|Publication number||US3198087 A|
|Publication date||Aug 3, 1965|
|Filing date||Aug 26, 1963|
|Priority date||Sep 3, 1962|
|Also published as||DE1197415B|
|Publication number||US 3198087 A, US 3198087A, US-A-3198087, US3198087 A, US3198087A|
|Inventors||Charles Potts Michael, Hewlett Bolton Douglas Herbert|
|Original Assignee||Dowty Mining Equipment Ltd|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (5), Referenced by (4), Classifications (14)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
3, 1955 M. c. POTTS ETAL 3,198,087
ROOF SUPPORT ASSEMBLIES Filed Aug. 26, 1963 2 Sheets-Sheet l BY wqm A Trn KNEl/s g- 3, 1965 M. c. POTTS ETAL ROOF SUPPORT ASSEMBLIES 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 Filed Aug. 26, 1963 N'F Rs L c. PoTTse- Do CELAS l-l-H. B OL N United States Patent 3,198,087 ROOF SUPPORT ASSEMBLIES Michael Charles Potts, Mill Close, and Douglas Herbert Hewlett Bolton, Winchcombe, near Cheltenham, England, assignors to Dowty Mining Equipment Limited, Ashchurch, near Tewkesbury, England, a British company Filed Aug. 26, 1963, Ser. No. 304,505 Claims priority, application Great Britain, Sept. 3, 1962,
8 Claims. (Cl; 91-189) This invention relates to roof support assemblies suitable for use in mines.
The present invention concerns a roof support assembly of the general type that includes a series of roof supports advanceable in a predetermined sequence, each roof support including a fluid-pressure-oper-able control valve assembly Whose operation causes the roof support to undergo an advancing operation, means for sending a fluid-pressure signal to initiate operation of the control valve assembly of the first roof support in the sequence,
each control valve assembly being operable, following advance of its own root support, to send the signal to the next roof support in the sequence, to initiate operation of its control valve assembly, a conduit associated with the control valve assembly of the last roof support in the sequence in such a manner that completion of the advancing operation of the last roof support in the sequence causes a fluid pressure to occur in the conduit, the roof support assembly, according to this invention, also including valve means, hereinafter referred to as a change-over valve, having an inlet connectable to a source of fluid pressure and being operable to connect the inlet alternatively to the signal sending means, to await a signal from the last roof support of the series, or to the conduit, to
initiate advance of the first roof support of the series.
The occurrence of a fluid pressure in the conduit is caused by the completion of the advancing operation of the last roof support in the sequence, and this fluid pressure so occurring may cause the inlet of the valve means to be connected to the conduit.
When the inlet of the valve is connected to the conduit, the valve may become locked in this position until a new advancing sequence is selected, the means locking the valve being independent of a loss of pressure from the source of fluid pressure. The locking means is the subject of our all-owed application Serial No. 302,786, filed support and,
FIGURE 4 is a diagrammatic axial sectional view showing the-construction of a hydraulic valve unit, three of which are associated with each roof support, and two of which constitute the change-over valve means of this invention.
With reference to the accompanying drawings, a coal mining apparatus includes a conveyor 1 which extends along the working face 2 of a coal mine and acts as a guide means for a coal cutting machine 3. A series of roof supports 4 are arranged along the working face and "ice iie on the opposite side of the conveyor 1 to the working ace 2.
Each roof support 4 includes a groundengaging sole beam 5 which carries a number, for example three as shown, of hydraulically-operable telescopic props 6 and a roof-engageable bar (not shown) carried by the props 6. Each roof support 4 is connected to the conveyor 1 by a single-acting hydraulically-operable jack 7 anchored to the conveyor and used for advancing the support 4 up to the conveyor '1 serving as an anchorage, and some roof supports (for example every fourth roof support as shown) are additionally connected to the conveyor 1 by a doubleacting hydraulically-operable jack device 8 for advancing the conveyor relative to the roof support 4 using the roof support 4 as an anchorage.
A hydraulic power unit 9 is located at one end of the Working face and a main hydraulic pressure line 11 and a hydraulic return line 12 extend from and to themain pressure source 56 of the power unit 9 along the working face. Each roof support 4 includes a hydraulic control valve assembly 13 to which the pressure and return lines 11, 12 are connected. Each control valve assembly 13 controls the supply of hydraulic fluid to and the return of hydraulic fluid from the props 6 and the jack or jacks 7, 8 of the roof support 4.
