US 3195268 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
July 20, 1965 A. E. NEUMANN ETAL 3,195,268
DOLL WITH CHANGEABLE EXPRESSION 3 Sheets-Sheet 1 Filed March 1, 1963 Q MARV/NZ. GLA $5 July 20, 1965 A. E. NEUMANN ETAL 3,195,263
DOLL WITH CHANGEABLE EXPRESSION Filed March 1. 1963 5 Sheets-Sheet 2 MM fJ/Q, m ck 1 721.; /02 5 A. E. NEUMANN ETAL 3,195,268
DOLL WITH CHANGEABLE EXPRESSION July 20, 1965 Sheets-Sheet 3 Filed March 1, 1963 M f. m v. m
g MARVIN I..6LAS$ M, 2 a TA;
United States Patent 3,195,268 BULL WITH CHANGEAELE EXPRESSION Arthur E. Neurnann, Winnetka, and Marvin I. Glass, Chicago, Iii, assignors to Marvin Glass & Associates, Chicago, III., a partnership Fiied Mar. 1, 1963, Ser. No. 262,058 4 (Ilaims. ((146-135) The present invention relates generally to a doll and, more particularly, to a doll closely simulating a crying infant, and to features thereof.
The popularity of dolls as play things for children, particularly girls, seems to be never ending, in part because doll manufacturers constantly strive to produce more realistic dolls usually having the appearance of an infant. All sorts of'expedients are well known in the doll art for simulating a crying baby. However, most dolls which have proven to be commercially feasible have merely incorporated features such as a mouth that moves, or eyes that open and close, or a crying noisemaker, these features sometimes being operable in unison. Realistic approximation of a crying infant, and particularly suitable articulation of the face has generally not been found to be practical in commercial dolls, in part at least because prior expedients entail too great a production cost. Similarly, noisemakers as provided in commercially practical dolls have generally been devoid of adequate realism in simulating the cry of an infant. Furthermore, in order to provide a doll which will retain a childs interest, the child should be able to control the actions of the doll.
It is, therefore, the primary objective of this invention to provide a new and amusing doll.
Another object is to provide a new and amusing doll realistically simulating an infant crying. A related object is provision of such a doll in which the crying action may be controlled by a child handling the doll.
A more specific object'is to provide a new and amusing doll operable by a child handling the doll in a manner similar to typical handling of an infant and wherein the doll displays a happy, smiling expression in one position and in another position is operable for causing the facial expression to vary in the manner of a crying infant and to emit a sound closely simulating the cry of an infant. A related object is provision of new and useful structure for operating such a doll.
A further object is provision of a new and amusing crying doll having a mouth which moves in a manner similar to an infant crying. Another object is to provide a new and amusing doll having a face which realistically changes expression in the manner of a crying infant. Another related o'oject is provision in such a doll for selectively controlling operation of the face in a realistic manner similar to normal handling of an infant. A further related object is provision of novel means for manipulating the face to change its expression.
A more specific object is provision of a new and amusing doll having a flexible face including a movable mouth formed in such a manner as to be operable for simulating facial movement of a crying infant and normally inoperative with the face displaying a happy, smiling expression.
A still further object is provision of a new and amusing doll which produces a sound realistically similar to an Patented July 20, I965 "ice infant crying. A related object is provision of a new and 1 useful noisemaker for producing such a sound.
A more specific object is provision of a new and amusing doll which cries when placed in a reclining position, and closely simulates a crying infant by emitting a fluctuating crying sound realistically similar to that of a crying infant. A related object is provision of new and useful mechanism for producing such a sound.
