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Publication numberUS3195173 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJul 20, 1965
Filing dateDec 21, 1962
Priority dateDec 21, 1962
Publication numberUS 3195173 A, US 3195173A, US-A-3195173, US3195173 A, US3195173A
InventorsMcnay Albert, Edmund S Badura
Original AssigneeGen Motors Corp
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Door hinge, check and hold-open assembly
US 3195173 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Jul 20, 1965 A. M NAY ETAL DOOR HINGE, CHECK AND HOLD-OPEN ASSEMBLY Filed Dec. 21, 1962 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 III/I II July 20, 1965 A. MGNAY ETAL DOOR HINGE, CHECK AND HOLD-OPEN ASSEMBLY Filed Dec. 21, 1962 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 r. m d J W W 1% A a f g a m W, .|I

United States Patent Ofi" Patented July 20, 1965 3,195,173 DQGR HINGE, CHECK AND HOLD-OPEN ASSEMBLY Albert McNay, Dearborn, and Edmund Badura, Detroit,

Mich, assignors to General Motors Corporation, Detroit, Mich, a corporation of Delaware Filed Dec. 21, 1962, Ser. No. 246,473 7 (Zlaims. (Cl. 16-138) This invention relates to automotive vehicle door hinges and particularly contemplates provision of a relatively simple, inexpensive spring biased hold-open linkage means capable of assisting door opening and closing movement and of cushioning and isolating door checking loads from the pivotal connections of such linkage.

In a preferred illustrative embodiment, a compression spring biased hold-open linkage is operably interposed between two pivotally hinged members having integral door checking means engageable to define a fully opened door position. A limited lost motion pivotal connection provided between the hold-open linkage and one of the hinge members permits spring opposed movement of the hinged members to such check limited fully opened position which is located slightly beyond a partially opened position maintainable by the hold-open linkage. A relatively simple hinge, check and hold-open assembly is thus provided capable of installation as a unit thereby reducing installation problems and costs. Such unit installation also provides improved door opening and holding operation between the several elements. The cushioning of door opening movement to its fully opened checked position and the lost motion isolation of door checking loads from the pivotal connections or" the spring biased hold-open linkage further permit the use of inexpensive lightweight hinge members suitably cast or otherwise formed of aluminum and/ or magnesium alloys.

The foregoing and other objects, advantages and features of the invention will be apparent from the following description of the illustrative embodiment having reference to the accompanying drawings, in which:

FIGURE 1 is a fragmentary sectional view through portions of an automotive vehicle door and body pillar and shows the hinge, check and hold-open assembly of the invention in plan elevation with the door in its closed position;

FIGURE 2 is a view similar to FIGURE 1 showing the door in an intermediate hold-open maintained position;

FIGURE 3 is a view similar to FIGURES l and 2 showing the door in its fully opened checked position; and

FIGURE 4 is a transverse sectional View taken substantially in the plane of the line and in the direction of the arrows indicated at 4-4 in FIGURE 1.

Referring more particularly to the drawings, the combined hinge, check and hold-open assembly is indicated generally by the reference numeral 16. A hinge mounting chamber is defined between a vehicle body pillar l2 forming an intermediate door jamb member and opposing jamb facing edges of front and rear door members 14 and i6. The hinge assembly id hinges the rear door 16 and comprises a female hinge strap member 18 having a mounting flange or end portion 24) suitably secured to the pillar 12. The opposite end of the hinge member 18 forms spaced clevis arms 22 and 22 curved outward- 1y from the strap mounting portion 2%. A hinge pin 24 is carried by the clevis arms. This pin extends through and pivotally journals an arm portion 26 of a male hinge strap member 28 immediately adjacent a hinge mounting portion 30. The mounting portion 30 is angled from the arm 26 and suitably secured to the jamb facing edge of the rear door 16. As best seen in FEGURES 3 and 4, the remote end of the angled hinge arm 25 is engageable with a shoulder 32 formed intermediate the spaced clevis arms of the hinge strap 18 to define means for checking or limiting movement of the rear door to its fully opened position,

A hold-open linkage operably interposed between the hinge members 13 and 28 is adapted to hold the door 16 in an intermediate or partially opened position and permits limited further movement of the door to its check limited fully opened position. This hold-open linkage includes two links 34 and 36 pivotally interconnected at 38. The end of the link 34 distal from the link 35 is pivotally connected to the male hinge member 28 by a pin 46 which is suitably staked to the hinge mounting portion 30 at a point distal from the hinge pivot 24. The distal end of the link 36 has a slot 42 providing a limited lost motion pivotal connection with respect to a pivot pin 44- suitably staked to the female hinge member 18 at a point spaced slightly from its mounting end portion 2t). The end of the link 34 pivotally connected to the link 36 is provided with an oblique spring seating extension or arm 46. This arm has a depending flange 48 engageable with a limit boss 50 formed on the link 36. Such flange and boss engagement occurs when the links are in an extended position corresponding to the partially opened hold-open maintainable door position of the hinge members.

