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Publication numberUS3201172 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateAug 17, 1965
Filing dateAug 9, 1963
Priority dateAug 9, 1963
Publication numberUS 3201172 A, US 3201172A, US-A-3201172, US3201172 A, US3201172A
InventorsCharles O Bliss
Original AssigneeCharles O Bliss
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Chair construction
US 3201172 A
Abstract  available in
Images(2)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

M 79 1965 c. O. BLISS 3,201,172

CHAIR CONSTRUCTION Filed Aug. 9, 1963 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 INVENTOR. CAI/94 L615 84/55 ATRDP/YEJ" 7, 1965 c. o. BLISS 3,201,172

CHAIR CONSTRUCTION Filed Aug. 9, 1965 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 IN VENTOR. CHARLES 0 54/55 BY m wl.

United States Patent M 3,201,172 CHAlR CONSTRUCTKON Charles 0. Bliss, P.0. Box 47,607, Los Angeles 47, Calif. Filed Aug. 9, 1963, Ser. No. 301,156 4 Claims. (Cl. 297-445) This invention relates to chairs and more particularly to chairs having a molded plastic seat and back.

One of the objects of the invention is provision of a chair having a one piece molded seat and back of a construction which renders the chair comfortable, especially but without limitation in respect to the resilient but firm connection betweenseat and back and the curvature and the contour of the seat and back,

Another object of the invention is to provide means for securing the seat to the legs of the chair, said means being such as to enable the seat of the chair to be quickly and securely attached to the legs of the chair.

A further object of the invention is generally to provide a chair of improved construction.

The above and other objects features and advantages of this invention will be fully understood from the following description considered in connection with the accompanying drawings which are illustrative of the presently preferred embodiment of the invention.

In the drawings:

FIG. 1 is a prospective view of a chair embodying the invention;

FIG. 2 is a front view of the chair;

FIG. 3 is an exploded prospective view of the parts of the chair;

FIG. 4 is a bottom view of the chair seat and the parts of the means for securing the seat to the legs of the chair;

FIG. 5 is a sectional view on the line S-5 of FIG, 2;

FIG. 6 is a sectionalview on the line 6-6 of FIG. 4; and

FIG. 7 is a detailed sectional view on a larger scale on the line 7-7 of FIG. 6.

Referring now to the drawingsin detail the chair of the present invention comprises a molded seat and back 10 which is still? and non-yieldable except at the portions 12 at the opposite ends of the opening 14 at the base of the back 16 adjacent the rear of the seat 18. The provision of the opening 14 resulting in the relatively narrow connecting portions 12 between the back 16 and the seat 18 imparts a degree of a springiness to the back of the chair in relation to the seat 18 of the chair so that the back 16 has a somewhat yielding connection to the seat 18, at said portions 12, whereby the back can yield for comfort to the sitter in response to the pressure of the sitters back againstthe back of the chair. It will be understood that the seat and back It) may be molded from any suitable plastic.

As here shown the chair has four legs provided by the inverted U-shaped tubular metal members 2t) and 22 which have horizontal parts 24 and 26, respectively, arranged at right angles to each other and, secured together in any suitable way as by bolt and nut 23, 29, threaded into taped holes 30 and 31 the flattened portions 25 and 27 of said leg members 26 and 22, respectively.

The connected horizontal parts 24 and 26 of the leg 3,22%,172 Patented Aug. 17, 1965 the respective boss. A plurality of ribs molded integrally With the seat 18 at its undersurface in the socket 32 are provided with arcuate lower ends as indicated at 42 in FIG. 7 to engage the rounded upper parts 24 and 26 of leg members 20 and 22, respectively. Said ribs are indicated at 44, 4-6, 48, and 52; in FIG. 6 and at 54, 56, 58, 60 and 62 in FIG. 4. Plate 34 is provided with intersecting grooves 64 and 66 in which the leg parts 24 and 26 are received. Said grooves extend to openings 68, 7d, and 71, 72 in the flange 74 of the plate 34 for the projection of said leg parts from the interior to the exterior of said plate.

