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Publication numberUS3198033 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateAug 3, 1965
Filing dateFeb 26, 1962
Priority dateFeb 28, 1961
Also published asDE1294775B, DE1931049U, US3242756
Publication numberUS 3198033 A, US 3198033A, US-A-3198033, US3198033 A, US3198033A
InventorsJoseph Fry Jeremy
Original AssigneeRotork Eng Co Ltd
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Valve actuators
US 3198033 A
Abstract  available in
Images(2)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

J. J. FRY

VALVE ACTUATORS Aug. 3, 1965 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 Filed Feb. 26, 1962 ATTORNEYS INVENTOR 3 4. 0, ?Y3

J. J. FRY

VALVE ACTUATORS Aug. 3, 1965 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 Filed Feb. 26, 1962 INVE Af LTOR Sef k 3 United States Patent 3,198,033 VALVE ACTUATORS Jeremy Joseph Fry, Bath, Somerset, England, assignor to Rotork Engineering Company Limited, Bath, England Filed Feb. 26, 1962, Ser. No. 175,769

Claims priority, application Great Britain, Feb. 28, 1961,

11 Claims. (Cl. 74-625) This invention relates to actuating mechanisms and more particularly to valve actuating mechanisms of the kind incorporating a drive mechanism by which the valve may be selectively operated either manually, i.e., by rotation of the customary handwheel, or by power means such as an electric motor. In known arrangements of such valve actuating mechanisms a clutch member is provided which is movable axially by a hand lever in one direction to couple the output shaft or valve spindle to a handwheel for manual operation. The clutch member is automatically moved in the opposite direction to reset the actuator for power operation upon energisation of the electric motor which causes the disengagement of retaining means normally holding the clutch member in driving engagement with the handwheel.

A valve actuating mechanism of the kind described above forms the subject matter of our prior British patent specification No. 842,581, filed July 27, 1960.

g The object of the present invention is to provide an improved and greatly simplified drive mechanism of the kind set out above and in which the manual operation is controlled directly by the handwheel.

According to the invention there is provided a valve actuatorcomprising an output shaft or spindle for actuating the valve and carrying a key or like driving member which is normally engaged by a power valve operating means, wherein a manual'valve operating means is movable to engage said driving member and to disengage said power valve operating means therefrom, said manual valve operating means being held in engagement with said driving member by retaining means which are released when the power means is operated to allow the power means to re-engage said driving member and to disengage said manual valve operating means therefrom.

The invention will now be described by way of example with reference to the accompanying drawings, in which:

FIGURE 1 is a general perspective view of a valve actuator constructed in accordance with the invention;

FIGURE 2 is a sectional elevation through the actuator of FIGURE 1 but in which the casing has been modified to show an alternative arrangement for the input of the electrical leads;

. FIGURE 3 is a front elevation of the retaining means for maintaining the manual operation of the actuator in response to actuation of the handwheel; and

r FIGURE 4 is an isometric illustration of the operating parts of the actuator in their position for manual operation.

Referring now to the drawings and in particular to FIGURES 1 and 2, it will be seen that the actuator comprises a main casing which is positioned substantially vertically. The lower part of the casing 10 is provided with a closure plate 11 which has an outlet therein for the lower end of the main hollow output shaft 12 which extends vertically in the main casing as shown in FIG- URE 2. The output shaft 12 is, rotatably mounted in the casing in suitable bearings, a lower bearing being shown at 13. The bearing 13 is a thrust bearing capable of receiving thrust in response to movement of the output shaft in either direction. As shown the lower end of the output shaft 12 drivably engages a rotatable nut 14 by means of keyed connections 15 so that the nut is connected to the shaft 12 for rotation therewith. The nut 14 is mounted within the outer sleeve 16 which is internally screw-threaded at 17 and mounted on the output shaft 12 and is rotatable with the output shaft and the nut. The lower end of the sleeve 16 is formed with an inwardly directed flange 18 which holds the nut 14 in driving engagement with the shaft 12, the assembly being completed by a locking screw 19. An output shaft or a rising valve spindle 20 is externally screwthreaded at its upper end and is mounted in the nut member 14 so that the rotation of the nut member by the output shaft 12 will produce axial movement of the valve spindle 20 in one direction or the other depending upon the direction of rotation of the nut member. The thrust due to movement of the spindle 20 is transmitted through sleeve 16 to collar 16A. It is to be noted that the positioning of the nut 14 externally of the actuator casing permits among other advantages the provision of an increased spindle capacity for a given size of the actuator.

