6430890Mar 28, 2000Aug 13, 2002Dietrich Industries, Inc.Web stiffener
US6474037 *Feb 28, 2001Nov 5, 2002Thomas C. ThompsonRetrofit hurricane and earthquake protection
US6772570 *Nov 12, 2002Aug 10, 2004Edward HorneVariable pitch connector brackets for use in attaching supporting members to bearing members in roofs
US7021021 *Aug 14, 2003Apr 4, 2006Eluterio SaldanaConnectors, tracks and system for smooth-faced metal framing
US7516580 *Jul 13, 2006Apr 14, 2009Fennell Jr Harry CConstruction bracket for creating a longitudinal roof venting space
US8176689 *May 7, 2008May 15, 2012Thomas C ThompsonRetrofit hurricane-earthquake clips
US20130149935 *Feb 6, 2013Jun 13, 2013Innovation First, Inc.Components for rapidly constructing a user-definable apparatus
Classifications
U.S. Classification403/219, 403/384, 403/402, D08/384, D08/354, 403/217, 52/714, 52/92.2
International ClassificationE04B1/26
Cooperative ClassificationE04B1/2608
European ClassificationE04B1/26B1