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Publication numberUS3198562 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateAug 3, 1965
Filing dateFeb 20, 1963
Priority dateFeb 20, 1963
Publication numberUS 3198562 A, US 3198562A, US-A-3198562, US3198562 A, US3198562A
InventorsSmith Marlin M
Original AssigneeWest Coast Ind
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Internally expanding locking device for telescoped tubes
US 3198562 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Aug. 3, 1965 M- M. SMITH 3,198,552

INTERNALLY EXPANDING LOCKING DEVICE FOR TELESCOPED TUBES Filed Feb. 20, 1963 A9 INVENTOR. Mia/m M sly/7H United States Patent C F 3,198,562 INTERNALLY EXPANDING LOCKING DEVICE FOR TELESCOPED TUBES Marlin M. Smith, Los Angeles, Calif assignor to West Coast Industries, San Francisco, Calif, a corporation of California I Filed Feb. 20, 1963, Ser. No. 259,998 3 Claims. (Cl. 287-58) The present invention relates primarily to a device for locking a seat support tube in a base tube.

An object of the invention is to provide a small, inexpensive, easily-adjusted locking device having few operable parts and insertable as a unit in a seat support tube.

A further object of the invention is to provide an easily adjustable locking device that rigidly locks a seat support tube in a base tube without deforming either of the tubes.

A still further object of the invention is to provide a locking device that will not work loose or require frequent adjustment with heavy use.

These and other objects and advantages will appear as the description progresses.

In the drawing:

FIGURE 1 is a side view of a seat support tube in a base tube.

FIGURE 2 is a perspective view of a pair of base tubes mounted on supporting brackets.

FIGURE 3 is a top sectional view along the line 33 in FIGURE 1 showing a seat support tube locked in a base tube with the device of my invention.

FIGURE 4 is a similar view showing the device in an unlocked position.

FIGURE 4a is a perspective view of the lower section of a seat support tube showing a side opening near one end thereof and a stop plate near said end contiguous with the opening and extending into said tube.

FIGURE 5 is a detailed side sectional view of a seat support tube and a base tube showing a removable covering on the wrench hole in the seat support tube.

FIGURE 6 is a cross-sectional view of the seat support tube and base tube taken along the line 6-6 in FIG- URE 1.

FIGURE 7 is an enlarged top sectional view of the locking device.

FIGURE 8 is a perspective view of the device showing the opening in one of its members.

In the preferred embodiment of my invention, I attach a base tube 1 to the floor 2 by means of brackets 3 and screws 4. Concrete may then be poured over both the brackets and tubes, provided the ends 5 are left open. I then insert the end 6 of a seat support tube 7 in the base tube until the base tube surroundns the end of the seat support tube and the side opening 8 near said end. While the drawing shows close-fitting square tubes, neither is essential to my invention. The base tube may be substantially larger than the end of the seat support tube and the tubes may have any desired cross-sectional configuration. It is therefore obvious that my invention will permit a mass produced seat support tube to be locked in a variety of different sized base tubes. In practice, I have found that close-fitting, non-circular tubes having the same cross-sectional configuration give the best results because such configuration prevents rotation of the seat support tube in the base tube.

In one form of my invention, the locking device comprises a first member 9 and a second member 19 positioned in the seat support tube. The first member has a base 11, an inclined surface 12, and a locking surface 13. The second member has a base 14, an inclined surface 15, and a locking surface 16. A stop plate 17 may be attached to the seat support tube near the end contiguous with the side opening therein and extending into said tube. While 3,198,562 7 Fatented Aug. 3, 1965 shown in FIGURE 8, extending from its base to its inclined surface, the bore in the first member being in alignment with the opening in the second member. A bolt 20 has a head 21 abutting the base of the second member, a body 22. extending through the opening in the second member, and a threaded end 23 engaging the internally threaded bore of the first member. To prevent the bolt from turning, a lockwasher 24 may be inserted between the head and the base of the second member. Thus, the word abutting as used herein means touching or located in close proximity to. The base of the first member is adapted to slidably engage the stop plate and the locking surface is adapted to pass through the side opening in the seat support tube. Also, the opening in the second base of the first member is remote from the base of the member, as best shown in FIGURE 8, is so constructed and arranged as to permit movement of the bolt away from the locking surface of the second member as the bolt is screwed into the first member.

I lock the tubes by removing the covering 25 and inserting a socket wrench 26 through a hole 27 in the seat support tube to engage the head of the bolt. I then force the base of the first member against the stop plate and turn the bolt, which forces the locking surface of the second member against the inside of the seat support tube and the locking surface of the first member against the inside of the base tube. For best results, the locking surface of each element should be 1 /2 sq. in. or larger.

