US 3191319 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
June 29, 1965 w. WAISGERBER 3,
' SPECIMEN CARRYING BOOK Filed June 21, 1962 3 Sheets-Sheet 1 INVENTOR 6 w/Mam Wa/sgerber ATTORNEY June 1965 w. WAISGERBER 3,191,319
' SPECIMEN CARRYING BOOK Filed June 21, 1962 5 Sheets-Sheet 2- INVENIOR BY M June 29, 1965 w. WAISGERBER 3,
1 SPECIMEN CARRYING BOOK Filed June 21, 1962 3 Sheets-Sheet 3 92 INVENTOR WIN/am WazI-Sgerber YBY ATTORNEY United States Patent 3,191,319 SPECIMEN CARRYING BOOK William Waisgerber, 16522 Labrador St, Sepulveda, Calif. Filed June 21, 1962, Ser. No. 204,235 1 filaim. (CI. 35-49) This invention relates to a book embodying specimens of any character together with pages bearing ind-icia relating to the specimens.
In particular, the invention relates-to a book of the character set forth above in which the specimens may be of a three dimensional character.
It is an object of this invention to provide a printed book carrying specimens of any character so constructed that discrete specimens are successively and cumulatively exposed to view as a reader progresses through the pages of the book.
It is a further object of the invention to provide means, in such a book, for accommodating specimens which have a three dimensional characteristic.
A still further object of the invention is to make the book in loose leaf form so as to enable substitution or addition of pages along with a changein the number or character of the specimens.
Yet another object of the invention is to provide various means for accommodating the specimens within the book. In accordance with this object the specimen carrying member may be made tray-like in form.
Other objects will become apparent upon consideration of the following specification and claim whentaken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings in which:
:FIG. 1 is a perspective view of an open loose-leaf book disclosing an :apertured leaf superimposed on other leaves with registering apertures and a specimen visible through the registering apertures;
FIG. 2 is a perspective view of the same book with the leaves turned to expose a specimen carrying leaf with discrete specimens attached to a surface of the leaf;
FIG. 3 is a perspective view of a composite leaf which may form one of the leaves of the book;
FIG. 4 is a section on the line 44 of FIG. 1
FIG. 5 is a section on the line .4 of FIG. 1, with the book closed;
FIG. 6 is a section, similar to FIG. 4, of a modified form of book and wherein the specimens are mounted on the rear or bottom cover of the book;
FIG. 7 is a section, similar to FIG. 6, of a still further modified form of book wherein the rear cover is in the form of a three-sided tray;
FIG. 8 is a perspective View of a book wherein the specimens are mounted in a tray re-movably positioned in a recess in the bottom coverj FIG. 9 is a section through the book of FIG. 8, with the book closed;
FIG. 10 is a perspective view of a still further modified form of book-wherein the back cover is provided with guide ways slidably accommodating a specimen carrying member, and
FIG. 11 is a section on the line 1l11 of FIG. 10.
Now referring to the drawings in greater detail, at in FIGS. 1, 2, 4 and 5 there is indicated, generically, a book made in accordance with the invention. The book may be a permanently bound book or it may be a loose-leaf book, as shown, comprised of a front or top cover 22, a rear or bottom cover 24, and a spine or back 26 carrying the looseleaf loops 23 of springy celluloid or the like, as is conventional in loose-leaf binders.
Though not essential to the invention, the book comprises a number of printed leaves 39 at the front of the book, slotted at 32 to accommodate the loops of the binder and a number of similarly slotted leaves 34 at the rear of the book. The covers of the book are similarly slotted. The leaves may be single non-laminated structures. However, for increased durability, resistance to soiling and similar reasons, any or all of the leaves may be laminated structures comprised, as shown more particularly in 'FIG. 3, of a non-slotted imprinted sheet 36 encased within a transparent celluloid doubled over sheet 38, the doubled over sheet being provided with the slots 3% at one edge of the sheet in registration with slots at the opposite edge of the sheet. The sheets 36 are narrower than the folded over celluloid sheets to enable the loops 28 to engage in the slots iii) of the doubled over sheets without penetrating the imprinted sheets.
The celluloid sheets and sheets 36 at the front and rear of the book, are imperforate, save as described, and they may or may not be incorporated with the book. The described leaves are adapted to contain printed informa tion introductory to and as an index or definitions, etc. of the subject matter formin' specific text material of the book and which text material relates to the specimens or other exhibits carried in the book. This text material is carried on pages of specimen exposing apertured leaves as will be described.
in the form ofinvention illustrated in FIGS. 1 to 5, there is provided a planar leaf 4% having inscribed or int printed thereon a number of lines 42 forming a pattern of areas Within each area is affixed a specimen 46 forming the subject of the text on the pages of one of the apertured leaves. The specimens are thus located in spaced locations, discrete from one another.
The specimens may be of any character desired, for example, substantially fiat substances. Another example would be substances having considerable thicknesses.
Adapted to overlie the planar leaf is a slotted and apertured leaf 48 laminated as heretofore described in connection with leaves 3% and 32. There are apertures 50 through both the printed and celluloid leaves of the composite leaf 5t) corresponding in position and number to the areas 44 on the leaf 40 so as to expose all of the specimens through the apertures. The next upper leaf, as illustrated at 52 in FIG. 3, when the leaf is thrown over onto leaf 4%, would have one less specimen registering aperture 59 therethrough than in the lowermost leaf 48, thereby exposing through the two superimposed leaves one less specimen on leaf 4%. The next leaf would have two ess apertures than leaf 49. This numeric decrease of apertures continues until but one aperture in a leaf remains, as seen at 56 on leaf 54, FIG. 1, whereby only one specimen is visible. As an illustration of the use of the invention, the book may be a textbook on gem minerals and have attached to the leaf 49, by a suitable adhesive or otherwise, ten specimens of gem minerals, as turquoise, quartz, olivine, beryl, topaz, and so forth.