The output shaft 12 is provided at its upper end with one or more projecting keys or like driving members one of which is shown by the reference 21. Normally, the driving key 21 is maintained in a driving engagement with a transmission worm wheel which is slidable axially on the outside of the shaft 12 and which is formed with an annular slot 23 which engages over the driving key 21. The worm wheel 22 is at all times in engagement with a worm 24 which is mounted on the driving shaft 25 of a reversible electric motor 26 which is mounted in a horizontally located casing 27 extending from the main casing 10. A pack of Belleville washers 25A retained on shaft 25 bynut 25B permits axial movement of shaft 25 in either direction in response to a predetermined torque due to resistance to movement of the valve. This axial movement of shaft 25 is utilized to operate torque switches in a control unit as will be described.

During power operation by the electric motor 26 the worm 24 will be in driving engagement with the lower portion of the wormwheel 22 so that the drive from the motor 26 will be transmitted to the output shaft 12 through the driving key or keys 21 to operate the spindle 20. In FIGURE 2 of the drawings the wormwheel 22 is shown in its lowermost position in which it is disengaged from the driving key 21. The wormwheel 22 is held in this position by a retaining means shown generally by the reference 28 and which will be hereinafter described. When the retaining means isdisengaged from the wormwheel 22, the wormwheel is moved upwardly into driving engagement with the key 21 by means of a heavy spring 29 which is mounted in an internal annular slot 30 in a lower sleeve 31 secured to the output shaft 12 for rotation therewith. The sleeve 31 is provided with a second worm 32 which drives a wormwheel 33 mounted on a shaft 34 which is thereby rotated during operation of the output shaft and which is adapted to drive ancillary equipment, such as limit control switches, as will be hereinafter described- The lower end'of the sleeve 31 seats on the upper surface of the bearing 13 which, as shown in ,FIG- URE 2, is mounted in a member 35 which. is securedin' position between the lower end of the casing and the closure plate 11 by connecting members '36.v .Attachmen-t bolts 37 for a lower casing around the spindle, 20 are provided as shown in FIGURE 2.

The manual operation of the actuator is. performed by, a handwheel 38 which is mounted coaxially about the;

output shaft 12. The handwheel 38 is fixed by screws 39 to the top of a hollow shaft or transmission sleeve 40 which extends into aclosure plate 41 at the top of the casing 10. The lower end of the sleeve 40 snugly sur rounds the top of the output shaft 12 and is movable rotatably and axially relatively thereto. The lowerend' of the sleeve 40 is formed with a skirt or flanged portion 42 the lower edge of which is positioned to engage the top surface of the wormwheel' 22. The skirt por'tion'42 is cutaway to form two diametrally opposite annular slots 43 one of which is shown in FIGURE 1 and which are adapted to receive the driving keys.21.on the output shaft 12. a I

As previously mentioned the 'wormwheel 22 is normal-1 ly held in'driving engagement with the keys21by' means of the spring 29." To operate the actuator manually the operator merely depresses the handwheel 38 downwardly so that the skirt portion 42 ofits sleeve 40 engagesthe wormwheel 22' to move the wormwheel downwardly against the actionof spring29 until it is disengaged from Y the driving key or keys 21.

Further downward moye f wormwheel 22 will move 'ment in its manual condition as the handwheel can now 7 (FIGURE 2 upwardly to engage the flat lower surface 51 of the pawl 45, thus holding the arrangebe freely operated to rotate the output shaft 12. In this condition the guide pin 47 engages the lower surface pf the'slot 48 to prevent the return of the, handwheel tO IlIS inoperative position under the action of the spring 52.

When the electric motor is energised for power operation of the actuator, the wormwheel 22 will'immediately rotate in one direction or the other depending on the direction of rotation of the motor. The rotation of the wormwheel 22 immediately causes the pawl 45 to be moved sideways aboutthe pivot pin 46 in one direction or the other as seen'in FIGURE 3. The wormwheel is now free to move upwardly under the action of the spring 29' and this movement assists the upward movement of the handwheel 38 under the action of its own spring 52. As the handwheel sleeve, moves upwardly it draws the guide pin 47rwithtit inits slot 48 thus moving the pawl to its inoperative position as shown in chain lines in FIGURES.