One of the main advantages of the device described over the prior art is that it rigidly locks the seat support tube in the base tube without deforming either of the tubes. When the device is unlocked the tubes move freely, thereby facilitating adjustment from one locked position to another. In addition, the mechanical advantage of the device permits an unusually tight fit that will not work loose or require frequent adjustment with heavy use.

Having fully described my invention it is to be understood that I am not to be limited to the details herein set forth but that my invention is of the full scope of the appended claims.

I claim:

1. A seat assembly comprising a seat support tube having a side opening near one end, a stop plate near said end contiguous with said opening and extending into said tube, a base tube surrounding said end and said opening, a locking device comprising a first member extending through said opening and a second member positioned in the seat support tube, each of said members having a base, an inclined surface, and a locking surface, the base of the first member slidably engaging said stop plate, the base of the first member being remote from the base of the second member, the inclined surface of the first member slidably engaging the inclined surface of the second member, the locking surface of the first member engaging the 'base tube, the locking surface of the second member engaging the seat support tube opposite said opening, the first member having an internally threaded jbore extending from its base to its inclined surface, the second member having an opening extending from its base to its inclined surface, the bore in the first member being in alignment with the opening in the second member, a bolt having a head, a body and a threaded end, the head abutting the base of the second member, the body extending through the opening in the second member, and the 3 threaded end engaging the internally thread bore of the first member, the opening in said second member being so constructed and arranged as to permit movement of the locking surface of the second member away from the bolt as the boltis screwed into'the first member.

2. A seat assembly as defined in claim 1 in which said first and second members are secured inassembled relationship by said bolt in such a manner that the distance between said locking surfaces may be adjusted to less than the distance between the adjacent surfaces of said base tube to permit said seat support tube to be moved relatively to said base tube.

3. A seat assembly as defined in claim 1 in which the height of said stop plate is no greater than the maximum height of each of said members.

References Cited by the Examiner UNITED STATES PATENTS 612,489 10/98 Dean. 624,232 5/99 Marty. 641,895 1/00 Scot/ill. 1,379,784 5/21 Schwartz. 3,006,230 10/61 McCauley 285421 X FOREIGN PATENTS 871,304 6/61 Great Britain.

CARL W. TOMLIN, Primary Exarminer.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US612489 *Jun 1, 1897Oct 18, 1898 Expansion-bolt fastening
US624232 *Feb 18, 1889May 2, 1899 marty
US641895 *Jul 1, 1898Jan 23, 1900Geo L Thompson Mfg CompanyInternal fastener for tubular telescoping parts.
US1379784 *Nov 29, 1920May 31, 1921Israel SchwartzHandle-bar-post-repair part for bicycles
US3006230 *Jul 22, 1958Oct 31, 1961Mccauley Jr Herbert JSheet metal wedge nut having wedging end portions
GB871304A * Title not available
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3574375 *May 26, 1969Apr 13, 1971Ameron IncMultiple section arm extension for traffic signal poles
US3764177 *Dec 21, 1971Oct 9, 1973Woodward EStake pocket adapter
US3885882 *May 15, 1973May 27, 1975Curti LucienCoupling for the assembly of closely jointed tubular elements
US4530614 *Jul 6, 1982Jul 23, 1985Rueter EwaldFramework made of hollow sections
US4754584 *May 29, 1986Jul 5, 1988Uniwall Corp.Modular security cell
US5685686 *Mar 22, 1996Nov 11, 1997Yakima ProductsArticle-carrying rack and mount for mounting the same
US5785461 *Jan 18, 1996Jul 28, 1998Lambert; Gene F.Wedge tensioning device
US5897268 *Feb 27, 1997Apr 27, 1999Deville Sa Secateurs PradinesDevice for assembling and locking two tubes, and its application to the manufacture of a telescopic rod
US6203239 *Jan 19, 2000Mar 20, 2001Domenic MucciacciaroWedge plug tubing connector
US8162559 *May 3, 2010Apr 24, 2012Rk Intellectual Property (Pty) LtdConnector for panels or panel-like components
US20100205888 *May 3, 2010Aug 19, 2010Rk Intellectual Property (Pty) LtdConnector for panels or panel-like components
Classifications
U.S. Classification403/7, 403/374.4, 285/403, 285/421
International ClassificationF16L13/00, F16L27/12
Cooperative ClassificationF16L27/12, F16L13/002
European ClassificationF16L13/00B, F16L27/12