|Publication number||US3187345 A|
|Publication date||Jun 8, 1965|
|Filing date||May 7, 1963|
|Priority date||May 7, 1963|
|Publication number||US 3187345 A, US 3187345A, US-A-3187345, US3187345 A, US3187345A|
|Inventors||Thelma E Holford|
|Original Assignee||Thelma E Holford|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (8), Referenced by (13), Classifications (12)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
June 8, 1965 1-. HOLFORD 3,187,345
V REVERSIBLE HAT l Fi led May 7, 1963 The/ma E Ho/fora' INVENTOR.
United States Patent 3,187,345 REVERSIBLE HAT Thelma E. Holford, 312 W. Monroe Ave.,
' I 'Joneshoro, Ark. Filed May 7, 1963, Ser. No. 278,701
' 3 Claims. (Cl. 2209.1)
The-presentinvention generally relates to hats, and is more particularly concerned with a versible hat which, in addition to being reversible, is also capable of being shaped into a plurality of different styles.
One of the primary objects of the instant invention is to provide a hat which can be quickly and easily reversed land/or styled ina variety of different ways so as to greatly increase the usefulness of the hat and its adaptability to be worn with a'variety of different clothes, such as for example either sports clothes or dress clothes.
Another significant object of the instant invention is to provide a reversible hat which is generally simple in structure and capable of economical manufacture.
Additionally, it is an object of the present invention to provide a hat which, while generally intended for women, can also be used by men, children, or even, in a much smaller size, as a doll hat;
Another object of the instant invention is to provide a reversible hat which is basically conical in shape and includes a portion thereof slightly bowed so as to conform to the rear of the head of a wearer of the hat.
A further significant object of the present invention is to provide a novel method for the construction of a reversible hat utilizing basically only two sector-shaped pieces of material.
These together with other objects and advantages which will become subsequently apparent reside in the details of construction and operation as more fully hereinafter described and claimed, reference being had to the accompanying drawings forming a part hereof, wherein like numerals refer to like parts throughout, and in which:
FIGURE 1 is a group View illustrating the two sectorshaped pieces of material from which the hat is constructed;
FIGURES 2, 3, 4 and 5 illustrate the various steps in the construction of the hat;
FIGURE 6 is a front elevational view of the hat in its basic form or style;
FIGURES 7, 8 and 9 illustrate the hat styled in three different manners; and
FIGURE 10 is an enlarged partial cross-sectional view taken substantially on a plane passing along line 1010 in FIGURE 3 illustrating the manner in which a piping can be provided about the base of the hat if deemed desirable.
Referring now more specifically to the drawings, reference numeral 20 generally designates the hat of the instant invention. This hat 20 consists basically of two sector-shaped pieces of material 22 which may be of the same color, complementary colors, or contrasting colors.
In constructing the hat 20, the two pieces of material 22 are first positioned with the right side 20, this being the side which is to be eventually exposed in the completed hat, of each piece 22, or at least that portion of the right sides in the vicinity of the arcuate edges 26, facing each other. In this position, the arcuate edges 26 are stitched together from the wrong or normally hidden side 28 thereby resulting in the stitching 30 being hidden in the finished hat as shall be gone into presently.
After the arcuate edges 26 are sewn together, the sector pieces 22 are folded wrong side out and the radical edges 32 of each sector piece 22 are sewn together as illustrated in FIGURE 3. With continuing reference to FIGURE 3, it will be noted that an intermediate portion of the se- 3,187,345 Patented June 8, 1965 which the hat is to be turned right side out as shown in FIGURE 4. Aside from this one opening 34, the stitching 30 along both pairs of radial edges 32 extends from the apex end 36 of each piece 22 parallel to the radial edges 32 to a point generally designated by reference numeral 38, at which point thetstitching 30 is angled inwardly with the stitching 30 on both sections extending axially toward each other so as to produce, in the finished hat 20, a slightly bowed rear portion 40 which conforms to the rear of the head of a wearer thereby greatly increasesthe stability of the hat on the head, and as such the comfort to the wearer. In regard to this relatively inwardly directed portion of the stitching 30, it should be pointed out that the excess material outwardly of the stitching 30 in this area, this material being generally referred to by reference numeral 42, can be left on inasmuch as it will be hidden in the completed hat, however, it is preferred that this material be cut off so as to not possibly present an uncomfortable and unsightly bulge during the wearing of the hat.
