Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.

Patents

  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS3192589 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJul 6, 1965
Filing dateJul 18, 1960
Priority dateJul 18, 1960
Publication numberUS 3192589 A, US 3192589A, US-A-3192589, US3192589 A, US3192589A
InventorsRaymond C Pearson
Original AssigneeRaymond C Pearson
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Separable fastener
US 3192589 A
Images(1)
Previous page
Next page
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

July 6, 1965 R. c. PEARSON 7 3,192,589

SEPARABLE FASTENER Filed July 18. 1960 @Pema United States Patent 3,1925% SEPARABLE FASTENER Raymond C. learson, 23 Grant Ave, East Reckaway, N.Y.

Filed July 18, 1969, Ser. No. 43,594 3 Claims. (Cl. 24-204) This invention pertains to a separable fastener, whose elements are comprised of a plurality of headed studs in a fiexible base, adapted for use on garments and the like and to be connected and disconnected repeatedly by a simple manual manipulation. It is termed hermaphroditic because the fastener elements are alike and the headed studs partake of both male and female characteristics as a multistud and socket fastener.

Fasteners in common use on garments for infants and children, such as, buttons, snappers, zippers, buckles and the like, require that fastener elements be in accurate alignment before interlock can be effected. Small children are noted for their exuberant uncooperativeness while being dressed. The abounding variety of means with which they can disrupt ones every attempt to effect interlock of such fasteners can, at times, make dressing them a most vexing and time consuming chore. It is, therefore, a main object of this invention to provide a fastener needing much less precise alignment of elements for achieving interlock.

Another object is to provide a fastener which is capable of adjusmtent. This provides for take-up of slack, such as in garments. It also compensates for growth in children as more let-out is needed. Apparel, likewise, can be fitted better and more comfortably as adjustments for weather and temperature changes require more or less clothing.

Still another object is to provide a fastener capable of flying start attachments. This is to permit fastening of a childs clothing with only general aiming and partial fastening as a child ebulliently squirrns about, then progressively taking in or letting out slack as dressing progresses. Fastening can thus also start anywhere along its length and progress to either end or both ends simultaneously.

Yet another object of this invention is to have a fastener wherein interlock of the elements can be made in subdued light conditions, or in drakness even, with no other guidence than a general axial approximation of elements by feel and then pressing together.

The accompanying drawings illustrate a preferred form of construction of the invention, which is given by way of example and not of limitation.

FIGURE 1 is a perspective view, to an enlarged scale, of the fastener elements, attached to the closing edges of of a garment, interlocked at the left end, spread Way apart at the right, and in the center, about to be interlocked on closing or disengaged upon opening.

FIGURE 2 is a diametral section of a row of studs along the section line 22 of FIGURE 1.

FIGURE 3 shows the appearance of the studs before heading.

FIGURE 4 is one under a heated die.

FIGURE 5 is the invention as a single element strap or band type fastener.

Both elements of the fastener are alike in that they have a plurality of headed studs set in staggered rows in a thin resilient base 11. Attachment to garments, at edges 12, such as by means of flaps 13, may be made by any one of several different methods, of which cementing, sewing, hot pressing or welding are only a few. 7

Each stud is comprised of a shank or post,"10s, having an enlarged head, 1e11, rounded marginally and overhanging the shank.

of stud'heading by upsetting 3,192,589 Patented July 6, 1965 The fastener may be considered as hermaphroditic in that the headed studs partake of both male and female characteristics as a multistud and socket fastener. Each group of four adjacent headed studs (three along the edges) in a fastener element act, in one instance, as a springy multihook fingered socket to receive a stud from the other fastener element. The studs acting as sockets have inherent spring for opening up and snap back to latch onto the opposing studs by virtue of the resiliency in the shank of each stud and of the thin supple base in which the studs are attached. In the other instance, each stud, of both fastener elements, has another function of acting as a penetrating dovetail, wherein the overhanging head interlocks with the heads of the socket forming studs.