These and other objects are more particularly set forth in the following detailed description and the accompanying drawings of which:
FIGURE 1 is a front, perspective, view of a preferred embodiment of the invention showing a doll in an upright position;
FIGURE 2 is a top perspective view of the doll in a reclining position and having changed its facial expression;
FIGURE 3 is an enlarged, fragmentary, vertical left side view of an upper torso portion of the doll in the upright position of FIGURE 1, with parts broken away and removed for clearer illustration;
FIGURE 4 is a fragmentary, left side view similar to FIGURE 3 but with the doll having changed its expression and action;
FIGURE 5 is a front view of apparatus shown in FIGURE 4 but removed from the doll body;
FIGURE 6 is a view taken along the line 6-6 in FIGURE 5, with a bellows apparatus in expanded position, and with parts broken away and removed for clearer illustration;
FIGURE 7 (sheet 1) is a fragmentary, sectional view taken generally along the line '7--'7 in FIGURE 3;
FIGURE 8 (sheet 1) is a fragmentary, bottom view, similar to FIGURE 6, but showing the bellows apparatus in compressed position, with parts broken away for clearer illustration;
FIGURE 9 (sheet 3) is an exploded, left side perspective view of a portion of the apparatus shown in FIG- URES 35;
FIGURE 10 is a perspective view of another portion of the apparatus shown in FIGURES 46;
FIGURE 11 is a fragmentary, enlarged, front facial view of the doll head in the position illustrated in FIG- URE 1;
FIGURE 12 is a sectional view taken generally along the line 12-12 in FIGURE 11;
FIGURE 13 is a fragmentary, enlarged, front facial.
view of the doll head in the position illustrated in FIG- URE 2; and
FIGURE 14 is a sectional view taken generally along the line 14-14- in FIGURE 13.
The illustrated embodiment of the invention is, in brief, directed to a doll, and more particularly to a crying doll, having a face which changes expression and emits an appropriate sound upon operation of actuating mechanism within a body portion of the doll. The face includes a mouth and related facial features which move in a manner realistically similar to that of a crying infant and which are operative to assume a smiling pose. In the preferred embodiment, the doll emits a realistic fluctuating crying sound upon operation of the actuating mechanism. The actuating mechanism is operable, in the preferred embodiment, for manipulating the face and operating the 'body.
3 noisemaker when the doll is in a reclining position and to provide a smiling appearance when the doll is in an erect position.
Basically, the crying doll has a body closely approximating that of an infant and including a hollow torso 22 connected with a hollow head 24. The head 24 has a face portion 25 including a mouth portion movable in a manner closely approximating the facial expression of a crying infant and in a normal inoperative position the face displays a happy, smiling expression. Noisemaker means is provided for emitting a sound realistically similar to that of a crying infant, and as may best be seen in FIGURES 4-6 and 8, this means is in the form of a noisemaker assembly 27. Gravity actuated means for operating the previously mentioned components is provided by an actuating mechanism 28.
More particularly, the doll body 20 may be of any suitable material and in order to realistically simulate an infants skin, a flexible resilient plastic material such'as Plastisol, well known in the trade, is preferable. The body 20 includes the hollow torso 22 in which is mounted the noisemaker 27 and the actuating mechanism 28, and to which the hollow head 24 is suitably attached with the hollows communicating through a neck portion of the In the illustrated embodiment the head 24 is definedby a wall 30 which may be generally of uniform thickness, particularly apart from the face, as indicated by the portions 32 (FIGURE 3) so that these portions of the wall are relatively rigid. Suitable eye sockets 34 are defined by relatively thin portions 36 of the wall and receive any desired type of eye devices 38. As illustrated, these eyes are automatically operable between a closed position when the doll is reclining, as shown in FIGURE 2, and an open posit-ion when the doll is in the erect position of FIGURE 1.
The face portion 26 also includes a relatively rigid nose 40 and a chin portion 42 with a mouth 44 therebetween, which along withthe eyes 38 are disposed in normal facial arrangement. 3 and 1 1, the face displays a happy, smiling expression, and is movable in a crying manner between the closed position and an open position as shown in FIGURES 2,
4 and 13 with the mouthdisplaying a crying expression;
The illustrated embodiment of the head is molded of resilient material, and is shaped and arranged so that the mouth 44 is normally in a generally open position, and when moved from this position the mouth is resiliently urged back to this open position.