The next step in the construction of'the finished hat 20 involves the exposing of the right or normally exposed side 24. This is accomplished in the manner illustrated in FIGURE 4 wherein the apex end 36 of the upper cone of FIGURE 3 is first extend through the opening 34 with the entire structure subsequently being drawn through the opening 34 so as to achieve the arrangement shown in FIGURE 5, a pair of cone-shaped flexible portions each having a pointed apex and a substantially circular base with the bases being secured to each other peripherally thereabout, the right side being exposed and the stitching 30 being concealed.
After the hat has been turned right side out, the opening 34 is carefully sewn closed, preferably by hand, using a blind stitch, the final step being to nest one of the conical portions within the other thus forming the basic hat, illustrated in FIGURE 6, having a peripheral wall the major portion of which tapers evenly from the base to the pointed apex. While not required, the instant invention can be slightly modified by the provision of a piping 44, this piping 44 having a flange piece thereon sewn between the abutting arcuate edges 26.
In conclusion, attention is directed to FIGURES 7-9 wherein three of the many different styles in which the basic hat of FIGURE 6 can be formed are illustrated, these styles being produced by adjusting the base portion of the basic conical hat 20 so as to form a brim and/ or adjusting the peak so as to produce various attractive arrangements including depression-s and ridges as in FIG- URES 7 and 9 or flaps as in FIGURE 8. If so desired, various ornaments, such as pins, can be worn with the hat 20 as might be appropriate with the various dilferent arrangements.
From the foregoing, it should not be readily apparent that a novel hat has been defined, this hat, aside from being reversible so as to expose different colored sides, is also of a nature which enables a quick modification of the basic shape to a variety of different styles, the hat being capable of retaining its shape because of the relatively thick nature of the material to be used. Originally a thick fur-like material called pile fabric was used in making the hat. However, this invention is not limited to any specific material, and many different types of material and many different colors can be used. Fabrics such as linen, canvas, pile fabric, eyelet, .Indiantone, etc., are quite attractive and are capable of being reversed and shaped. In addition to the novelty considered to reside in the versatility of the hat, the instant invention is deemed particularly of significance in setting forth a novel manner of constructing a hat, the finished hat, While to the casual viewer giving the appearance of, in its basic shape, being symmetrical, actually incorporating a slightly bowed back portion so as to properly conform to the head of a wearer.
Finally, while not specifically shown in the drawings, a further contemplated modification involves having the upper portion of the hat completely out off thus, while limiting the variations which might be formed by the complete hat as described in conjunction with the drawings, retaining the reversibility of the hat along with enabling additional variations not otherwise obtainable.
The foregoing is considered as illustrative only of the principles of the invention. Further, since numerous modifications and changes will readily occur to those skilled in the art, it is not desired to limit the invention to the exact construction and operation shown and described, and accordingly all suitable modifications and equivalents may be resorted to, falling within the scope of the invention as claimed.
What is claimed as new is as follows:
1. A reversible hat made of two identical sector shaped pieces including a pair of diverging angularly related straight edges and an arcuate edge extending between the remote ends of the straight edges, said pieces having the arcuate edges thereof secured to each other, each pair of straight edges having the edges thereof secured to each other so as to form a pair of cone-shaped flexible portions, each portion having a pointed apex end a substantially circular base with a peripheral wall the major portion of which tapers evenly from the base to the pointed apex, said portions being of equal size and alternately nestable one with the other so as to selectively expose one portion or the other portion, the cone shape of the portions enabling, after nesting the portions, the formation of a variety of self-sustaining depressions in the hat.
2. The structure of claim 1 wherein the straight edges of each pair of edges are secured to each other by stitching extending along a line substantially parallel to the edges from the apex end to a point spaced from the base,
and from this point to the base end along a line angled inwardly from the first mentioned line so as to be positioned a greater distance from the straight edges, thereby forming a bow in a portion of the peripheral wall so as to conform to the back of the head of a wearer of the hat.
