US 3195189 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
July 20, 1965 Filed Sept. 18, 1957 R. P. VILLANDRY 3,195,189
STRUT FOUNDATION FOR BUILDING 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 a, a .qjz" 5, a
Q Q a I k I w '0 a m Richard I? Vil/andry INVENTOR.
July 20, 1965 R. P. VILLANDRY STRUT FOUNDATION FOR BUILDING 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 Filed Sept. 18, 1957 Richard I? vil/qndry INVENTOR.
a grain of a piece of timber.
United States Patent 3,195,189 STRUT FGUNDATION FGR BUILDlNG Richard P. Villandry, Arlington, Mass, assignor to Eoseph DAngusta and Mildred DAugnsta, Lexington,
Filed Sept. 18, 1957, Ser. No. 684,704
. 1 Claim. (Cl. 23-11) This invention relates to building construction and more particularly to a novel foundation for various types of buildings.
The primary object of the present invention resides in the provision of a foundation for a building which is designed to support a building above normal ground level and which has the specific purpose of eliminating damages received from high tides and hurricane force winds.
In carrying out the present invention the customary concrete foundation normally used to elevate houses above high tide levels are dispensed with and in lieu thereof separate footings are employed which have struts rising therefrom which struts support the building while permitting free passage of any abnormal high tides.
A further object of the present invention resides in the provision of a foundation for a housing which will offer little or substantially no resistance against waves and rough waters and yet which is strong enough to hold the house against hurricane force winds.
A further object of the present invention resides in the provision of a V-strut type foundation which eliminates substantially all of the usual bracing and cross bracing that is applied to a stilt-type of foundation leaving these supports separate and distinct so as to eliminate the carrying away of any portion of the foundation by rushing waters due to abnormally high tides or the like yet which permits transfer of stresses from one portion of the strut to another.
The present invention takes full advantage of the tremendous pressure that can be applied to the end of In carrying out the invention California redwood is preferred and is capable of withstanding enormous pressures thereby permitting a minimum use of material in supporting a house so that the foundation presents substantially no resistance against rushing waters.
These, together with the various ancillary objects and features of the invention which will become apparent as the following description proceeds, are attained by this foundation for a building, an arrangement in accordance with the concepts of the invention being shown in the accompanying drawings, by way of example only, wherein:
FIGURE 1 is a perspective view of a house erected on a foundation constructed in accordance with the concepts of the present invention;
FIGURE 2 is a front elevational view of the foundation structure;
FIGURE 3 is a vertical sectional view as taken along the plane of line 33 in FIGURE 2; and
FIGURE 4 is a sectional detail view as taken along the plane of line 44 in FIGURE 2.
With continuing reference to the accompanying drawings wherein like reference numerals designate similar parts throughout the various views, reference numeral generally designate a building of any suitable construction adapted to be supported on the foundation comprising the present invention. It is to be noted that the building may not only be a wooden structure but may be constructed from any desired structural material or materials, such as steel, brick, plastic or the like.
In carrying out the invention, a plurality of separate footings as indicated at 12, 14, l6, 18, 20, 22, 24-, and
26, etc. are employed and these may be cast of concrete or other suitable material. If the building is provided with a porch or walk as indicated at 28, the relatively light V-shaped struts 30 and 32 may be employed to support this lightweight portion of the house. Pairs of struts of V-shape as indicated at 40 and 42 as well as 44, 46 are employed at the ends of the house and these struts extend in a vertical plane as can be best seen in FIGURE 2.
The V-shaped struts 40, 42, 44 and 46 are substantially similar and their construction can be best seen in FIG- URE 4 wherein it will be noted that each of the V-shaped struts includes strut members as at 50 and 52 secured to each other by means of plates 54 and 56 at the bottom of the strut which plates are held in place by means of bolts 58 which extend therethrough and through the strut members 50 and 52. An anchor bolt 60 anchors the strut as to the footing 14 in the obvious manner.
Centrally disposed on the footings 18 and 20 are pairs of V-shaped struts 70, 72 and 74, 76. Each of the pairs of struts cooperate with each other and are anchored to the footings 18 and 20 and extend angularly with respect to the vertical, it being noted that the struts 40, 42, 44 and 46 extend in a vertical plane. Brackets as at including angle plates 82 and backing plates 84 secured to each other by means of bolts 86 are provided for the lower ends of the struts and anchor bolts 90 are used to anchor the brackets to the footings. As is provided for the struts 4t), 42, 44 and 46 and the other brackets, brackets 92 are provided for bolting the struts to the building 10. The brackets 94 are provided for the struts 40, 42, M, and 4d.
The ends of the house rest on the V-struts 40, 42, 44, and 46. The stresses follow parallel to the grain of the timbers of the strut members which meet abutting against each other at the bottom and rest on the footings.
When any pressure is applied on the house such as directed normal to the porch 28, downward pressure will be applied on the strut member 50 and this downward pressure is increased and some of the pressure is transferred upward on strut member 52. The remaining pressure is applied to the rest of the footing elements. In the area covered by the center of the building, the composite strut arrangements stop any twisting which may take place due to heavy winds. Passing hurricane winds applying for example on the side of the house as indicated at 106 may create a vacuum having a tendency to decrease the weight of the house substantially. It is to be noted that the centrally located angularly disposed struts will satisfactorily support the weight of the building and distribute the force evenly.
The foregoing is considered as illustrative only of the principles of the invention. Funther, since numerous modifications and changes will readily occur to those skilled in the art, it is not desired to limit the invention to the exact construction and operation shown and described, and accordingly all suitable modifications and equivalents may be resorted to, falling within the scope of the invention as claimed.
What is claimed as new is as follows:
The combination of a building and a foundation wherein the foundation comprises a plurality of spaced footings and a plurality of upwardly opening V-shaped struts with legs of equal length anchored to said footings, the central struts being identical and disposed in pairs with the adjacent upper ends of the obliquely positioned legs of each pair being connected, the lower ends of each pair of struts being spaced apart, the end ones of said struts being disposed in a vertical plane, perpendicular to the longitudinal axis of said building.
(References on following page) References (Iited by the Examiner UNITED STATES PATENTS 6/06 10/45 6/50 Q/Sl 1/52 9/53 Muller 201 Marshall 20--1 Thomas 18921 Clements.
Torkelson 20-1126 Storer 201.126 Vizzini 31135 Kastan 18934' X Henderson 18934 Broms 1413 Attwood.
FOREIGN PATENTS 3/33 France. 2/ 48 Italy. 10/56 Italy;
OTHER REFERENCES JACOB L. NACKENOFF, Primary Examiner.
ISAAC LISANN, WILLIAM I. MUSHAKE, Examiners.