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Publication numberUS3185779 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMay 25, 1965
Filing dateJan 23, 1962
Priority dateJan 23, 1962
Publication numberUS 3185779 A, US 3185779A, US-A-3185779, US3185779 A, US3185779A
InventorsSawyer Joseph A
Original AssigneeTibbetts Industries
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Magnetic adjusting means for magnetic translating device
US 3185779 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

J. A. SAWYER May 25, 1965 MAGNETIC ADJUSTING MEANS FOR MAGNETIC TRANSLATING DEVICE Filed Jan. 23, 1962 INVENTOR. (73,? d .27. 6'0! e2 5? W "PM nrr'rr United States Patent 3,185,779 MAGNETIC ADJUSTING MEANS FOR MAGNETIC TRANSLATING DEVICE v Joseph A. Sawyer, Camden, Maine, assignor to Tibbetts Industries, Inc., Camden, Maine, a corporation of Maine Filed Jan. 23, 1962, Ser. No. 168,160 15 Claims. (Cl. 179-114) This invention is related to magnetic translating devices, and is especially concerned with means to provide'a Vernier adjustment of the magnetic characteristics of such translating device.

It is an object of this invention to provide a means enabling fine adjustment of the magnetic characteristics of a magnetic translating device after previous coarse adjustments and assembly in a substantially complete casing making further coarse adjustments difficult if not impossible.

Another object of the invention is to provide a magnetic adjustment which can be adjusted from the exterior of the case after the components of a magnetic translating device are assembled within the case of the device.

A further object of the invention is to provide a simple, rugged, easily adjusted means to vary the magnetic characteristics of a magnetic translating device from the exterior of a casing especially an adjustment means which can then be fixed in final position.

For the purpose of illustration a typical embodiment of the invention is shown in the accompanying drawings in which- FIG. 1 is a plan view of a translating device embodying the invention;

FIG. 2 is a section on line 22 of FIG. 1;

FIG. 3 is a side view of the magnetic adjusting means; and

FIG. 4 is an end view of the adjusting means.

The particular translating device chosen for the purpose of illustration is described and claimed in copending application Ser. No. 168,183 filed January 23, 1962. It comprises a casing 1 of magnetic material, a folded armature 2 having one end 3 fixed in a recess in plate 5 as by spot welding, the other end 6 being free to vibrate between the upper and lower magnets 7 and 8 provided with pole pieces 9 having tapered pole faces, the pole pieces being spaced apart by shim spacers 11. When utilized as a transducer the translating device may include a coil 12 through which the armature passes. A drive pin 13 has its lower end fastened to the free end of the armature and passes through a hole 15 in the armature to a driven or driving element such as the diaphragm of a microphone or receiver. Damping means 16 is seated in a recess in plate 5 and attached to the plate and armature as by epoxy adhesive. The magnets 7 and 8, extending laterally of the plane of the armatures free end on opposite sides thereof, may comprise any suitable permanent magnetic material having suiiiciently high coercive field and available magnetic energy. The magnets are magnetized approximately perpendicular to the plane of the free end of the armature, and have opposite poles facing each other across the gap in which the free armature end vibrates.

In the illustration a preferred embodiment of the aforesaid adjusting means comprises a circular disk 18 mounted in an opening in the end of the casing 1, the disk having a protuberance 19 projecting into the vicinity of means 79 creating a magnetic field in the translating device. Both the disk 18 and the protuberance 19 are made of magnetic material such as a nickel-iron alloy. The protuberance 19 may be integral with the disk or it may be attached to the disk in any suitable way. As

3,185,779 Patented May 25, 1965 shown in FIG. 4 the protuberance is offset from the axis of the disk. Thus, by rotating the disk in the casing opening by appropriate means exterior of the casing, the protuberance may be moved relatively to the pole pieces to be more or less opposite a pole piece, thus shorting some of the field collected by that pole piece to the casing. When the protuberance is parrallel to the plane of the armature it affects only the adjacent pole piece to any substantial extent. v When it is perpendicular to the plane of the armature it shorts both pole pieces the same amount. At any intermediate position it shorts flux between the casing and one pole piece more than it shorts flux between the casing and the other pole piece. After the shorting means is adjusted to the desired position, as indicated by appropriate testing equipment, the disk 18 may be afiixed to the casing by any suitable means, as for example by an adhesive such as epoxy or the like.

The invention is useful in other forms of translating devices, utilizing one or more magnets transverse or lengthwise of the armature. It may readily take other forms such as a rectilinearly sliding or screw adjusted mass movable nearer one or the other of the pole pieces, and may occupy positions other than shown such as adjacent the shims, as will be obvious to the artisan. However, the invention is to be limited only by the scope of the appended claims.

I claim:

1. A magnetic translating device comprising a casing of magnetic material, means within the casing defining opposed surfaces with a gap therebetween, means for creating magnetic flux between the two surfaces, and means mounted on said casing adjacent said gap to short a part of said flux from either surface to said casing.

2. A device according to claim 1 wherein said last means is adjustable from outside the casing.

3. A device according to claim 1 wherein said last means comprises a support engaging the casing and a protuberance projecting toward said gap.

4. A device according to claim 3 wherein the support is a disk and the protuberance projects from one side of the disk ofi center.