3. A reversible hat comprising a pair of cone shaped flexible portions, each portion having a pointed apex and a substantially circular base with a peripheral wall the major portion of which tapers evenly from the base to the pointed apex, said portions having the bases thereof secured to each other completely about the periphery thereof, said portions being of substantially equal size and alternately nestable one within the other so as to selectively expose one portion or the other portion, the cone shape of the portions enabling, after nesting the portions, the formation of a variety of self-sustaining depressions in the hat, the nested conically shaped portions each including a corresponding portion of the peripheral wall thereof, adjacent the circular base, angled inwardly relative to the even tapering of the major portion of the peripheral wall so as to form an internal concave portion for reception of the back of the head of a wearer of the hat.
References Cited by the Examiner UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,496,285 6/24 Arond 2-190 1,812,420 .6/31 Weiner 2-201 X 2,221,155 11/40 Stone 2198 2,948,900 8/60 Evenstein 2209.1 3,044,517 7/62 Levi 2-243 X FOREIGN PATENTS 827,637 1/38 France.
848,193 7/39 France.
335,805 10/30 Great Britain.
JORDAN FRANKIN, Primary Examiner.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US1496285 *||Dec 13, 1920||Jun 3, 1924||Michael Arond||Hat lining|
|US1812420 *||Feb 12, 1930||Jun 30, 1931||Herman H Newberger||Cap|
|US2221155 *||Mar 18, 1939||Nov 12, 1940||Stone Sarah E||Convertible woman's hat|
|US2948900 *||Dec 14, 1956||Aug 16, 1960||Ruth B Ebenstein||Multiple purpose hat body|
|US3044517 *||Nov 3, 1959||Jul 17, 1962||Daisy O Levi||Reversible furniture cover or receptacle and method for making same|
|FR827637A *||Title not available|
|FR848193A *||Title not available|
|GB335805A *||Title not available|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3602918 *||May 8, 1969||Sep 7, 1971||Krystal Joseph||Cap|
|US3710394 *||Jul 28, 1971||Jan 16, 1973||G Trice||Method of making a reversible garment|
|US4138744 *||Nov 4, 1977||Feb 13, 1979||Pitzel Michael A||Reversible, multi purpose, multi stylable structure|
|US4190907 *||Jun 2, 1978||Mar 4, 1980||Cruickshank Ann M||Terry hair drier|
|US4512967 *||Aug 2, 1982||Apr 23, 1985||E. I. Du Pont De Nemours And Compamy||Cationic technetium complexes useful as radiodiagnostic agents|
|US4860386 *||Dec 7, 1988||Aug 29, 1989||Mary Ann Martin||Method of making an enclosed sleeve|
|US5048126 *||Oct 2, 1989||Sep 17, 1991||Mclaughlin James G||Protective apparel|
|US5181277 *||Aug 26, 1991||Jan 26, 1993||Get-A-Head, Inc.||Reversible hat assembly|
|US5218723 *||Sep 16, 1991||Jun 15, 1993||Mclaughlin James G||Surgeon's cap and method of fabricating same|
|US6018821 *||Jan 22, 1999||Feb 1, 2000||Adams; Kimberly A.||Convertible head apparel and method of making same|
|US6088840 *||Feb 2, 1999||Jul 18, 2000||Im; Sang Jun||Bicolor reversible sparring headgear|
|USRE32826 *||Feb 6, 1987||Jan 10, 1989||E. I Du Pont De Nemours And Company||Cationic technetium complexes useful as radiodiagnostic agents|
|WO1991004682A1 *||Sep 28, 1990||Apr 18, 1991||James G Mclaughlin||Protective apparel|
|U.S. Classification||2/209.11, 2/195.8, 2/195.7, 2/200.1, 2/DIG.200|
|International Classification||A42B1/20, A42B1/04|
|Cooperative Classification||A42B1/206, A42B1/041, Y10S2/02|
|European Classification||A42B1/04B, A42B1/20E|