With the exception of the last roof support in the series, the control valve assembly 13 of each roof support 4 is connected to the control valve assembly of its adjacent roof support in one direction, from left to right in the drawings, along the working face by a main hydraulic pilot line 14 which is also connected between the pilot pressure source 57 of the power unit 9 and the control valve assembly 13 of the first roof support 4. A secondary hydraulic pilot line 15 to which the main pilot line connects after the last roof support has been advanced extends from the control valve assembly of the last roof support in the series to the power unit 9 and is connected by a branch line 38 to the control valve assembly of every roof Supp ort.
As shown in FIGURE 3 the control valve assembly 13 of each roof support 4 includes three valve units A, B and C, each of which is constructed as shown in FIGURE 4. Each valve unit A, B or C is a six-ported two-position valve. When a valve unit is in the position shown in FIGURE 4, which position will be referred to as the neutral position, port 22 is in communication with port 23. When a valve unit is caused to take up its other position,
for example by application of hydraulic pressure to port- 20 or port 24, which position will be referred to as the operated position, port 22 then communicates with port 21 instead of port 23. The valve unit is resiliently urged towards its neutral position by a spring 16 and can be brought into the operated position manually by turning a screw 17.
As shown in FIGURE 3, the main pilot line 14 on entering the control valve .13, is connected to the ports 24 of valve units B and C. The main pressure line 11 is connected through a non-return valve 18 to port 23 of valve unit C and port 21 of valve unit B. The return line 12 is connected to port 21 of valve unit C, to port 23 of valve unit B, to port of valve unit A and through a restrictor 10 to port 23 of valve unit A, Port-s 20 of valve units B and C are not used.
Initially, when the main pressure line 11 has been pressurised and before the main pilot line 14 is pressurised, valve units A, B and C are in their neutral positions. Thus, the main pressure line 11 communicates with the props 6 through valve unit C, line 19, and three lines 26 which each includes a non-return valve 27 and are connected to the props 6. The props 6 are therefore pressurised and the roof support is in a roof-supporting condition. The props 6 are also connected through lines 26 and non-return valves '28 with lines29, 30 connected to aprop reliefovalve 31 and a prop release valve 32 respectively.
If the hydraulic pressure in any one of the props 6 exceeds a predetermined maximum, the relief valve 31 is operated by the pressure to allow fluid to escape through of; valve units 63, 64 are not used, ports 23 are connected valve ,31 and line-33 to the returnline 12. .The prop re- 1 lease valve 32 can be operatedto connect line 30 to line- 33 and the return line 12, so as to collapse the props'6, by the pressurisation of line 34 which isconnected to the release valve'32. This operation will be described later;
to one another by line 65, port 22 of valve unit 63 is connected to the pilot line 14, port 21 is connected to the secondary pilot line and through a non-return valve 60 to a line 66 connected to both ports and to one 'side of a valve unit 67. The other side of valve unit 67 is connected to port 21 of valve unit 64 by line. 68 and thence to the return line 12 via line 62. Port 22 of valve unit 64 is connected to the pilot line 14. Valve unit Also,"before the main pilot line 14is pressurised, the
main pressure line 11 communicates through valve unit C with line: which is. connected with the pushing side 1 of conveyor advancing jack 8. Thus the. conveyor 1.is continuously urged towards the working ;face2 when the props 6 are set and the roof support is'in a roof-support,
The returnline 12 is connected through line 33, ports 23 and 22 of valve unit B'with line 34 and line 36. Line 36 is connected to thejpulling side of support advancing jack 7, and to 'liner37' which is connected to'thepulling side of conveyor" advancing jack 8.