5. A magnetic translating device comprising a casing of magnetic material, within the casing opposed surfaces with a gap therebetween, means for creating magnetic flux between the two surfaces, and means mounted on said casing adjacent said gap to short a part of said flux to said casing, said means including a mass of soft magnetic material movable transversely of said gap.

6. A magnetic translating device according to claim 5 wherein said means comprises a rotor and said mass comprises a protuberance eccentrically disposed on the rotor.

7. A magnetic translating device according to claim 5 further characterized by means outside the casing for moving said mass as'aforesaid.

8. A magnetic translating device comprising a casing of magnetic material, within the casing opposed poles with a gap therebetween. means for creating magnetic flux between the two poles, an armature having a portion vibratable lengthwise of said gap, and means mounted on said casing adjacent said gap to short a part of said flux from either of said poles, said means including a mass of soft magnetic material movable lengthwise of said gap.

9. A magnetic translating device according to claim 8 wherein said means comprises a rotor and said mass comprises a protuberance eccentrically disposed on the rotor.

10. A magnetic translating device according to claim 8 further characterized by means outside the casing for moving said mass as aforesaid.

11. In a magnetic translating device of the balanced armature type in which one end of an armature is vibratable in a gap between spaced pole faces which are of opposite magnetic polarities relative to the other end of the armature which is at a neutral magnetic potential, and having a permeable casing which is also magnetically neutral, the improvement comprising a protuberance of magnetic material mounted on said casing and adjustably positionable adjacent said gap for differentially shunting flux from said pole faces to said casing and out of the gap so as to provide a control over the residual flux passing through the armature.

12. In a magnetic translating device of the balanced armature type in which one end of an armature is vibratable in a gap between spaced pole faces which are of opposite magnetic polarities relative to the other end of the armature which is at a neutral magnetic potential, and having a permeable casing which is also magnetically neutral, the improvement comprising a disk of permeable material rotatably mounted on said casing adjacent the gap and a permeable protuberance eccentrically mounted on said disk and projecting toward the gap for differentially shunting flux from said pole faces to the casing and out of the gap to an extent dependent upon the angular position of said disk thereby to provide a control over the residual flux passing through the armature.

13. Apparatus according to claim 12 in which said disk is rotatable from outside of said casing.

14. A magnetic translating device comprising a casing of magnetic material; a pair of magnet means for providing a pair of spaced pole faces of opposite magnetic polarities within said casing, said casing being at a neutral magnetic polarity; an armature one end of which is attached to said casing and the other end of which is vibratable in the gap between the pole faces; a coil around said armature for sensing changes in the magnetic flux passing through said armature; and a protuberance of magnetic material mounted on said casing adjacent said gap and extending adjustably toward said gap for ditiererntially shunting flux from said pole faces to said casing and out of said gap thereby to provide a control over the residual flux passing through said armature.

15. A magnetic translating device according to claim 14 further comprising a disk of magnetic material rotatably mounted in an aperture in said casing, said protuberance being eccentrically mounted on said disk.

References Qited by the Examiner UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,493,388 1/50 Candy 336-133 2,860,313 11/58 Israel 336-133 3,047,846 7/62 Koscheleff 336-133 ROBERT H. ROSE, Primary Examiner.

E. JAMES SAX, Examiner.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2493388 *Aug 17, 1946Jan 3, 1950Nat Cylinder Gas CoMagnetic control system
US2860313 *Sep 4, 1953Nov 11, 1958Emerson Radio And Phonograph CInductive tuning device
US3047846 *Feb 17, 1958Jul 31, 1962Nicholas John KatenovElectro-magnetic position transmitter
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4410769 *Dec 9, 1981Oct 18, 1983Tibbetts Industries, Inc.Transducer with adjustable armature yoke and method of adjustment
US4522371 *Jun 20, 1983Jun 11, 1985Borg-Warner CorporationProportional solenoid valve
US4715396 *Aug 2, 1985Dec 29, 1987Borg-Warner CorporationProportional solenoid valve
US4875499 *Sep 30, 1987Oct 24, 1989Borg-Warner CorporationProportional solenoid valve
US4947887 *Sep 25, 1989Aug 14, 1990Borg-Warner CorporationProportional solenoid valve
US4967781 *Apr 5, 1989Nov 6, 1990Borg-Warner Automotive Electronic & Mechanical Systems CorporationProportional solenoid valve
US5027846 *Jul 27, 1990Jul 2, 1991Borg-Warner Automotive Electronic & MechanicalElectromechanical
US5110087 *Jun 21, 1991May 5, 1992Borg-Warner Automotive Electronic & Mechanical Systems CorporationVariable force solenoid hydraulic control valve
US5299176 *Dec 20, 1991Mar 29, 1994Tibbetts Industries, Inc.Balanced armature transducers with transverse gap
US6526153Feb 8, 2001Feb 25, 2003Tibbetts Industries, Inc.Armature assembly for balanced moving armature magnetic transducer and method of locating and adjusting same
US6763571 *Jan 17, 2003Jul 20, 2004Tibbetts Industries, Inc.Armature assembly for balanced moving armature magnetic transducer and method of locating and adjusting same
Classifications
U.S. Classification381/411, 336/133, 335/231, 335/273, 381/417
International ClassificationH04R11/00, G01H11/00
Cooperative ClassificationG01H11/00, H04R11/00
European ClassificationH04R11/00, G01H11/00