All interlocking studs display this dual role of stud and socket formation, simultaneously. Because of this, a fastener element can be a unitary and self suflicient strap or band type fastener by itself, merely by making it long enough to be bent back and fastened upon itself, as indicated in FIG. 5. In one instance the studs, while restricted to the end portions of the strap, are all on one side of the base member, and in another, they may be along the top side at one end and on the bottom side at the other end.

While this invention can be compositely made of metal, textiles, elastomers and other materials, I prefer to utilize non-metallic synthetic organic plastic materials. Among formulations of plastic material known to me as suitable for the intended use of this fastener are polyethylene and vinylchloride. As there is a continuing development of polymeric materials, it is quite logical to assume that other plastics may be equally suitable, as long as they possess: thermo-plasticity for formability; resiliency to permit distortion of shape under strain as required of a separable fastener in normal action; resistance to water, soaps and detergents; non brittleness at low outdoor temperatures; retentivity of molded shape in hot to boiling water. Determining suitability of a material does not require experimenting of an inventive character-routine tests under simulated practical conditions sulfice.

The drawings illustrate the fastener in proper proportion. Dimensions and proportions can very over quite a range, but as a general idea of what is involved, the following specific information is advanced for' one particular size embodiment of this invention (a) pitch or center to center distancebetween adjacent studs in the same row, inch; (b) diagonal pitch or distance between centers of studs in adjacent rows, inch; (c) stud head diameter, inch by inch thickness; (d) stud shank grip or length under head, /s inch; (e) stud shank diameter inch; (f) base thickness, 6 inch.

Interlock of the fastener elements is obtained bysqueezing both together. In a long run fastener, a combination squeeze-pull-motion between thumb and forefinger eifects rapid closure. Opening or disconnecting is simply performed by peeling the elements apart. Stud interlock and disengagement occurs because the fastener bases, 11, being supple, act as hinges between studs, bending to permit spreading or opening up the space between stud heads. This permits the passage of stud heads of one element past those of the mating element. If the fastener is entirely of a plastic material then the individual studs will also bend thru-out their length and reduce the amount of flexing required of the base. The resiliency of the base and stud shanks restores them to their former shape. This serves to effectively lock the stud heads of one element in between those of the other. Guidance of studs, for entrance between each other, is aided by taper shaping the heads, to that type which in rivetting terminology would be described as a high button or acorn type of head.

After interlock, the fastener is a ositive lock in all the thin supple base material.

directions, laterally and axially, against separation to any except grossly excessive forces, or any involving an edge tipping and separation by a peeling pull. Lateral movement is prevented because the stud heads of one element bear up against the stud shanks of the opposing element, in shear. Axial separation isprevented because the overhanging stud heads interlock, in a dovetail fashion, under each other, as indicated in FIG. 2. Separation can normally be made only from an outside edge by bending back on the thin supple base, 11, so that the studs are tipped to spread the heads apart in one member for withdrawal of the studs'in the opposing member.

The all plastic fastener is made essentially in two operations by taking advantage of a characteristic of thermoplastic materials in that they can be repeatedly softened by heat, molded to shape, hardenedby cooling to retain the shape and not undergo a chemical change. The first step is molding the base, 11, integrally with the studs, 10, in headless form, PEG. 3. The stud lengths have to be such that they contain enough material to form the required size heads for the selected design. They should also be tapered enough to facilitate ejection of the unit from the mold. The second operation involves heat softening and upsetting the tips of the studs, such as in a heading die, 14, of FIG. 4.

The heading operation is a relatively slow squeezing action rather than an impact. The studs are given no support other than what they have at their base and that furnished by the heated heading die. The die needs to shape the heads only from the top and sides because the combined heat and squeeze action gives an effective rolling upset to the heads. The size of the heads is easily and uniformly maintained by merely controlling the movement of the heated heading die. No special attempt need be made to control the shape of the underside of the head if the head diameter is not made much larger than about three times the shank diameter. The speed of heading is controlled in a large measure by the temperature of the heading die and its heat input. The only real high temperature limitation to the process is that it not be so high that thermal degradation sets in on the particular plastic formulation being used. Lubricants as common to the plastics molding art may be used to minimize adhesion of the plastics to the molding and heading dies, as required.

