US 319240 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
S. M. GUSS.
BINDER FOR ROLL COUPLINGS.
No. 319,240. Patented June 2, 1885.
WITNESSES ZWVEWTOR Jd/a Jpunue/l M G zMSJ, 1"
NITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.
GUSS, OF READING, PENNSYLVANIA, ASSIGNOR OF ONE-HALF TO J AGOB S. AMMON, OF SAME PLACE.
BINDER FOR ROLL-COUPLINGS.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 319,240, dated June 2, 18185.
Application filed April 9, 1885.
To aZZ whom it may concern.-
Be it known that I, SAMUEL M. GUss, a citizen of the United States, residing at the city of Reading, county of Berks, State of Pennsylvania, have invented a new and useful Improvement in Binders for Roll-Goupling Stretchers, of which the following is a speciiication.
This improvement relates to a mode of securing roll-couplings upon the ends of the rolls and intervening spindles.
The object of the invention is to provide a safe, inexpensive, and reliable binder having no protruding parts, and that will adjust itself automatically to both the spindle and stretcher-blocks with an equal strain, readily applied, and as readily removed, completely retaining the coupling-boxes and spindle in connection with the rolls. These objects are attained in the use of the invention shown in the accompanying drawings, in which similar letters indicate similar parts.
Figure l is a perspective view showing'a spindle, roll-couplings, and rolls with stretcher-block and my improved binder applied to the same. Fig. 2 is a sectional elevation of the same on the line X X of Fig. 3. Fig. 3 is a cross-section of the spindle and stretcherblocks on the line W W of Fig. 2, with the binder in place, and a separate elevation of the binder detached.
The common custom has been to connect one set of rolls with another by a spindle and two coupling-boxes, the coupling being equally spaced upon the roll and spindle. Blocks or stretchers of Wood are laid in the longitudinal grooves of the spindle between the coupling-boxes, and are held in place by hoops, belts, wire, chains, and other devices, all being difficult to retain in place-the leather softening, the hoops too rigid, the wire uncertain in its adjustment, the chain apt to both break and drag, and all a source of annoyance and care. Even the Gillespie device, Patent No. 159,814, February 16, 1875, which comes nearer to filling the bill than any device which preceded it, does not meet the requirements of the case, as its protruding handles are dangerous to those employed (No model.)
about the rolls, and the small portion of spring, in the form of a spiral coil, given to his binder loses all its effect as soon as the main portion of the wire binder is brought in contact wit-h the rough surface of the spindle. My binder,
0n the contrary, is of equal flexure throughout, will accommodate itself to all inequalities of surface without distortion, and will transfer its tension and compression equallyto every point of the circumference to which it is applied.
In the drawings, A represents the rolls; B, the necks or bearings; O, the wabhle; D, the coupling-boxes; E,the wooden blocks or stretchers; F, the spindle; G, the improved binder; H, the snap-hook; I, the swivel-eye 6 by which connection of the ends is made and the binder removably held in place. The couplingboxes are provided with tongues, which fit with the grooves of the spindles and the wabbles of the rolls, and thus lock them operatively together. One end of the stretcher in the perspective view is'broken away to show more clearlythe locking-groove of the spindle. The binders are constructed preferably of steel wire coiled of a uniform diameter by suitable machinery, and cut to a length somewhat short of the circumference of the spindle around which it is to be secured. A snap-hook, H, is inserted within the coil and lashed thereto, so that its head shall just protrude beyond the end of'the coil. The opposite end is provided with a swiveleye similarly lashed within the coil. For the purpose of connection use may be made of the ordinary large-sized hooks and eyes for ladies dresses, they being strong and easily secured to the coil; but I give preference to those first described, as the swivel-eye prevents twisting, and th'e snap-hook prevents an automatic release of the connection. The 0 stretchers are laid in place between the coupling-boxes within the spindle-grooves, and the binder is drawn around the same and hooked. The inner surface of the coil compressing to gether, and the outer surface uniformly ex- 5 panding, bind the stretchers in place and present a neat and unobstructed surface throughout. They are inexpensive to construct, give no trouble after application, and movably retain vthe stretchers and coupling-boxes in place.
Having described my improvement, shown 5 its use, construction, and advantages, I desire to secure by Letters Patent as follows:
As an improved construction of binders for roll-coupling stretchers, a continuous metallic spiral-spring coil of suitable diameter and SAMUEL M. GUSS.
JAMES R. KENNEY, D. FRANK PLANK.