The secondary pilot line 15 isconnected by the line 38} I and line 36 includes a valve unit 40 which is opened by a;
projection adjacent the leading end ofthe support advancing jack 7 when thejack 7 is fully or nearly fully contracted, i.e. when the support 4 has been advanced up to the conveyor 1. One of the lines 26 is connected to a valve unit 46 in line 14 in'such a manner that the presence of a prop-setting pressure in line 26 opens thevalve unit 46. a
' of a'complete cycle of operations, of
67 is opened' by'a predetermined pressure in line 53 which is connectedto the return line 12 by line 61 which includes a restrictor .69. In the neutral position of valve units 63, 64 line 65 connects the portion of main pilot line 14 leading from."
the pilot pressure source 57 to the'portion of the main pilot line '14 leading to the control valve 13 of the first roof support. There fore,line 65 is a portion of/the main pilot line 14. c
o The function and operation of the appara t us described e apparatus. 7
Initially, the valve'units A, B nd C of the control valve assembly"13,of every roof support 4 are in their above will become clear frornthejlfwing. descripti neutral positions with the; result that, assuming the'main pressure source 56 to be pressurisingthe mainvpressure line 11, :all the roof supports are set against the roof, all the conveyor advancing jacks 8 are, urgingthe conveyorl towards the coal face and all the support advancing jacks j 7 are free.
vThus, to summarise the foregoing description of the" control valve assembly 13, when the main pressure line 11 hasbeen-pressurised and before the main pilotline 14 has been pressurised, the condition of valve units A,-B'and C are such that the props 6 are set, theconveyor advancing jack 8 is pushing the conveyor 1 forward and'the sup port advancingjackfl is free, i.e. it is neither pushing or pulling.
. The further'operation of the control valve assernbly 13.
paratus asa whole is described] j r The support advancing jack"7, whose, extension is a measure ofthejdistance through which the conveyor 1 has been advanced relative to the support 4, carries a cam will be described when'the operation ofthe mining apmember 47 whichis associated with two valve units 48,!
54. connected to the main pilot line 14 has fallen to a pre-f determined value.
Thepower unit 9 includesa main pressure source 56 to which the main pressure line .11 and return line 12 are As the cutter 3 moves to and fro along the working face 2 in coal-cutting operations, the'cutter 3 and the conveyor- 1are advanced by the conveyor advancing jacks 8 reacting from the anchored support. Thus the jacks 8 together with the .free support advancing jacks 7, gradually extend. Eventually it'will become'necessary for the roof supports 4 to be advancedyone by onejtowards the conveyor 1. g r
o To initiate the first advancing sequence oftheroof supports 4,2the pilot pressure source 57'is' switched onto pressurise that portionof the main pilot line 14 which passes'through the change-over valvei59 and enters the control valve assembly 13 of the first roof support 4. The
' main pilot pressure operates valve units B and C causing connected, a pilot pressure source 57,;to which theJmain pilot line 14 is connected, a warning device 58to which line 52 is connected, and a change-over valve 59.
-The, change-over valve 5 9is connected in the main pilot line 14 and is connected to the secondary: pilot line 15,
to line 53, and to the return line 12 by lines 61, 62. 'The change-over valve 59 includes two valve. units 63, 64 which are similar in construction to valve units A, B and C in the control valve assemblies 13. Ports 24 and 25 the ports 22 to communicate with their ports 21 instead 7 of their-ports 23'." 'I hus','the operation of valve unit B causes main pressure from main pressure 'line 11" who applied'to lines-34, 36,37. Pressure'in line 34 opens valve unit "32 tocause release of'the props 6 and hence release of the roof support from the roof; pressure in line 36 pressurises the pulling sideof the support advancing ack 7, which is connected to the conveyor 1,- to cause the roof support to advance towards the, conveyor 1-, thelatter acting asan anchorage, and pressure in line 37 is not actually connected to the conveyor 1. Thie pushing side of conveyor advancing jack '8 is connected by operationqof valve unit C to the return line '12 through lines 35, 33 and itwill be seen that line19 is similarly connected to the return line 12, thus enablingthe props 6, to collapse. The pushing side of support advancing jack 7 is permanently connected to atmosphere by a port .(not w V 1 e V When the roof support4 is nearly. fully advanced up to the conveyor 1, the projection 4 5 ,on the leading'end of support advancingijackf7 engages and opens valve unit 40which causesline 44 to become pressurised from line 36. Thus, valve unit A'is operated. Pilot pressure. at port-21 is thus communicated/to port 22 and therefore through lines 42 and 14 to valve unit 46 .and through non-returnvalve 43 and line 41 to port 24. Sincev valve Pilot pressure in line 14 is alsoapplied to ports 25 of valve units B and C which are thereby returnedto their vance' of the roof support, valve unit 44 is actuated to cause the roof support 4 to become reset against the roof and to cause the conveyor advancing jack 8 to resume pushing the conveyor 1 forwardly.
