US 3185305 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
May 25 w55 A. slLvERMAN l CANTILEVER SEAT Filed May 20, 1965 www ,S/LVEQMA/V, Iwan/rae United States Patent() 3,185,305 CEVER SEAT Abraham Silverman, Van Nuys, Calif., assigner to Bentley iroducts, Inc., Santa Monica, Salif., a corporation of California Filed May 20, 1%3, Ser. No. 281,473 4 Claims. (Cl. 211-13) This invention relates to seating facilities aixed proximate to counters or bars and the like and more particularly to an improved construction for adjustable seating.
In the construction of dining counters, bars and the like a typical type of construction for the seating unit is a cantilever arrangement by which the seat extends upwardly and outwardly from a curb or step at the base of the counter. That is, rather than pedestal type stools by which a seat is placed on a column spaced outwardly from the counter, the cantilever type extends outwardly and upwardly above the floor level. In the construction of the counter facilities it is typical to position the means for holding and positioning the seats prior to pouring the concrete step or curb after which the seats are held in position by the concrete. In such construction it is diiiicult to maintain an accurate position of the seats during the subsequent building and concrete pouring operations.
Accordingly, it is an object of the present invention to provide an improved construction for seats spaced one from the other and cantilevered to a spaced position relative to a counter or the like.
It is another object yof the present invention to provide such construction whereby each of the seat units can be adjusted to the counter.
Another object of the present invention is to provide such construction whereby each seat can be adjusted both vertically and horizontally relative to the counter and such vertical and horizontal adjustment are independent one from the other.
The present invention includes a base assembly adapted to be positioned within concrete. The base assembly has a plurality of parallel spaced apart tubular members positioned adjacent an edge surface of the concrete to thereby define a spaced plurality of openings into the concrete. A seat support member has a vertical leg and a horizontal leg, the horizontal leg being mateable with the opening defined by the tubular member and horizontally slidable therein. Means are provided for aiiixing the horizontal leg in a predetermined position within the horizontal member. The seat includes a vertically depending column mateable with the vertical leg of said seat support member. Means are provided in the seat support member for adjusting the depth of mateability of the seat column with the seat support member.
The novel features which are believed to be characteristic of the invention, both as to its organization and method of operation, together with further objects and advantages thereof will be better understood from the following description considered in connection with the accompanying drawing in which a presently preferred embodiment of the invention is illustrated by way of example. It is to be expressly understood, however, that the drawing is for the purpose of illustration and description only, and is not intended as a definition of the limits of the invention.
In the drawing:
FIGURE 1 is a view in elevation partly in section of a presently preferred embodiment of the present invention shown in position relative to a counter;
FIGURE 2 is an enlarged partial View in section of the embodiment of FIGURE 1;
FIGURE 3 is a sectional view taken along line 3-3 of FIGURE 2;
FIGURE 7 is a sectional view taken along line 7--7 of FIGURE 2.
Although not limited thereto the present invention has been found to be particularly suited to the construction of dining counters and bars and will accordingly be described in such connection as illustrative.
' 'Thus referring to the drawings and particularly to FIG- URE 1, the present invention comprises in general terms a base assembly A, a seat support member B and a seat C; The base assembly is positioned within a concrete curb D which is set at a particular elevation above the floor F. The curb extends outwardly from the counter E and has a horizontal surface spaced beneath the counter top. The base assembly A as shown particularly in FIG- URE 6 includes iirst and second parallel spaced apart channels 11 and 12 respectively which serve to position av plurality of tubular members. The tubular members 14 are connected to the base channels 11 and 12 by welding or other suitable means and extend transversely to the base channels. The plurality of tubular members 14 are spaced apart along the length of the channels by the distance determined by the spacing required between the seats C at the counter E. In the embodiment shown the tubular members 14 are of square cross section and are formed of steel or other suitable construction material. Each of the tubular members 14 are opened at a first end 15 and are closed at a second end 16 by a plate or the like as shown particularly in FIGURE 2. The tubular members 14 each extend outwardly beyond the foot 18 of the channel 11 by an equal distance which distance is determined such that when the base assembly is positioned within the curb the first end 15 of the tubular members is substantially flush with the vertical surface 19 of the curb D. Thus, as shown particularly in FIGURES 1 and 2 the base assembly is located within the curb D by afixing the base assembly to the floor of the building prior to pouring of the curb. In the embodiment shown a plurality of foundation bolts 21 are embedded in the floor F extending thereabove. The base assembly is fitted over the bolt by means of bolt openings 22 in the legs of the channels and the assembly is retained in position by means of foundation nuts 23. When the base assembly has been properly positioned relative to the oor F the curb can be poured around the base assembly to thereby embed the base assembly within the curb after the concrete has hardened. Thus in essence the base assembly provides for a plurality of horizontally extending openings which extend from the vertical face 19 of the curb inwardly. Positioned within each tubular member 14 is a retention means 25 described in further detail hereinafter. Portions of such retention means are however formed in the base assembly during the fabrication thereof, as will become apparent hereinafter.