In the practical use of the fastener, the number of rows of studs required is determined by the amount of adjustability desired, such as, for slack take up or let out in a garment. Its length may range from approximately thumb print size to the full length of a garment joint. The shank diameter of the outermost row(s) of studs and the corresponding edge(s) of the base can be thickened or not, as desired, to increase their stiffness and the resistance of the fastener elements to separation at these points. Likewise, the use or absence of an outside edge flap is dependent upon the ease with which it is desired to separate the fastener.

This invention can be embodied in forms other than that indicated up to this point, without departing from the essential attributes thereof. For example: (a) The studs of FIG. 3 could be headed by dipping or passing them by conveyor means thru a viscous melt or solution of plastic compound, inverting the studs so that the adhering tear drop can reverse flow and harden, substantially into the desired head shape. Head size can be controlled by the number of passes and viscosity of the solution. (b) The studs could be made individually like rivets, gathered and spaced on a spreader plate such as by vacuum or electrostatic means, the foot end wetted with an adhesive or rendered plastic, then implanted on (c) Integrally molding the studs and base with the garment so that the plastic permeates the weave of the fabric.

Having described my invention, what I claim is:

1. In hermaphroditic fasteners of the character described, a fastener element comprising a sheet, a multiplicity of studs disposed on one surface of the sheet; each stud-being in the form of a solid of revolution, comprising a post surmounted by an enlarged head; said studs being disposed in staggered rows, the spacing between said stud posts being substantially equal to that of the enlarged heads, in directions longitudinal and transverse to said rows, the spacing between stud heads corresponding substantially to post thickness; said sheet being adapted to be secured to a flexible support; said studs being adapted to secure themselves to studs of a companion member of like construction, whereby upon axial approximation of the studs for interlock, said sheet elastically deforms, that heads of studs may pass and settle under each other and resist separation against forces perpendicular and parallel to axis of interlocked studs, and under radially applied strain to said sheet release and effect separation of companion member.

2. In hermaphroditic fasteners of the character described, a fastener element comprising a sheet adapted to be secured to a flexible support, a multiplicity of studs disposed on one surface of said sheet; each stud being in the form of a solid of revolution, comprising a post.

surmounted by an enlarged head; said studs being disposed in staggered rows; the spacing between adjacent stud posts in directions longitudinal and transverse to said rows being substantially equal to that of the stud reads, the spacing between stud heads corresponding substantially to the post diameter; said studs being adapted to interlock with studs of another fastener element of like construction, coupling being thru the medium of elastic deformation in said sheet and heads of studs passing and settling under each other upon being axially pressed together, effectively resisting separation against forces perpendicular and parallel to axis of interlocked studs, and under radially applied strain to said sheet release studs and effect separation of fastener elements.

3. A hermaphroditic fastener of the character described, comprising an elongated sheet, a multiplicity of studs disposed on one surface in juxtaposition to the ends of said sheet; each stud being in the form of a solid of revolution, comprising a post surmounted by an enlarged head; said studs being disposed in staggered rows; the spacing between adjacent stud posts in directions longitudinal and transverse to said rows being substantially equal to that of the stud heads, that between stud heads substantially equal to the post diameter; said sheet being resilient and adapted to be folded end to end for'interlock of said studs; coupling being thru the medium of elastic deformation in said sheet and heads of studs passing and settling under each other upon being axially pressed together; said coupling resisting separation of said sheet ends against forces perpendicular and parallel to axis of interlocked studs; decoupling being thru radially applied strainto ends of said sheet.

References Cited by the Examiner UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,499,898 3/50 Anderson 24204 2,541,728 2/51 Wahl 18-5 2,772,469 12/56 Staller 24-204 2,841,850 7/58 Zahorski 24-204 2,907,066 10/59 Wahl 18-1 3,020,613 2/62 Morin 24-204 FOREIGN PATENTS 956,320 l/50 France. 1,037,455 9/ 53 France.