The mouth 44 is defined by an upper lip and a lower lip 52 extending across the face in normal arrangement and having opposite adjacent ends 54 shaped to define a sharp corner. A mouth cavity 56 is defined by a relatively thin cavity wall portion 58 which is formed integrally with the head and extends inwardly from the lips from inner portions thereof providing an upper abut- As shownin FIGURES 1,
ment 60. and a lower abutment 62. These abutments cooperate with portions of the actuating mechanism 28 during crying operation for movement of the face between I open and closed positions. I
With particular reference to FIGURES 11-14, the facial portion of the head wall 34) is provided with relatively thin portions 64 extending upwardly from below the ends 54 of the lips and converging upwardly toward the nose 4%). When the mouth portion is in a substantially closed position as shown in FIGURES 1, 11 and 12, these thin portions 64 define reatively long, deep, furrows of such configuration as to cooperate in defining the happy, smiling expression of the face. As the mouth portion moves toward the open position, as shown in FIGURES 2, 13 and 14, these thin portions 64 vary in configuration to cooperate in providing the carrying expression, and when flexing of the mouth portion-26 and, if desired, may be formed to provide very slight wrinkling as the mouth moves to open position.
The actuating means in the form of the actuating mechanism 23 is provided for cyclically moving the lips 50 and 52 toward and away from each other and back and forth from side to side during opening and closing movement of the mouth, and further causing the upper lip 5% to move forward very slightly upon movement to open position, allin a manner closely simulating facial movement of crying infant.
The actuating mechanism 23 includes an upper first arm 74 above a lower second arm 76, and these arms are generally opposed to each other as may best be seen in FIGURES 3-5 and 9. The upper arm 74 has a front end 78 with a depending flange or tang 80 providing an elongated first abutment edge 32 generally parallel to the upper lip 50 and seated against the upper face abutment 6i defined by the inner surface of the cavity wall 53 adjacent the upper lip 59. A second abutment portion 84 isillustrated in the form of a point on a tang 86 extending upwardly from the upper arm front end 73 and slidably engaging the inner surface of the Wall 30. along the nose 4t). As will be more fully described hereinafter, the front end 78 of the upper arm moves up and down during movement of the mouth tdbetween open and closed position, respectively, and during such movement the upper abutment 34is free to slide on the inner surface of the head so that the thin portion 7 it of the wall between the nose 40 and upper lip 50 may flex slightly to give a more natural appearance to the face. As mentioned previously, the face may be molded so that slight wrinkles will form in the thin wall portion 70' during such movement'and more particularly as the mouth moves to open position.
The lower arm 76 also has a front end 90 with an upwardly extending first abutment '92 in the form of an upper point on a tang 94 extending upwardly from the lower arm 76, and this abutment is seated against the lower face abutment 62 defined by the inner surface of the mouth cavity wall 58 adjacent the lower lip 52. A lower second abutment 96 extending transversely from the lower arm 76 is generally parallel to the lower lip 52 and is seated against the inner surface of the wall 30 adjacent a pointed forward and lower portion of the chin 42.
Means is provided mounting the upper and lower arms 74 and 76, respectively, for a cooperative movement of their front ends across each other from side to side of the face and toward and away fromieach other, with the lower first abutment 82. of the upper arm 74 moving slightly forwardly as the front ends. 78 and 90' move apart. More particularly, the abutment 82.n1oves forwardly so as to move the upper lip slightly forwardly from its closed position, as maybest be seen in FIGURE 4. Herein this mounting means includes a base in the form of-a column 100 extending longitudinally from within the torso 22 to within the. head 24 and having a lower end fitted into a groove formed on a mounting plate or frame 102 suitably firmly. attached to the back. of the torso as by rivets 104. An upper end of the column 100 has a transverse arm 106 extending forwardly with anupstanding finger 168 firmly mounted on a rear portion of the eye socket wall 36 and more particularly secured in a boss 110 extending rearwardly from the eye socket wall, so that the column 1% is firmly mountedwithinthe doll body 20. The portion of the column 100 extending upwardly within the head 26 is in the form of a .rearwardly opening channel having a bight 112 and opposed rearwardly extending legs 114. This channel portion is provided with 'a vertically spaced groove in one of the legs 114and a portion of the bight .112. These grooves include an upper groove 116 and a lower groove 118.- The upper groove 116 receives a rearwardly extending finger 126 on the upper arm 74 with a notch 122 embracing the bight 112, as may best be seen in FIGURES 5 and 9. The lower groove 118 receives a the rear ends of the arms are retained properly located on the column 100 and are free to move in a twisting manner from side to side and up and down as they pivot about the column 1130.
