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Publication numberUS3198064 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateAug 3, 1965
Filing dateJun 29, 1961
Priority dateJun 29, 1961
Publication numberUS 3198064 A, US 3198064A, US-A-3198064, US3198064 A, US3198064A
InventorsWilliam C Moore
Original AssigneeWelch Allyn Inc
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Blood sample holder
US 3198064 A
Abstract  available in
Previous page
Next page
Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Aug. 3, 1965 w. c. MOORE BLOOD SAMPLE HOLDER Filed June 29. 1961 INVENTOR.


United States Patent 3,198,064 BLOOD SAMPLE HOLDER William C. Moore, Skaneateles, N.Y., assignor to Welch Allyn, Inc., Skaneateles Falls, N.Y., a corporation of New York Filed June 29, 1961, Ser. No. 132,252 3 Claims. ((31. 88-44) This invention relates to an improvement in blood sample holders and more particularly to a disposable holder for use in a hemoglobinometer for determining the hemoglobin content of blood.

Medical diagnosis often requires thatthe hemoglobin concentration of the blood be measured, and frequently this measurement must be made quickly without the delays occasioned by the usual laboratory routine. Hemoglobinometers for such measurements require that a sample of the patients blood, either in the whole state or hemolysed, be held in a layer of predetermined thickness for a color or density measurement. This measurement may be made either by visual matching with a comparison member such as a calibrated optical wedge, or by subjecting the sample to a light of predetermined intensity and measuring the light transmitted through the sample by means of a photoelectric cell and ammeter. Since the sample must have a known uniform thickness it is advantageous to provide a pipette-type of blood sample holder into which the blood may be drawn by capillary attraction, and since the measurement must be frequently made quickly it is advantageous that the sample holder be instantly available without adjustment or preparation.

The principal object of the present invention, accordingly is to provide a blood sample holder for use with a hemoglobinometer which is ready for instant use without further preparation, which may be easily filled with the blood to be tested without an applicator, and which is easily and inexpensively made so as to be disposable.

Further objects are to provide a blood sample holder which may be easily and economically made in quantity, without movable parts, which may be easily and cheaply packaged in quantity for cleanliness, but which will provide holding means for a blood sample of accurately determined known thickness.

Other objects and advantages will become apparent from the following description taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawing, in which:

FIGURE 1 is a sectional view of a preferred form of blood sample holder according to the present invention on the line 1-1 of FIG. 2;

FIGURE 2 is a side elevational view thereof;

FIGURE 3 is a plan view of another form of blood sample holder; and

FIGURE 4 is a side elevational view thereof.

In the embodiment shown in FIGURES 1 and 2, two sheets or plates of glass are spaced apart by the members 11 of fine wire or the like and are secured together at opposite sides, in spaced apart relation, by a layer of adhesive 12, preferably of the epoxy type which forms a good bond with the glass and is unaffected by moisture. The wire spacer members 11 are normally of a diameter of the order of a few thousandths of an inch, being made of wire which can be drawn to the desired size with little variation. The spacers 11 lie parallel across and between plates 10 and include therebetween a space 13 bounded by the major portion of the adjacent surfaces of plates 10.

In operation, the side edge of the blood sample holder may be brought in contact with a drop of blood to be tested and the narrow space 13 acts as a pipette, drawing the blood into the space by capillary attraction. Preferably, the blood sample holder is supplied with the inner spaced surfaces of the plates 10 coated with a wetting agent in order to facilitate this pipette action. If the measurement to be made in the hemoglobinometer requires that the blood sample be hemolysed, the coating of plates 10 may include a hemolytic agent such as saponin, either mixed with the wetting agent or without a wetting agent.

Since the plates 10 are spaced apart by the accurately drawn wires 11, the thickness of the space 13 is always the same for the blood sample taken in any sample holder, thus ensuring accuracy in the measurement obtained by the hemoglobinometer.

Obviously, the plates 10 may be made of any hard transparent material, but glass is cheap and therefore preferred. The adhesive layers 12 may be of any material having good bonding characteristics with the material of the plates 10 whether the bond is obtained by heat or otherwise. When glass is used for the plates 10, the adhesive may be glue, plastic, solder glass, glass, soft solder, or even any metal which may be bonded to glass by heating and which will remain sealed to the glass on cooling.

In FIGURES 3 and 4, another embodiment of the present invention is shown in which the glass plates 29 are separated by the curved wire spacers 21 at opposite sides. The sides of the plates 20 are bonded together outwardly of the spacers 21 by a glass head 22 which has been melted and fused to the plates 20 by heat in a well known manner. The space 23 between the center portions of the plates 20 is thus accurately fixed as to thickness and this form of blood sample holder is used exactly as the form described in connection with FIGURES 1 and 2.

It will now be apparent that a blood sample holder has been provided which may be very cheaply made so as to be disposable, but which has a very high degree of accuracy as to the thickness of the blood sample taken for measurement.

As will be apparent to those familiar with the art, the invention may be embodied in other specific forms without departing from the spirit or essential characteristics thereof. The embodiments disclosed are therefore to be considered in all respects as illustrative rather than restrictive, the scope of the invention being indicated by the appended claims.