A helical spring 52 is compressively interposed between the spring seating arm of the link 34 and a shallow spring seating recess 54 formed in the mounting base portion 39 of the male hinge member and normally biases the linkage against lost motion collapse thereby tending to maintain engagement between the pivot pin "54 and the inner end of the slot 42. When the door is either in or approaches its closed position shown in FIGURE 1, this biasing action of the spring 52 provides clockwise moments with respect to the linkage pivot pins 40 and 44 and tends ot maintain or assist rotation of the door to its closed position. During movement of the door to its hold-open maintainable position shown in FIGURE 2, the biasing action of the spring 52 passes over the center of the lost motion pivot pin 42 and thereafter acts to bias the hold-open linkage to its extended position eiiecting engagement between the limit flange 43 and boss on the links 34 and 36. Such biasing action serves to assist movement of the door to its partially opened hold-open maintainable position.

As indicated above, the lost motion pivotal connection 4-2, 44 of the hold-open linkage accommodates door opening movement of the hin e members between their holdopen maintainable position and their fully opened position. This fully opened position is defined by engagement between the door checking shoulder 32 and the hinge arm 26 as shown in full lines in FIGURE 3 and in phantom lines in FIGURE 4. During such hinge move ment, the hold-open link is swung as an extended unit about the pivot pin 48 against the opposing action of the spring 52 thereby resiliently cushioning movement of the door to its check limited, fully opened position. The provided lost motion further serves to isolate door checking loads from the links and pivotal connections of the hold-open linkage. This permits the links 34 and 36 to be of relatively simple and substantially lighter construction than would otherwise be the case if the check loads were applied directly to the hold-open linkage. Such check load isolation similarly permits the use of lighter pivot pins 40 and 44 and further permits the hinge members 18 and 28 to be inexpensively manufactured of precision permanent mold castings of suitable lightweight alloys of aluminum and magnesium.

From the foregoing description of the preferred illustrative embodiment, it will be seen that the invention provides a relatively simple, inexpensive hinge assembly capable of providing the several stated objectives and advantages. It will be further apparent that various modifications and changes might be made therein without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention'as defined in the following claims.

- We claim:

1. In a vehicle having a body member and a closure member hinged thereon for movement between a closed position and an extended check limited fully opened position, hold-open means comprising a pair of pivotally interconnected links, means pivotally connecting one of said links to one of the members, means pivotally connecting the other link to the other of said members for limited lost motion therebetween, abutment means on said links engageable with each other in a normal fully opened position or" the closure member, and means for holding said abutment means in engagement in said normal opened position of the closure member, said lost motion means cooperating with said abutment holding means to oppose movement of the closure member between its normal opened position and its extended opened position and isolating the pivotal connections of said hold-open links from the closure checking loads acting between said hinged members when the closure member reaches its extended check limited position.

2. In a vehicle having a body member and a closure member mounted thereon for movement between extended opened and closed positions, hold-open means comprising a pair of pivotally interconnected links, means pivotally mounting one of said links on'one of said members, lost motion means pivotally mounting the other of said links on the other of said members, cooperating abutment means on said links engageable with each other in a normal opened position of the closure member, said lost motion means permitting said links to move as a unit relative to said other member as said closure member moves from said normal opened position to its extended opened position, and resilient means mounted on one of said members and biasing the abutment means on said links into engagement with each other in the normal opened position of said closure member, said resilient means resisting movement of said links as a unit relative to said other member to cushion movement of said closure member from its normal opened position to its extended open position.

3. In a vehicle having a body member and a closure member hinged for movement between a closed position and a fully extended opened position, hold-open means comprising a pair of pivotally interconnected links, means pivotally connecting one of said links to one of the members, means pivotally connecting the other link to the other of said members for limited lost motion there between, said links being foldable in the closed position of the closure member and each having abutment means thereon engageable in an extended position of said links corresponding to a normal opened position of the closure member, and resilient means interposed between one of said links and one of said members and acting to effect and maintain engagement of said abutment means upon movement of the closure member to said normal opened position, said lost motion means cooperating with said resilient means to permit movement of the abutment engaged links as a unit in their extended position in opposition to movement of the closure member between its normal opened position and its fully extended opened position and isolating the pivotal connections of said hold-open links from the closure checking loads normally acting between the hinged members when the closure member reaches its fully extended opened, check limited position.