While I have shown and described the preferred embodiment of my invention, it willbe understood that the invention may be embodied otherwise than as herein specifically illustrated or described, and that certain changes in the form and arrangement of parts and in the specific manner of practicing the invention may be made without departing from the underlying idea or principles of this invention within the scope of the appended claims.

What is claimed is:

1. A chair assembly comprising: a leg sub-assembly,

wardly extending longitudinal walls, each of said pairs of longitudinal walls beingspaced apart by a distance substantially equal -to the outer diameter of said medial cross-portions of said leg sub-assembly and adapted to receive a sub-portion of one of said leg medial cros"- portions therebetween, and a plurality of downwardly extending transverse walls disposed between and extending from each of said pairs of longitudinal Walls and each having a concave-upward lower surface adapted to mate with an upper surface of the sub-portion of said leg medial cross-portion disposed between the adjacent pair of longitudinal walls; and a retaining plate disposed members are received by and fit in an integral molded X- below said seat socket portion having concave-downward grooves therein which are complementary to said socket portion pairs of longitudinal walls, said grooves being substantially equal in width to the outer diameter of said medial cross-portions of said leg sub-assembly and adapted to receive a sub-portion of one of said leg medial cross-portions therein; said retaining plate being fixed to said seat socket portion, with said leg medial cross-portions being captured therebetween, partially in said grooves of said retaining plate and partially in said concave-upward lower surfaces of said socket transverse walls, said retaining plate also having an upwardly extending peripheral flange portion, enclosing said socket portion, and having apertures therein for the passage therethrough of said leg members.

2. A chair assembly comprising: a leg sub-assembly including two substantially tubular U-shaped members, each having two distal leg portions and a substantially rectilinear medial cross-portion, said members being fixedly interfittedso that said medial cross-portions intersect each other and said leg portions are coextensive; a seat having a convex-upward undersurface and a socket portion extending downwardly from said undersurface, said socket portion including a plurality of pairs of downwardly extending longitudinal walls, each of said pairs of longitudinal walls being spaced apart by a dis tance substantially equal to the outer diameter of said medial cross-portions of said leg sub-assembly and adapted to receive a sub-portion of one of said leg medial crosscan portions therebetween, and a plurality of downwardly extending transverse walls disposed between and extend ing from each of said pairs of longitudinal walls and each having a concave-upward lower surface adapted to mate with an upper surface of the sub-portion of said leg medial cross-portion disposed between the adjacent pair of longitudinal walls; and a retaining plate disposed below said seat socket portion having concavedownward grooves therein which are complementary to said socket portion pairs of longitudinal walls, said grooves being substantially equal in width to the outer diameter of said medial cross-portions of said leg subassembly and adapted to receive a sub-portion of one of said leg medial cross-portions therein; said socket portion also including a plurality of internally threaded elements, each fixed with a boss extending downwardly from said seat undersurface and having access to the lower surface of said boss; said retaining plate also including a plurality of passageways therethrough complementary to said internally threaded elements, and a plurality of upwardly extending tubular portions complementary to said bosses, each tubular portion adapted to receive a boss at least partially therein; said complementary bosses and tubular portions serving to align said retaining plate to said socket portion; and a plurality of bolts, each disposed through a respective passageway into engagement with a respective internally threaded element, whereby said retaining plate is fixed to said socket portion, with saidleg medial cross-portions being captured therebetween, partially in said grooves of said retaining plate and partially in said concave-upward lower surfaces of said socket transverse walls.

3. A chair assembly comprising: a leg sub-assembly including two substantially U-shaped members, each having a medial portion; a molded seat having a convex-upward undersurface and a socket portion molded integrally with and extending downwardly from said und-ersurface, said socket portion including a plurality of pairs of molded integrally, downwardly extending, longitudinal walls, each of said pairs of longitudinal walls receiving a part of one of said medial portions of said legs therebetwe-en, and a plurality of molded integrally, downwardly extending, transverse walls disposed between and integrally extending from each of said pairs of longitudinal walls, and each having a concave-upward lower of said seat with said medial portions of said legs captured therebetween, partially in said grooves of said retaining plate and partially in said concave-upward lower surfaces of said transverse walls of said socket portion.