715,587 1/ 42 Germany.

DONLEY I. STOCKING, Primary Examiner. ABRAHAM G. STONE, Examiner.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2499898 *Dec 23, 1946Mar 7, 1950Albert F AndersonClasp
US2541728 *Jun 29, 1946Feb 13, 1951Wahl BrothersApparatus and method for making separable fasteners
US2772469 *Feb 8, 1952Dec 4, 1956Jan Staller KarelSlide fastener
US2841850 *Jul 26, 1954Jul 8, 1958Aerophysics Dev CorpFastening device
US2907066 *Mar 25, 1954Oct 6, 1959Wahl BrothersMethod and apparatus for making separable fasteners
US3020613 *Feb 20, 1959Feb 13, 1962Louis H MorinLadder-like burr separable fastener
DE715587C *Jun 15, 1937Jan 2, 1942Walter UrbanReissverschlussverbindung
FR956320A * Title not available
FR1037455A * Title not available
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3266113 *Dec 14, 1964Aug 16, 1966Minnesota Mining & MfgInterreacting articles
US3358527 *Sep 7, 1965Dec 19, 1967Louise Entpr IncWrist attachment and manual control for motor vehicles
US3526867 *Jul 17, 1967Sep 1, 1970Keeler Brass CoInterlocking electrical connector
US3527001 *Jun 1, 1967Sep 8, 1970Minnesota Mining & MfgHolder for abrasive product
US3710425 *Sep 11, 1969Jan 16, 1973Brumlik GGripping fastening surface
US3840945 *Dec 1, 1972Oct 15, 1974Brumlik GGripping fastening surface
US3961398 *Feb 20, 1975Jun 8, 1976Ecofon Verkaufsgesellschaft Probst KgSeparable fastening
US4186170 *Apr 5, 1977Jan 29, 1980Engraving Specialists (Leicester) Ltd.Method of producing a molded plastic article
US4216257 *Apr 20, 1979Aug 5, 1980Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing CompanyPressure sensitive adhesive, low density closed-cell foam, u-shaped headed monofilaments
US4290174 *Jan 13, 1978Sep 22, 1981Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing CompanySeparable fastener and article for making same
US4290832 *Sep 2, 1977Sep 22, 1981Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing CompanyMethod for making fasteners
US4307493 *Mar 31, 1980Dec 29, 1981Yoshida Kogyo K. K.Velvet type fastener tape
US4709453 *Oct 14, 1986Dec 1, 1987Foster-Miller, Inc.Separable fastening device
US4875259 *Mar 24, 1988Oct 24, 1989Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing CompanyIntermeshable article
US4876011 *May 17, 1988Oct 24, 1989Donaldson Company, Inc.Oil recovery apparatus
US5077870 *Sep 21, 1990Jan 7, 1992Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing CompanyMushroom-type hook strip for a mechanical fastener
US5088162 *Jul 16, 1990Feb 18, 1992Allan Robert MConnector apparatus
US5088164 *Mar 22, 1989Feb 18, 1992Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing CompanyContainer with intermeshable closure members
US5113555 *Nov 26, 1990May 19, 1992Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing CompanyContainer with intermeshable closure members
US5119531 *Sep 25, 1991Jun 9, 1992Michel BergerSystem for joining by interengagement comprising interengaging elements formed by ridges with elastically deformable lips, in particular curvilinear
US5179767 *Nov 12, 1991Jan 19, 1993Allan Robert MConnector apparatus
US5201101 *Apr 28, 1992Apr 13, 1993Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing CompanyMethod of attaching articles and a pair of articles fastened by the method
US5212853 *Mar 10, 1992May 25, 1993Nifco Inc.Separable plastic fastener and method and apparatus for manufacturing thereof
US5345659 *Jan 15, 1993Sep 13, 1994Allan Robert MConnector apparatus with nesting ridges
US5360270 *Apr 28, 1992Nov 1, 1994Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing CompanyReusable security enclosure
US5364367 *Apr 30, 1993Nov 15, 1994Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing CompanyCannula anchor