4. In a vehicle having a body member and a closure member hinged for movement between a closed position and an extended fully opened position, hold-open means comprising a pair of pivotally interconnected links, means pivotally connecting one of said links to one of the members, means pivotally connecting the other link to the other of said members for limited lost motion therebetween, said links being foldable in the closed position of the closure member and each having abutment means thereon engageable in an extended position of said links corersponding to a normal opened position of the closure member, said lost motion means permitting movement of the abutment engaged links as a unit in their extended position'to isolate the pivotal connections of the hold-open links from the closure checking loads normally occurring when the closure member reaches its extended fully opened position, resilient means compressively interposed between said one link and member, the biasing action of said resilient means alternately acting through said links to maintain the closure member in its closed position and passing overcenter of said lost motion pivotal connecting means to effect and maintain engagement of said abutment means upon movement of the closure member to said paritally opened position, and said resilient means cooperating with said lost motion means and the abutment engaged extended links to cushion open-' ing movement of the closure member between its partially opened and fully opened positions.

5. A combined hinge, hold-open and door check as sembly comprising a pair of hinge members pivotally interconnected for movement between opened and closed positions, cooperating check means on said hinge members engageable'to define an extended opened position therebetween, a pair of pivotally interconnected hold-open links, means pivotally connecting one of said links to one of the members, lost motion means pivotally connecting the other of said links to the other of said members, cooperating abutment means on said links engageable with each other when said members are in a normal opened position, spring means compressively interposed between said one member and the'pivotally interconnected ends of said links, the biasing action of said spring means passing over the pivotal axis of said lost motion means and acting through said links to bias and maintain said members alternately to their closed and normal opened positions, and said spring and lost motion means cooperating to isolate the pivotal connections of said hold-open links and their'cooperating abutment means from the door checking loads effected upon movement of said members to their extended check limited position.

6. In a combined hinge, hold-open and door-check assembly as defined in claim 5, said lost motion means permitting said links to move as a unit relative to the other member during movementof said members between said normal and extended opened positions and said spring means resisting such movement of the links as a unit and cushioning movement of said members toward their fully opened positions.

7. A combined hinge and hold-open assembly comprising a pair of hinge members pivotally interconnected for movement between a closed position and an opened position, a pair of pivotally interconected hold-open links, means pivotally connecting one of said links to one of the members, lost motion means pivotally connecting the other of said links to the other of said members, said links having a folded position corresponding to the closed position of said hinge members and an extended position corresponding to a normal opened position of said members, cooperating abutment means engageable to limit movement of said links to said extended position when said members reach their normal opened position, spring means acting between one of the links and one of the members to bias said links to effect engagement of said abutment means when said members reach their normal positions and acting through said links to bias said members alternately toward their normfl opened and closed positions, and said lost motion means isolating the pivotal connections of said hold-open links and their cooperating abutment means from the high checking loads normally occurring between said hinge members upon movement to an extended fully opened check limited position and permitting said links to move as a unit relative to said other member during movement of said members between their normal and extended fully opened positions, and said spring means resisting such movement of the links as a unit and cushioning movement of said members toward their fully opened position.

References Cited by the Examiner UNETED STATES PATENTS 1,757,075 5/30 Earhart 16-191 X 2,272,303 2/42 Kriegbauin et a1. 16-1 2,838,785 6/58 Kapanka 16-138 2,848,736 8/58 Loria 16-138 X 3,019,473 2/62 Bogater 16-190 DONLEY J. STOCKING, Primary Examiner.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US1757075 *Aug 6, 1929May 6, 1930Earhart Albert CDoor check or stop
US2272303 *Aug 2, 1937Feb 10, 1942Int Harvester CoLid construction
US2838785 *Nov 16, 1953Jun 17, 1958Gen Motors CorpHinge with integral check and hold-open
US2848736 *May 31, 1956Aug 26, 1958Gen Motors CorpHinge and hold-open
US3019473 *May 25, 1959Feb 6, 1962Gen Motors CorpLid hinge and counterbalance
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3313063 *Aug 17, 1964Apr 11, 1967Cie D Ingenieurs Et TechnicienVehicle comprising a door connected to the body by levers
US3351976 *Apr 28, 1965Nov 14, 1967Gen Motors CorpVehicle body door hinge and hold-open
US4185415 *Apr 14, 1978Jan 29, 1980The Boeing CompanyArticulated hinge cooperating with an energy storage device capable of automatically opening and holding open an unlatched compartment door
US4422214 *May 7, 1981Dec 27, 1983Karl Lautenschlager KgOver-center hinge
US4468065 *Jun 7, 1982Aug 28, 1984Katsuyuki TaniguchiTail gate opening/closing device for dump truck
US6230364 *Oct 9, 1998May 15, 2001Itw LimitedHinged closures
US6367123Aug 15, 2000Apr 9, 2002Illinois Tool Works Inc.Vehicle lid hinge
US6397434 *Apr 18, 2001Jun 4, 2002Itw LimitedVehicle lid hinge
Classifications
U.S. Classification16/287, 49/249, 16/291
International ClassificationE05F1/12
Cooperative ClassificationE05F1/1253, E05Y2900/531
European ClassificationE05F1/12D2