If'necessary, line 35 may include a restrictor to ensure that the conveyor advancing jack 8 does not resume sp'ushing the conveyor 1 forwardly until the props 6 hare had sufficient time to reset the roof support against the roof.
The attainment of a satisfactory pressure in the props 6 and he ce in lines 26 causes valve unit 46 to open. Thus, when 11? roof support has been satisfactorily reset against the roof, valve unit 46 opens and pilot pressure in line 14 is passed on to the next roof support in the series,-and this nextroof support now undergoes an advancing operation.
f Each roof support in turn advances and when the valve unit 46 in the control valve assembly 13 of the last roof support 4 in the series opens, main pilot pressure is applied through a non-return valve 71 to the secondary pilot line 15.
Pressurisation of the secondary pilot line 15 indicates that an advancing sequence of the roof supports has been completed and, if desired, an indicating means for this purpose may be provided on the power unit 9. Since the secondary pilot line 15 is connected at the change-over valve 59 through port 21 of valve unitv 63, non-return valve 60 and line 66 to ports of valve units 63 and 64, these valve units are operated. Thus the main pilot line 14 is broken, the portion leading to the pilot .pressure source 57 being connected to the secondary pilot line 15 and the portion leading to the control valve assembly 13 of the first roof-support (and to the control valve assemblies of all the otheiroof supports) is connected to the return line 12.
Since valve unit 67 is closed,-press-ure is now locked in line 66 by non-return valve 60 and valve units 63 and 64 are held in the operated position.
Therefore, the portion of the main pilot line 14 passing from the change-over valve 59 through the control valve assemblies 13 of all the roof-supports 4 to the nonreturn valve 71 is de-pressurised. Also, pressure in the secondary pilot line 15 opens the valve unit 39 in each control valve assembly 13 to connect line 41 to the return line 12, hence unlocking the valve units A which return to their neutral positions.
. Thus, the hydraulic circuit has now been brought back to its initial condition, with the exception that the portion A of the main pilot line between the pilot pressure source 57 and the change-over valve 59 is connected to and pressurises the secondary pilot line 15.
As the pressure in the port-ion of the main pilot line 14 extending from the change-over valve 59 through the various control valves 13 drops, the pressure in line 54 drops also and, when a predetermined low pressure has been reached, valve unit opens and allows the pressure in the secondary pilot line 15 to reach one side of the valve unit 48 and one side of valve unit 49 through line 51. The purpose of valve unit 55 will be explained later.
As the cutter 3 continues to out coal, the conveyor advancing jacks 8 will push the conveyor 1 forward and, with the support advancing jack 7, gradually extend. When the support advancing jack 7 of the first roof support has extended a predetermined amount (less than and preferably about three-quarters of the full extension), the cam member 47 Will engage and open valve unit 48 to cause line 52 to be pressurised from line 51 and the secondary pilot line 15. Pressurisation of line 52 operates the warning device 58 and this indicates that an advancing sequence will shortly be starting. A further small extension of the support advancing jack 7 causes the cam member 47 to engage and open valve unit 49 to cause line 53- to become pressurised from line 51 and the secondary pilot line 15. Pressuri-sation of line 53 opens valve unit 67 and line 66 is connected to the return line 12 via lines 68 and 62. Thus, the valve units 63 and 64 are unlocked and return to their neutral positions. The portion of the main pilot line 14 leading from the pilot pres-sure source 57 to the change-over valve 59 is therefore re-connected by line 65 to the portion of main pilot line 14 leading to the control valve assembly 13 of the first roof support, and the pressure from the main pilot source 57 initiates an advancing operation of the first roof support and, therefore, all the roof supports advance in turn. The pressure in the secondary pilot line 15 leaks away to the return line 12 via lines 51, 53 and 61.
