Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.

Patents

  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS3193864 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJul 13, 1965
Filing dateJul 30, 1963
Priority dateAug 29, 1962
Also published asDE1185147B
Publication numberUS 3193864 A, US 3193864A, US-A-3193864, US3193864 A, US3193864A
InventorsHerbert Makowsky
Original AssigneeHerbert Makowsky
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Toothbrush
US 3193864 A
Abstract  available in
Images(2)
Previous page
Next page
Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

July 13, 1965 H. MAKOWSKY 3,193,864

TOOTHBRUSH Filed July 30, 1963 I 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 INVENTOR. fir'bzr/ a. kaurl y 13, 1955 H. MAKOWSKY 3,193,864

" TOOTHBRUSH Filed y 30, 3 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 H6. 6 F/G. 7 F76. a F/G. 9

United States Patent 3,193,864 TOOTHBRUSH Herbert Makowshy, Wielandstrasse 25, Bremen, Germany Filed July 31), 1963, Ser. No. 253,669 Qlaims priority, application Germany, Aug. 29, 1962, M 54,068 14 Claims. (Cl. l172) The present invention concerns a toothbrush.

It is a recognized fact that the most suitable way of brushing teeth is to move :a brush, above all, along the outside and inside of the teeth in a direction lengthwise of the teeth i.e. in substantially vertical direction because in this manner not only the recesses between neighboring teeth are most efiiciently cleaned but because also in this manner the enamel which is grown in that direction is treated most gently and thus preserved.

However, the advice to brush the teeth in this manner is not always followed because with ordinary toothbrushes it is neither convenient nor very easy to carry out the above mentioned method of brushing.

It is therefore one object of this invention to provide for a toothbrush which not only makes it easy to brush the teeth on the inside and outside in'the desired vertical direction but which actually forces the user of the toothbrush to clean the teeth in this preferred manner.

It is another object of this invention to provide for a toothbrush of the type set forth which is adjustable between two positions, one of which is specifically adapted for cleaning the outside of the teeth and the other one specifically designed for cleaning the inside of the teeth.

It is still another object of the invention to provide for such a toothbrush which is comparatively simple of construction and extremely convenient in use.

With the above objects in View the invention includes a toothbrush comprising, in combination, elongated handle means; a pair of oblong brush carrier means pivotally mounted in the area of one end of said handle means for turning movement relative thereto between a first position in which said oblong brush carrier means extend from said area alongside each other in longitudinal direction of said handle means, and a second position in which said oblong brush carrier means extend from said area in directions opposite to each other and transversely of said longitudinal direction of said handle means, each of said brush carrier means being equipped with a plurality of bristles projecting therefrom in a direction transverse of the plane of rotation of said brush carrier means; and control means for moving said brush carrier means between said first and second positions thereof.

In a more specific aspect the invention includes a toothbrush comprising, in combination, elon ated handle means; and oblong brush carrier means mounted in the area of one end of said handle means and extending transversely of the longitudinal direction of said handle means, said brush carrier means being curved in a plane transverse of said longitudinal direction of said handle means and being equipped with a plurality of bristles projecting therefrom substantially in the direction of said plane.

The novel features which are considered as characteristic for the invention are set forth in particular in the appended claims. The invention itself, however, both as to its construction and its method of operation, together with additional objects and advantages thereof, will be best understood from the following description of specific embodiments when read in connection with the accompanying drawings, in which:

FIG. 1 is a plan view of a toothbrush according to the invention, in a first position of the movable parts thereof;

FIG. 2 is a lateral view of the toothbrush according to FIG. 1;

3,l93,86 l Patented July 13, 1965 FIG. 3 is an end view of the brush illustrated by FIGS. 1 and 2;

FIG. 4 is a side View of the brush according to the invention, in a second position of the movable elements thereof;

FIG. 5 is a plan view of the toothbrush in the position illustrated by FIG. 4;

FIG. 6 is a plan view of the handle portion of the toothbrush illustrated by FIGS. 1-5;

FIG. 7 is a lateral view of the handle according to PEG. 6;

FIG. 8 is a plan view of the slide member of the toothbrush according to FIGS. 1-5;

FIG. 9 is a lateral view of the slide member according to FIG. 8; and

FIG. 10 is a diagrammatic illustration at a larger scale of the end portion of the toothbrush according to the invention.