Referring now to vFlCrU RiEil the electrical leads for the actuator'extend through an aperture in a part '61 ofthe main casing 10 which is closed by aplate 62. The leads-are connected to contacts63in apar-tition 64.

In a modified arrangement as shown in FIGURE 2, the

part 61 of the casing10 is formed with a fian ess for receivingfextension sections 66 whereby the casing may ment of the handwheel 38 now drivably engages the slots 43 in the skirtportion 42 of the sleeve 40 with the keys 21 on the output shaft 12. This position is as-shown in FIGURES 2 and 4 of the drawings where it will be seen that .the handwheelsleeve is in' driving engagement with the "keys 21 while th'e wormwheel 22 is inlits lowermost inoperative position. It is to be noted that the worm 24 on'the motor shaft 25 is still in driving engagement with the wormwheel 22. V

In order to maintain the actuatorin its manually operable condition thereis provided retaining means which,

as previously mentioned, is indicated generally by the reference numeral 28. I The retaining means ismountcd on an extension 44 depending from the top Iclosure plate 41 of the casing 10. The retaining means comprises a latch device whichengages with the top of thewormerative position. The latch device comprises a pawl 45 which is pivotally'mounted on a pin 46 in the extension 445 The pawl 45jcarries alowerguide pin 47 which extends through the pawl 45 and has'itsainner end located within an' annular groove 48 in the handwheel sleeve 40...

The pivot pin46 also carries a spring 49 theends of be'extended as desired. "Each extension se'ctionf66 is "provided. with a similar flange .6 5 for receiving a'lfurther section or a closure plate ';67. An aperture" 68 is provided'iin. one section for receiving the electrical leads and this section may be providedlwtith a' central bush 69 in which there is provided'a central plug in' which the contacts are embedded. Such an arrangement may be required to meet flameproof or other requirements.

As previously mentioned the lower shaft 34driven by the worm 33 extends into a further horizontally located casing 70' extending outwardly from the main casing 10, This shaft is adapted to ."operate ancillary equipment such 'as limit control. switches forming part of the e-lectri cal control unit. The motor. shaft 25. also extends into wheel 22 to hold the wormwheel in its lowermost inopcasing 70 to operate torque switches also forming part i of the electrical control unit for the motor. The control shafts 25 and 34 may operate any smitable control unit, and one such unit forms the subject matter of our e0 pending'Uni-ted' States/patent application No. 197,183,

" filed'May .21, I962. The actual control unit forms no part of the present invention and is not, therefore, de- :scribed 'hereinin detail." As shown, the casing 70 may be provided withv a visual ind'ieator in the'f-o r'm of a i pointer 72 which is operable by the control unitto give whichare crossed and are located one on each side .of a

the outer portion of the guide pin 47. A stop pin'50 is mounted in the extension 44 and extends between the two arms of the spring 49. It is to be noted that the. lower end of the pawl 45 has a fiat surface 51 of rectangular section for engaging the upper surface of the worma.

wheel22. J 7 Normally, the handwheel 38 is held in its inoperative,

uppermost position by means of ,a spring 52 whichis located within the sleeve 40 andrests on a washer 53 which rests on a,v rubber sealing ring 54 on top of the output shaft12. v In its uppermost position the sleeve 40 is shown in chain lines in FIGURE 3 and it willbe seen that the guide pin 47 has been moved upwardly by reason of its engagement with the lower surface of the slot'48,