Actuating means is provided for moving the arms 74 and 76 to provide the cooperative movement between the respective front ends 78 and 9d of the arms as previously described. With particular reference to FIGURES 4-6, the actuating mechanism 28 is illustrated in the form of a manually wound spring type motor 12? mounted on the frame 102 and having a knurled winding disk 127aextending rearwardly from the doll body 20. A rotating drive shaft 128 of the motor extends toward the doll head 24.
The motor drive shaft 128 carries a wheel 129 having an eccentric drive pin 12% extending toward the head 24 with a free end of this pin received in an aperture 130 (FIGURE 7) in a flange 131 extending transversely from a free end of a drive arm 132 integral with and depending from the lower arm 76. Responsive to rotation of the motor drive shaft 123., the drive pin 12% is rotated in a circular path (FIGURE 7), thus moving the flange 131 in a circular path, providing up and down as well asside to side components of motion to the lower arm 76 as it moves about its pivotal mounting on the column 1%. Such movement causes a free end 9&3 of a lower arm 76 to move longitudinally as well as side to side of the doll head. A similar up and down and side to side movement is imparted to upper arm 74 and its front end 78 by means of a connnect-ion between the upper and lower arms, which connection includes an upwardly extending flat tab 133 received in a complementary slot 134 in a finger 1355 extending vertically from the rear end of the upper arm 74. Thus, the upper and lower arms 74 and 76, respectively, are mounted at their rear ends and are cooperatively driven in unision to provide the desired facial movement of the doll head 24.
Gravity actuated control means is provided for normally holding the motor 127 against operation, when the doll is in erect position, and for releasing the motor for operation when the doll body 2-5) is in other than erect position, as when it is in the reclining position shown in FIGURES 2 and 4. In the illustrated embodiment, this control means is in the form of stop means including a finger 136 fixedly secured to and extending radially from the drive shaft 123 and normally engaged by a cooperating stop finger 13d integral'with one arm 14-43 of a bell lever 142'. The bell lever has a second arm 14 with a free end mounting a weight 146 and is pivoted at the junction of these arms to the frame 1M by means of a pivot pin 143. When the doll body 26 is in an upright position, as shown in FIGURE 1, the weight 1 26 causes the lever 14:2 to pivot around the pin 148 to a stop position, as illustrated by dotted lines in FIGURE 4. The stop lever finger 138 is moved into abutting relationship with the drive shaft finger 136, which finger 136 lifts finger 133 and its extending tab 172 in engagement with the air governor blade 152, thereby preventing its rotation and the rotation of all of the following trains of shafts including shaft 123.
More particularly, the means for controlling the speed of rotation of the drive shaft 1258 is provided in the illustrated embodiment by a governor 1% having a rotor in the form of a paddle wheel fixed to a shaft 154 journal'led in a pair of flanges 156 fixedly associated with the frame 162. Gear means is provided for rotating the the paddle in ambient air and at relatively high speed responsive to relatively slow speed of the drive shaft 128. Herein the paddle wheel shaft i includes a worm 153 drivingly meshed with a gear 150 on an intermediate shaft 162 which carries a pinion 164 driven by a large gear 166 of a gear cluster on another intermediate shaft 168, this cluster having a pinion 169 driven by a large gear 17% on the motor drive shaft 128 This gear train provides an overall gear ratio for rotating the paddle 152 at a speed much higher than that of the motor drive shaft 128 and sufficiently high so that as the paddle wheel rotates in the air it smooths out in rotation and limits the speed of the motor drive shaft. As the gravity control means moves to stop position, another finger 172 integral with the bell lever arm 146 moves into the path of rota tion of the paddle wheel 152 to stop the paddle wheel. The stop finger 136 always stops the drive shaft 128 in the same position and the mouth actuating linkage is adiusted so that the mouth is closed in a smiling position.
Means for emitting a sound realistically similar to that of a crying infant is provided by the noisemaker assembly 27, as may best-be seen in FIGURES 4-6 and 8. In the preferred embodiment the noisemaker assembly is an air operated device which emits a fluctuating sound through a two-way Whistle or reed 290. This whistle produces a tone closely similar to the cry of an infant. The whistle extends through an opening 201 in the frame 102 and is mounted in a return portion 2&2 of a bellows type air pump 2%. The bellows is mounted between a pair of rigid plates including a stationary plate 206 firmly secured to the frame 102 and a movable plate 268 extending through the opening 201 and having a transverse flange 21d engaged about an edge portion of this opening thus mounting the movable plate for pivotal movement toward and away from the stationary plate 2%. The bellows 284 has opposite sides each firmly secured to the adjacent plate as by protuberances 212 held in slots 214 in the adjacent plate. Thus, as the pivoted plate 2&8 moves toward the stationary plate 2% the bellows is compressed and exhausted of air, forcing the air outward through the whistle 2th), and as the pivoted plate moves away from the stationary plate 2th) the bellows is expanded drawing air inwardly through the whistle 2&9.