As can be seen from FIGS. 1-3, one embodiment of the invention is a toothbrush which comprises an elongated handle a which carries at one end two brush carriers b and of oblong shape which extend from the end of the handle a in opposite directions transversely of the longitudinal direction of the handle a and which are curved as illustrated by FIG. 3 in a plane also transverse of the longitudinal direction of the handle a. The bristles b extend from the concave surfaces of the brush carrier members [2 and b substantially in the plane of said curvature. Consequently, the entire set of bristles b in the curved arrangement shown by FIG. 3 is particularly well suited for cleaning the outside of the teeth in the front portion of the mouth in the above described preferable manner namely in vertical direction because the brush according to the invention has only to be moved in vertical direction up and down while the curved brushes are in engagement with a substantial number of the teeth simultaneously.

However, in a preferred embodiment of the invention the brush carrier members b and b are mounted adjustably on the handle a so that their position relative to the handle can be changed for the purpose of using, in one position, the brush in the manner described above for cleaning the outside of the teeth, particularly in the front portion of the mouth, and for using the brush, in a second position, for cleaning particularly the inside of the teeth.

The illustrated embodiment comprises a pair of oblong brush carrier members b and b which are pivoted at the end of the handle a. As can be seen best from FIGS. 3 and 6, each of the brush carrier members b and 12 is provided with a pivot pin composed of a portion f or f respectively, of comparatively larger diameter and an extension f or f respectively, of smaller diameter, the last mentioned portion fitting into corresponding hearing holes a l and a respectively, provided in the handle member a. The above mentioned pivot pins are held in place in the bearing holes by some suitable means e.g. by a small plate hi or f respectively, attached to the outer end of the pivot pin.

The brush carrier members b and being thus pivot ally mounted near the end of the handle a can be moved or turned between two positions, namely between a first position as illustrated by FIGS. 4 and 5 in which the two brush carrier members b and b extend alongside each other in the longitudinal direction of the handle a, and a second position illustrated by FIGS. 1-3 in which the two brush carrier members extend from the end of the handle a in opposite direction to each other transversely of the longitudinal direction of the handle a.

In order to move the brush carrier members between these two positions control means are provided which may consist for example by a slide member 0 as illustrated separately by FIGS. 8 and 9 which is arranged for member 1.

provided with corresponding wave-like recesses.

being slidingly moved along the handle membera. lnere are many Ways in which the slide member c may be guided for a lengthwise movement along the handle member a;

.One possibility is to provide one of these members with a projecting portion and the other member with a corresponding slot, groove or'recess in which the projecting portion may slide. A projecting'rib F is shown on the lower sideof the slide member c and a corresponding slot or groove 1' is shown on the upper face of the handle The specific configuration of the portions r and r will be explained and described further'below.

The slide member c issuperimposed on the handle a and terminates at one end thereof in'two fork-like arms d and d which reach into thearea outside the bearing 1 holes a and a respectively, described 'above., The

thereof.

Of course, the'outeredges of the above mentioned recesses andprojections, or both, should be chamfered so that no sharp shoulders are present. Assuming further-that at least one of the members a and c has a certain elasticity /so as'to be easily bent, it will be tinderstood that upon shifting the slide member 'c relative to the handlemember a. the arrestingprojection or projections can be shifted from onerecess into the other. After such shift the natural pressure exerted by the fingers or by 'the hand of'the user-will firmly hold the movable parts of the toothbrush in the desired'position.

ends of thearms d and d carr'y each a pin I1 and [1 respectively, whichare designed to operatively connect the slide member c with the brush carrier members 15 and b respectively.

This operative connectioncan be seen more clearly from the FIG. 10. FIG. 10. is actually a plan view exactly as FIG. 1 however for better explanation the brush carrier members b and are shown as if they were transparent so that other details of the cooperating parts are recognizable more easily; According to H6. 10 each of the brush carrier members bi and b is also pro- 7 rier member. The slot or groove k is fitted over the above mentioned pin I1 of the slide member c while the slot k is similarly fitted over the pin k It will be understood that if the slide 0 is moved a certain distance in the lengthwise direction of the handlea, the'pins h and I1 will move the respective brush carrier members,

while sliding in the slots I1 and h respectively, between the above mentioned two characteristicpositions. The

amount of movement is predetermined and indicated as x in FIG. 2 which shows the slide member c-moved relative to the handle a enough for, causing the brush carrier members b and b to assume the above mentioned second position as illustrated in FIGS. 1-3. I

Undercertain circumstances itmay be desirable to prevent the outer ends of the member a, and c from moving part unintentionally. .For this purpose for instance the handle member a may be provided with a small hole c' and the slide memberwith aslot c'.' A rivet c" or the likeplaced through'the slot c and thehole c' and remaining slidable in the slot c may be used for achieving this result.

