US 3185359 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
May 25, 1965 R. z. BUNTlc 3,185,359
DISPENSING DEVICE FOR SALT AND THE LIKE Filed Jan. 29, 1964 4I E' .F- 43 37" Q 7 l z I a l5 T V\ :HIIIIlIHlUlHHIHIHIIIIIIlIiIl .7
United States Patent C) 3,185,359 DISPENSING DEVICE FOR SALT AND THE LIKE Robert Z. Buntic, Eimhurst, Ill., assignor to National Lock Co., Rockford, lll., a corporation of Delaware Filed Jan. Z9, 1964, Ser. No. 340,931 6 Claims. (Ci. 222 480) The present invention relates to a dispensing device for a container and more particularly to a novel combination pouring spout and shaker for a container of the type employed for storing and dispensing inely divided, pow-V dered or granulated material such as salt particles and the like.
Pouring spouts and sifters or shakers have been used separately on dispensing containers and various combinations of the pouring spout with a sifter have been proposed. However, such constructions have disadvantages and objectionable features in construction, operation or use. The present invention provides an eiiicient and practical combination pouring spout and shaker of a unique and novel construction which supplies a long felt want in the eld of dispensers for salt and other granulated or powdered materials.
An important object of the present invention is the provision of a dispenser for a container having a combination pouring spout and a shaker or sitter including a housing or body part dening the pouring or discharge passage, the housing being securely mounted within an opening in the Vtop or end wall of the container. This housing is in the form of a generally trapezoidal frame having a relatively large discharge passage or opening within which the pouring spout is movable between fully open and closed positions, the spout in such changed positions moving through an are of approximately 90.
Another important object of the present invention is.
the provision of a substantially U-shaped pouring spout which is pivotally or hingedly mounted within the opening in the housing for movement between an open and a closed position. The spout includes generally sectorshaped side walls provided with outwardly extending flanges along one edge of the side Walls and a connecting wall or base having spaced apertures providing a dispensing plate, said connecting Wall or base joining the side walls to form a spout and being perforated to provide a shaker or sifter when the spout is closed and the dispensing apertures are uncovered. The spout is positively inter-engaged with the frame enclosure of the housing in closed position with the anges on the side walls limiting opening movement of the spout.
A further important object of the present invention vis the provision of a novel cap or cover which positively inter-engages with the perforated dispenser plate of the spout to close the shaker portion and is secured and hinged to the periphery of the dispenser plate so as to be easily opened and expose the shaker or sifting apertures.
The present invention further comprehends the provisionof a novel cap for the shaker portion of the spout having a pair of outwardly extending tabs on opposite edges of the cap. One tab is secured to the periphery of the dispenser plate of the spout and extends therebeyond to act as the lifting tab for opening or closing the spout and also provides a hinge for the cap. The opposite tab acts as a lifting tab to open or close the cap.
Further objects are to provide a construction of maximum simplicity, eiciency, economy and ease of assembly and operation, and such further objects, advantages and capabilities as will later more fully appear and are inherently possessed thereby.
In the drawing: f
FIGURE l is a perspective View of a container for particulate or finely granulated material such as salt to be dispensed through the novel combination dispensing spout and shaker or sifter in the top thereof.
FIG. 2 is an enlarged top plan view of the dispenser including the housing, pouring spout, shaker and closure or cap.
FIG. 3 is an enlarged side elevational view of the dispenser with the pouring spout and the closure or cap in closed position.
FIG. 4 is a side elevational View similar to FIG. 3, but with the pouring spout moved to fully open position and the cap closed for pouring.
FIG. 5 is a top plan view of the pouring spout showing the perforated dispensing plate with the cap open or removed.
FIG. 6 is a side elevational view of the separated cap for the shaker.
FIG. 7 is a fragmentary vertical cross sectional view taken on the line 7 7 of FIG. 2 but with the spout and cap removed, the section being viewed in the direction of the arrows.
FIG. 8 is a fragmentary vertical cross sectional'view taken on the line 8 8 of FIG. 2 with the spout and'cap removed.
FIG. 9 is a fragmentary vertical cross sectional view taken on the line 9 9 of FIG. 5 and viewed in the direction of the arrows.
FIG. 10 is a fragmentary vertical cross sectional view taken on the line lil-10 of FIG. 5.