The seat support members B are similar for each seat assembly. The seat support member B includes a horizontal leg 26, a vertical leg 27 and a connecting leg 28 as shown particularly in FIGURES l and 2. The seat support member is of tubular construction having an outside contiguration mateable with the interior configuration of the tubular member 14 of the base assembly. Thus in the embodiment shown the seat support member is of hollow square cross-sectional configuration with outside dimensions substantially equal to but less than the inside dimensions of the corresponding tubular member 14. The seat support member is formed of suitable rigid material such as steel which has been plated or polished.
Y to the tubular member 14.
VThe portion 28 of the support member connecting the vertical leg 27, and horizontal leg 26 can be of any suitable conguration although it is shown as linear at approximately a 45 1 angle in the presently preferred embodiment. This configuration provides a maximum amount of access to the door beneath'the seat and prevents the occurrence of sharp corners or bends beneath the seat.V
In the horizontal leg proximate the inner end thereof, le., that end adjacent the connecting leg 28, there is provided a portion of the retention means for retaining the seat support member at the desired horizontal position relative That is, as discussed hereinbefore the horizontal leg 26 ofthe seat support member is slidably mateable with the interior surface of the tubular member 14. The seat support member can thus be horizontallyk adjusted by sliding the leg 26 to the desired position relative to the edge surface 19 of the concrete curb D. The means of the present embodiment for retaining the horizontal leg at the desired position includes a retention arm as shown in FIGURES 2 and 3. Theretention arm 2S is a strip of steel or the like which is rigid but which when retained at one end only can be resiliently ldeiiected. Thus as shown in FIGURE 3 the retention arm 25 is welded to theV tubular member and plate 16 prior to the assembly of the end plate on the tubular member. `The retention arm 25 is freely canti-- levered but is suiiieiently rigid that it will substantially retainY its horizontal position as shown in FIGURE 2. Adjacent the free end 29 of the retention bar 25 there are provided a pair of openings 30 through the bar. The length of the retention arm 25 is somewhat less than the length of the tubular member 14 such that the free end 29 of the bar is within the tubular member. A second retention bar 31 is then adapted to be removably inserted into engagement with the rst retention bar 25. The second retention bar is again a strip of steel or the like with two`protrusions 32 spaced apart such thatthey arev mateable with the openings 30 through the rst retention bar 25. The second retention bar 31 can then be overlapped into engagement with the iirst retention bar 29 from the exterior of the tubular member. That is, the second retention bar 31 can be inserted intothe tubular member and worked into position above the first retention bar by a slight deflection thereof until the protrusions 32 ,drop downwardly through the openings 30. The second retention bar is then horizontally retained relative to the first retention bar. A locking bolt 33 is then axed through the lower wall 34 of the horizontal leg 26 by suitable means such as by welding a female threaded lug nut 35 to the interior surface of the horizontal leg as shown particularly in FIGURES 2 and 4. The fastening bolt 33 can then be threaded through the lug nut 35 until an upper pointed end 36 of the fastening bolt comesv into engagement with a serrated-surface 37 of the second retenf tion bar 31. By sliding the horizontal leg inwardly and outwardly within the tubular member 14 and with the fastening bolt 33 turned downwardly the bolt can then be turned upwardly when the leg is at its proper position. The pointed end 36 of the retention bolt 33 then comes into engagement with the serrated surface 37 of the second retention bar again the horizontal leg can not be moved from its horizontal position relative to the tubular member 14 and thus relative to the curb B. n
Positioned beneath the upper end 40 of the vertical leg 27 of the seat support member there is provided a vertically adjustable stop. In the embodiment shown the stop is formed by welding a transversely extending plate 41 across the interior surfaces of the vertical leg 27.' A female threaded opening 42 is provided through the'transverse plate .41 and a stop bolt 43 is threadably mated with the opening. An engaging slot 44 is defined by the upper face of the stop bolt. The stop bolt 43 is thus adjustable to various heights relative to the transverse plate 41. The upper surface 45 of the stop bolt 43 defines a bearing surface. yThe seat unit C as shown in FIGURES 2 and 7 includes a depending column 46 upon which the seat is supported. A decorative hood 47 extends downwardly over the column to provide a pleasing appearance by hiding the upper end of the support leg 27. The column 46 is vertically mateable with the interior surfacey of the leg 27 and is of such length that it can be insertedinto the open upper end of the vertical leg and will move downward into engagement with the bearing surface of the stop bolt43. The height of the seat can thus be adjusted by removing the seat C from the support member and by adjusting the height of the stop bolt 43; The seat is then pivotal to the column 46 which remains stationary. The pivot is providedV by means well known'to the art which includes a pin 50 affixed to the seat and rotatable therewith about a shaft 51 to limits defined by the stop surfaces 52 and 53 of stop plates affixed to the column 46.