3 actuating avalve in operable engagement therewith, driving means disposed onsaid output shaft, power operatmg .means including anelectric motor provided with a dIlVlIlg shaft-having a worirnm-ount-ed thereon, a worm I, wheel 'axially movable on said out-put shaft for normally This movement has. tensioned'theadjacentarm of the spring 4980 that when. thehandwheel is depressed the spring 49 will'progr'essively return the pawl 45'to i-ts op erative Ivertical position as shown in full lines in .FIG- URE'3. When the handwheel 38 has been fully depressed the pawl 45 is'vertical as shown and is positioned above the wormwheel 22.-By releasing the handwheel 38 the engaging said .tlriv ing means and coupling said motor therewith, said Worm drivingly engaging said worm wheel, manual valve operating means movable to engage said driving means and to disengage said power opera ing m-eans'therefromfand retaining means to hold sa'id manual valve operatingmeans in engagement with said driving means, said retaining means releasing said manual actuating a valve in operable engagement therewith, driving means disposed on said output shaft, power operating means for normaily engaging said driving means, said power operating means including an electric motor having a driving shaft, a worm and a wormwheel, said worm mounted on said driving shaft and said wormwheel axially movable on said output shaft and having an annular slot for engaging said driving means, said worm drivingly engaging said wormwheel, manual valve operating means movable to engage said driving means and to disengage said power operating means thereform, and retain-ing means to hold said manual valve operating means in engagement with said driving means, said retaining means releasing said manual valve operating means from engagement with said driving means upon operation of said power operating means so that said power operating means engages said driving means.

'3. A valve actuator comprising an output shaft for actuating a valve in operable engagement therewith, driving means disposed on said output shaft, power operating means for normally engaging said driving means, said power operating means including an electric motor and having a driving shaft, a worm and a wormwheel, said worm mounted on said driving shaft and said wormwheel axially movable on said output shaft for engaging said driving means, said worm drivingly engaging said wormwheel, resilient means to urge said wormwheel into driving engagement with said driving means, manual valve operating means movable to engage said driving means and to disengage said power operating means therefrom, and retaining means to hold said manual valve operating means in engagement with said driving means, said retaining means releasing said manual valve operating means from engagement with said driving means upon operation of said power operating means so that said power operating means engages said driving means.

4. A valve actuator comprising an output shaft for actuating .a valve in operable engagement therewith, driving means disposed on said output shaft, power operating means for normally engaging said driving means, said power operating means including an electric motor having a driving shaft, a worm and a wormwheel, said Worm mounted on said driving shaft and said wormwheel axially movable on said output shaft for engaging said driving means, said worm drivingly engaging said wormwheel, manual valve operating means including a handwheel having a sleeve movable relatively to the output shaft to engage said driving means and engageable with the adjacent upper surface of said wormwheel for disengaging said wormwheel from said driving means, and retaining means to hold said manual valve operating means in engagement with said driving means, said retaining means releasing said manual valve operating means from engagement with said driving means upon operation of said power operating means so that said power operating means engages said driving means.

5. An actuator .as claimed in claim 4, wherein the handwheel sleeve is formed with at least one slot providing .a driving connect-ion with said driving means on the output shaft.

6. An actautor as claimed in claim 5, wherein the retaining means comprises a pivoted pawl engageable with the upper surface of the wormwheel of the power operating means, said pawl having spring means for holding said pawl in engagement with the upper surface of the wormwheel until the wormwheel is rotated by said electric motor.

7. An actuator as claimed in claim 6, wherein the pawl is provided with a guide pin one end of which is lo cated in an annular groove formed in the handwheel sleeve for controlling the movement of the pawl as the sleeve is moved to its operative position by depress-ion of the handwheel.

8. A valve actuator comprising an output shaft for actuating a valve in operable engagement therewith, driving means disposed on said output shaft a threaded valve spindle mounted coaxially with said output shaft, a rotatable nut threadedly engaging said valve spindle and fixed in axially adjacent relationship to that end of said output shaft which is directed toward said valve, power operating means normally engaging said driving means, manual valve operating means movable to engage said driving means and to disengage said power operating means therefrom, and retaining means to hold said manual valve operating means in engagement with said driving means, said retaining means releasing said manual valve operating means from engagement with said driving means upon operation of said power operating means so that said power operating means engages said driving means.

9. A valve actuator comprising an output shaft for actuating a valve in operable engagement therewith, a driving means disposed on said output shaft, power operating means normally engaging said driving means, said power operating means including a wormwheel and a worm in driving engagement therewith, drive shaft means mounting the worm at one end and connected to a motive means, said motive means surrounding said drive shaft means and adapted to drive same into rotation, casing means carrying said motive means, torque spring means disposed between said casing means and the other end of said drive shaft means to provide axial movement of said drive shaft means in either a forward or backward direction with respect to said casing and motive means, said drive shaft means having an extension engaging said casing means at a position intermediate its length so that said worm means is virtually on an unsupported portion of said drive shaft means, power operating means normally engaging said driving means, manual valve operating means movable to engage said driving means and to disengage said power operating means therefrom, and retaining means to hold said manual valve operating means in engagement with said driving means, said retaining means releasing said manual valve operating means from engagement with said driving means upon operation of said power operating means so that said power operating means engages said driving means.

