|Publication number||US3197553 A|
|Publication date||Jul 27, 1965|
|Filing date||Jul 13, 1962|
|Priority date||Jul 19, 1961|
|Publication number||US 3197553 A, US 3197553A, US-A-3197553, US3197553 A, US3197553A|
|Original Assignee||Comp Generale Electricite|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (2), Referenced by (3), Classifications (11)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
H. NICOLAS July' 27 1965 ELECTRIC CABLE WITH CORROSION-INHIBITING SHEATH Filed July 13, 1962 CABLE CONDUCTOR INSUEATION 4 3METALLIC SHEATH INHIBITING COVER 5SELF-SEALING PLASTIC LAYER 6INSULATING SHEATH InvE nToR Henna nicohg 31 M (h mmRnEq United States Patent 3,197,553 ELECTRIC CABLE WITH CORROSION- INHIBITING SHEATH Henry Nicolas, Lyon, France, assignor to Compagnie Generale dElectricite, Paris, France Filed July 13, 1962, Ser. No. 209,525 Claims priority, applicsztion grance, July 19, 1961,
7 Claims. (a. 174-107 insulation resistance is not infinite, so that even a very weak current may pass between the metal sheath and ground, through the protective sheath. Finally, there is always a fine layer of more or less humid air, between the metallic sheath and the protective sheath.
These various factors may lead to corrosion of the metallic sheath, which may be produced a fortiori if the protective sheath is penetrated.
In order to overcome these drawbacks, it has been suggested to arrange a corrosion-inhibiting covering around said sheath, and an external envelope to protect said covering.
The cable according to the invention is characterised in this, that it comprises a layer of adhesive, self-sealing, highly resistant, plastic material between the inhibiting covering and the external protective envelope.
This intermediate plastic layer has the eifect of increasing the insulation resistance of the cable forming a tight mass which eliminates the layer of air between the metallic sheath of the cable and the external protective sheath, and of producing self-sealing in the event of accidental puncture of said outer sheath.
By way of example, when the metal sheath of the cable consists of lead, the inhibiting covering may be a layer of tar containing traces of phenol. In the event that the sheath is of aluminium, this sheath may be covered as soon as it leaves the press, with a priming of formal resin or polyvinyl acetal, of zinc chromate and phosphoric acid. In this way, the inhibiting cover will be more than just a corrosion-protective barrier which prevents passage of moisture to the metal sheath. If the proper materials are used, such as those suggested, the inhibiting covering due to its chemical eifect will oppose the action of corrosion.
According to the present invention, it is also possible to apply over the above priming a paint containing metallic zinc powder, in order to improve the inhibiting action.
The self-sealing layer of plastic consistency is composed, advantageously, of a mixture of olyisobutylene of a molecular Weight in the vicinity of 100,000, of polyethylene, a small proportion of polybutene and a charge such as kaolin.
The following, for example is a suitable formula:
Polyisobutylene of molecular weight PM 100,000 75 An external sheath is applied over the whole cable made in this way, in order to protect it from chemical agents and from mechanical accidents. This external sheath may be either of polythene of high density and high molecular weight, or of polyvinyl chloride especially hard and resistant to abrasion.
Finally, it is an advantage, in order to obtain a close union of the self-sealing layer and the external sheath and to avoid the occlusion of air between them to extrude them in a single operation by means of an extrusion press with double body and a single head.
The attached drawing represents by way of example, a cross-section of a cable according to the invention. 1 is the cable conductor, 2 its insulation, 3 its metallic sheath, 4 the corrosion inhibiting covering, 5 the layer of selfsealing plastic material and 6 the external protective envelope.
What is claimed is:
1. In an electric cable having an outer metal sheath, the improvement comprising corrosion-inhibiting means arranged around said sheath for opposing the chemical reaction which results in corrosion in said sheath, and an insulating cover surrounding said corrosion inhibiting means for protecting said cable from damaging external forces, said metal sheath consisting of lead and said corrosion inhibiting means consisting of a layer of tar containing traces of phenol.
2. In an electric cable having an outer metal sheath, the improvement comprising corrosion-inhibiting means arranged around said sheath for opposing the chemical reaction which results in corrosion in said sheath, and an insulating cover surrounding said corrosion inhibiting means for-protecting said cable from damaging external forces, said metal sheath consisting of aluminum and said corrosion inhibiting means consisting of a layer of polyvinyl acetal of zinc chromate.
3. An electric cable comprising a central conductor, an insulating body surrounding said central conductor, a metallic sheath surrounding said insulating body, corrosion-inhibiting means arranged contiguous to the entire outer surface of said sheath for opposing the chemical reaction which results in corrosion in said sheath, a selfsealing layer of plastic consistency provided entirely around said corrosion-inhibiting means, and an insulating cover surrounding said self-sealing layer in air-tight relationship.
4. An electric cable as defined in claim 3, wherein said metal sheath consists of lead and said corrosion-inhibiting means consists of a layer of tar containing traces of phenol.
5. An electric cable as defined in claim 3, wherein said metal sheath consists of aluminum and said corrosioninhibiting means consists of a layer of polyvinyl acetal of zinc chromate.
6. An electric cable as defined in claim 3, wherein said self-sealing layer consists essentially of a composition containing the following parts by weight:
Polyisobutylene 75 Polyethylene of grade 7 25 Polybutene 5 Kaolin 3 41- Wherein the polyisobutylene has a molecular weight of References Cited by the Examiner approximately 100,000.
7. The method of producing corrosion-resistant cables UNITED STATES PATENTS having a central conductor, insulation, and an outer me- 2,948,772 8/60 PP 174-107 tallic sheath comprising the steps of covering said metallic 5 FQREIGN PATENTS sheath with a layer of corrosion-inhibiting material, ex-
truding a self-sealing layer containing polyisobutylene 10/58 Gleat Bmam' and a layer of polyvinyl chloride simultaneously so as to LARAMIE E ASKIN Primar Examiner produce a unitary covering, and securing said unitary y covering to said layer of corrosion-inhibiting material. 10 JOHN P. WILDMAN, E. JAMES SAX, Examiners.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2948772 *||Jan 25, 1960||Aug 9, 1960||Gen Cable Corp||Neoprene compound, self-adhering to lead|
|GB802484A *||Title not available|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3607614 *||Mar 4, 1969||Sep 21, 1971||British Non Ferrous Metals Res||Adhesives|
|US4118593 *||Nov 24, 1976||Oct 3, 1978||Industrie Pirelli Societa Per Azioni||Process for manufacturing multi-core electric power cables and cables so-produced|
|US6555752||Dec 21, 2001||Apr 29, 2003||Baker Hughes Incorporated||Corrosion-resistant submersible pump electric cable|
|U.S. Classification||174/107, 156/51, 174/120.00R|
|International Classification||H01B13/14, H01B7/17, H01B7/28, H01B13/06|
|Cooperative Classification||H01B13/14, H01B7/2806|
|European Classification||H01B13/14, H01B7/28C|