Thus what has been described is an improved cantilevered seating arrangement whereby the plurality of seats positioned adjacent a counter can be adjustable horizontally and vertically relative to the foot curb beneath theV counter and relative to the counter top. The vertical and horizontal adjustments can be made independently and when made cannot easily be changed by persons not familiar with the construction.
What is claimed is:
l. A cantilever seating construction wherein a seat is posi-tioned relative to a curb having a vfront vertical surface above the surface of the floor comprising:
a base assembly adapted to be embedded within the curb, said base assembly -including a pluralityof horizontally extending tubular members of non-circular cross-section, each of said members having a closed inner end land an Open outerk end coincident with the vertical front face of said curb whereby a non-circular opening is dened which extends horizontally inwardly from said face of said curb;
a seat support member having a vertically extending leg and a horizontally extending leg with a connecting portion therebetween;
said horizontal leg being of non-circular cross-section slidably mateable as a male member with said tubular member as the female member;
said horizontal leg being ladjustable along its horizontal axis with respect to said tubular member;
means for retaining and adjusting said horizontal leg position, said means comprising a horizontally extending cantilevered bar aiiixed to said closed end of said tubular member and extending toward said open end thereof, and fastening means aihxed to said horizontal leg adapted .to be moved into engagement with said bar; and
said vertical leg portion being adapted to receive and position a seat, means for vertically adjusting said seat relative to said vertical leg.
2. A cantilever seating construction wherein a seat is positioned relative to a curb having a front vertical surface above the surface of the oor comprising:
a base assembly adapted to be embedded within the curb, said base assembly including `a plurality of horizontally extending tubular members of non-circular cross-section, `each of said members having a closed inner end and an open outer end coincident with the vertical front face of said curb whereby a position, said means comprising a vfirst retention arm afxed to the closed end of said tubular member, said first `arm being freely cantilevered with the free end ythereof terminating inwardly of said open end of said tubular member, a second arm removably engaged with said rst arm and extending outwardly of said open end of said tubular member, and a threaded ymember extending inwardly from the lower surface of said horizontal leg and adapted to engage said second arm when threaded inwardly; and
said vertical leg portion being adapted to receive and position a se-at, means -for vertically adjusting said seat relative to said vertical leg.
3. A cantilever seating construction wherein a seat is positioned relative to a curb having Ia front vertical surface above the surface of the lfloor comprising:
a base assembly adapted to be embedded within the curb, said base assembly including a plurality of horizontally extending tubular members .of non-circular cross-section, each of said members having a closed inner end and an open outer end coincident with the vertical front fac-e of said curb whereby a non-circular opening is deiined which extends horizontally inwardly from said face of said curb;
a seat support member having a vertically extending leg and ,a horizontally extending leg with a connecting portion therebetween.
said horizontal leg being of non-circular cross-section slidably mateable as a male member with said tubular member las the Ifemale member;
-said horizontal leg being adjustable along its horizontal axis with respect to said tubular member;
said vertical leg portion being adapted to receive and position a seat, means for vertically adjusting said seat relative to said vertical leg, said means comprising a -female member extending generally transversely across the interior of said vertical leg and a male member, the upper vsurface of which is adapted to be in bearing engagement with a portion of said seat, said male member being mat-eably engaged with said female member.
4. A cantilever seating construction wherein a seat lis positioned relative lto a curb having a front vertical surface above the floor comprising:
a base assembly adapted to be embedded within the curb, said base assembly including a plurality of horizontally extending tubular members of non-circular cross-section, each of said members having a closed inner end and an open outer end coincident with the vertical Kfront face of said curb whereby -a non-circular opening lis defined which extends horizontally inwardly Ifrom said face of said curb;
a seat support inem-ber having a vertically extending leg and a horizontally extending leg with a connecting portion therebetween;
Said horizontal leg being of non-circular cross-section slidably mateable as a male member with said tubular member as the female member;
said horizontal -leg being adjustable along its horizontal axis with respect :to said tubular member;
said vertical leg portion being adapted to receive and position a seat, means for vertically adjusting said seat relative to said vertical leg; and
said means comprising a rst member extending generally transversely across the interior of said vertical leg, said first member defining vertically therethrough a female threaded opening, and a second member, said second member being male threaded and threadably mated with said `first member, said second member having :an upper surface adapted to be in bearing engagement with a portion of said seat.
Reterences Cited by the Examiner UNITED STATES PATENTS 542,954 7/95 Feely 297-345 861,992 7/07 Lauderbaugh 287-5205 1,264,230 4/ 18 Vierus l287-5208 1,723,363 8/29 McA-rde 248-405 2,203,320 6/40 Anderson 248-216 2,342,921 2/44 Cramer et al 297-345 2,437,510 3/48 Ditty 287-58 2,921,622 l/ lHenrilrson et al. 297-217 3,003,730 10/ 61 Dodds 24S-220.5
CLAUDE A. LE ROY, Primary Examiner.