10. A valve actuator comprising an output shaft for actuating a valve in operable engagement therewith, driving means on said output shaft, transmission means having a first and a second member surrounding said output shaft in the neighborhood of said driving means, and being movable with respect to the main axis of said output shaft between a first and a second end position, power operating means normally engaging said driving means through said first member in said first end position, manual valve operating means movable in the direction of said main axis to move said gear means along said output shaft, to disengage said first member and consequently said power operating means from said driving means and to engage said driving means through said second member to said manual means in said second end position, and retaining means to hold said manual valve operating means in engagement with said driving means, said retaining means releasing said manual valve operating means from engagement with said driving means upon operation of said power operating means so that said first and said second members are returned into said first end position and said power operating means engages said driving means through said first member.

11. A device for actuating a valve spindle of a valve member, comprising: a casing for housing and mounting various parts of said device, an output shaft rotatably mounted in said casing and having an end portion thereof extending outwardly from said casing, a drive nut having a threaded portion for tlireadedly engaging .a threaded valve spindle, said nutbeing coaxially and rotatably engaged with said end portion and being located outwardly of said casing, said nut being' disengageable from said shaft'and removable from the remainde'r'of said actuator, retaining means outwardly of said casing for holding said nut in engagement with saidshaft-end portionf o t t a, 7 I V I BROUGHTON G. DURHAM,P rimary Examiner.

said retaining means being releasable-to permit said nut [to be disengaged from said shaft and thereby rernovedp fIOlIl' the .rein-aindert of San? actuator without opening said casing. U I

7 it 1 References Cited by the Examiner f r UNITED STATES PATENTS DON A. WAITE, Examiner, ,1

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US618404 *Jan 22, 1898Jan 31, 1899 Electric pump
US1996365 *Jun 24, 1933Apr 2, 1935Clinedinst Wendel WDriving device for valves and the like
US2222699 *Dec 29, 1939Nov 26, 1940Ball Russell CCompensating device for valve control
US2989878 *Mar 25, 1959Jun 27, 1961Philadelphia Gear CorpValve actuating mechanism
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3298249 *Jan 22, 1965Jan 17, 1967Rotork Eng Co LtdValve actuators
US3491615 *Jan 24, 1968Jan 27, 1970English Electric Co LtdActuators
US3863745 *Mar 9, 1973Feb 4, 1975Rotork LtdCam operated clutches with automatic lock
US4022309 *Mar 26, 1975May 10, 1977Philadelphia Gear CorporationDe-clutch mechanism for valve operator
US4089398 *Apr 4, 1977May 16, 1978Dresser Industries, Inc.Automatic releasing lock
US4229995 *Mar 15, 1979Oct 28, 1980Bbc Brown, Boveri & Company, LimitedLocking mechanism for an adjustable spindle drive
US4393965 *Nov 13, 1980Jul 19, 1983Andco Actuator Products, Inc.Rotary actuator
US4562908 *Oct 27, 1983Jan 7, 1986Andco Actuator Products, Inc.Rotary actuator
US5054592 *Apr 25, 1990Oct 8, 1991Sundstrand CorporationManual/powered operation safety device
CN102588653A *Feb 29, 2012Jul 18, 2012天津祥嘉流体控制系统有限公司Multi-rotation type versatile electric actuating mechanism
CN102588653BFeb 29, 2012Oct 9, 2013天津祥嘉流体控制系统有限公司Multi-rotation type versatile electric actuating mechanism
Classifications
U.S. Classification74/625, 192/114.00R
International ClassificationH02K7/12, F16K31/05, H02K7/08, F16H1/04, H02K7/10, F16H1/16, F16K31/04
Cooperative ClassificationH02K7/081, H02K7/12, F16H1/16, F16K31/05, F16K31/048, H02K7/10
European ClassificationF16K31/05, H02K7/08B, H02K7/10, H02K7/12, F16K31/04V2