' As awhole all members. of the toothbrush described above may be made me simple manner from synthetic material, preferably of a type which gives the member a certain amount or elasticity. Such elasticity is even vided with a groove. k or k ,'respect ively, extending in lengthwise direction of the respective oblong brush cardesirable for properly carrying out the cleaning operation by the toothbrush.

7 It should be 'noted that the small gap existing between the inner ends of the brush carrier members b and [2 as shown in the second position illustrated by FIGSJ and 3 is in no way deterimentalfor the cleaning effect because to, carrying out the most effective and suitable operation It is easy to'understand that the user of the toothbrush 7 can easily control the desired position of the brush car rier members because while holding the toothbrush in his hands .he can easily shift withhisfingers the slide member 0 lengthwise relative to the handle member .a.

g In order to facilitate this operation it may be advisable 'to provide the outwardly facing surfaces of both or at least one of the handle and slide members with corrugations or serrations g and g respectively, as illustrated. After the slide member a and correspondingly the con- .it is' to be expected thatthe bristles 22 near these inner ends will bridge that gap so that it remains entirely unnoticeable and without any disadvantageous effect.

ltwillbe understood that the toothbrush according to the invention as described above by-way of example is comparatively very simple in its construction highly efficient through its adjustability and in any case inducive of cleaning the teeth.

- It will be understood that eachof the. elements described above, or tworor more together, may also find'a useful application in other types of a toothbrushwith brush carrier members extending transversely of the handle differing from the types described above.

While the invention has been illustrated and described as embodied in a toothbrushwith brushcarrier members adjustable between twojdiiferent positions, it is not intended to be limited to the details shown,.since various trolled brush carrier members have been moved toqne or the other of the desired positions, the pressure of the fingers orof the hand'of the user which isautomatically' 7 applied between the members a and 0 will prevent further relative movement and thus hold the brush carrier members in the particular'desired position. However, it may be desirable to provide for some kind of locking or arresting means which would assist in maintaining the moveable members in one or the'other achieved relative position.

For this purpose either the slide member 0 or the ham dle member a may be provided with at least one projection and the other member with atleast two corresponding recesses e.g. in the surfaces of these members w hich face eachother so that said projection, in one position, I

modifications and structural changes may b'emade without departing in any way from the spirit ofthe present invention. V a

. Without further analysis, the foregoing will so fully'reveal the gist of the present invention that others can by applying current knowledge readily adapt it for various applications without omitting features that, from the standpoint of prior art, fairly constitute essential characteristics of the generic orspecific'aspects of this invention and,

therefore, such adaptations should and are intended to be comprehended withinthe meaning and range of equivalence of the following claims.

.Whatis claimedas new and desired to be secured by Letters Patent is: l

,1. A toothbrush, comprising, in combination, elongated handle, means; a pair of oblong brush carriermeans pivot- .side each other inlongitudinal direction of said handle 4 ally mounted in the area of one of said handle means forjturning movement relative theretoin mutually opposite directions between a first position in which said oblongbrush carrier'means extend from said area alongmeans, and a secondposition in which said oblong brush carrier means extend from said areain directions opposite to each other and transversely of said longitudinal direcj tion of said handle means, each of said brush carrier means 7 being curved in a plane transverse of theplane of rotation thereof and being equipped with a plurality of.bristles projecting therefrom in a direction transverse of the plane of rotation of said brush carrier means; and slide means operatively connected to said pair of brush carrier means for turning one of said brush carrier means between said first and second positions thereof in a first direction of movement transversely of said longitudinal direction while simultaneously turning the other of said brush carrier means in a second direction of movement opposite said first direction.

2. A toothbrush, comprising, in combination, elongated handle means; a pair of oblong brush carrier means for turning movement relative thereto in mutually opposite directions between a first position in which said oblong brush carrier means extend from said area alongside each other in longitudinal direction of said handle means, and a second position in which said oblong brush carrier means extend from said area in directions opposite to each other and transversely of said longitudinal direction of said handle means, each of said brush carrier means being curved in a plane transverse of the plane of rotation thereof and being equipped with a plurality of bristles projecting therefrom in a direction transverse of the plane of rotation of said brush carrier means; and control means for moving said brush carrier means between said first and second positions thereof, said control means comprising slide means arranged for being manually moved glidingly along said elongated handle means and having an end portion operatively connected with said pair of brush carrier means in such a manner that a sliding movement of said slide means along said handle means in one direction causes one brush carrier means of said pair to move from said first position to said second position in a first direction of movement, while simultaneously causing the other one of said pair to move from said first position to said second position in a second direction of movement opposite said first direction, and that a movement of said slide means in opposite direction causes the respective brush carrier means to move from their respective second positions to the respective first positions.