Thus, every time the conveyor 1 is advanced a predetermined distance in front of the first roof support (a distance less than the full extension of the jack 7), cam member 47 opens valve unit 49 to initiate a fresh advancing sequence provided, of course, that the previous advancing sequence has finished. If the previous advancing sequence has not finished there is no pressure in the secondary pilot line 15 and the opening of the valve unit 49 will not cause opening of the valve unit 67. When the previous advance sequence finishes, pressurisation of the secondary pilot line 15 will cause the change-over valve 59 to operate, and the portion of the main pilot line 14 pas-sing through the control valve assemblies 13 will be de-pressurised to eventually cause valve unit 55 to open and allow pressure from the secondary pilot line 15 to reach valve unit 67 through already open valve unit 49.
The apparatus described is used with those cutters 3 which have to be continually urged against the working face 2. The speed of operation of the cutter 3 and the time taken for an advancing sequence of the series of roof supports to he completed are so arranged that, when an advancing sequence has been initiated by the predetermined extension (preferably about three-quarters of the full extension) of the support advancing jack 7 of the first roof support 4, the advancing sequence is completed before any conveyor advancing jack 8 has become fully extended. It a conveyor advancing jack 8 did become fully extended the cutter 1 would not be urged against the portion of the working face 2 in front of the jack 8.
If there is a power failure or if the power unit 9 is shut down when an advancing sequence has commenced but not finished, the locking in their operative positions of valve units A of the control valve assembly 13 of those roof supports which have advanced ensures that, when the power unit 9 is re-started, the advancing sequence carries on from the position along the series of roof supports that it had previously reached. It the valve units A were not locked in their operative positions after the advance of their roof supports they may have reverted to their neutral positions because the system pressure has leaked away and subsequent re-starting of the power unit 9 would cause a fresh advancing sequence to commence instead of the previously-commenced sequence finishing.
If there is a power failure or if the power unit 9 is shut down when an advancing operation has been completed, and a fresh advancing operation has not started, the locking in their operative positions of valve units 63 and 64 in the change-over valve 59 ensures that, when the power unit 9 is re-started, the secondary pilot line 15 is repressurized. If valve units 63 and 64 were not locked in their operating positions, they may have reverted to their neutral positions because the system pressure has leaked away and subsequent re-starting of the power unit 9 would 7 a cause a fresh advancing sequence to commence straight away, instead of being commenced by the opening of the valveunit 49. V 7 7. 7 a i As described previously, the valveunitsA, B, C, and the valve units 63, 64 'ar'ejconstructed in themanner shown in FIGURE 4 and can be manually operated if desired, so'that the position of. any roof support in the series can be adjusted by manual operation of screw17 if necessary. 7 V
The'valve' unit 55 ensures that a fresh advancing sequence cannot be-initiated until the pressure in the portion, of the main pilot line 14 passing through the control valve assemblies 13 of the roof supports has fallen sufli 3. roof support assembly as in claim 1, including a fluid pressure. source, the locking means including valve means for trapping fluid under pressure. 7
' T 4. A roofsupport assembly as in'claim 1, including actuatingmeans operated by completion of the advancing 7. operation of the last roof support in the sequence to operciently to ensure that all the valve units A, B and C are in 7 their neutral positions. 3 V V In'one installation of the described apparatus, the-full pressure in the main pressure line 11' was 3,000-lbs. per
sq. in., and the pressure in the main pilot line 14 was 1,700
lbs. per-sq. inch. The advancing sequence was' initiated when the support advancing jack 7 (whose maximum extension was 24 inches) had extended ISinches.
An advancing sequence of the-series of roof supports took 15 minutes and the cutter 3 cut 3 inches every 8 minutes. i p I l In this installation, each'control valve 13 includes a ate the cut-oif device to isolate first roof support. V i a 1 5. A roof;support assembly as in claim 4, including a fluid pressure signal source, the control means being operable to send a fluid pressure signal to the first roof support, and wherein the actuating means includes a conduit arranged to be pressurized byfluid from said source: upon completion of the advancing operation of the last roof support, andoperatively connectedt-o the cut-ofl, device,
the signal source from the i i to actuate the latter and soto isolate the signal source locking means.
manually-operable valve unit 72in line 34; This valve.