Means is provided for cyclically operating the bellows 2% between exhausted and expanded positions, so that movement of the bellows between these positions is varied and causes the sound emitted by the whistle 208 to fluctuate in tone and periods of duration in a manner simulating the fluctuating cry of a baby. In the illustrated embodiment, this means includes a cam mechanism having a cam arm 216 rigidly secured to and extending transversely from the pivoted plate 208. A lower edge of this arm is provided with serrations, as 218, of a varying configuration betwen high and lows thereof to vary the compression and expansion pattern of the bellows 204 responsive to operation of a cooperating cam actuator 22%. The cam actuator is in the form of a finger firmly mounted on the motor drive shaft 128 and having a free end serially engaging the serrations 218 upon rotation of the drive shaft 128. Thus, the noisemaker assembly 27 is driven by the operating mechanism 23 and is operative only when the movable face 26 is in operation.
To summarize operation of the doll, when the doll is in ere ct position as shown in FIGURES 1 and 3, the mouth 44 is closed and the face displays a happy, smiling expression with the eyes 38 open. When the doll is placed in reclining position as shown in FIGURES 2 and 4, the actuating mechanism rotor 129 rotates and through its eccentric pin 12% connected with the drive arm 132 drives both the lower arm '76 and the upper arm 74 in such a manner that the front ends of these arms are moved toward and away from each other and across each other from side to side through a slightly twisting path so that the mouth moves in a crying manner. In addition, the thin portions 64 of the wall 3511 change configuration as the mouth moves betwen open and closed positions to cooperate therewith in providing the changing facial expression. The actuating mechanism is provided with suitable gravity operated means including the weighted arm 142 which maintains the motor 127 inoperative when the doll is in erect position and permits operation of the motor when the doll is in reclining position.
Operation of the motor further operates the noisemaker 27 through rotation of the cam actuator 220 whichengages the serrations 218 of the cam arm 216 to expand and contract the bellows 2M with varying abruptness and with varying frequency, causing air to flow into and out of the bellows through the, two-Way whistle 2M1, thereby closely simulating the cry of an infant.
When the doll is moved to the upright position,'the gravity actuated lever 142 moves to the dotted line position shown in FIGURE 4 and stop finger 138 engages the finger 136 on the motor drive shaft 128 (the finger 172 moves into the path of rotation and the path of the governor paddle wheel 152 to stop the paddle wheel), thus stopping the drive shaft in position wtih the mouth closed and smiling as shown in FIGURE 1, and the crying stops.
The present invention provides a noisemaker, and an articulated doll face which closely simulates a crying baby. By properly forming the wall 30 and byproper coordination of the upper and lower operating arms 74 and 76, realistic facial movements of a crying infant may be provided. It should be noted that while the illustrated embodiment of the invention is directed to a crying doll,
the invention is equally applicable to manipulating of in the following claims.
What is claimed is:
1. A doll comprising, a hollow head defined by a resilient wall. face portion actuable for changing expression, said face portion including a nose, a chin, and a month between said nose and chin positioned in normal facial arrangement and operable in a crying manner between a relatively closed, smiling mouth position and relatively open mouth position, said mouth including upper and lower lips, relatively thin portions of said wall ex tending upwardly alongside the opposite ends of the lips, said thin portions being disposed in furrows variable in configuration responsive to movement of said face portion between said positions, and actuating means selectively operable for cyclically operating said face portion between said positions and moving said upper lip slightly forwardly as said mouth moves from said closed position toward said openposition.
