|Publication number||US3193841 A|
|Publication date||Jul 13, 1965|
|Filing date||Feb 3, 1964|
|Priority date||Feb 3, 1964|
|Publication number||US 3193841 A, US 3193841A, US-A-3193841, US3193841 A, US3193841A|
|Inventors||Haluska Frank P|
|Original Assignee||Haluska Frank P|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (5), Referenced by (21), Classifications (6)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
July 13, 1965 l F. P. HALUsKA 3,193,841
EAR MUFF MOUNTING STRUCTURE FOR HEADGEAR Filed Feb. 3, 1964 o BY 1:33.50 J Arron/v United States Patent O "ce 3,193,841 EAR MUFF MUNTlNG STRUCTURE FR HEADGEAR Frank P. Haiuslra, 1857 IW. Sprague Road, Broadview Heights, @hier Filed Feb. 3, 1964, Ser. No. 342,181 6 Claims. (Cl. 2 3) This invention relates generally to the field of safety equipment, and particularly to improved structure for mounting protective ear muffs on opposed side wall segments of a head protecting device such as a hard hat, cap or other type of headgear.
Many types of industrial jobs require that the workers wear protective structure for their heads in the nature of a cap or hard hat, but only in very recent years have safety measures taken the form of protecting workers ears from hazards such as excessively loud noises, sounds of an ear damaging frequency, heat, sea-shell noises, and noise conditions which are oppressive from a physiological or psychological standpoint. Problems are encountered however, in mounting ear protecting units on supporting headgear. For example, in regard to safety hard hats, the outer protective shell of the hat is normally located in spaced relationship from the wearers head making it difficult to mount ear protecting structure thereon in disposition to effectively cover the .persons ears. Also, it is extremely desirable that the ear rnufs be mounted on the headgear in a manner so that the same may be easily moved out of ear protecting relationship if the person so desires while at the same time permitting the wearer to selectively adjust the pressure of the muifs against his head. Furthermore, the ear mounting structure should not in any way interfere with the normal protective function of the headgear, or decrease the integrity of the outer shell of a hard hat. Finally, it has heretofore been found difficult to assure that the wearer does not develop dermatitis or other conditions from wearing the ear protecting structure over long periods and which is attributable to excessive pressure of the ear muffs against the wearers head, or inability to readily adjust the pressure as required.
Among the problems referred to above, one of the most difficult to solve was found to be the requirement of eflicient, simple and inexpensive means for ypermitting the wearer of the headgear to selectively adjust the pressure of the ear muffs against his head and which necessarily varies from individual to individual.
It is therefore the primary object of the invention to provide novel structure for mounting ear muffs on headgear of various types which overcomes the problems mentioned above, and which includes improved components for selectively varying the force under which the ear muffs are biased toward the wearers head when the muffs are located in normal ear protecting disposition.
It is another very important object of the invention to provide structure for mounting protective ear muffs on headgear wherein the mounting structure for each muff includes a generally U-shaped member of resilient material, adapted to be secured on respective side wall segments of the headgear above the wearers ears, and including novel extensible means between opposed legs of each of the mounting structures for permitting selective variation of the force under which the outer mutf carrying leg of the U-shaped member is biased toward the wearers head. In this respect, another significant object of the invention is to provide ear muti mounting structure as described, wherein the extensible adjustment means between the resilient legs of the mounting structure for each muif includes an elongated, externally threaded bolt lglil Patented July 13, 1965 extending through the leg adjacent a corresponding side wall segment of the headgear and toward the outer leg of the support member, and with an adjustable nut being provided over the corresponding bolt and abutting the inner face of the outer leg section so that the wearer of the headgear may selectively adjust the pressure under which a corresponding ear mutf is forced toward his head, by the simple expedient of rotating a respective adjustment nut. A further important object is to provide mounting structure for ear muifs carried by suitable headgear, wherein the utilization of extensible means which is carried by the inner leg section of the U-shaped mounting member for each of the ear muifs, and which simply abuts the inner face of the outer leg of the muff carrying structure, presents a much stronger assembly which may be conveniently and easily adjusted as required, and wherein there is no tendency for the muti carrying leg of the support structure to bend or break at the point of engagement of the extensible adjustment means therewith.
