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Publication numberUS3195539 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJul 20, 1965
Filing dateAug 7, 1963
Priority dateAug 7, 1963
Publication numberUS 3195539 A, US 3195539A, US-A-3195539, US3195539 A, US3195539A
InventorsHyman Cyril D
Original AssigneeHyman Cyril D
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Moist heat treatment device
US 3195539 A
Abstract  available in
Previous page
Next page
Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

July 20, 1965 c, HYMAN 3,195,539

MOIST HEAT TREATMENT DEVICE Filed Aug. 'r, 1965 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 July 20, 1965 c. D. HYMAN MOIST HEAT TREATMENT DEVICE 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 Filed Aug. 7, 1963 INVENFOR United States Patent 3,195,539 MOIST HEAT TREATMENT DEVICE Cyril D. Hyman, 4980 Maplewood Ave., Apt. 10, Montreal, Quebec, Canada Filed Aug. 7, 1963, Ser. No. 300,585 4 Claims. (Cl. 128-256) This invention relates to improvements in therapeutic appliances and more particularly to improvements in therapeutic moist heat treatment apparatus for the relief of sinus congestion, migraine headaches, hay fever, etc. resulting from blocked passages in the respiratory system.

It is conventional practice to apply heat locally to the sinus areas in order to gain some measure of relief, the two most common ways being heating pads and/or hot compresses. The heating pads have been found to be relatively unsatisfactory as they provide only dry heat and the hot compresses which in the main are cloths or flannels soaked in hot water and then wrung out can supply heat only for a short duration before having to be renewed.

It is an object of this invention to provide a moist heat treatment device in the form of a partial face mask to cover the sinus areas and by which moist heat or steam is applied to these same areas.

It is another object of this invention to provide a moist heat treatment device which is extremely light and readily portable.

It is another object of this invention to provide a moist heat treatment device by which an even distribution of steam to the affected areas is achieved by means of suitable sponge material in direct contact with the skin.

It is further an object of this invention to provide a moist heat treatment device by which the immersion type heater associated with this device is controlled by conventional thermostat means and the overall heat can be manually regulated by means of a conventional four position switch that also has an OFF position.

It is still another object of this invention to provide a moist heat treatment device by which a medicated form of steam containing pine-needle oil or the like can be applied to the affected areas as required.

It is still further an object of this invention to provide a moist heat treatment device that can worn on the forehead similar to a pair of spectacles with uniform tightness being achieved by means of an elasticised plastic or rubber moulding all around the necessary edges.

It is yet another object of this invention to provide a moist heat treatment device that can be utilized by most persons suffering from sinus congestion or the like and is at the same time simple in structure, economical to manufacture and capable of long periods of service with the minimum of servicing or repair.

These and various other pertinent objects and features of the instant invention will become more readily apparent from the following detailed description of parts and assemblies and when taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings wherein like characters of reference refer to like parts in the several views and in which:

FIG. 1 is a front elevational view of a moist heat treatment device constructed in accordance with and embodying the present invention as applied to the face of a user.

FIG. 2 is a side cross sectional elevational view of the moist heat treatment device illustrated in FIG. 1.

FIG. 3 is a partially cut-away sectional perspective view of the moist heat treatment device illustrated in FIG. 1.

FIG. 4 is a perspective view of an alternate form of the invention adapted for location about a leg or arm joint.

FIG. 5 is a perspective view of the alternate form of the invention and shows located about the knee of a user.


Referring more particularly to the illustrations, the moist heat treatment device generally designated by the arrow 10 comprises a waterproof moulded plastic container 11 that is of size suitable to cover all the sinus areas of the average face. The forward portion of the plastic container 11 comprises a water compartment 12 that contains in the lower part of said water compartment 12 a thermostatically controlled triple element immersion type heater 13 with automatic shut-off when the level of the liquid 14 falls below the said immersion heater 13. Power for operation of the immersion heater 13 is fed from the standard commercial mains supply via plug 15 and two wire cable 16 into a four position switch 17 that can be selected to OFF-LOW MEDIUM-HIGH positions to give the degree of heat required. This is achieved by selecting the applicable element of the immersion heater 13 and placing it in circuit with the mains supply via a four Wire cable 18 from the switch 17 to the heating element 13. The moist heat treatment device 10 has conventionally fitted thereto a strap 19 that is preferably made of an elastic material such as rubber and fits around the back of the head of the user so that the moist heat treatment device 10 may be firmly held in contact with the face. The Water compartment 12 is filled with the selected liquid 14 through a filler spout 20 having a conventional type snap-on filler cap 21 fitted thereto and which has a plurality of perforations 22 in order to allow excess steam to escape and to keep the supply of steam 23 or, moist heat applied to the face and forehead of the user flowing at a steady and regular rate.