3. A toothbrush, comprising, in combination, elongated handle means; a pair of oblong brush carrier means pivotally mounted in the area of one end of said handle means for turning movement relative thereto between a first position in which said oblong brush carrier means extend from said area alongside each other in longitudinal direction of said handle means, and a second position in which said oblong brush carrier means extend from said area in directions opposite to each other and transversely of said longitudinal direction of said handle means, each of said brush carrier means being curved in a plane transverse of the plane of rotation thereof and being equipped with a V plurality of bristles projecting therefrom in a direction transverse of the plane of rotation of said brush carrier means; and control means for moving said brush carrier means between said first and second positions thereof, said control means comprising slide means arranged for being manually moved slidingly along said elongated handle means and having a forked end portion including tWo arms, each being operatively connected with a ditfen ent one of said brush carrier means, each of the latter having a guide portion in sliding engagement with a portion of one of said arms, in such a manner that a sliding movement of said slide means along said handle means in one direction causes said pair of brush carrier means to move from said first position to said second position, and that a movement in opposite direction causes said brush carrier means to move from said second position to said first position.

4. A toothbrush, comprising, in combination, elongated handle means; a pair of oblong brush carrier means pivotally mounted in the area of one end of said handle means for turning movement relative thereto between a first position in which said oblong brush carrier means extend from said area alongside each other in longitudinal direction of said handle means, and a second position in which said oblong brush carrier means extend from said area in directions opposite to each other and transversely of said longitudinal direction of said handle means, each of said brush carrier means being curved in a plane transverse of the plane of rotation thereof and being equipped with a plurality of bristles projecting therefrom in a direction transverse of the plane of rotation of said brush carrier means; and control means for moving said brush carrier means between said first and second positions thereof, said control means comprising slide means arranged for being manually moved slidingly along said elongated handle means and having an end portion operatively connected with said pair of brush carrier means in such a manner that a sliding movement of said slide means along said handle means in one direction causes said pair of brush carrier means to move from said first position to said second position, and that a movement in opposite direction causes said brush carrier means to move from said second position to said first positon, one of said handle and slide means being provided with at least one elongated slot portion and the other one of said handle and slide means being provided with at least one projecting guide portion slidingly engaging said slot portion for guiding the sliding movement of said slide means rela tive to said handle means.

5. A toothbrush, comprising, in combination, elongated handle means; a pair of oblong brush carrier means pivotally, mounted in the area of one end of said handle means for turning movement relative thereto between a first position in which said oblong brush carrier means extend from said area alongside each other in longitudinal direction of said handle means, and a second position in which said oblong brush carrier means extend from said area in directions opposite to each other and transversely of said longitudinal direction of said handle means, each of said brush carrier means being curved in a plane transverse of the plane of rotation thereof and being equipped with a plurality of bristles projecting therefrom in a direction transverse of the plane of rotation of said brush carrier means; and control means for moving said brush carrier means between said first and second positions thereof, said control means comprising slide means arranged for being manually moved slidingly along said elongated handle means and having a forked end portion including two arms, each being operatively connected with a different one of said brush carrier means, each of the latter having a guide portion in sliding engagement with a portion of one of said arms, in such a manner that a sliding movement of said slide means along said handle means in one direction causes said pair of brush carrier means to move from said first position to said second position, and that a movement in opposite direction causes said brush carrier means to move from said second position to said first position, one of said handle and slide means being provided with at least one elongated slot portion and the other one of said handle and slide means being provided with at least one projecting guide portion slidingly engaging said slot portion for guiding the sliding movement of said slide means selective to said handle means.

6. A toothbrush, comprising, in combination, elongated handle means; a pair of oblong brush carrier means for turning movement relative thereto between a first position in which said oblong brush carrier means extend from said are-a alongside each other in longitudinal direction of said handle means, and a second position in which said oblong brush carrier means extend from said area in directions opposite to each other and transversely of said longitudinal direction of said handle means, each of said brush carrier means being curved in a plane transverse of the plane of rotation thereof and being equipped with a plurality of bristles projecting therefrom in a direction transverse of the plane of rotation of said brush carrier means; and control means for moving said brush carrier means between said first and second positions thereof, said control means comprising slide means arranged for being manually moved glidingly along said elongated hanmeans when said brush carrier means are moved to either,

one of said first and second positions, respectively.