2. A doll comprising, a hollow head including a re silient wall face portion actuable for changing expression, said face portion including a nose, a chin, and a mouth between said nose and chin positioned in normal facial arrangement and operable in a crying manner between a relatively closed, smiling mouth position and relatively open mouth position, said mouth including upper and lower lips, relatively thin portions of said wall extending upwardly alongside the ends of said lips, and said thin portions-being disposed in furrows variable in configuration in response to movement of said face portion between said positions, and'actua'ting means selectively operable-for cyclically operating said face portion between said positions and moving said upper lip slightly forwardly as said mouth moves from said closed position toward said open position, said actuating means including upper and lower generally opposed arms extending from front to rear within said head, the upper arm having a front end with a depending first abutment at said upper lip and seated against the wall adjacent said upper lip, and said front end of the upper arm further including an upwardly extending abutment seated against said wall along said nose, the lower arm having .a front end with an upwardly extending abutment seated against said wall adjacent said lowe lip, nd s d lower arm further having a depending abutment seated against said Wall along said chin, means mountingtsaid arms for cooperative movement of said front ends toward and away from each other With said first abutment on the upper arm moving slightly for- Wardly as said front ends move apart, and drive means operable for moving said arms and providing said cooperative movement of said front ends.
3. A doll comprising a head including a resilient wall defining the face and including a mouth portion having a mouth operable in a crying manner between a relatively closed position with the face displaying a happy, smiling expression and relatively open position, said mouth including upper and lower lips formed integrally with a cavity-forming portion extending inwardly of' the doll head, each of said lips having opposite ends adjacent opposite ends of the other lip and the adjacent opposite ends being connected to define sharp corners, a relatively thin portion of said wall spacing a nose above said upper lip and being efiectively smooth whensaid mouth is in said closed position and being wrinkled when said mouth is in said open position, opposed narrow and relatively thin portions of said wall converging upwardly from below the lip ends toward said nose, one said thin portion being disposed along each of the lip opposite ends, and said thin r portions being variable in configuration responsive to movement at said mouth and disposed in long, relatively deep furrows to in part define said happy, smiling expression when said mouth is in said closed position, and being disposed in short, relatively shallow furrows to in part define aid crying expression when said mouth is in said open position, and actuating means selectively operable for cyclically operating said mouth between said open and closed positions and moving said upper lip slightly forwardly as said mouth moves from said position toward said open position, said actuating means including upper and lower generally opposed arms extending from front to rear within said head, the upper arm having a front end with a depending first abutment generally parallel to said upper lip and seated adjacent said upper lip, and said front end further including an upwardly extending pointed abutment seated against said wall along said nose, the lower arm having a front end with an upwardly extending abutment seated adjacent said lower lip and against the Wall of said cavity forming portion and said lower arm further having a depending abutment generally parallel to said lower lip and seated against said wall along said chin, means mounting rear portions of said arms for cooperative movement of said front ends across each other from side to side of said face and toward and away from each other with said first abutmentmoving slightly forwardly as said front ends move apart, and drive'means within said doll selectively operable for moving said upper and lower arms and providing said cooperative movement of aid front ends thereof.
4. A dollcomprising a body, a hollow head fixed to said body and defined .by a resilient Wall face portion actuable for changing expression, said face portion including a nose, a chin, and a mouth between said nose and chin positioned in normal facial arrangement and operable in a crying manner between a relatively closed, smiling mouth position and a relatively open mouth position, said month including upper and lower lips and actuating means supported on a frame within said body and selectively operable for cyclically operating said face portion between said positions, said actuating means including a first part seated against said wall adjacent said upper lip and a second part seated against said wall adjacent said lower lip, means mounting said parts for cooperative movement toward and away from each other in a manner such that said upper lip moves slightly forwardlyfas said mouth moves from said smiling position to said open position, a motor mounted on said frame and having a rotary drive shaft, and an eccentric drive means connecting said shaft with one of said movable parts so that rotation of said shaft produces said movement of 2,803,089 said parts vtoward and away from each other. 2,881,864 3,021,641 References Cited by the Examiner 3 103 762 UNITED STATES PATENTS 5 3,136,089
1,140,650 5/15 Aronson 46186 1,769,584 7/30 Lauter 46186 513 907 2,700,846 2/55 Cos 46135 X 2,710,674 6/55 Duncan 18537 1% Crornpton 4-135 Rubensiein 185-37 Bank 46-135 Glass at al. 46118 X Gardsl et a1. 46232 France.
RICHARD C, PINKHAM, Primary Examiner.