Attached to and forming the inner surface of the water compartment 12 is a porous heat resistant shield 24 in the form of a moulded pad of cellulose or the like through which the evolving steam 23 or moist heat can flow. A moulded pad 25 of sponge material or the like is attached to the shield 24 and is in direct contact with the skin of the user. This obviates the possibility of blistering and causes an even distribution of steam 23 .or moist heat over all the sinus areas of the user. A flexible lip 26 composed of elasticised plastic or rubber moulding or the like, is fitted completely around the outside edges of the moist heat treatment device 10 and acts as a steam or moisture heat seal. It achieves uniform tightness of the unit when worn, by fitting snugly and following the contours of face and forehead of each particular user.

In use, the water compartment 12 is filled with water and if desired, some form of medication such as pineneedle oil etc. can be added. The plug 15 is connected to an electrical mains supply and the four position switch 17 is selected to low, medium, or high heat as desired. The moist heat treatment device 10 is then placed in position on the face and forehead of the user as illustrated in FIG. 1. Within a reasonably short time the device will produce steam 23 or moist heat that will be applied directly to the sinus areas, which stimulates the circulation of the blood in these areas, tends to cause the blood to eliminate the congestion which may be present at the sinuses and affords a considerable measure of relief to the user.

Referring to FIGS. 4 and 5, it will be seen that a modified form of moist heat treatment device designated generally by the arrow 30 includes a plastic container 31 having a forward portion adapted as in device 10 to retain a quantity of water. It will be readily apparent that device 30 is similar in all respects to device 10, the only radical difi erence manifesting itself in the pronounced U configuration of container 31. Device 30 is intended for use on arm, leg or other like joints as a therapeutic appliance for the treatment of such conditions as cramp, muscular fatigue, torn ligaments etc. Similarly by applying device 31 to the neck regions of a body, relief is achieved from such conditions as have been heretofore described.

Referring particularly to FIG. it will be seen that device 31 is supported about a knee 32 (depicted here in phantom).

The general design of the individual parts of my invention as explained above may be varied according to 're quirements in regards to manufacture and production thereof, While still remaining within the spirit and principle of my invention without prejudicing the novelty thereof. v

The embodiments of this invention in which an exclusive property or privilege is claimed are defined as follows:

l. A therapeutic appliance for the application of steam, moist heat and the like to the sinus areas, said appliance including a moulded container of pliable character for the retention of'a liquid, said container being moulded in the form of an upper face mask, said face mask including a compartment for the holding of a liquid; filler means in communication with said compartment; means for the securing of said mask to the face and forehead'of a user;

electrical heating means Within said compartment for the conversion of said liquid into moist heat; a porous shield of cellulose or the like forming the inner side of said compartment, said shield being of substantially heat resistant nature; said porosity of said shield allowing the passage of moist heat therethrough; sponge means for {the absorption of moisture from said porous shield, said sponge means being located immediately adjacent said shield and being in intimate contact therewith; said sponge means being held in pressural contact upon said sinus areas; and mains supply means in communication with said electrical heating means.

2. A therapeutic appliance as defined in claim 1 in which said mask is so designed as to conform to the con- 'tours of a Wearer face and includes sealing means for the retention of moist heat about the sinus areas, said sealing means comprising a flexible resilient lip, said lip being sealably attached to the peripheral edge of said mask.

3. A therapeutic appliance as defined in claim l in which said water filler means has a plurality of perforations formed therein, said perforations permitting release of excess steam within said compartment.