FIG. 11 is a fragmentary vertical cross sectional view taken on the line 11 11 of FIG. 5.
Referring more particularly to the drawing in which is disclosed an illustrative embodiment of the present invention, FIG. 1 discloses a container 10 for the packaging and storage of salt or other granulated, powdered or nely divided materials to be dispensed with the present novel dispensing device 11 secured within an opening in the top or end wall 12 of the containerlll. The dispensing device is formed of a suitable non-corrodible and non-hygroscopic material such as polyethylene or similar plastic and includes a housing or body 13 which is generally trapezoidal in shape having a generally trapezoidal dispensing opening or passage 14 for a pouring spout.
The housing has an upper peripheral flange or rim 15 dening therebelow an outwardly opening slot or groove 16 extending completely around the housing to conformably receive the edge 17 of the top 12 defining the opening for the dispenser between the flange 15 and the edge of a depending lower portion 18 of the housing extending downwardly into the container. The upper portion of the inner periphery dening the opening 14 includesan inwardly projecting bead or ridge 19 (FIG. 8) which extends around three sides of the opening. The fourth side 21 of the housing is provided with a curved or arcuate recess 22 and opposite, aligned channels 23 (FIGS. 2 and 7) extending into the housing at the opposite ends of the side 21 to provide a pivotal mounting for the pouring spout 24. Y
A pair of flexible hinges extend rearwardly from the curved recess 22 to a point outside the rirn 15 and are then folded back at 26 and extend forward at 27 and secured to the rear edge 28y of the pouring spout 24. The liexible hinges are notched at 29 to allow for ready flex-ing or bending of these hinges when the spout -is moved to its open position. The pouring spout 24 includes a depressed perforated dispensing plate 31 with the recessed upper portion 32 receiving a cap or cover 43; the plate 31I containing a plurality of apertures 33 for sifting discharge of the contents when uncovered. The inner edge of the plate defining the recess 32 has an inwardly extending bead or ridge 34 (FIGS. 9, 10 and 1l) cooperating with the cap or closure for the plate 31 to retain'the cap in closed position.
The outer periphery of .the plate has a bead 35 (FIGS.V
9, l0 and 1l) spaced below the uppersurface thereof which cooperates with the bead or ridge 19 to securely but releasably hold 'the dispensing plate 31 and the spout 24 within the housing 13. Depending from the non-parallel edges of the plate 31 are a pair of sides 36 which terminate at their lower ends in outwardly extending flanges or stops 37. Each side has the general shape of a sector of a circle except that the flanges 37 do not coincide with a radius of the circle and a portion of each side is removed as at`38 to allow for proper pivotal movement of the spout 24 inthe housing 13.
The rear edge 28 of the perforated dispensing plate 31 includes a generally cylindrical projection 39 extending from each end of the edge 28 (FIG. 5) which are adapted to be received in the channels 23 in the housing 13 to pro-v vide for pivotal movement of the spout. A lifting tab 41 is secured to the front edge 42 of the plate 31 of the pou-ring spout 24 to bodily lift the spout 24 including its cap or closure 43 from engagement in the housing 13 toits elevated position (FIG. 4) for freely pouring lthe salt or other granulated or finely divided contents from Vthe container.
The cap or closure 43 of a generally trapezoidal shape conformably fits within the recess 32 in the dispenser plate 31. The cap has several spaced relatively short de- -tent ridges :or beads 44 (FIGS. 2 and 6) on three edges of the cap to releasably engage with the bead or ridge 34 on the plate 31 to retain the cap in the recess 32 covering the dispensing apertures 33. The one edge 45 of the cap has a hinge portion 46 integral with the lifting tab 41 `for the pouring spout 24. On the opposi-te edge of the cap is a lifting tab 47 to lift the cap from the recess 32 so that the cap will hinge or pivot about the hinge portion 46 of the tab 41 to uncover the perforated dispenser pla-te 31 to allow the container to be used as a shaker with the spout closed.
The dispenser 11, including the spout 24 and the dispenser cap 43, is normally closed as seen in FIGS. 1 and 3 withthe beads on the housing, spout and kcap retaining the dispenser closed to prevent accidental spillage and loss lof the contents within the container. if the contents of the container are to be poured into another receptacle, the cap 43 is retained closed and the tab 41 is manually lifted so that the pouring spout 24 with lits closed cap 43 is rotated about the projections 39 to open position where the flanges or stops 37 on the sides 36 abut 'the lower surface of the depending portion 18 of the housing 13. When the spout 24 is opened to the position shown in FIG. 4, the
return portions 27 of the hinges 25 buckle upwardly andl tend to exert pressure against the rear edge 28 of the dispenser plate 31- to reta-in the spout in its lopen position.