A still further important object of the invention is to provide structure for mounting ear mulfs on headgear which is especially adapted for mounting of commercially available ear muffs thereon without modification of the muffs being required in any way, and therefore minimizing the cost of the ear protecting assembly. Another important aim of the invention in this connection is to provide mounting structure for ear mutfs carried by headgear, which is constructed in a manner to permit mounting thereof on presently existing hats so that persons already in the possession of safety headgar or the like may modify the same to provide ear protection, thereby resulting in a considerable saving and making conversion of the hats attractive from an economic standpoint for maximum safety and comfort under all conditions which the worker may encounter in his job.
Other important objects and details of construction of the present ear mutf mounting structure will be explained in greater detail or become obvious as the following specification progresses.
In the drawings:
FIGURE 1 is a front elevational view of a safety hard hat of the cap style and having ear protecting mutfs mounted thereon employing the improved mounting structure of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a side elevational view of the hard hat and ear muff structure as shown in FIG. l;
FIG. 3 is an enlarged, fragmentary, side elevational view illustrating the mounting structure for securing each of the ear muffs to a corresponding side Wall segment of the safety hat, and with the pivoting action of the ear mufr mount, as well as the main support member therefor, being illustrated by dash lines of differing lengths;
FIG. 4 is a fragmentary, vertical cross-sectional View taken substantially on the line 4 4 of FIG. 3 and looking in the direction of the arrows; and
FIG. 5 is a fragmentary, end elevational view of the portion of the ear muff mounting structure serving to mount an individual muti on a main support member therefor, and viewing the components along a line indicated generally by the numerals 5 5 in FIG. 4 and looking downwardly in the direction of the arrows.
A safety hat assembly constructed in accordance with one of the preferred concepts of the present invention is broadly denominated 10 in the drawings and includes a hard hat 12 having opposed side wall segments 14 and 16 which are located adjacent and above a persons ears when wearing hat 12. Although a hard hat of the cap style has been shown in the drawings for purposes of illustrating the type of hat upon which the present ear muff construction of this invention is especially adapted to be mounted, it is to be understood that the ear mutfs sons head.` In this way, the peripheral marginZiV of hat 12 is maintained a-,slight distance above Athe persons ears 4while wearing hat 12.
A pair of ear mutic attachments 22 and 24 are mounted on hat 12 at'opposed sides thereof, withattachment 22 being pivotally secured to side wall segment 14 while at- Y, tachment 24 is ypivotally carried by side Wall segment 16 Y of hat 12. Since `the ear muif attachments 22 and 24 are oftidentical construction, only one of the same is de-i scribed in-detail, with it being understood that the same numbers are; used for identical parts of theattachments.V
Thus, referring to ear muti" attachment 22, it is to be seen that the same includes a generally U-shaped support member 26 constructed of an elongated strip of resilient material rebent upon itself intermediate the ends thereof to present a first leg section 2S anda second leg section 3) which are interconnected by an intermediate, longitudinally arcuate bight section`32 which is normally bent, during construction 'of member 26, to Vcause leg section 30 to be biased toward leg section 2S. 4