unit 72 is normally left open but, if a support is manually.
operated, the valve unit 72 can be closed manually to prevent'release of the props 6 when pressure is applied to the pulling side of the support advancing jack 7. This enables theconveyor to be moved backwards if necessary, Although in the described embodiment, the locking of the valve units '63 and 64 in the change-over valve 59 is achieved by means of a trapped fluid under pressure, a similar effect may also be obtained by means of a meport to advance the same, control means operable to sendfrom thefirst roof support. 6. Aroofr' support assembly I releasemeans is also operatively connected tosaid condui t, andis operable by pressure therein'to unlockthe 7. Aroofsupport-'assembly-as in claim ,6, wherein the cut-01f device is arranged to connect the signal source to the conduit by'actuation'of the cut-01f device to isolate the signal source from the first roof support.
8. A roof support assembly for use in "mines, including a series of roof supportsadvanceable in a predetermmedsequence, meansoperatively connected to each roof.
support to advance the same, control means operable to send a fluid-pressure signal to the first, roof support in --the sequence to initiate the advance of saidroof support,
its root support to send a fluid-pressure signal to the next roof support in the sequence and so to initiate the advance of said next roof support, said control means including a fluid-pressure signal source and a cut-off device operable to isolate the signal source from the first roof support,
a signal to the first roof support in the sequence to initiate the advance of .saidfir stroof support, a signaling means operatively'associated with each roof support, and Open ableupon completion of the advance of itsroof support to send a signal to the nextr-oof support in the sequence" and so to initiate advance of said next roof support, said control means includinga signal'source and a cut-ofl device operable to isolate the signal source from said first roof support, locking means for lockingthe cut-elf device in theisolating position independently of a future loss of.
a signal'from the signal source, and release means operable to release said locking means. i a
2. A roof support assembly as in claim 1, including a fluid pressure signal source, the signaling means for the first and all subsequent roofsupports being arranged for operation by a fluid pressure signal.
and actuating means'including a conduit arranged to be pressurized by fluid from said source upon completion of the'advancing opera'tionoffthe last roof support, and
"fluid-pressure signal source and a cut-off device operable isolating the signalsource from the first ro'of support.
1; ReferencesCited B ythe Examiner Y UNITED STATES PATENTS j I FRED ENGELTHALER, Primary Examiner. V
as in "claim" 5 wherein the,
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE CERTIFICATE OF CORRECTION Patent No. 3,198,087 August 3, 1965 Michael Charles Potts et a1.
NESTYV. SWIDER EDWARD J. BRENNER esting Officer Commissioner of Patents
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2607197 *||Aug 6, 1949||Aug 19, 1952||Keller Tool Co||Sequential motor operation under control of individual, fluid actuated, relieved pressure valves|
|US2688314 *||May 1, 1953||Sep 7, 1954||Smallpeice Ltd||Arrangement of control valves|
|US2711634 *||May 25, 1949||Jun 28, 1955||Joy Mfg Co||Mine roof supporting means|
|US2753036 *||Mar 6, 1952||Jul 3, 1956||Joy Mfg Co||Mine roof support-equipped mining apparatus|
|US2972337 *||Nov 30, 1959||Feb 21, 1961||Gen Electric||Hydraulically actuated operating mechanism for an electric circuit breaker|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3278812 *||Jun 28, 1963||Oct 11, 1966||Ibm||Tunnel diode with tunneling characteristic at reverse bias|
|US3856356 *||Mar 21, 1973||Dec 24, 1974||Gullick Dobson Ltd||Method of mining mineral|
|US4679856 *||Sep 21, 1984||Jul 14, 1987||Klockner-Becorit Gmbh||Mine self-advancing roof support and method of relocating a mine winning face equipped with self-advancing roof support|
|US5199510 *||May 22, 1991||Apr 6, 1993||Baker Hughes Incorporated||Raise boring head and stem assembly method|
|U.S. Classification||91/189.00R, 91/403, 91/448, 91/452, 91/446, 299/33, 91/1|
|International Classification||E21D23/16, E21D23/26, E21D23/00|
|Cooperative Classification||E21D23/16, E21D23/26|
|European Classification||E21D23/26, E21D23/16|