US5460769 *Aug 1, 1994Oct 24, 1995Nifco Inc.Method and apparatus for manufacturing a separable plastic fastener
US5490808 *Jan 30, 1995Feb 13, 1996Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing CompanyAbrasive attachment system for rotative abrading applications
US5505747 *Jan 13, 1994Apr 9, 1996Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing CompanyMolding, bonding, deforming
US5555608 *Apr 19, 1994Sep 17, 1996Allan; Robert M.Connector apparatus with nesting ridges
US5607635 *Nov 8, 1991Mar 4, 1997Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing CompanyMushroom-type hook strip for a mechanical fastener
US5611122 *Jul 19, 1994Mar 18, 1997Minnesota Mining And ManufacturingInterengaging fastener having reduced noise generation
US5614232 *Feb 28, 1996Mar 25, 1997Minnesota Mining And ManufacturingMethod of making an interengaging fastener member
US5618225 *Jun 6, 1995Apr 8, 1997Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing CompanyAbrasive attachment system for rotative abrading applications
US5625929 *Aug 4, 1994May 6, 1997Minnesota Mining And ManufacturingInterengaging fastener member
US5634245 *Jul 14, 1995Jun 3, 1997Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing CompanyStructured surface fastener
US5640744 *Sep 14, 1995Jun 24, 1997Allan; Robert M.Nested ridge strap connector apparatus
US5657516 *Oct 12, 1995Aug 19, 1997Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing CompanyDual structured fastener elements
US5662853 *Nov 22, 1995Sep 2, 1997Minnesota Mining Manufacturing CompanyAffixation member for decorating or protecting structures and methods of making same
US5667540 *Mar 13, 1996Sep 16, 1997Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing CompanyMethod of making an abrasive article
US5671511 *Aug 25, 1994Sep 30, 1997Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing CompanyInterengaging fastener member having fabric layer
US5672186 *Mar 13, 1996Sep 30, 1997Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing CompanyRolling flowable polymeric material onto surface of base sheet, then shaping polymer into projections which are bent to form releasable fastener hooks when solidified and bonding reverse of base sheet to reverse of abrasive sheet
US5679302 *Apr 16, 1993Oct 21, 1997Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing CompanyMethod for making a mushroom-type hook strip for a mechanical fastener
US5691026 *Mar 8, 1994Nov 25, 1997Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing CompanyFastener member with a dual purpose cover sheet
US5691027 *Sep 29, 1995Nov 25, 1997Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing CompanyFastener with a dual purpose cover sheet
US5713111 *Jan 23, 1997Feb 3, 1998Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing CompanyMethod for making an interengaging fastener having reduced engagement force
US5725423 *Mar 3, 1997Mar 10, 1998Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing CompanyAbrading apparatus
US5785784 *Jul 23, 1997Jul 28, 1998Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing CompanyCoating the substrate with abrasives containign radiation curable binder, exposing to radiation and curing the binder
US5840089 *Jul 29, 1997Nov 24, 1998Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing CompanySubstrate having abrasive means on one surface and providing a plurality of hooking stems on the oppostie surface
US5845375 *May 30, 1997Dec 8, 1998Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing CompanyMushroom-type hook strip for a mechanical fastener
US5868987 *Jun 19, 1997Feb 9, 1999Minnesotamining And ManufacturingSuperimposed embossing of capped stem mechanical fastener structures