What is claimed is:

1. A disposable blood sample holder for use in a hemoglobinometer or the like, comprising: a pair of sheets of rigid transparent material having borders of substantially the same configuration, spacing means between said sheets located between the centers of said sheets and said borders on at least two diametrically opposite sides of said sheets, and material having good bonding characteristics with the material of the sheets sandwiched between said pair of sheets at said opposite sides between said spacing means and said borders, said spacing means being round in cross section and of uniform diameter, said bonding material securing said sheets together at said opposite sides in intimate contact with said spacing means, and a substantial portion of said sheets between said opposite sides being spaced apart the thickness of said spacer members.

2. A disposable blood sample holder for use in a hemoglobinometer or the like, comprising: a pair of sheets of glass having borders of substantially the same configuration; a plurality of round wire spacer members having uniform diameters disposed between said sheets between the centers thereof and said borders on at least two opposite sides, and bonding material having good adhering characteristics with glass disposed between said sheets outwardly of said members, said material being bonded to said glass sheets and securing them in intimate contact with said members along their' entire length diate the ends thereof, an adhesive material being disposed between said plates; adjacent said ends said material beingbonded to said 'plates and securing them in intimate contact with said members, the major part of the inner surfaces of said plates being between said.spac- 7 er members and thereby narrowly'spaced apart for introductionof blood therebetweenby capillary attraction.

References Cited by the Examiner UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,621,557 12/52 Kavanagh' ..'8840 X 2,673,789 3/ 54 Brown 88---l4 X 4 2,827,825 3/58 White 88-14 2,863,319 12/58 McLin 73425.4 3,009,352 511/61 Neuda 88l4 X OTHER REFERENCES Kiyen'son et all: Some New Techniques in the Construction of Spectrographic Absorption Cells, Journal of the Optical: Society of America, vol. 39, No. 6, June 1949,pagest484 and 485.

15 JEWELL H. PEDERSEN, Primaiy'Examiner,


Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2621557 *Jan 26, 1951Dec 16, 1952Kavanagh Frederick WSpectrometric apparatus for determining hemoglobin concentrations and the like
US2673789 *Aug 1, 1950Mar 30, 1954American Optical CorpApplicator for hemolyzing whole blood
US2827825 *Mar 22, 1955Mar 25, 1958White Dev CorpRaman tube apparatus
US2863319 *Feb 4, 1958Dec 9, 1958Mclin Marvin HamptonCapillary pipette
US3009352 *Sep 14, 1959Nov 21, 1961Neuda Paul MDevice for testing the erythrocyte sedimentation rate of blood
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3445152 *Dec 13, 1965May 20, 1969Ici LtdMicroscope slides and method of manufacturing
US3447863 *Jul 11, 1966Jun 3, 1969Sodell Research & Dev CoMethod for preparing a slide for viewing
US4022521 *Feb 19, 1974May 10, 1977Honeywell Inc.Microscope slide
US4171866 *Apr 20, 1978Oct 23, 1979Tolles Walter EDisposable volumetric slide
US4210020 *Apr 24, 1978Jul 1, 1980Wasik Ronald JPasta testing device
US4233029 *Oct 25, 1978Nov 11, 1980Eastman Kodak CompanyLiquid transport device and method
US4302313 *Mar 10, 1980Nov 24, 1981Eastman Kodak CompanyElectrode-containing device with capillary transport between electrodes
US4308028 *Apr 14, 1980Dec 29, 1981Elkins Carlos DDevice and method for the chemical testing and microscopic examination of liquid specimens
US4957582 *Mar 16, 1989Sep 18, 1990Eastman Kodak CompanyCapillary transport zone coated with adhesive
US5039487 *May 3, 1990Aug 13, 1991Board Of Regents, The University Of Texas SystemMethods for quantifying components in liquid samples
US6104483 *Jun 18, 1999Aug 15, 2000Lockheed Martin Tactical Defense Systems, Inc.Optical flow cell with references flange
US6180314 *May 27, 1998Jan 30, 2001Becton, Dickinson And CompanyMethod for preparing thin liquid samples for microscopic analysis
US6358475 *May 27, 1998Mar 19, 2002Becton, Dickinson And CompanyDevice for preparing thin liquid for microscopic analysis
US6551554 *Feb 13, 1996Apr 22, 2003Leja Products B.V.Counting compartment for biological investigations and a method for manufacturing such a counting compartment
US6873411Aug 7, 2001Mar 29, 2005Lockheed Martin CorporationOptical debris analysis fixture
US7019834Jun 4, 2002Mar 28, 2006Lockheed Martin CorporationTribological debris analysis system
US7184141Mar 23, 2004Feb 27, 2007Lockheed Martin CorporationOptical flow cell for tribological systems
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US7385694Jul 22, 2004Jun 10, 2008Lockheed Martin CorporationTribological debris analysis system
US8079250Jul 9, 2008Dec 20, 2011Lockheed Martin CorporationViscometer system utilizing an optical flow cell
US20030223061 *Jun 4, 2002Dec 4, 2003Lockheed Martin CorporationTribological debris analysis system
US20050002030 *Jul 22, 2004Jan 6, 2005Lockheed Martin CorporationTribological debris analysis system
US20050213088 *Mar 23, 2004Sep 29, 2005Lockheed Martin CorporationOptical flow cell for tribological systems
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U.S. Classification356/244, 422/947, 206/813, 206/205, 73/864.91, 206/822, 206/525
International ClassificationB01L3/00, G01N33/49
Cooperative ClassificationB01L3/5027, B01L3/508, G01N33/4905, B01L2300/0887, B01L2400/0406, Y10S206/822, B01L2300/0822, Y10S206/813
European ClassificationB01L3/508, B01L3/5027, G01N33/49B