4. A chair assembly comprising: a leg sub-assembly including two substantially U-shaped members, each having a rectilinear medial cross-portion, said members being fixedly interfitted so that said medial cross-portions intersect each other; a molded seat having a convex-upward undersurface and a socket portion molded integrally with and extending downwardly from said undersurface, said socket portion including a plurality of pairs of molded integrally, downwardly extending, longitudinal walls, each of said pairs of longitudinal walls receiving a part of one of said medial cross-portions of said legs there'between, a plurality of molded integrally, downwardly extending, transverse walls disposed between and integrally extending rom each of said pairs of longitudinal walls and each having a concave-upward lower surface mating with an upper surface of said part of said rectilinear, medial cross-portion of said legs disposed between the adjacent pair of longitudinal walls, and a plurality of elements within said socket portion, each having an internally threaded bore which is accessible from the lower surface of said socket portion; a retaining plate, disposed below said socket portion of said seat, having a plurality of concave-downward grooves therein which are complementary to said pairs of longitudinal walls of said socket portion, each of said grooves receiving a part of one of said rectilinear medial cross-portions of said legs therein; and a plurality of ex-.

ternally threaded elements, each passing from said retaining plate into engagement with a respective one of said internally threaded elements; whereby said retaining plate is fixed to said socket portion of said seat with said medial cross-portions of said legs captured therebetween, partially in said grooves of said retaining plate and partially in said concave-upward lower surfaces of said transverse walls of said socket portion.

Reierences Cited by the Examiner UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,815,801 12/57 Fingerhut et al 248188 2,999,662 9/61 Lappin et al. 297-445 3,003,817 10/61 King 297-440 3,031,227 4/ 62' Van Buren -297239 3,032,375 5/62 Lalandre 297452 3,034,830 5/62 Avedon 297-452 FOREIGN PATENTS 1,211,072 3/60 France.

282,679 5/52 Switzerland.

FRANK B. SHERRY, Primary Examiner.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2815801 *Mar 14, 1955Dec 10, 1957Zenith Plastics CompanyLeg clamp for chairs and the like
US2999662 *Aug 26, 1959Sep 12, 1961Brunswick CorpChair structure
US3003817 *Jul 15, 1959Oct 10, 1961Raymond H KingChair construction
US3031227 *Aug 4, 1960Apr 24, 1962Charleston Molded Fiber GlassChair
US3032375 *Apr 25, 1960May 1, 1962Alladin Plastics IncChair comprising removable elements
US3034830 *Mar 20, 1961May 15, 1962Alladin Plastics IncSeating unit
CH282679A * Title not available
FR1211072A * Title not available
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3476496 *Aug 1, 1968Nov 4, 1969Ideas For Auto & Bike SpecialtPlastic saddle and metal mounting rod and method of making same
US3495873 *Apr 18, 1968Feb 17, 1970Hamilton Cosco IncInfant's chair
US3512189 *May 15, 1967May 19, 1970Swanson Carmen APatient's aid device
US4418958 *Jan 21, 1981Dec 6, 1983Watkin Bernard CPlastics chair shell
US4456129 *Jul 15, 1981Jun 26, 1984Burlington Industries, Inc.Load support flanges with coined edges
US4556254 *Nov 2, 1984Dec 3, 1985Bio-Support Industries LimitedBackrest
US5411316 *Oct 13, 1993May 2, 1995Westinghouse Electric CorporationSingle piece chair shell
US5810438 *Feb 14, 1997Sep 22, 1998Herman Miller, Inc.One piece molded seating structure
US6517162 *Apr 30, 2001Feb 11, 2003Hsien-Yang ChengSalon shampoo chair
US20120038197 *Aug 15, 2011Feb 16, 2012Shape CorporationLeg support insert for seating apparatus
DE202012009179U1Sep 25, 2012Nov 9, 2012Vitra Patente AgStuhlkonstruktion
EP0385838A1 *Feb 26, 1990Sep 5, 1990GROSFILLEX S.A.R.L. Société à responsabilité limitée dite :Monolithic chair made of injection-moulded plastic
Classifications
U.S. Classification297/448.1, 297/239, 297/452.15, 297/452.12, 297/DIG.300
International ClassificationA47C3/12
Cooperative ClassificationY10S297/03, A47C3/12
European ClassificationA47C3/12