The elongated leg section 28 is vprovided 'with' three openings 34, 35 and 38 therein arrangedin alignment longitudinally of the'leg section and adapted to receive an elongated securing element` 40 in the nature of a bolt having a head 42 within the interior VofV hat 12, and an externally threaded segment44 extending-through an opening 46 in side wall 14 of hat 12, as well as through the opening 36 inleg section 23. As will be explained here-Y inafter, the bolt 40 may be positioned in any of. the openings 34,736 or 38 depending upon the dimensions of the head of a particular wearer of hat 12. Washer 4S is located between head 42 of bolt 4@ and the innersurface of hat 12, while a similar washer Sil is located over segment 44 of bolt 4i) in contact with the outer face of leg section 28. A self-locking, aircraft type nut 52 is threaded over segment 44 of bolt 40 and in engagement with Washer d. It is to be understood'that the nut 52 has a dome-shaped hollow head 54 which mounts a threaded, synthetic resin or the like, inner fitting 56 which tightly engages the threads of segment 44 of bolt 4@ and maires the nut 52 resistant to rotation on the bolt. In the fabricai tion of attachment 22, the nut 52 is threaded against washer 50 with only suicient force to retain member 2e in a normal xed position on hat 12, but not with'sutiicient .Y pressure to preclude rotation of member 26 about the v axis of bolt 40 as will be explained.`
Ahollowucap nut 58 threaded over theV outer extremity of segment 44 of bolt'4ti (which it is to be noted normally tremity 700i leg section 3d comprises'a bolt Vtitl extending through extremity itiV as well as bightportion "i2 of strap 74, andy provided with a self-locking nut82 on the outer threaded extremity thereof. Nut 82 is of the same type as nut 52. Again, it is to be vpointed out that the nut 82 is threaded on bolt 80 only to the extent of preventing very free Vrotation of strap 74V about the axis of the bolt, but not interfering withV pivoting motion thereof, as is best shown in FIG. 3. In any. event,'the downturned outermost end of extremity 7) precludes free rota- Y tion of strap 74 about bolt S0.
The Vearmutf 84 may be of conventional construction and includes a hollowY housing 86 adapted to receive Sound absorbing material, and provided with a head engaging, ear encircling, resilient pad element on the normally innermost face lthereof. Pivot pins 90 projecting outwardly in opposite directions from opposed sides of housing 86 are4 adapted to be received within corresponding openings therefor in legsr and 78 of strap 74,' thereby ypermitting the muif S4v to rotate'about agenerally horizontal axis when hat-12 is on the wearers head,
as is'evident'from FIGS. 1 and2. Y
In the useiof hat assembly it), the attachments 22 and 24are normally located in Vthe disposition thereof illustrated in FIGS. l and 2, whereby thehat 12 may be sim- .ply fitted over the persons head asiheholdsear muffs 34 outwardly away from the side of his head sufliciently to cause pad elements 88 to clear the wearers ears. AS theY ear muis S4 are held outwardly, the sections 3d of supportmembers 2e flex against the bias of bight sections 32 and thereby causing the inner faces of leg sections 3@ to move out of engagement with cap nuts 58. Thus, upon release of the ear rnusV 84 from the persons hands, the bight sections 32 in cooperation with the leg sections 3i) ofeach .of the support members 26, bias the pad element-s 88 of ear muiis S4 into tight engagement with the Wearers head and in encircling relationship to his ears.
Itis to be noted at this juncture 4that the force under spaced from the opposed inner surface of leg section 3!)Y a also has amain body 6d threaded over the bolt, as Vwell as a tubular-outer housing portion'62 which overlies thev outer extremity of segment 44 of bolt 4d. The domeshaped head section 64 of cap nut 58 between housing portion 62 and body 6d, receives a synthetic resin, inner Y tting 66 similarVV to fitting 516, and thereby causing the cap nut .58 to be resistant to rotation on boltv 4d. As best shown in FIG. 4, the outer end Wall 68 of the housing section 30 yandithe latter is of imperforate construction throughout the entire length thereof engaged by captnut 58.