US5876835 *Nov 27, 1996Mar 2, 1999Gridcore Systems InternationalMolded stressed-skin panels
US5879604 *Oct 25, 1996Mar 9, 1999Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing CompanyMethod of making a mushroom-type hook strip for a mechanical fastener
US5902427 *Jul 11, 1997May 11, 1999Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing CompanyFastener arrangement with dual purpose cover sheet
US5953797 *Oct 9, 1996Sep 21, 1999Velcro Industries B.V.Hook fasteners and methods of manufacture
US5980230 *Apr 11, 1997Nov 9, 1999Velcro Industries B.V.Forming fastener products
US5983467 *Dec 29, 1997Nov 16, 1999Duffy; Leonard A.Interlocking device
US6000106 *Mar 17, 1998Dec 14, 19993M Innovative Properties CompanySuperimposed embossing of capped stem mechanical fastener structures
US6054091 *Oct 3, 1996Apr 25, 2000Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Co.J hook-type hook strip for a mechanical fastener
US6059558 *Jul 27, 1998May 9, 2000Velcro IndustriesInjection molding fastener products
US6112377 *Oct 18, 1999Sep 5, 2000Wilson; Eric P.Multiple article fastening device
US6132660 *Jun 19, 1997Oct 17, 20003M Innovative Properties CompanyBacking webs with hooks, nips and webs
US6159596 *Dec 23, 1997Dec 12, 20003M Innovative Properties CompanySelf mating adhesive fastener element articles including a self mating adhesive fastener element and methods for producing and using
US6190594Mar 1, 1999Feb 20, 20013M Innovative Properties CompanyTool rolls constructed of a cylindrical base roll wrapped with one or more continuous wires in a helical pattern defining voids; use to manufacture articles from molding materials with structured surfaces such as projections
US6224364Sep 21, 1998May 1, 2001Velcro Industries B.V.Injection molding products having fastener elements
US6248276Jan 15, 1999Jun 19, 2001Velcro Industries B.V.Heating to the softening point the ends of preformed stems protruding in an array from a common base, contacting the ends with a flattening surface to deform the ends into a disk or mushroom shaped head
US6280670 *Aug 22, 1997Aug 28, 2001Velcro Industries B.V.Applying resin to rotating mold roll, the mold roll having an outer surface for forming one side of base and defining cavities; stripping preform product; registering longitudinal position of preform stems with heading roll to form heads
US6296733 *Dec 1, 1998Oct 2, 2001Lear CorporationFloor mats and method of making same
US6303062Apr 13, 1999Oct 16, 20013M Innovative Properties CompanyMechanical fastener and method for making the same
US6357088Dec 15, 2000Mar 19, 2002Velcro Industries B.V.Hook fasteners and methods of manufacture
US6393673Jul 30, 1998May 28, 20023M Innovative Properties CompanyMechanical-fastening element
US6470540Jul 18, 2001Oct 29, 20023M Innovative Properties CompanyMechanical fastener and method for making the same
US6489003Oct 2, 1998Dec 3, 20023M Innovative Properties CompanyElastic fastener
US6526633Dec 17, 2001Mar 4, 2003Velcro Industries B.V.Hook fasteners and methods of manufacture
US6558602Dec 11, 1996May 6, 20033M Innovative Properties CompanyMushroom-type hook strip for a mechanical fastener
US6579161Dec 6, 1996Jun 17, 20033M Innovative Properties CompanyAbrasive article
US6579162Dec 15, 2000Jun 17, 20033M Innovative Properties CompanyAbrasive article
US6592800Oct 4, 1999Jul 15, 20033M Innovative Properties CompanyApparatus and method for making a mechanical fastener
US6605332Jul 29, 1997Aug 12, 20033M Innovative Properties CompanyUnitary polymer substrate having napped surface of frayed end microfibers
US6641096Sep 13, 2001Nov 4, 20033M Innovative Properties CompanyStretch releasing adhesive tape article with bundling strap