Leaf 54 with the single aperture therein, exposing the turquoise specimen, would then, on one or both of its pages, have descriptive matter inscribed or imprinted on the apertured leaf 36 pertaining to the mineral turquoise. The next leaf would have two apertures therein exposing both the turquoise and the quartz specimens and have matter appearing on its pages pertaining to quartz and perhaps comparing characteristics of quartz and turquoise; each successive page would have an additional opening registering with the next specimen as well as openings registering with all of the previous specimens and have text material on the pages of the leaf pertaining to the mineral newly made visible. The text material on any page may make comparisons with previously exposed minerals as may be found desirable.
The leaves of the book have some thickness and when all of the apertured leaves of the book are above the specimens, the specimens may not protrude above the upper level of leaf 54 enabling the remaining leaves, as
leaves 39, to rest on leaf 54 without bulging of the leaves 341 or bruising the celluloid covering of the next adjacent leaf. To assure that the specimens 46 shall not extend above the level of leaf d, the upper surface of planar leaf 40, in the preferred form of the invention, is provided with an edging of cardboard, felt, or the like, of any desired thickness. This edging is indicated at 56 in FIG. 2. The apertured leaves are supported by the thick edging rather than by the upper surface of leaf 4% In practical use, only the edging immediately adjacent the three dimensional specimens need be used. Thus the bottom strip 58 of the edging in the form of invention shown in FIG. 2 may be omitted.
In FIG. 4 of the drawing, the book just described is shown in section and as it would appear when open and lying on a flat support 60. The turquoise specimen is visible through the topmost apertured leaf 54 and the edging 56 is thick enough so that none of the specimens can be contacted by the leaf thereabove. For example, the last specimen at the right of FIG. 5, corresponding to the lowest specimen 46 on the leaf 40 in FIG. 2, does not engage the imperforate portion of the apertured leaf 52' thereabove the specimen.
I As pointed out heretofore, the introductory leaves 3t) or the leaves 34 containing indexes, definitions, etc. are not necessary parts of the invention, though they do enhance the utility thereof.
In FIG. 6 there is illustrated a form of invention Where the leaves 34 are not utilized. For this reason, the remaining structure may be simplified by mounting the specimens directly on the rear cover 24, and, if desired to utilize the edging strip 56, mounting it also on the rear cover.
In the modification disclosed in FIG. 7, the edging strip may be replaced by side walls =62 surrounding the specimens on the rear cover as in the case of the use of the strips 56, the apertured leaves falling within the confines w of the walls 62 and the non-apertured leaves coming to rest on the upper edges of the walls 62.
In all of the forms of invention referred to above the leaves were in loose-leaf form. Obviously the front and rear covers of the book may partake of the conventional form wherein they are joined by a permanent back or spine and whether in loose-leaf form or not, one of the inside faces of the covers may be provided with a pocket to receive an extra outside leaf of the group of leaves.
In contrast to the loose-leaf books, already described,'
30 of previous modifications and leaves 78 with progressively greater numbers of registering apertures, similar to leaves 54, 52, 48, etc. of FIGS. 1 to 7. In this modification, the rear cover is recessed and a tray 80 with attached specimens 46 therein is held frictionally or otherwise in the recess of the cover. As will be noted by considering the arrangement of the specimens and the corresponding apertures in the leaves 78 and comparing these with the other modifications, the geometric arrangement of the specimens or areas is subject to variation as is the number of specimens which may be progressively uncovered-by turning the leaves. The printed matter on the pages would, of course, have to appear on imperforate areas of the pages.
In the form of invention illustrated in FIGS. 10 and 11, the rear cover 90 is provided with ways 92 to frictionally slidingly accommodate a slide 94 to which are attached the specimens 46.
While particular embodiments of this invention have been illustrated and described, modifications thereof will occur to those skilled in the art. It is to be understood, therefore, that this invention is not to be limited to the particular arrangements disclosed and it is intended in the appended claim to cover all modifications within the spirit and scope of this invention.
Having thus described the invention, what is claimed as new is: i
A book comprising a top cover,
a rear cover,
and leaves bearing indicia therebetween,
specimens within the book attached to a planar surface close to the rear of the book,
said specimens being spaced from one another,
a leaf next adjacent said planar surface being provided with discrete apertures, one for each specimen, exposing all of said specimens when said leaf is otherwise covering the plane surface, a thick edging on the planar surface to form a spacing medium between the surface and said next adjacent leaf, superimposed leaves having apertures registering with the discrete apertures in said leaf, but each successive superimposed leaf having one aperture less than the leaf therebeneath, with the uppermost leaf having a single aperture.
References Cited by the Examiner UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,709,937 4/29 Everhard -53 X 2,812,183 11/57 Schitf -61 X FOREIGN PATENTS 740,847 11/55 Great Britain. 83 8,107 .6/ Great Britain.
EUGENE R. CAPOZIO, Primary Examiner. LEO SMILOW, JEROME SCHNALL, Examiners.