US 3188686 A
Abstract available in
Claims available in
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
June 15, 1965 P. c. oRcuTT BUTTS AND/OR HINGES 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 Filed Nov. 14, 1962 INVENTOR.
June 15, 1965 P. c. ORCUTT BUTTS AND/OR HINGES 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 Filed Nov. 14, 1962 FIG. 2
INVENTOR FIG. 3
United States Patent 3,188,686 BUTTS AND/0R I-IINGES Paul C. Orcutt, 1029' Patricia Ave., P.0. Box 194,
a. Filed Nov. 14, 1962, Set. N0. 237,763 3 Claims. (Cl. 16-469) sists of four parts, two leaves with alternate knuckles and spaces, so opposed, that an interlocking junction may be made for assembly when edges are brought together, knuckles are axially equipped with passageways to receive an axial pin providing axial flexibility to the assembly when interlocked, the pin having a stop shoulder on one end, and a button tip for inserting as a closure in the passageway of the terminal knuckle. When applied to any closure, one leaf is applied to the closure and the other leaf is applied to the jamb, in such related position that the alternate knuckles and spaces are axially in alignment with the passageways there-through. The pin is then inserted into the passageway from one end and slides freely through the passageways of the knuckles producing a temporary junction between the two leaves, fixing the closure to the jamb. The same procedure is followed in the case of a plurality of leaves composing a Butt and/or Hinge.
As previously stated the juncture is only temporary, since the pin, having a sliding fit, may be removed by sliding from the knuckle passageways, with the closure in any and all positions. When the closure is in the closed position, it is held in place by the conventional Butts and/or Hinges on one edge and a conventional lock on another edge. To remove a closure from its utility position, requires only that the Butt and/ or Hinge pins be slipped from the knuckles of the leaves, and even though the conventional lock is in the locked position, the
closure may be removed, thus violating the security of the space for which the closure is employed.
My invention being novel and an extension to the art, embodies such improvement to the conventional Butts and/or Hinges, involving the pin and knuckle, as to prevent the violation of the security of the secured space, all of which is readily disclosed in the accompanying drawings and specifications.
It should be understood, of course, that the foregoing disclosure relates to only a preferred embodiment of the invention and that numerous modifications or alterations may be made therein, involving the pin and knuckle, without departing from the intent and scope of the invention as set forth in the appended claims.
Other objects and many of the attendant advantages of this invention will be readily appreciated as the same becomes better understood, by reference to the following detailed description when considered in connection with the accompanying drawings, wherein:
FIG. 1 is an elevational, exploded view of a preferred embodiment of the invention; and
FIG. 2 is a partial sectional view of FIG. 1, after assembly; and
FIG. 3 is an elevational view of the pin; and
FIG. 4 is a view of the Security Lock means.
Referring now to the drawings wherein like reference characters designate like or corresponding parts through 3,188,586: Patented June 15, 1365 ice All
out the several views, there is illustrated in FIG. 1 a Security Butt and/or Hinge exploded view that includes a Security Lock means composed of 8 and 10. Two leaves 1 and 2 are depicted, having alternate knuckles 5 and 6 and spaces 7, so arranged as to interlock freely, when brought into juxtaposition laterally, edgewise, knuckles 5 and 6 are equipped with passageways 12 there-through to receive a shouldered pin 3 for assembly of leaves 1 and 2 into an axial moving assembly about shouldered pin 3 as an axis. Leaf 1 has an odd number of knuckles 5, while Leaf 2 has an even number of knuckles 6. This provision is made to effect an assembly as before described; knuckles 6 are both tapered counterbored 11, to allow reversal of leaves 1 and 2, so that a right and left attachment may be made between a closure jamb and a closure depending on whether the closure is to swing from the right or left side of the jamb. Tapered counter bores 11 are for the specific purpose of containing, permanently, the self actuating Security Lock means 8 and 10, after final assembly. Shouldered pin 3 incorporates an axial recess 9 for totally retaining the self actuating Security Lock means 8 and 1t), during the sliding assembly of shouldered pin 3 into and through passageways 12 and tapered counterbores 11, engaging all knuckles 5 and 6 of leaves 1 and 2. When the axial recess 9 of shouldered pin 3, during the sliding engagement, reaches a position opposite the tapered counterbore 11, the self actuating Security Lock means 8 and 10 moves laterally so that piece 8 reaches the limit of the tapered counterbore 11, one end resting in the recess 9 and the other end under the adjacent knuckle 5 of piece 1, thus performing a permanent assembly of pin 3 with leaves 1 and 2 and producing a combination called Security Butt and/or Hinge. A button tip 4 is for insertion in the terminal knuckle 5.
FIG. 2 is a partial cross section of the final assembly of parts hereinbefore listed in FIG. 1, and discloses the permanent assembly of 1, 2 and 3 by positioning of the self actuating Security Lock means, carried in recess 9 of shouldered pin 3, between the edge of the adjacent knuckle 5 and the bottom of the recess 9. It is evident from this drawing that shouldered pin 3 cannot be withdrawn from the assembly and the assembly remains intact, and secure.
FIG. 3 depicts the shouldered assembly pin 3 with axial recess 9. The function of the recess 9 is to retain the self actuating Security Lock means 8 and 10 prior to, during and after complete assembly as shown in FIG. 2.
FIG. 4 depicts the combination forming the self actuating lock means of which 8 is the lock piece and 10 is a resilient means, firmly attached thereto, so as to allow compression of 10 during assembly, and recovery after final position in assembly as shown in FIG. 2.
Therefore it should be self evident from a study of the specifications and accompanying drawings that the shouldered pin 3 can be inserted and withdrawn at will prior to the insertion of the self actuating security locking means, for fitting of the closure to the jamb and frame, but once the self actuating Security Lock means is inserted in the pin and same slid into place in the knuckles, the assembly of the Butt and/or Hinge cannot be disassembled.
What is claimed is:
1. A hinge comprising a plurality of leave having interfitting knuckles provided with aligned passageways, a pintle having removable locking means positioned within the said passageways to pivotally secure the said leaves together, said pintle being freely removable when so positioned with the locking means removed therefrom when so positioned with the locking means positioned within a longitudinal recess formed in the said pintle, said locking means having means normally biasing a portion .thereof laterally outof the recess, said recess. being so positioned and the locking means being so formed that the laterally biased portion will retractj completely within the said recess to allow the recess and locking means .to be passed through one of said knuckles and will thereafter project laterally outwardly into' abutting contact with an inner lateral edge of said one knuckle to prethus prevent application of inwardly directed forces to .-the said laterally projecting portion to release the pintle' from the knuckles when so secured thereby. L
and being rigidlyretained in place by the locking means i 2. A hinge as in claim 1 in which said biasing means comprises a resilient member.
3. A hinge as in claim 1- in which said biasing means comprises a spring member.
References Cited the Examiner ITED STATES PATENTS 443,260 12/ 90 Preston. I 912,364 2/09 Conrad l6169 1,106,181 8/14 Ballou Q 16l69 2,154,860 4/39 Morse l6-169 2,536,007 12/50 Milner 16169 X 2,741,139 4/ 56 Krekeler 16--169 X 2,772,44l 12/5 6 "Riser j 16169 FOREIGN PATENTS 239,811 10/ 1 1 Germany. 26,890 1/03 Sweden.
2 DONLEY I. STOCKING, Primary Examiner;