7. A toothbrush, comprising,in combination, elongate-d handle means; a pair ofoblong brush carrier means pivotally mounted in the area of one end of said handle means for turning movement relative thereto between a first position in which said oblong brush carrier means extend from said area alongside each other in longitudinal directionof said handle means, and a second position in which said oblong brush carrier means-extendfrom said area in directions opposite to eachother and transversely of [said longitudinal direction of said handle means, each of said brush carrier means being curved in a plane transverse of the plane of rotation thereof and being equipped with a plurality of bristles projecting therefrom in a directiontransverse of the plane of rotation of said brush carrier means; andcontrol means for moving said brush carrier means between said firstand second positions thereof, said control means comprising slide means arranged for being manually moved slidingly along said elongated handle means and having a forked end portion including two arms, each being operatively connected with a different one of said brush carrier means, each of the latter having a guide portion in sliding engagement with a portion of one ofsaid arms, in such a manner that a sliding movement of said slide means along saidhandle means in one direction causes said pair of brush carrier means to move from said first position to said second position to said second position, and that a 'movernent in opposite direction causes said brush carrier means to move from said second position to said first position, said,

control means including arresting means for disengagedly locking said slide means in place on said handle means when said brush carrier means are moved, toeither one of said first and second positions, respectively. a

8. A toothbrush, comprising, incombination, elongated handle means; a pair of oblong brush carrier means for turning movement relative thereto between a first position in which saidoblong brush carrier means extend from said area alongside each other in longitudinal direction of said handle means, and a second position in which said oblong brush carrier means extend fromsaid area in directions opposite to each other'and transversely of vs, 1 a e-,sea

means relative to said handle means, said slot portion and said' guide portion having metrically interengaging edges, atleast one of said edges of one of said portions being provided with at least one projecting part and at least'one of the edges of the other portion being provided with at least two recesses in such a manner that said projecting part engages one'of said recesses and arrests said slide means on said handle means when said brush carrier means are moved to said first position, and that said projecting part engages the other one of said recesses and arrests said slide means onsaid handle means when said brush carrier means are moved to said second position, at 'least one of said handle and slide means being sufficiently elastic to permit shifting of said projecting part'from engagement with one of said'recesses to engagement with the other one of said recesses,

9. A toothbrush, comprising,' in combination, elongated handle means; a pair of oblong brushcarrier means pivotallymounted in thearea of one end of said handle means for turning movementrelativethereto between a first position in which said oblong brush carrier means extend from said-area alongside each other in longitudinal direction 'of said handle means, and'a second position'in which said oblong brush carrier means extend from saidarea-in directions opposite toeach other and transversely of said longitudinal direction of said handle means, each of said brush carrier means being curved in, a plane transverse; of the plane of rotation thereof'and being equipped with a plurality of bristles projecting therefrom in a direction transverse of the'plane of rotation of said brush carrier means; and'control 7 means formoving' said brush carrier means between said said longitudinal direction of said handle means, each of said brush carrier means being curved in a plane transverse of the plane of rotation thereof and being equipped with a plurality of bristles projecting therefrom in a direction transverse of the plane of rotation of said brush carrier means; and control means for moving said brush carrier means between said first and second po-l sitions thereof, said control means comprising slide means arranged for being manually moved glidingly along .said,

elongated handle means 'and having an end portion operatively connected with said pair of brush carrier 'mcans in such a manner that a sliding movement of said slide means along said handlemeans in one. direction causes .first and second positions thereof, said control means comprising slide means arranged for being ,manually moved slidingly along. saidelongated handle means and having a tori-ted end-portion including two arms, each being operatively connected with a different one of said brush carrier means, each ofv the latter having a guide portion in sliding engagement'with a portion of one of saidarms, in such a manner that a sliding movement of said slide means along said handlemeans in one direction'causes said pair of brush carrier means to move from said first'positionto said second'position, and that a movement in opposite, direction causes said brush carrier means'to move from said second position to said first position, one'of said handle and slide means being provided with at' least" one elongated slot' portion and the other one of said handle and slide means being provided with at least one projecting guide portion slidingly engaging said slot portion forguiding the sliding movement'of said slide means relative to said handle means, said slot portion and said guide portion having metrically interengaging edges, at least one of'said edges of one of said portions being 'provided with at least one projecting part and at least one of the edges of the other portion being providedwith at least two recesses in such a mannor that said projecting part engages one of said recesses and arrests said slide means on said handle means 7 when said brush carrier means are moved to said first position, and'that said projecting part engages the other one of said recesses and arrests said slide means on said handle means when said brush carrier means are moved said pair of brush carrier means toimove from said first position to said second position, and that 'a movement in opposite direction causes said brush carrier means to move from said second position to said'first position,