If'the dispenser 11 is to be utilized as a shaker for sifting the contents through the -spaced aperturesV 33 of the dispensing plate 3,1, the spout 24 is retained closed with fthe beads 19 and 35 on the housing 13 and spout 24,'respectively, interengaged or interlocked, and then the tab 47 is lifted to release 'the cap 43 and cause it to hinge about the hinge portion 46 of the tab 41 and expose the shaker apertures 33 in the perforated dispenser plate 31. When the contents are to be stored and sealed against exposure, the cap 43 is snapped into the recess 32 in the plate 31 to close the apertures 33.
Having thus disclosed the invention, I claim:
l. A dispensing device mounted in an opening in the top or end wall of a container for salt and other granulated, powdered or finely divided materials comprising, a housing having an opening therein and a .peripheral groove receiving 'the edge of the container defining the opening therein, a substantially U-shaped spout pivotally mounted in -said housing including a perforated dispensing plate providing the base of the spout and joining a pair of spaced sides depending into the opening in the container, interengaging means on the outer periphery of said dispensing plate and on the inner periphery of said housing to normally retain the spout in closed position, a cap mounted on said dispensing plate and hingedly connected thereto opposite the pivotal mounting for the spout for closing passage of the contents of the container through the perforations in the dispensing plate, a lifting tab on the cap opposite to said hinge connection, and a second lifting `tab integral with said hinge connection for the cap and secured to the plate for pivoting said spout to open position..
2. A dispensing device mounted in an opening in a wall of a container for salt and other granulated, powdered or finely divided materials comprising, a housing having a peripheral groove receiving the edges of the container defining the opening and having a discharge passage therein, a generally U-shaped pouring spout pivotally mounted in the discharge passage ofthe housing including a pair of spaced generally sector-shaped side walls connected by a base providing a perforated dispensing plate,
said plate having a recess above the perforations, a pivotally mounted cap adapted to be received within said recess to close the perforations, a pair of lifting tabs mounted on opposite edges of the cap, one tab being secured to the front edge of the dispensing plate and acting as a hinge for opening and closing of 4the cap and for elevating the spout to open pouring position, the opposite tab utilized to open the cap, a pair of spaced flexible hinges integral with and extending rearwardly of the hous-ing and folded back and secured to the rear edge of the dispensing plate, said flexible hinges adapted to pivot the spout to pouring position, interengaging means on said s'dispensing plate and housing to releasably retain the spout in closed position, and separate interengaging means on` said cap and dispensing plate to releasably retain said cap in closed position.
3. A dispensing device as set forth in claim 2, in which the opposite sides of said spout include outwardly extending tlanges adapted to abut the lower surface of said housing when the spout is in pouring position to limit pivotal movement thereof.
4. A dispensing device as set forth in claim 2, in which the spout is provided with stops for limiting lits pivotal movement to open position.
5. A dispensing device'as set forth in claim 2, in which said pivotal mounting for the spout includes opposite out- A wardly extending aligned projections at the rear edge of the kdispensing plate and said housing having aligned and spaced channels receiving said projections.
6. A dispensing device mounted in an open-ing in the end wall of a container for salt and other granulated, powdered or finely divided `particles with the components of anges providing stops to limit opening movement of the spout, a pair of eXible hinges extending rearwardly and secured to the rear edge of the dispensing plate to yieldably and pivotally mount the spout in said housing, interengaging means on said dispensing plate and housing to releasably retain said spout in closed position, a closure adapted to be received in the recess in said perforated dispensing plate to cover said perforations, a pair of lifting tabs mounted on opposite edges of said closure, one tab being secured to the front edge of said dispensing plate 1() to act as a lifting tab -for elevating said spout and as a hinge for pivotal movement of said closure, the opposite and on said closure to releasably retain the latter in closed position in said recess.
References Cited by the Examiner UNITED STATES PATENTS 1/62 Larson 222-545 X 3/ 62 Frison 222-480 LOUIS I. DEMBO, Primary Examiner.