The outer extremity '70 of leg Vsrectiond remote from l bight section 32,' is bent into Vgenerally,L-sh'ape'd con- Vthe wearers head, depends upon the location of respectivey cap nuts 58 on bolts 40.' Sincetheextensible units presented by bolts litiand `the cap nuts 58 thereon determine the locationof leg sections '30 with respect to j legv sections 2S, the spacing between kear muffs S4' i is dependent upon and is governed by the relative locationsof cap nuts 58.with respect to outer leg sections 30 of support members 26. The straps 74 carrying ear mufs 84 thereon flex very little longitudinally of legs 76 and 78, because the greatest width ofthe straps is Ylocated in generally parallel relationship to the line of forceYV on which each of the ear muifs 34 is biased toward the wearer/s head, and therefore lthe' principal bias applied to each of the ear Inuits is attributable to the support members '26 and especially the bight sections 32 thereof. This causes the ear muffs 84 to be forced into fthe necessary tight engagement with theV wearers head to assure iirm adherence of pad elements 8S to the portion of the wearers his ears. j
If the ear rnuffsY 84 do not engage the persons head with suiiicient pressure, or are too'tight against'his head, the pressure may beV readily adjusted by rotation of @cap nuts 58 in a proper direction onv corresponding bolts 46,'to either shift the respective leg sections 30 outwardly relative to adjacent leg sections 23,' or to portion 62 of cap nut 58, abuts the innerA surface of leg normally preclude rotation, thereoffon Ysegments 44--of boltsV 4t) during normal use of hat assembly-10.' Thus, the kadjustmentcannot be made with a persons fingers but can easily be accomplished witha tool.
When the wearer of hat 12 desires to use the same `without :disposition of the Year/mutt attachments 22 and head in surrounding relationship toV 24 in overlying relationship to his ears, this may be done by simple rotation of support members 26 about ythe axes of corresponding bolts 40. Normally, one of the ear muti attachments will be rotated so that the ear muff 84 'thereon faces forwardly, while the other ear muff attachment is rotated in a direction toposition the ear muff 84 thereon facing rearwardly. This balances the hat assembly and precludes unequal distribution of weight on hat 12. It is believed obvious however, that many rest positions of ear muffs S4 on hat 12 are within the selection of the wearer according to his comfort needs.
The pivotal mounting of mounting straps '74 on members 26 also permits the pad elements 88 of ear muffs 84 to conform very closely to the wearers head and notwithstanding slight variations in the head sizes of the persons wearing the hat assemblies 10.
The relative position of ear muffs 84 with respect to the margin 2t) of hat 12 may also be readily varied by altering the position of bolts 4Q in the openings through inner leg :section 28 of each of the support members 26. This adjustment may be readily accomplished by simple removal of cap nuts 5S yand the fastening nuts 52 on corresponding bolts 40.
The way in which the cap nuts 5S abut the inner surfaces of corresponding leg sections 30, rather than passing through suitable openings therefor in the outer leg of support members 26, is extremely important to the proper operation and longevity of attachments 22 and 24, since there is no tendency for leg sections 30 to be deformed or break at the point of engagement thereof by the extensible units defined by bolts 4f) and cap nuts 58. Furthermore, the adjustment of tension of ear muffs 84 against the wearers head may be easily and readily effected by simple rotation of cap nuts 58.
It is also now apparent that ear muff attachments 22 and 24 may be mounted on headgear such as hat 12 at the time of -original production thereof, or they may be secured to headgear already out in the field which require modification for sound damping or hearing conservation purposes. Presently existing hats or other headgear undergoing modication require only a single hole 46 in hat 12 for each of the attachments 22 and 24 and which are preferably drilled about 1%@ inches above the rim of the hat and plus or minus 6 inches forward of the back center line of hat 12. It is to be recognized however, that the positioning of holes 46 will obviously vary with the fit of the hat or headgear and the position of the wearers ears in regard to the back center line of the hat 12 and margin 2f? thereof. These holes will also vary to a certain extent depending upon the external configuration of the headgear.