one of said handle and slidemeans being provided with atleast one elongated slot portion and the other one of said handle and slide means being provided with at least one projecting guide portion slidingly engaging'said slot,

portion for guiding the sliding movement of said slide I to said second position, at least oneiof said handle and .slide means being sufiiciently elastic to' permit shifting of said projecting part from engagement with. one of said recessesto engagement with the other one of said recesses. t t I I I a v M. A toothbrush as claimed" in claim 3, wherein the outwardly facing surfaces of said handle means and slide means are provided. with corrugations for facilitating manual movement of said slide means are provided with corrugations for facilitating manual movement of said slide meansrelative to said handle means.

(References on following page) Q 1% References Cited by the Examiner FOREIGN PATENTS UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,230,365 3/60 France. 2,084,873 6/37 Strausse 15--167 5541155 7/32 Germany- 2,179,402 11/39 Doran 15167X 590321 4/59 Italy- 5 2,263,885 11/41 McGauiey 15167 X CHARLES A. WILLMUTH, Primary Examiner.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2084873 *Dec 18, 1935Jun 22, 1937Louis J StrauseTooth brush
US2179402 *Jan 6, 1938Nov 7, 1939Bernard DoranElectric tooth brush
US2263885 *May 9, 1940Nov 25, 1941Walter G McgauleyToothbrush
DE554155C *Jul 2, 1932Wilhelm SeidelZahnbuerste mit laengs geteiltem Stiel und an den Stielhaelften angelenktem, seitlich verstellbarem Buerstenkoerper
FR1230365A * Title not available
IT590221B * Title not available
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3350737 *May 12, 1967Nov 7, 1967Herbert MakowskyToothbrush with a divided pivotable brush
US3691587 *Jan 22, 1971Sep 19, 1972Herbert MakowskyToothbrush
US4989287 *Aug 18, 1989Feb 5, 1991Gimelli & Co. AgElectric toothbrushes
US5020179 *Jan 5, 1990Jun 4, 1991Gimelli & Co. AgElectric toothbrush
US5105499 *Mar 1, 1991Apr 21, 1992The Procter & Gamble CompanyToothbrush having handle joined to brush head by non-pinching flexible twin beam structure
US5121520 *Jul 24, 1990Jun 16, 1992Inter-X Scientific, Inc.Twin-headed toothbrush
US5146645 *Mar 1, 1991Sep 15, 1992The Procter & Gamble CompanyToothbrush employing resiliently buckling arch to indicate excessive brushing pressure
US5309596 *Mar 23, 1993May 10, 1994The Gillette CompanyInterproximal brush
US5371915 *Apr 6, 1993Dec 13, 1994Key; John R.Angular headed toothbrush
US5377377 *Feb 24, 1994Jan 3, 1995Gillette Canada Inc.Interproximal brush
US5499421 *Jun 15, 1993Mar 19, 1996Brice; Michael F.Twin-headed toothbrush
US5884354 *Nov 24, 1997Mar 23, 1999Anderson; Ray CharlesToothbrush
US6112361 *Nov 10, 1997Sep 5, 2000Michael F. BriceTwin-headed toothbrush
US7363823Jul 11, 2005Apr 29, 2008Nmoc, LlcTwin-headed toothbrush
US8499402 *Jan 5, 2013Aug 6, 2013Peter ArsenaultArticulating toothbrush
US8578544Jan 31, 2008Nov 12, 2013The Gillette CompanyOral hygiene implements having flexible elements, and methods of making the same
DE3833895A1 *Oct 5, 1988Apr 20, 1989John Richard KeyVerbesserte zahnbuerste
WO1992001407A1 *Jul 23, 1991Feb 6, 1992Michael F BriceTwin-headed toothbrush
WO1994021152A1 *Mar 18, 1994Sep 29, 1994William A BredallInterproximal brush
WO1994022346A1 *Apr 5, 1994Oct 13, 1994John R KeyAngular headed toothbrush
Classifications
U.S. Classification15/172, 15/167.1
International ClassificationA46B7/00, A46B7/02
Cooperative ClassificationA46B7/02
European ClassificationA46B7/02