4. A therapeutic'appliance as defined in claim it in which said electrical heating means includes a triple element immersion type heater, said heater being selectively operable for different heat outputs; and automatic cut out means,.said cut-out means being operable upon the level of liquid Within, said compartment falling below the level of said element.

References Cited by the Examiner UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,477,181 3/23 Richmond 128 402 x 1,754,763 4/30 Nunnally 128-254 1,965,424 7/34 Mascolo 128 400 x 2,191,080 2/40 Lewis 128-380 2,429,583 10/47 Ogle 128 402 X 2,477,883 8/49 Lefohn -128402 3,074,410 1/63 Foster 128-400 RICHARD A. GAUDET, Primary Examiner.

LOUIS R. PRINCE, Examiner. v

Patent Citations
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US1477181 *May 27, 1922Dec 11, 1923Anello MontiLock
US1754763 *Feb 13, 1928Apr 15, 1930Marcus Nunnally JosephTherapeutic pad
US1965424 *May 7, 1932Jul 3, 1934Nino MascoloFacial treatment apparatus
US2191080 *Apr 29, 1937Feb 20, 1940Lewis Florence NElectrode applicator for use in short wave radio therapy
US2429583 *Feb 24, 1947Oct 21, 1947Robert W OgleHeating pad
US2477883 *Dec 20, 1946Aug 2, 1949Lefohn Rose BFacial mask
US3074410 *Jan 23, 1961Jan 22, 1963Gorman Rupp Ind IncTemperature control for therapeutic apparatus
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3696814 *Jun 14, 1971Oct 10, 1972Umemoto Samuel JunjiCooling head gear
US3832995 *Apr 2, 1973Sep 3, 1974Welch RFacial reducing apparatus
US3869594 *Jan 7, 1974Mar 4, 1975Edgar E ShivelyHand covering with heating means therein
US4167942 *Sep 19, 1977Sep 18, 1979Brunelli Angelo JHot compress applicator
US4201218 *Dec 22, 1978May 6, 1980Berman Philip GTherapeutic heat application
US4243041 *Apr 5, 1979Jan 6, 1981Paul Malcolm DCold-pack goggles
US4473370 *Sep 14, 1981Sep 25, 1984Weiss Jeffrey NProtective eye shield
US4574787 *Aug 13, 1982Mar 11, 1986Jacobs H BarryAcupressure apparatus
US5411493 *Sep 27, 1993May 2, 1995Rodriguez; Victorio C.Sponge bath garment and method for using
US5474063 *Jun 8, 1994Dec 12, 1995Riendeau; Francois J.Tracheal tube positioning device
US5720773 *Jan 5, 1996Feb 24, 1998Lopez-Claros; Marcelo EnriqueMethod for treating biopsychiatric disorders
US5879379 *Jun 25, 1997Mar 9, 1999Mason; Patricia T.Facial heat transfer device with plural containers
US8048044Aug 11, 2008Nov 1, 2011Stryker CorporationDrug delivery system
US8491505 *Mar 9, 2011Jul 23, 2013Cheng-Chuan YANGEyes-massage device
US20080200885 *Mar 24, 2008Aug 21, 2008Schwebel Mary LRemedy for dry eye syndrome
US20110251532 *Mar 9, 2011Oct 13, 2011Yang Cheng-ChuanEyes-massage device
US20130007945 *Jul 8, 2011Jan 10, 2013Kevin KrondahlHeated Face Mask
WO1983002562A1 *Feb 1, 1982Aug 4, 1983Elkins, WilliamPersonal temperature control system
WO1996013234A1 *Nov 1, 1994May 9, 1996Rodriguez Victorio CSponge bath garment
WO2012114066A1 *Feb 21, 2012Aug 30, 2012Fuller, John, RobertA therapeutic eye and eyelid cover
U.S. Classification604/23, D16/301, 604/303, 604/291, 607/83, 219/527, 219/528, 607/109, 392/403
International ClassificationA61H15/02, A61F7/02, A61F7/00, A61H15/00, A61F7/08
Cooperative ClassificationA61F7/007, A61F2007/0004, A61F7/08
European ClassificationA61F7/08