US6678924Mar 7, 2002Jan 20, 2004Ykk CorporationCapable of bearing repeated engaging/disengaging operations several times; paper diaper, medical simple clothes, napkins, various kinds of working simple clothes, underwear
US6708378May 30, 2001Mar 23, 2004Velcro Industries B.V.Fasteners and methods of making fasteners
US6708379Aug 9, 2002Mar 23, 2004Eric P. WilsonFastening device and method for material having a mesh
US6767202Dec 18, 2001Jul 27, 20043M Innovative Properties CompanyTooling with helical coils for structured surface articles
US6869554Mar 3, 2003Mar 22, 2005Velcro Industries B.V.Hook fasteners and methods of manufacture
US6884157Mar 25, 2003Apr 26, 20053M Innovative Properties CompanyAbrasive article
US6902389May 14, 2003Jun 7, 20053M Innovative Properties CompanyWire wound tooling
US6969479Feb 17, 2004Nov 29, 20053M Innovative Properties CompanyTooling with helical coils for structured surface articles
US6991843Jun 4, 2002Jan 31, 2006Velcro Industries B.V.Fasteners engageable with loops of nonwoven fabrics and with other open structures, and methods and machines for making fasteners
US7044834Apr 20, 2005May 16, 20063M Innovative Properties CompanyAbrasive article
US7052638Jun 4, 2003May 30, 2006Velcro Industries B.V.Hook and loop fastener
US7052639Apr 8, 2005May 30, 20063M Innovative Properties CompanyWire wound tooling
US7070727Jun 20, 2003Jul 4, 20063M Innovative Properties CompanyMethods for making microstructured polymer substrates
US7188396Oct 20, 2003Mar 13, 20073M Innovative Properties CompanyMethod for making a mushroom-type hook strip for a mechanical fastener
US7275290Jul 13, 2004Oct 2, 2007Velcro Industries B.V.Touch fasteners
US7350276Aug 28, 2003Apr 1, 2008Ykk CorporationIntegrally molded surface fastener, and continuous production method and continuous production device therefor
US7399184Jun 23, 2005Jul 15, 20083M Innovative Properties CompanyDry erase article
US7645134Dec 19, 2006Jan 12, 20103M Innovative Properties CompanyRibbon wound roll
US7727440Dec 6, 2004Jun 1, 2010Velcro Industries B.V.Methods of making fastener products
US7731573Jan 30, 2008Jun 8, 20103M Innovative Properties CompanyMethod, system, and apparatus for modifying surfaces
US7740048Jun 6, 2007Jun 22, 2010Wilson Eric PScreen frame and assembly
US7892074Jan 30, 2008Feb 22, 20113M Innovative Properties CompanySurface modifying tool adapter using a plurality of surface modifying article inserts for use in a surface modifying system
US8002612Apr 8, 2004Aug 23, 20113M Innovative Properties CompanyAttachment system for a sanding tool
US8052506Jan 11, 2010Nov 8, 20113M Innovative Properties CompanyMethod, system, and apparatus for modifying surfaces
US8118363 *Jul 8, 2008Feb 21, 2012Kuraray Fastening Co., Ltd.Tape-shaped locking member for seat skin material fixation, and process for producing resin molded product with locking member
US8141565 *Feb 23, 2010Mar 27, 2012Slavin Kate RLotion, soap or cream applicator or appliance
US8153228Oct 21, 2009Apr 10, 2012Jhrg, LlcProtective cover for slings, ropes, cables and the like
US8245326 *Feb 21, 2008Aug 21, 2012Anthony TolveHelmet adjunct for retention of portable audio device
US8273102Jun 4, 2004Sep 25, 2012Vitalitec International, Inc.Surgical clamp inserts with hooked traction elements
US8291554 *Apr 7, 2009Oct 23, 2012Sefar AgFastening element for two-dimensional fibre material and method for fastening two-dimensional fibre material
US8398909 *Sep 18, 2009Mar 19, 2013Carnegie Mellon UniversityDry adhesives and methods of making dry adhesives
US8635749 *Jul 27, 2010Jan 28, 2014Nano Terra Inc.Microadhesive systems and methods of making and using the same