Having thus described the invention what is claimed as new eand desired to be secured by Letters Patent is:
1. Structure for mounting an ear muff on headgear comprising:
a generally U-shaped support member :of resilient material and having a first leg section adapted to be secured to said headgear, a second leg section spaced outwardly from said first leg section and thereby adapted to be spaced from the headgear, and a bight section interconnecting adjacent extremities of said first and second leg sections and biasing the second leg section inwardly toward said first leg section, said second leg section being adapted to carry an ear muff thereon in a location to engage the head of a wearer of the headgear in overlying relationship to one of his ears; and
selectively extensible means carried by one leg section of the member and engaging the other leg section for varying the spacing therebetween against the bias of said bight section to permit variation of the pressure of the ear muff against said wearers head.
2. Structure as set forth in claim 1 wherein said extensible means includes an elongated element extending from said first leg section toward the second leg section, and a component shiftably mounted on said element for movement longitudinally thereof and engaging said second leg section for maintaining the latter spaced outwardly from said first leg section any selected distance within limits against the bias of said bight section.
3. Structure as set forth in claim 2 wherein is provided connector means on said element for securing said first leg section of the member to said headgear, said first leg vsection being provided with a series of spaced openings therein arranged longitudinally of the first leg section for selectively receiving said element whereby the position of said member on said headgear may be varied by the wearer.
4. A headgear assembly comprising:
headgear having opposed side wall segments each terminating adjacent respective ears of a person wearin the headgear;
a protective mulf for each of the wearers ears;
support structure for each muff including a first section secured to a corresponding side wall segment of the headgear, a second section spaced outwardly from each first section and thereby spaced from an adjacent side wall segment of the headgear, means mounting a corresponding muff on each second section in disposition to overlie a respective ear of the wearer of the headgear, connector means joining the first and second sections of each support structure and biasing the second sections inwardly toward adjacent first sections, and selectively operable means interposed between respective adjacent rst and second sections for varying the bias of corresponding second sections toward adjacent first sections to permit change of the pressure of the ear muffs against the wearers head; and
means pivotally mounting corresponding first sections of the support structures on respective side wall segments of the headgear to permit swinging of the muffs to positions clearing the wearers ears when the headgear is in the normal position thereof on the persons head.
5. An assembly as set forth in claim 4 wherein said means pivotally mounting the support structures includes bolt means extending through the side wall segments of the headgear, said first sections of the support means each being provided with a series of openings therein for individually receiving corresponding bolt means whereby the location of the ear muffs relative to the persons ears may be varied by shifting the bolt means to a different opening therefor in a corresponding first section of the support structures.
6. A headgear assembly comprising:
headgear having opposed side wall segments each terminating adjacent respective ears of a person wearing the headgear;
support structure for each muff including an elongated band of resilient material bent upon itself to present a U-shaped support comprised of a first section extending upwardly from a corresponding side wall segment, a bight section integral with the first section disposed above the latter and extending outwardly from said first section, and a second section integral with I the bight section and depending therefrom, the bight section biasing the second section toward the first section;
an externally threaded bolt for each structure, each bolt extending through the corresponding side wall segment of the headgear, said bolts pivotally mounting respective first sections of the support structures to corresponding side wall segments and extending outwardly therefrom toward the respective second sections;
means mountng a muff on each of said second sections;
an elongated, internally threaded nut for each bolt recorresponding secondsections for holding the InuitsV Vin preselected relationship with respect Vtothe Wearers'` ears, the second sections being free from said 'nuts for manually shifting movement outwardly from the nuts against the bias ofthe bight'sections to` permit removal Vof the muffs from'the Wearers ears andY of the support structures on tlleir're'spectivey Y l t Y Y 10 JORDAN FRANKLIN, Primary Examiner.
References YCited by tlleExaminer UNITED STATES PATENT Feher. t Y
Childress V 179'-156 Childress 179-156 Childress Y. 179-156 'Roth .179156
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|US20110119804 *||Feb 3, 2011||May 26, 2011||Sound Team Enterprise Co., Ltd.||Earmuff assembly|
|US20150041243 *||Aug 4, 2014||Feb 12, 2015||Larry D. Ratliff||Cap hearing protection system|
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|U.S. Classification||2/423, 2/209|
|International Classification||A42B3/04, A42B3/16|