US8641278 *May 16, 2008Feb 4, 2014AplixAutomatic gripping device with extremely flexible hooks
US8745827Jul 18, 2011Jun 10, 2014Gerald ROCHADimensionally flexible touch fastener strip
US8784722Jan 20, 2010Jul 22, 2014Gerald ROCHAMethod and apparatus for producing hook fasteners
US8790164Oct 20, 2011Jul 29, 20143M Innovative Properties CompanyMethod, system, and apparatus for modifying surfaces
US20100018622 *Mar 3, 2008Jan 28, 2010The Yokohama Rubber Co., Ltd.Pneumatic tire
US20100088864 *Apr 7, 2009Apr 15, 2010Sefar AgFastening element for two-dimensional fibre material and method for fastening two-dimensional fibre material
US20100135600 *May 16, 2008Jun 3, 2010Jean-Pierre DucauchuisAutomatic gripping device with extremely flexible hooks
US20110016675 *Jul 27, 2010Jan 27, 2011Nano Terra, Inc.Microadhesive systems and methods of making and using the same
US20130091667 *Oct 4, 2012Apr 18, 2013Paul Anthony ZerfasMechanical And Adhesive Based Reclosable Fasteners
US20130095281 *Jun 21, 2011Apr 18, 20133M Innovative Properties CompanyMethod of making a structured surface and article therefrom
USRE42475 *Nov 2, 2009Jun 21, 2011Velcro Industries B.V.Fasteners engageable with loops of nonwoven fabrics and with other open structures, and methods and machines for making fasteners
DE1575199B1 *Feb 9, 1967Nov 11, 1971Minnesota Mining & MfgPlattenverbindung
DE10207975B4 *Feb 25, 2002Jul 15, 2004Ykk Corp.Einstückig geformte Oberflächenbefestigungseinrichtung und kontinuierliches Herstellungsverfahren sowie Vorrichtung zur kontinuierlichen Herstellung dafür
EP0026405A2 *Sep 19, 1980Apr 8, 1981H-C Industries, Inc.Process and apparatus for making a composite closure
EP0263587A1 *Aug 24, 1987Apr 13, 1988Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing CompanyIntermeshable articles
EP2545798A1Jul 13, 2011Jan 16, 20133M Innovative Properties CompanySanitary product system
WO1983001182A1 *Sep 30, 1982Apr 14, 1983Salmi Reissverschluss GmbhA fastening ribbon product and a procedure for the manufacture of such a product
WO1989008201A1 *Feb 21, 1989Sep 8, 1989Michel BergerSystem for joining by interengagement comprising interengaging elements formed by ridges with elastically deformable lips, in particular curvilinear
WO1992004839A2 *Aug 19, 1991Apr 2, 1992Minnesota Mining & MfgMushroom-type hook strip for a mechanical fastener
WO1994023610A1 *Mar 7, 1994Oct 27, 1994Minnesota Mining & MfgMushroom-type hook strip for a mechanical fastener
WO1998014086A1 *Aug 20, 1997Apr 9, 1998Minnesota Mining & MfgJ hook-type hook strip for a mechanical fastener
WO1999010161A1 *Aug 21, 1998Mar 4, 1999Velcro IndPost-forming heads on fastener elements
WO2004071584A1Dec 18, 2003Aug 26, 20043M Innovative Properties CoFirestop article with attachment surface
WO2012088093A1Dec 20, 2011Jun 28, 20123M Innovative Properties CompanyMethod of making a structured surface and article therefrom
WO2013009964A1Jul 12, 2012Jan 17, 20133M Innovative Properties CompanySanitary product system
WO2013071031A1Nov 9, 2012May 16, 2013The Procter & Gamble CompanyAbsorbent articles with hook and loop fastening systems
WO2014004807A1Jun 27, 2013Jan 3, 2014The Procter & Gamble CompanyMethod for producing a multi-layer nonwoven web having enhanced mechanical properties
WO2014005043A1Jun 28, 2013Jan 3, 2014The Procter & Gamble CompanyFastening system having multicomponent fiber component providing enhanced separation resistance
Classifications
U.S. Classification24/452, 74/35, 24/16.0PB, 74/DIG.100
International ClassificationB29C67/00, A44B18/00
Cooperative ClassificationA44B18/0053, B29L2031/727, Y10S74/10, B29C67/0044
European ClassificationA44B18/00F4, B29C67/00K